Volvo S40

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Volvo S40
Volvo S40 2 -- 07-09-2009.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo Cars
Production 1995–2012
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive[nb 1]
Chronology
Predecessor Volvo 440/460
Successor Volvo V40

The Volvo S40 is a small family car produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars since 1995. The first generation introduced the S40 (S from saloon) and V40 (V from versatility, estate) cars in 1995. The second generation of the car was released in 2004, while the estate variant's name was changed to V50. Furthermore, a coupé and convertible version was marketed as the C70.

The range was replaced by the new Volvo V40 five-door hatchback in 2012.

First generation (1995–2004)[edit]

First generation
2000-2002 Volvo S40 2.0 sedan (2011-11-17).jpg
Overview
Production 1995–2004
Assembly Born, Netherlands (NedCar)
Rayong, Thailand
Pretoria, South Africa
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan (S40)
5-door estate (V40)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Mitsubishi Carisma
Proton Waja
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.8 L I4 (petrol)
1.9 L I4 (petrol)
1.9 L turbo I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L turbo I4 (petrol)[nb 2]
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,550 mm (100.4 in) (2000–01)
2,557 mm (100.7 in) (2002–04)
Length 4,470 mm (176.0 in) (2000–01)
4,521 mm (178.0 in) (2002–04)
Width 1,720 mm (67.7 in) (2000–01)
1,717 mm (67.6 in) (2002–04)
Height 1,410 mm (55.5 in) (2000–01)
1,423 mm (56.0 in) (2002–04, S40)
1,426 mm (56.1 in) (2002–04, V40)
Volvo S40 T4 (Japan)
1997–2000 Volvo V40 2.0 (Australia)

In the summer of 1995 Volvo released the S4/F4 series, but had to change the model's name as it conflicted with Audi who had already reserved the "S4" name.[citation needed] The quickly-renamed S40 saloon (sedan) and V40 (Ferrari objected to F40) estate (station wagon), were manufactured at the NedCar factory in the Netherlands (a pre-Ford joint venture between Volvo and Mitsubishi Motors) and based on a common platform with the Mitsubishi Carisma. The V40, with Drag coefficient of 0.32,[1] was the first whole model to be introduced under the direction of the British designer Peter Horbury, Volvo’s Design Director, [1] and was marketed in Australia, North and South America, and the Far East.[1] The V40 was named the ‘Most Beautiful Estate Car in the World’ at an Italian award ceremony.[1]

In 2000 Volvo updated the 40 Series ("Phase II"),[2] implementing a number of technical improvements, e.g. improved engine management, direct (diesel) fuel injection, extra safety features, larger brake discs, new front suspension and steering, revised rear suspension, larger tires and a wider track. A minor facelift gave larger headlights, more streamlining and larger rear light clusters as well as minor instruments and fascia re-design.

The 40 Series cars were equipped with four-cylinder engines, such as a 1.9 turbo diesel or 1.6 (1588 cc), 1.8 (1731 cc, later increased to 1783cc), 2.0T (1948 cc), 1.9 T4 (1855 cc, later increased to 1948cc) or 2.0 (1948 cc) fuel-injected gasoline engines all of which are derivatives of the modular whiteblock engine series that started life in the Volvo 960 and carried in both 5 and 6 cyl formats in Volvo's bigger FWD cars. There was also a 1.8 L (1834 cc) Gasoline direct injection engine provided by Mitsubishi as part of the platform sharing between the 40 series and the Carisma.

The Volvo S40/V40 series was a completely new car from the ground up, with no engines (with the exception of the 1.9 Turbo Diesel engine) carried over from the old 400 series.

The low (2.0T) and high (1.9 T4) pressure turbo variants were positioned at the top of the motor range. The 2.0T was rounded down and badged as 1.9T and was the only engine available in North America. The 5-speed manual transmission, widely available in Europe, was not certified in North American S40s, with the 5-Speed automatic as the only option. No electric CVT transmission was planned, unlike the 440 HTA / High Tech Auto CVT that had been released before the 400 series was completely phased out.

In the United Kingdom, trim levels were S, XS, SE and CD. Later on, trim levels offered were supplemented with SE Lux and Sport Lux trim designations. A limited edition 'Xi' trim level was also offered for a short run on Phase 1 and Phase 1.5 cars, often painted yellow with black-bezel headlamps.

A racing version (S40) was introduced in the British Touring Car Championship in 1997 and in 1998 the car, with Rickard Rydell, took the championship. It was also used in the Swedish Touring Car Championship.

Due to the common platform, many components of the suspension and drive train are compatible with Carisma as well as the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution III, and Proton Waja.[citation needed]

The Volvo S40 was the first car to earn four stars in Euro-NCAP.

Engine specifications[edit]

Specification S40 1.6 S40 1.8 S40 2.0 S40 1.9 T4 S40 2.0 turbo S40 1.8i S40 1.9D
Engine B4164 S (16V) B4184 S (16V) B4204 S (16V) B4194 T (16V) B4204 T (16V) B4184 SM (16V) D4192 T
Power (kW/PS)@rpm (77/105)@5500 (85/115)@5500 (103/140)@6000 (147/200)@5500 (118/160)@5100 (92/125)@5500 (66/90)@4250
Torque @rpm 143 N·m (105 lb·ft) @4200 165 N·m (122 lb·ft) @4100 183 N·m (135 lb·ft) @4500 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @2400-3600 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @1800-4800 174 N·m (128 lb·ft) @3750 176 N·m (130 lb·ft) @2250

S40 Sales[edit]

Calendar year United States[3] Canada
2000 29,862 1,682
2001 22,451 1,735
2002 15,383 1,454
2003 13,058 1,195
2004 4,726 279

V40 Sales[edit]

Calendar year Worldwide
2000 156,498 (S40/V40 combined)[4]
2001 69,012[5]
2002 61,475[6]
2003 53,592
2004

Total Produced 423,491[7]

Second generation (2004–2012)[edit]

Second generation
Volvo S40 T5 1 -- 01-22-2010.jpg
Overview
Production 2004–2012
Assembly Ghent, Belgium (Ghent Factory)
Pretoria, South Africa
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Chongqing, China[8]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan (S40)
5-door estate (V50)
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Volvo P1 platform
Related Mazda3
Ford Focus
Volvo C30
Volvo C70
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
2.5 L turbo I5 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I5 (diesel)
2.4 L I5 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed automatic (Geartronic)
6-speed automatic (Geartronic)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,640 mm (103.9 in)
Length 4,468 mm (175.9 in) (2004–05, S40)
4,475 mm (176.2 in) (2006–07, S40)
4,514 mm (177.7 in) (2004–07, V50)
4,483 mm (176.5 in) (2008–12, S40)
4,522 mm (178.0 in) (2008–12, V50)
Width 1,770 mm (69.7 in)
Height 1,452 mm (57.2 in) (S40, FWD)
1,470 mm (57.9 in) (S40, AWD)
1,457 mm (57.4 in) (V50)
Curb weight 1,399–1,426 kg (3,084–3,144 lb)
2004–2007 Volvo V50 2.4i (US)
2006 Volvo C70, hardtop convertible based on the same platform

Introduced in the middle of the 2004 model year, the second generation S40 (known as the 2004.5 Volvo S40) introduced a new design based on the Volvo P1 platform built at the Volvo Cars factory in Ghent, Belgium. At the same time, the V40 was replaced by the V50 estate, also based on the P1 platform and built in Ghent. The S40 was nominated for the World Car of the Year award for 2005 and won the Canadian Car of the Year Best New Sport Compact award for 2005. It was also elected the South African Car of the Year for 2005 by the South African Guild of Motoring Journalists.

The chassis for this car and the majority of its components were developed by Volvo, however similar mechanical components can be found in the Mazda3 and the European Ford Focus.[9] The engine is the latest generation of Volvo's modular 5 cylinder engines. These inline fives have been continually developed by Volvo since the debut of the engine in the 850, in 1993. The top of the line S40/V50 T5 AWD, as well as the 2.4 and 2.4i, powertrain is still made by Volvo. The transmission is developed with Getrag at Volvo's Koping Transmission Center in Sweden, and the AWD system bought from Haldex Traction of Sweden.

The S40/V50 T5 (one of the several variants) features the 2.5 L B5254T3 (later B5254T7) (2521 cc) five-cylinder fuel-injected engine with a light-pressure turbocharger. The valvetrain has four valves per cylinder and is a DOHC design. The engine is transversely mounted at the front of the vehicle and was available with the M66W (front wheel drive) or M66C (all wheel drive) transmissions. In the US, the manual (6-speed) transmission was only available on the V50 in 2006, 2007 and 2010 and only with AWD and R-line trim.

A new range of engines and transmissions has been introduced at the end of May 2010 (see "Engine specifications" below).

Marketing[edit]

The Mystery of Dalarö was the title of a promotional campaign launched by Volvo in early 2004. It was considered an unusual way, at the time, to promote the launch of the new Volvo S40 using a documentary-style video approach. The 8 minutes long film was credited to fictitious Venezuelan filmmaker Carlos Soto; in reality, as was disclosed later, it was directed by Spike Jonze. It is set on 25 October 2003, where 32 people supposedly purchased a Volvo S40, at the same local Volvo dealership in Dalarö, a small village to the south-east of Stockholm.[10] In addition to this film, a 4 minute documentary-of-the-documentary calling into question the validity of the events was posted as Soto's "personal edit" on his alleged homepage.[11]

2008 facelift[edit]

2008-2010 Volvo S40 (US)
Facelifted Volvo V50 (Europe)

The S40 was refreshed for 2008. Improvements include improved audio systems, increased storage space and new safety features like Emergency Brake Lights which flash rapidly during hard braking to alert traffic behind the car. The new S40 also comes with optional Active Bi-Xenon headlights which point the light beam in the direction of the road as it curves (standard in SE Lux models). There is also an optional BLIS (Blind Spot Information System) camera located on the side mirrors which alerts the driver of passing vehicles beside the car.

Volvo released the 2.0 litre diesel Geartronic on the third week of February 2008 except in Ireland where it was released in the last week of May (due to delivery intervals).

The T5 model received a new engine (the B5254T7) with a performance increase of 9 hp (6.7 kW), giving an output of 227 hp (169 kW). The D5 engine became available with a manual gearbox offering 400 N·m (300 ft·lbf) of torque and an automatic transmission offering 350 N·m (260 ft·lbf) in the second half of 2007.

The 2009 model saw rear-end trunk lid changes, changing the badge from "VOLVO" to "V O L V O" with spaces between the letters and larger characters, as in the newer Volvo models.[12]

In 2010, the new, larger, circular Volvo logo appeared on the front grille, in the US, a manual transmission was briefly available with the T5 AWD version. In North America the naturally aspirated 5-cylinder engine, all-wheel drive, and manual transmission were all dropped for the 2011 model year, leaving only the automatic, front-wheel drive T5 in base and R-Design trims.[13] The 2011 model year was the last for the S40 and V50 in the United States and Canada.

Engine specifications (2011 model)[edit]

From the end of May 2010, a new range of engines is available for the so-called "2011 model".[14]

The range now includes three petrol engines (1.6, 2.0 and T5, the latter only available with front-wheel drive and automatic transmission), four Diesel engines (the existing DRIVe and the new D2, D3 and D4) and the 2.0F Flexible-fuel engine that can run either on normal petrol or E85, an ethanol-petrol mixture. The updated 2.0 and T5 and the new D2, D3 and D4 are compliant with the Euro 5 emission standard (the rest are Euro 4-compliant), and the DRIVe includes a start-stop system for reduced fuel consumption and emissions.[15] New 6-speed gearboxes are used in the D2 (manual: B6 D2), D3 and D4 (manual: M66D, automatic: Aisin AWF21).[16]

Specification S40 1.6 S40 2.0 S40 T5 S40 DRIVe S40 D2 S40 D3 (*) S40 D4 S40 2.0F FLEXIFUEL
Engine Type 4-cyl. 4-cyl. 5-cyl. Turbo 4-cyl. Turbo 4-cyl. Turbo 5-cyl. Turbo 5-cyl. Turbo 4-cyl.
Fuel Petrol Petrol Petrol Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Petrol/E85
Valves 16 16 20 16 8 20 20 16
cc 1596 1999 2521 1560 1560 1984 1984 1999
Power kW 74 107 169 80 84 110 130 107
PS 100 145 230 109 115 150 177 145
@rpm 6000 6000 5000 4000 3600 3500 3500 6000
Torque Nm 150 185 320 240 270 350 400 185
@rpm 4000 4500 1500-5000 1750 1750 1500-2750 1750-2750 4500
Transmission manual 5-speed 5-speed 5-speed 6-speed 6-speed 6-speed 5-speed
auto 5-speed 6-speed 6-speed
Top speed manual 185 km/h 210 km/h 190 km/h 195 km/h N/A (*) 220 km/h 210 km/h
auto 235 km/h N/A (*) 215 km/h
0–100 km/h manual 11.9 s 9.5 s 11.4 s 11.4 s 9.5 s 8.7 s 9.5 s
auto 6.8 s 9.6 s 8.8 s
Fuel consumption l/100 km

(urban/extra-urban/combined)

manual 9.2/5.8/7.1 10.8/5.7/7.6 4.9/3.4/3.9 5.2/3.8/4.3 7.0/4.0/5.0 7.0/4.0/5.0 10.9/5.8/7.7
auto 13.5/6.5/9.0 7.6/4.5/5.6 7.6/4.5/5.6
CO2 emissions manual 169 g/km 176 g/km 104 g/km 114 g/km 134 g/km 134 g/km 183 g/km
auto 211 g/km 149 g/km 149 g/km

(*) Available from September 2010

S40 Sales[edit]

Calendar year United States[3] Canada[17] Sweden[18] Global[19]
2004 19,522 1,269
2005 24,411 2,030
2006 24,729 1,431 3,705 72,329
2007 18,215 1,099 3,271 63,062
2008 9,686 683 2,036 48,950
2009 7,956 758 1,396 36,954
2010 5,623 818 1,182 31,688
2011 2,984 478 1,169 23,621[20]

Total Produced: 352,910 (1995-2012)[21]

V50 Sales[edit]

Calendar year United States Canada Sweden Global
2004 47,743[22]
2005 83,202[23]
2006 75,885[24]
2007 62,348[25]
2008 62,085[26]
2009 54,062[27]
2010 56,098
2011 45,970[28]

Total Produced: 519,007 2003-2012 (as of 31 December 2012)[29]

See also[edit]

  • Volvo C30, three-door hatchback bearing the same design as the second generation
  • Volvo C70, coupé and convertible version of both the first and the second generation
  • Volvo S70, mid-size car bearing a similar front end design with the first generation

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The second generation only.
  2. ^ Standard in North American models and only available in North America rebadged as 1.9T

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Volvo V40" (PDF). Volvo Cars. 
  2. ^ "Redbook". Redbook. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  3. ^ a b "Welcome to VolvoCars-PR.com". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15. 
  4. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/5203
  5. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/5263
  6. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/4930
  7. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/49842/volvo-v40-1995-2004
  8. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  9. ^ Consumer Reports. Cars: Ratings & Pricing Guide, Spring 2007. 
  10. ^ "The Truth behind The Mystery of Dalarö". The Volvo Owners Club. 25 March 2003. Archived from the original on 27 September 2006. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Volvo's spoof within a spoof for the S40- Mystery of Dalarö.". Adland.tv. 13 February 2004. Archived from the original on 18 Apr 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2003. 
  12. ^ "Volvo S40". Volvo Car Corporation Global Newsroom. 
  13. ^ "Volvo Cars of North America's 2011 Full Line Changes and Updates" (Press release). VolvoCars-PR. 2010-06-21. 
  14. ^ "Volvo Cars 2011 upgraded engines". Volvo Car Corporation Global Newsroom. 
  15. ^ "Volvo S40 Technical Specifications". Volvo Cars Germany. 
  16. ^ "2011 Volvo S40 Technical Specifications" (XLS). Volvo Car Corporation. 
  17. ^ "Welcome to the Volvo Cars of Canada Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06. 
  18. ^ "Volvo Personbilar Sverige Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15. 
  19. ^ "Welcome to Volvo Cars Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2011-06-15. 
  20. ^ "Welcome to Volvo Cars Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06. 
  21. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/49841/volvo-s40-1995-20121
  22. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/5021
  23. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/5122
  24. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/10709
  25. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/14441
  26. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/18624
  27. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/31455
  28. ^ "Welcome to Volvo Cars Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  29. ^ https://www.media.volvocars.com/global/en-gb/media/pressreleases/49844/volvo-v50-2003-20121