|Class||Small family car|
The Volvo S40 is a compact executive car produced by Volvo Cars. It introduced the first generation S40 (Saloon) and V40 (Versatility/estate) cars in 1995. The second generation arrived in 2004, and the estate's name changed to V50.
The range was replaced by the new Volvo V40 five-door hatchback in 2012.
First generation (1995–2004) 
|Assembly||Born, Netherlands (NedCar)
Pretoria, South Africa
Shah Alam, Malaysia
|Body style||4-door sedan
5-door station wagon (as V40)
2.0 L I4
2.0 L turbocharged I4 Standard in North American models and only available in North America rebadged as 1.9T
|Wheelbase||2000–01: 2550 mm (100.3 in)
2002–04: 2557 mm (101 in)
|Length||2000–01: 4470 mm (176 in)
2002–04: 4521 mm (178 in)
|Width||2000–01: 1720 mm (67.7 in)
2002–04: 1717 mm (67.6 in)
|Height||2000–01: 1410 mm (55.5 in)
2002–04 S40: 1423 mm (56 in)
2002–04 V40: 1426 mm (56.1 in)
In the summer of 1995 Volvo released the S4/F4 series but had to change the model's name as it conflicted with Audi who had already reserved the "S4" name. The quickly renamed S40 saloon (sedan) and V40 (Ferrari objected to F40) estate (station wagon), manufactured at the NedCar factory in the Netherlands (a pre-Ford joint venture between Volvo and Mitsubishi Motors) and based on a common platform with the Mitsubishi Carisma. The V40, with Drag coefficient of 0.32, was the first whole model to be introduced under the direction of the British designer Peter Horbury, Volvo’s Design Director,  and was marketed in Australia, North and South America, and the Far East. The V40 was named the ‘Most Beautiful Estate Car in the World’ at an Italian award ceremony.
In 2000 Volvo updated the 40 Series ("Phase II"), implementing a number of technical improvements, e.g., improved engine management, direct (diesel) fuel injection, extra safety features, larger brake discs, new front suspension and steering, revised rear suspension, larger tires and a widening of the track width. A minor facelift gave larger headlights, more streamlining and larger rear light clusters as well as minor instruments and fascia re-design.
The 40 Series cars were equipped with four-cylinder engines, such as a 1.9 turbo diesel or 1.6 (1588 cc), 1.8 (1731 cc, later increased to 1783cc), 2.0T (1948 cc), 1.9 T4 (1855 cc, later increased to 1948cc) or 2.0 (1948 cc) fuel-injected gasoline engines all of which are derivatives of the modular whiteblock engine series that started life in the Volvo 960 and carried in both 5 and 6 cyl formats in Volvo's bigger FWD cars. There was also a 1.8 L (1834 cc) Gasoline direct injection engine provided by Mitsubishi as part of the platform sharing between the 40 series and the Carisma.
The Volvo S40/V40 series was a completely new car from the ground up, with no engines, with the exception of the 1.9 Turbo Diesel engine carried over from the old 400 series.
The low (2.0T) and high (1.9 T4) pressure turbo variants at the top of the motor range. The 2.0T was rounded down and badged as 1.9T and was the only engine available in North America. The 5 speed manual transmission, widely available in Europe was not certified in North American S40s, with the 5 Speed automatic as the only option. No electric CVT transmission was planned unlike the 440 HTA / High Tech Auto CVT that had been released before the 400 series was completely phased out.
In the United Kingdom, trim levels were XS, SE and CD.
Due to the common platform, many components of the suspension and drive train are compatible with Carisma as well as the Mitsubishi Evolution III. and Proton Impian.
The Volvo S40 was the first car to earn four stars in Euro-NCAP.
Engine specifications 
|Specification||S40 1.6||S40 1.8||S40 2.0||S40 T4||S40 2.0 turbo||S40 1.8i||S40 1.9D|
|Engine||B4164 S (16V)||B4184 S (16V)||B4204 S (16V)||B4194 T (16V)||B4204 T (16V)||B4184 SM (16V)||D4192 T|
|Torque @rpm||143 N·m (105 lb·ft) @4200||165 N·m (122 lb·ft) @4100||183 N·m (135 lb·ft) @4500||300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @2400-3600||230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @1800-4800||174 N·m (128 lb·ft) @3750||176 N·m (130 lb·ft) @2250|
|Calendar year||United States||Canada|
Second generation (2004–2012) 
|Assembly||Ghent, Belgium (by Volvo Cars Ghent factory)
Pretoria, South Africa
Shah Alam, Malaysia
|Body style||4-door sedan
5-door station wagon (as V50)
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
|Platform||Volvo P1 platform|
2.0 E-85/Petrol I4
|Wheelbase||2,640 mm (103.9 in)|
|Length||2004–2005 S40: 175.9
2006–2007 S40: 176.2
2004–2007 V50: 4,514 mm (177.7 in)
2008–2012 S40: 176.5 in
2008–2012 V50: 4,522 mm (178.0 in)
|Width||1,770 mm (69.7 in)|
|Height||S40 FWD: 1,452 mm (57.2 in)
S40 AWD: 1,470 mm (57.9 in)
V50: 1,457 mm (57.4 in)
|Curb weight||1399–1426 kg
Introduced in the middle of the 2004 model year, the second generation S40 (known as the 2004.5 Volvo S40) introduced a new design based on the Volvo P1 platform built at the Volvo Cars factory in Ghent, Belgium. At the same time, the V40 was replaced by the V50 estate, also based on the P1 platform and built in Ghent. The S40 was nominated for the World Car of the Year award for 2005 and won the Canadian Car of the Year Best New Sport Compact award for 2005. It was also elected the South African Car of the Year for 2005 by the South African Guild of Motoring Journalists.
The chassis for this car and the majority of its components were developed by Volvo, however similar mechanical components can be found in the Mazda3 and the European Ford Focus. The engine, a 2.5L 5 cylinder (B5254T3, and B5254S respectively for the turbo and naturally aspirated models) is the latest generation of Volvo's 5 cylinder engines. These inline fives have been continually developed by Volvo since the debut of the engine in the 850, in 1993. The top of the line S40 T5 AWD, as well as the 2.4 and 2.4i, powertrain is still made by Volvo. The transmission is developed with Getrag at Volvo's Koping Transmission Center in Sweden, and the AWD system bought from Haldex Traction of Sweden.
The S40 T5 (one of the several variants of the S40) features a 2.5 L (2521 cc) five-cylinder fuel-injected engine with a light-pressure turbocharger. The valvetrain has four valves per cylinder and is a DOHC design. The engine is transversely mounted at the front of the vehicle and drives the front wheels, as was with the first generation.
A new range of engines and transmissions has been introduced at the end of May 2010 (see "Engine specifications" below). In North America, however, the naturally aspirated 5-cylinder engine, all-wheel drive, and manual transmission were all dropped for the 2011 model year, leaving only the automatic, front-wheel drive T5 in base and R-Design trims.
The 2011 model year was the last for the S40 and V50 in the United States and Canada.
In early 2004, Volvo started an ad campaign called The Mystery of Dalarö in which 32 residents of the same Swedish town bought the same car on the same day from the same dealer. The advert was produced in a documentary style by director Spike Jonze.
2008 facelift 
The S40 was refreshed for 2008. Improvements include improved audio systems, increased storage space and new safety features like Emergency Brake Lights which flash rapidly during hard braking to alert traffic behind the car. The new S40 also comes with optional Active Bi-Xenon headlights which point the light beam in the direction of the road as it curves (standard in SE Lux models). There is also a camera which can be located on the side mirrors which alerts the driver of passing vehicles beside the car. The camera is optional on all models. This is given the name BLIS (Blind Spot Information System). Volvo released the 2.0 litre diesel Geartronic on the third week of February 2008 except in Ireland where it was released in the last week of May (due to delivery intervals).
The T5 engine received a performance increase of 9 hp (6.7 kW), giving an output of 227 hp (169 kW). The D5 engine became available with a manual gearbox offering 400 N·m (300 ft·lbf) of torque and an automatic transmission offering 350 N·m (260 ft·lbf) in the second half of 2007.
The 2009 model saw rear-end trunk lid changes, changing the badge from "VOLVO" to "V O L V O" with spaces between the letters and larger characters, as in the newer Volvo models.
Engine specifications (2011 model) 
From the end of May 2010, a new range of engines is available for the so-called "2011 model".
The range now includes three petrol engines (1.6, 2.0 and T5, the latter only available with front-wheel drive and automatic transmission), four Diesel engines (the existing DRIVe and the new D2, D3 and D4) and the 2.0F Flexible-fuel engine that can run either on normal petrol or E85, an ethanol-petrol mixture. The updated 2.0 and T5 and the new D2, D3 and D4 are compliant with the Euro 5 emission standard (the rest are Euro 4-compliant), and the DRIVe includes a start-stop system for reduced fuel consumption and emissions. New 6-speed gearboxes are used in the D2 (manual: B6 D2), D3 and D4 (manual: M66D, automatic: Aisin AWF21).
|Specification||S40 1.6||S40 2.0||S40 T5||S40 DRIVe||S40 D2||S40 D3 (*)||S40 D4||S40 2.0F FLEXIFUEL|
|Engine||Type||4-cyl.||4-cyl.||5-cyl. Turbo||4-cyl. Turbo||4-cyl. Turbo||5-cyl. Turbo||5-cyl. Turbo||4-cyl.|
|Top speed||manual||185 km/h||210 km/h||—||190 km/h||195 km/h||N/A (*)||220 km/h||210 km/h|
|auto||—||—||235 km/h||—||—||N/A (*)||215 km/h||—|
|0–100 km/h||manual||11.9 s||9.5 s||—||11.4 s||11.4 s||9.5 s||8.7 s||9.5 s|
|auto||—||—||6.8 s||—||—||9.6 s||8.8 s||—|
|Fuel consumption l/100 km
|CO2 emissions||manual||169 g/km||176 g/km||—||104 g/km||114 g/km||134 g/km||134 g/km||183 g/km|
|auto||—||—||211 g/km||—||—||149 g/km||149 g/km||—|
(*) Available from September 2010
|Calendar year||United States||Canada||Sweden||Global|
- "Volvo V40" (PDF). Volvo Cars.
- "Redbook". Redbook. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
- "Welcome to VolvoCars-PR.com". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- Consumer Reports. Cars: Ratings & Pricing Guide, Spring 2007.
- "Volvo Cars of North America's 2011 Full Line Changes and Updates" (Press release). VolvoCars-PR. 2010-06-21.
- "Volvo S40". Volvo Car Corporation Global Newsroom.
- "Volvo Cars 2011 upgraded engines". Volvo Car Corporation Global Newsroom.
- "Volvo S40 Technical Specifications". Volvo Cars Germany.
- "2011 Volvo S40 Technical Specifications" (XLS). Volvo Car Corporation.
- "Welcome to the Volvo Cars of Canada Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "Volvo Personbilar Sverige Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "Welcome to Volvo Cars Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "Welcome to Volvo Cars Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
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