Volvo Ocean Race
Some of the Volvo Ocean Race participants in Baltimore Inner Harbor, United States, in 2006
|Title Sponsors:||Whitbread (1973–2001)
|Sponsors:||Inmarsat, Abu Dhabi, Maersk Line, IWC, Cobham|
|Most recent winner:||Groupama 4 (2011–12)|
|Start:||Alicante, Spain 4.10.2014|
|Finish:||Gothenburg, Sweden 27.06.2015|
|Yachts Used:||Volvo One-Design|
|Similar Events:||Vendée Globe, VELUX 5 Oceans Race, Global Challenge|
The Volvo Ocean Race (formerly the Whitbread Round the World Race) is a yacht race around the world, held every three years. Originally named after its initiating sponsor, British Whitbread brewing company, it today carries the name of its current sponsor, Swedish automobile manufacturer Volvo. Presently, the Netherlands holds the record of three wins, with Dutch skipper Conny van Rietschoten the only to win the race twice.
Though the route is changed to accommodate various ports of call, the race typically departs Europe in October, and in recent editions has had either 9 or 10 legs, with in-port races at many of the stopover cities. The 2008–09 race started in Alicante, Spain, on October 11, 2008. The route for the 2008–2009 race was altered from previous years to include stopovers in India and Asia for the first time. The 2008–09 route covered nearly 39,000 nmi (72,000 km), took over nine months to complete, and reached a cumulative TV audience of 2 billion people worldwide.
During the nine months of the 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race, which started in Alicante, Spain in October 2011 and concluded in Galway, Ireland, in July 2012, the teams were scheduled to sail over 39,000 nmi (72,000 km) of the world’s most treacherous seas via Cape Town, Abu Dhabi, Sanya, Auckland, around Cape Horn to Itajaí, Miami, Lisbon, and Lorient.
Each of the entries has a sailing team of 9 professional crew who race day and night for more than 20 days at a time on some of the legs. They each have different jobs on board the boat, and on top of these sailing roles, there are two sailors that have had medical training, as well as a sailmaker, an engineer and a dedicated media crew member.
No fresh food is taken on board, so the crew lives off freeze-dried fare; they will experience temperature variations from −5 to +40 degrees Celsius and will only take one change of clothes.
- 1 History
- 2 Stealth play
- 3 The yachts
- 4 List of races
- 5 1973–74 Whitbread Round the World Race
- 6 1977–78 Whitbread Round the World Race
- 7 1981–82 Whitbread Round the World Race
- 8 1985–86 Whitbread Round the World Race
- 9 1989–90 Whitbread Round the World Race
- 10 1993–94 Whitbread Round the World Race
- 11 References
- 12 External links
17 yachts and 167 crew started the first race of 27,500 nmi (50,900 km), which began from Portsmouth, United Kingdom on September 8, 1973. Approximately 3000 spectator boats set out to witness the historic start.
From 2001 the ownership of the race was taken over by Volvo and Volvo Cars and the race was renamed the ‘Volvo Ocean Race’. Stopover ports were added in Germany, France, and Sweden being Volvo's three biggest car markets in Europe.
Winning the race does not attract a cash prize, as the feat of competing is presented as sufficient reward.
Many of the contestants in the Volvo Ocean Race tend to go into other professional teams after the race, such as certain members of Oracle Team USA.
The worst weather conditions are usually encountered in the Southern Ocean where waves sometimes top 100 feet (30 m) and winds can reach 60 knots (110 km/h).
The 2008–09 race featured "Stealth play", a tactic that allowed a crew to hide its position from its competitors for a period of 12 hours. It was designed to add an tactical dimension to the race, whereby a team might opt to make a break from the fleet without the rest of the competitors knowing what they are doing and where they are on the race track. The ploy can first be used on leg one, leg two, leg five, leg six and leg seven. If it is not used on one leg, it cannot be accumulated for use on a following leg.
The Volvo Open 70 has been replaced by the Volvo Ocean 65, a new class of high performance one-design racing yacht created by Farr Yacht Design and built by a consortium of four European boatyards.
List of races
|Edition||Class||Legs||In-Port Races||Entries||Start||Finish||Winning yacht||Winning skipper|
|1973–74||32–80 ft (9.8–24.4 m)||4||0||17||Portsmouth, England||Portsmouth, England||Sayula II, Mexico||Ramón Carlin, Mexico|
|1977–78||51–77 ft (16–23 m)||4||0||15||Portsmouth, England||Portsmouth, England||Flyer, Netherlands||Conny van Rietschoten, Netherlands|
|1981–82||43–80 ft (13–24 m)||4||0||29||Portsmouth, England||Portsmouth, England||Flyer II, Netherlands||Conny van Rietschoten, Netherlands|
|1985–86||49–83 ft (15–25 m)||4||0||15||Portsmouth, England||Portsmouth, England||L'Esprit d'Equipe, France||Lionel Péan, France|
|1989–90||51–84 ft (16–26 m)||6||0||23||Southampton, England||Southampton, England||Steinlager 2, New Zealand||Peter Blake, New Zealand|
|1993–94||85 ft (26 m) ketchs
& Whitbread 60
|6||0||14||Southampton, England||Southampton, England||NZ Endeavour, New Zealand||Grant Dalton, New Zealand|
|1997–98||Whitbread 60||9||0||10||Southampton, England||Southampton, England||EF Language, Sweden||Paul Cayard, American|
|2001–02||10||0||8||Southampton, England||Kiel, Germany||Illbruck Challenge, German||John Kostecki, American|
|2005–06||Volvo Open 70||9||7||7||Vigo, Spain||Gothenburg, Sweden||ABN Amro I, Netherlands||Mike Sanderson, New Zealand|
|2008–09||10||7||8||Alicante, Spain||Saint Petersburg, Russia||Ericsson 4, Sweden||Torben Grael, Brazil|
|2011–12||9||10||6||Alicante, Spain||Galway, Ireland||Groupama 4, France||Franck Cammas, France|
|2014–15||Volvo One-Design||9||10||7||Alicante, Spain||Gothenburg, Sweden||TBD||TBD|
1973–74 Whitbread Round the World Race
The first Whitbread Round the World Race started off from Portsmouth, England on 8 September 1973. Seventeen yachts of various sizes and rigs took part. During the race three sailors were swept over board and died: Paul Waterhouse, Dominique Guillet and Bernie Hosking. Waterhouse and Guillet were never to be seen again. The crew of the Mexican yacht Sayula II, a brand new Swan 65 owned and skippered by Mexican Captain Ramón Carlin, successfully won the overall race in 133 days and 13 hours. Her actual time was 152 days.
|1||Portsmouth, England||Cape Town, South Africa||Sayula II||Ramón Carlin|
|2||Cape Town, South Africa||Sydney, Australia||Pen Duick VI||Éric Tabarly|
|3||Sydney, Australia||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||Great Britain II||Chay Blyth|
|4||} Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||Portsmouth, England||Sayula II||Ramón Carlin|
1977–78 Whitbread Round the World Race
On August 27, 1977, 15 boats started out from Southampton for the Whitbread Round the World Race under gale force winds and driving rain. Most of the second Whitbread Race was dominated by a tight race between Swan 65 King's Legend and Flyer. The maxi ketch Flyer was designed by Sparkman & Stephens and built at the W. Huisman shipyard in 1977 for skipper Cornelius van Rietschoten. She won the race. All 15 boats finished the 26,780-nautical-mile (49,600 km) race. Great Britain II was winner on elapsed time for the second race in succession.
|Leg||Start||Finish||Leg winner elapsed time||Leg winner corrected time|
|1||Southampton, England||Cape Town, South Africa||Flyer||Flyer|
|2||Cape Town, South Africa||Auckland, New Zealand||Heath's Condor||33 Export|
|3||Auckland, New Zealand||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||Great Britain II||Gauloise II|
|4||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||Southampton, England||Heath's Condor||Gauloise II|
1981–82 Whitbread Round the World Race
On August 8, 1981, 29 boats started out from Southampton for the Whitbread Round the World Race. The maxi yacht Flyer II was designed by Germán Frers and built at the W. Huisman shipyard in 1981 for skipper Cornelius van Rietschoten. In an unusual feat, she won the race both on line honours and on handicap. Only 20 finished the race out of the 29 that started it.
|Leg||Start||Finish||Leg winner elapsed time||Leg winner corrected time|
|1||Southampton, England||Cape Town, South Africa||Flyer II||Kriter IX|
|2||Cape Town, South Africa||Auckland, New Zealand||Flyer II||Ceramco NZ|
|3||Auckland, New Zealand||Mar del Plata, Argentina||Flyer II||Mor Bihan|
|4||Mar del Plata, Argentina||Portsmouth, England||Flyer II||Ceramco NZ|
1985–86 Whitbread Round the World Race
On 28 September 1985, 15 boats started out from Southampton for the Whitbread Round the World Race. L'Esprit d'Equipe skippered by Lionel Péan won the race in a corrected time of 111 days 23 hours. Phillips Innovator was second, and Swan 651 Fazer Finland third. (UBS Switzerland was named first on elapsed time, with Lion New Zealand as runner-up. Drum (carrying owner/pop star Simon Le Bon from Duran Duran) finished just a breath behind.
|1||Southampton, England||Cape Town, South Africa||UBS Switzerland||L'Esprit d'Equipe|
|2||Cape Town, South Africa||Auckland, New Zealand||Atlantic Privateer||Philips Innovator|
|3||Auckland, New Zealand||Punta del Este, Uruguay||UBS Switzerland||L'Esprit d'Equipe|
|4||Punta del Este, Uruguay||Portsmouth, England||UBS Switzerland||L'Esprit d'Equipe|
1989–90 Whitbread Round the World Race
The Whitbread Round the World Race was run with several classes (for size of boat). This race featured the first all-woman crew on Tracy Edwards' Maiden. Although in a much smaller boat than many of their male counterparts the women fared well-claiming two leg victories in class.
- Final standings
|1||Steinlager 2||New Zealand||Peter Blake (NZ)||84' Ketch||128 d 9 h|
|2||Fisher & Paykel NZ||New Zealand||Grant Dalton (NZ)||82' Ketch||129 d 21 h|
|3||Merit||Switzerland||Pierre Fehlmann (F)||80' Sloop||130 d 10 h|
|4||Rothmans||United Kingdom||Lawrie Smith (GB)||80' Sloop||131 d 4 h|
|5||The Card||Sweden||Roger Nilson / Ann Lippens (S)||80' Ketch||135 d 7 h|
|9||Union Bank of Finland||Finland||Ludde Ingvall (FIN)||72' Sloop||138 d 16 h|
|11||Fazisi||Soviet Union||Alexi Grischenko / Skip Novak / Valeri Alekseyev||83' Sloop||139 d|
|18||Maiden||United Kingdom||Tracy Edwards (GB)||58' Sloop||167 d 3 h|
|21||La Poste||France||Daniel Mallé (F)||51' Ketch||181 d 22 h|
The boat Creighton's Naturally suffered a serious broach on leg 2, at about 3 in the morning. Crew members Anthony (Tony) Philips and Bart van den Dwey were swept over board. They were both pulled back on deck. Van den Dwey successfully resuscitated, but, after three hours of trying, crewmembers were unable to revive Philips. A few days later, by radio agreement with relatives ashore, Philips was buried at sea.
- Leg Winners
|1||Southampton, England||Punta del Este, Uruguay||Steinlager 2||Peter Blake(NZ)|
|2||Punta del Este, Uruguay||Fremantle, Australia||Steinlager 2||Peter Blake (NZ)|
|3||Fremantle, Australia||Auckland, New Zealand||Steinlager 2||Peter Blake (NZ)|
|4||Auckland, New Zealand||Punta del Este, Uruguay||Steinlager 2||Peter Blake (NZ)|
|5||Punta del Este, Uruguay||Fort Lauderdale, USA||Steinlager 2||Peter Blake (NZ)|
|6||Fort Lauderdale, USA||Southampton, England||Steinlager 2||Peter Blake (NZ)|
Steinlager 2 skippered by Peter Blake won the race easily. For the first time since 1981 to 1982 (when the race comprised just four legs), the victor won every leg (albeit closely chased by both Grant Dalton's Fisher & Paykel NZ and Pierre Fehlmann's Merit entries). The vast difference in speed and capability of the many different boats involved in the 1989 to 1990 race lead to the creation of a committee to examine the commission of a Whitbread class boat for use in future races. Many of the Maxi yachts in this year's race were nearly twice the size (LOA) of the smallest, and carried well over twice the sail area. The net result of this was that many of the smaller boats finished the longer legs more than ten days after the leg winner. In the overall results, the last finisher was some 52 days behind Blake's Steinlager 2 128 day aggregate time. In addition, the expense of the big yachts was getting to be too much – even for the well funded teams like Steinlager, Rothmans and Merit. Eventually, the new class would be called the W60 – but its gestation would not be quick or lack controversy.
1993–94 Whitbread Round the World Race
The 1993 to 1994 Whitbread Round the World Race was run to "mixed class" rules (as with prior races). New for the 93/4 race was a purpose built Whitbread boat—the W60. As with previous years a handicap was applied to different boats based on their race rating. The competitors were none too keen or running both Maxis and W60's together. The two competing classes battled throughout with protest flags always at the ready. Many entrants wanted the old maxis banned for this year, however owing to concerns over whether enough new boats would be ready (not to mention the large investments the Maxi owners had made in previous years), several Maxis were allowed to compete in the 1993 to 1994 race. The W60 skippers almost unanimously insisted they were in a 'completely different boat race', to the fury of Grant Dalton skippering a maxi. Dalton conceded afterwards however that the race should only have one class in future, to avoid similar squabbles.
- Final standings
|1||NZ Endeavour||New Zealand||Grant Dalton (NZ)||Maxi||120 d 5 h|
|2||Yamaha||Japan/ New Zealand||Ross Field (NZ)||W60||120 d 14 h|
|3||Merit Cup||United Kingdom||Pierre Fehlmann (F)||Maxi||121 d 2 h|
|4||Intrum Justitia||Europe||Roger Nilson (S) / Lawrie Smith (GB)||W60||121 d 5 h|
|5||Galicia 93 Pescanova||Spain||Javier de la Gandara (Esp)||W60||122 d 6 h|
|6||Winston||United States||Dennis Conner (USA) /Brad Butterworth (NZ)||W60||122 d 9 h|
|7||La Poste||France||Éric Tabarly (F)||Maxi||123 d 22 h|
|8||Tokio||Japan||Chris Dickson (NZ)||W60||128 d 16 h|
|9||Brooksfield||Italy||Guido Maisto (I)||W60||130 d 4 h|
|10||Hetman Sahaidachny||Ukraine||Eugene Platon (Ukr)||W60||135 d 23 h|
|11||Reebok/Dolphin Youth||United Kingdom||Mathew Humphries (GB)||W60||137 d 21 h|
|12||Heineken||United States||Dawn Riley (USA)||W60||138 d 16 h|
|13||Odessa||Ukraine||Anatoly Verba (Ukr)||W60||158 d 4 h|
|NF||Fortuna||Spain||Lawrie Smith (GB)||Maxi||WD|
- Full details of finishing positions can be found in: Media Guide: 5. History
Intrum Justitia was originally skippered by Roger Nilson, who was injured on the first leg.
- Corrected time takes the boat's handicap into account.
|1||Southampton, England||Punta del Este, Uruguay||NZ Endeavour||Grant Dalton (NZ)|
|2||Punta del Este, Uruguay||Fremantle, Australia||Intrum Justitia||Lawrie Smith (GB)|
|3||Fremantle, Australia||Auckland, New Zealand||NZ Endeavour||Grant Dalton (NZ)|
|4||Auckland, New Zealand||Punta del Este, Uruguay||NZ Endeavour||Grant Dalton (NZ)|
|5||Punta del Este, Uruguay||Fort Lauderdale, USA||Yamaha||Ross Field (NZ)|
|6||Fort Lauderdale, USA||Southampton, England||Tokio||Chris Dickson (NZ)|
- Volvo Cars – Volvo Ocean Race
- Volvo Ocean Race 2008 – 2009 Race Schedule
- Volvo Ocean Race 2008 – 2009 Marketing Opportunities
- Volvo Ocean Race: About the Race: Whitbread 1973–1974
- Talk Sailing > The Guide > Volvo Ocean Race
- "Volvo Ocean Race to stop in Newport, RI". Yahoo!. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Volvo Ocean Race 2008/2009: "Stealthplay: Hide and Seek to Gain"
- "Volvo Ocean Race: History 1977–1978". Archived from the original on 2009-02-21.
- Finishing positions
- "whitbread_history". kriter.tv.
- Full details of finishing positions
- "Media Guide: 5. History". volvooceanrace.org.
- Media Guide: 5. History
- Volvo Ocean Race: History – Leg 2
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volvo Ocean Race.|
- Volvo Ocean Race – Official site