Volvo Ocean Race

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History
Established: 1973
Headquarters: Spain Alicante
Title Sponsors: Whitbread (1973–2001)
Volvo (2001–Present)
Sponsors: Inmarsat, Abu Dhabi, Maersk Line, IWC, Cobham
Most recent winner: France Groupama 4 (2011-12)
Current Race
Start: Spain Alicante 4.10.2014
Finish: Sweden Gothenburg 27.06.2015
Entries: 6
Legs: 9
Yachts Used: Volvo One-Design
Similar Events: Vendée Globe, VELUX 5 Oceans Race, Global Challenge
Websites: www.volvoceanrace.com

The Volvo Ocean Race (formerly the Whitbread Round the World Race) is a yacht race around the world, held every three years.[1] Originally named after its initiating sponsor, British Whitbread brewing company, it today carries the name of its current sponsor, Swedish automobile manufacturer Volvo. Presently, the Netherlands holds the record of three wins, with Dutch skipper Conny van Rietschoten the only to win the race twice.

Though the route is changed to accommodate various ports of call, the race typically departs Europe in October, and in recent editions has had either 9 or 10 legs, with in-port races at many of the stopover cities. The 2008-2009 race started in Alicante, Spain, on October 11, 2008.[1] The route for the 2008-2009 race was altered from previous years to include stopovers in India and Asia for the first time.[2] The 2008-09 route covered nearly 39,000 nmi (72,000 km), took over nine months to complete, and reached a cumulative TV audience of 2 billion people worldwide.[3]

During the nine months of the 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race, which started in Alicante, Spain in October 2011 and concluded in Galway, Ireland, in July 2012, the teams were scheduled to sail over 39,000 nmi (72,000 km) of the world’s most treacherous seas via Cape Town, Abu Dhabi, Sanya, Auckland, around Cape Horn to Itajaí, Miami, Lisbon, and Lorient.

Each of the entries has a sailing team of 9 professional crew who race day and night for more than 20 days at a time on some of the legs. They each have different jobs on board the boat, and on top of these sailing roles, there are two sailors that have had medical training, as well as a sailmaker, an engineer and a dedicated media crew member.

No fresh food is taken on board, so the crew lives off freeze-dried fare; they will experience temperature variations from -5 to +40 degrees Celsius and will only take one change of clothes[citation needed].

History[edit]

In 1972 England's Whitbread company and the British Royal Naval Sailing Association agreed to sponsor a globe-circling regatta, which would be called the 'Whitbread Round the World Yacht Race'.

Volvo Ocean Race flag in Baltimore Inner Harbor, United States

17 yachts and 167 crew started the first race of 27,500 nmi (50,900 km), which began from Portsmouth, United Kingdom on September 8, 1973. Approximately 3000 spectator boats set out to witness the historic start.[4]

The original course was designed to follow the route of the square riggers, which had carried cargo around the world during the 19th Century.[5]

From 2001 the ownership of the race was taken over by Volvo and Volvo Cars and the race was renamed the ‘Volvo Ocean Race’. Stopover ports were added in Germany, France, and Sweden being Volvo's three biggest car markets in Europe.

Winning the race does not attract a cash prize, as the feat of competing is presented as sufficient reward.

Many of the contestants in the Volvo Ocean Race tend to go into other professional teams after the race, such as certain members of Oracle Team USA.

The worst weather conditions are usually encountered in the Southern Ocean where waves sometimes top 100 feet (30 m) and winds can reach 60 knots (110 km/h).

The 2014-2015 race is set to last 39,379[6] nautical miles, which is the longest route in its history.[7]

The yachts[edit]

Some of the Volvo Ocean Race participants in Baltimore Inner Harbor, United States, in 2006.
Main article: Volvo Open 70

The Volvo Open 70 has been replaced by the Volvo Ocean 65,[8] a new class of high performance one-design racing yacht created by Farr Yacht Design and built by a consortium of four European boatyards.

List of races[edit]

Edition Class Legs In-Port Races Entries Start Finish Winning yacht Winning skipper
1973–74 32–80 ft (9.8–24.4 m) 4 0 17 England Portsmouth England Portsmouth Mexico Sayula II Mexico Ramón Carlin
1977–78 51–77 ft (16–23 m) 4 0 15 England Portsmouth England Portsmouth Netherlands Flyer Netherlands Conny van Rietschoten
1981–82 43–80 ft (13–24 m) 4 0 29 England Portsmouth England Portsmouth Netherlands Flyer II Netherlands Conny van Rietschoten
1985–86 49–83 ft (15–25 m) 4 0 15 England Portsmouth England Portsmouth France L'Esprit d'Equipe France Lionel Péan
1989–90 51–84 ft (16–26 m) 6 0 23 England Southampton England Southampton New Zealand Steinlager 2 New Zealand Peter Blake
1993–94 85 ft (26 m) ketchs & Whitbread 60 6 0 14 England Southampton England Southampton New Zealand NZ Endeavour New Zealand Grant Dalton
1997–98 Whitbread 60 9 0 10 England Southampton England Southampton Sweden EF Language United States Paul Cayard
2001–02 10 0 8 England Southampton Germany Kiel Germany Illbruck Challenge United States John Kostecki
2005–06 Volvo Open 70 9 7 7 Spain Vigo Sweden Gothenburg Netherlands ABN Amro I New Zealand Mike Sanderson
2008–09 10 7 8 Spain Alicante Russia Saint Petersburg Sweden Ericsson 4 Brazil Torben Grael
2011–12 9 10 6 Spain Alicante Republic of Ireland Galway France Groupama 4 France Franck Cammas
2014–15 Volvo One-Design 9 10 7 Spain Alicante Sweden Gothenburg TBD TBD
2017–18 TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA TBD TBD

References[edit]

External links[edit]