|Assembly||Ghent, Belgium (by Volvo Cars Ghent factory)
Pretoria, South Africa (Silverton Assembly)
Shah Alam, Malaysia (Swedish Motor Assemblies)
Samutprakarn, Thailand (Thai Swedish Assembly)
|Class||Large family car
Compact executive car
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / All-wheel drive|
The Volvo S60 is a compact executive car produced by the Swedish automaker Volvo from 2000. Two generations of the sedan have been produced to date. The V60 is an estate version of the second generation S60.
First generation (2000–2009)
|Platform||Volvo P2 platform|
|Engine||2.4 L B5244S petrol
2.0 L B5204 petrol turbo
2.3 L B5234T3 petrol turbo
2.4 L B5244T petrol turbo
2.5 L B5254T2 petrol LP-turbo
2.5 L B5254T4 petrol HP-turbo (R)
2.4 L D5 turbodiesel
|Transmission||5-speed AW55 automatic
6-speed automatic AWF21
6-speed manual M66
|Wheelbase||2001-02: 2,713 mm (106.8 in)
2003-08: 2,715 mm (106.9 in)
|Length||2001-05: 4,581 mm (180.4 in)
2006-08: 4,602 mm (181.2 in)
2003-05 R: 4,605 mm (181.3 in)
4,638 mm (182.6 in)
|Width||2001-05: 1,813 mm (71.4 in)
2006-08: 1,823 mm (71.8 in)
|Height||1,433 mm (56.4 in)
2003-05 R: 1,397 mm (55.0 in)
2006-07 R: 1,436 mm (56.5 in)
|Curb weight||1,462–1,552 kg (3,220–3,420 lb)|
The Volvo S60 was released in 2000 (2001 model year) being the company's new generation sports sedan. The S60 is aimed to mainly compete with the BMW 3-Series (E46) and the Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W203). Unlike its rivals, the Volvo S60 continued production for 9 years with multiple facelifts. The S60 was refreshed in 2005. The exterior was updated with body-colored side moldings and bumpers with chrome linings, as well as new headlamps replacing the original with black housing. The interior received some updates as well, with new seats, trim, and an updated center console. The S60 went through a final facelift in 2008 with full body-colored bumper and door inserts and larger emblem in the front and larger spaced out "V-O-L-V-O" letters in the rear. The interior featured a new pattern upholstery which differs from its original pattern. The S60 came standard with Volvo's own radio unit, the HU-650 and an optional extra HU-850 unit. The HU-850 unit features a 525-watt power output with 3 presets: 2CH, 3CH and Dolby Digital Pro Logic II Surround Sound. The Four-C chassis from the S60 R became an option on some S60s. The T5 engine was also reengineered from 2.3 to 2.4 litres and received an increase of 10 bhp (7 kW; 10 PS), An extra Turbo in the D5 Model also increased the D5 Bhp from 163 bhp to 183 bhp.
S60 Police specification (UK & EU)
Police specification models came about through Volvo’s extensive work alongside the users of the vehicles and Police Fleet Management departments. As a result the Police specification vehicles have a striking difference from original showroom model. Firstly the suspension was up-rated to deal with the demands of Police work; this included fitting the front suspension of the D5 model variant (as the suspension was designed to deal with the heavier diesel engine). Nivomat self-levelling suspension was also fitted to the rear to ensure correct geometry of the vehicle, regardless of the weight carried. On early models, the clutch was also replaced with the stronger D5 unit.
A larger specification battery and 110A alternator was also fitted to run all the extra equipment, along with a dedicated Police fuse box in the boot. Extra wiring looms are also fitted specially for the Police radios and other equipment, including CCTV cameras. Additional electrical noise suppression has been added so as not to interfere with the sensitive electronics the police use.
The speedometers in the vehicles are calibrated from the factory and do not require recalibration unless the wheel and overall rolling diameters are changed.
During 2001–2004 the 2.3 litre T5 engine was used and in 2005-2009 the 2.4 litre T5 engine was used. Also beyond common speculation and myths, the engines are not chipped or modified specially for police use: they are complete factory spec but in 'exceptional cases' the speed limiter (215 km/h) may have been removed.
First introduced in 2004, Volvo's S60 R used a Haldex all-wheel-drive system mated to a 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) / 400 N·m (300 lbf·ft) inline-5. The 2004–2005 models came with a 6-speed manual transmission, or an available 5-speed automatic which allowed only 258 lb·ft (350 N·m) torque in 1st and 2nd gears. The 2006–2007 models came with a 6-speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission (which was no longer torque neutered).
Other aspects which set the R apart from standard S60s were the large Brembo front and rear four-piston brakes, 18-inch 5-spoke "Pegasus" wheels (available as an upgrade to the standard 17" wheels of the same design), blue faced "R" gauges, standard HID headlights, as well as the Four-C suspension system.
Four-C (a short name for "Continuously Controlled Chassis Concept") allows the user to select from three modes: Comfort, Sport, and Advanced. "Comfort" attempts to soften the car over bumps, while "Advanced" firms the suspension considerably and gives more aggressive throttle response - a setting Volvo implies is for use on the race track. This is accomplished through a drive by wire throttle, allowing the same pedal travel to result in different performance when the appropriate mode is selected, electronically-controlled shock absorbers that can adjust themselves 500 times a second, and a complex series of sensors throughout the body of the vehicle. Volvo collaborated with high-tech system developer Ohlins Racing AB and shock absorber manufacturer Monroe for the self-adjusting shock absorbers.
The Rs had three interior color options: Nordkap (metallic dark blue), Gobi (light tan metallic) and a R-only leather option; Atacama, available for an additional charge. It was an unpainted, orangey-coloured natural leather with a baseball glove thickness and feel.
The small trunk lid spoiler that was standard on the S60 R created a 20% increased downforce at the rear wheels at high speeds compared to the standard S60s. The S60 Rs have a 0.29 coefficient of drag, compared to the standard S60's 0.28, due to the larger lower front bumper spoiler to support the secondary intercooler.
Another Volvo factory option for only the S60 R was a body kit which included front bumper splitters, side skirts and a rear valance, color matched to the body. The body kit was only available with certain body colors and in certain markets.
The S60 R continued the tradition of "R" cars for Volvo beginning in 1995 with the introduction of the 850 T-5 R.
Top Gear reviewed the car in episode 9 of series 2. They panned the overly complicated and intrusive traction control system, and it set a slow lap time of 1:35.0. But they also found it to be very comfortable and civilised. They recommended the Volvo V70 instead. Jeremy Clarkson noted "More like a miniature version of the Rolls-Royce Phantom than a serious competitor to the BMW M3."
- 2.4: 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp), 220 N·m (160 lb·ft), petrol
- 2.4: 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp), 230 N·m (170 lb·ft), petrol
- 2.0T: 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp), 240 N·m (180 lb·ft), petrol, turbo
- 2.4T: 145 kW (197 PS; 194 hp), 285 N·m (210 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2001–2003)
- 2.5T: 155 kW (211 PS; 208 hp), 320 N·m (240 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2004–2009)
- T5 2.3: 184 kW (250 PS; 247 hp), 330 N·m (240 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2001–2004)
- T5 2.4: 191 kW (260 PS; 256 hp), 350 N·m (260 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2005–2009)
- R 6-speed man: 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2004–2007)
- R 5-speed aut: 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp), 350 N·m (260 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2004–2005)
- R 6-speed aut: 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2006–2007)
- D: 93 kW (126 PS; 125 hp), 300 N·m (220 lb·ft), diesel, turbo (2006–2009)
- 2.4D (2001–2005): 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp), 280 N·m (210 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- 2.4D (2006–2009): 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), 340 N·m (250 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- D5 (2001–2005): 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), 340 N·m (250 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- D5 (2006–2009): 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- 2.4 Bi-Fuel CNG: 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp), 192 N·m (142 lb·ft), CNG/petrol
- 2.4 Bi-Fuel LPG: 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp), 192 N·m (142 lb·ft), LPG/petrol
|Calendar year||United States||Canada||Sweden||Global|
Second generation (2010–present)
|Platform||Volvo Y20 platform|
|Engine||1.6 L T3 petrol turbo I4
1.6 L T4 petrol turbo I4
2.0 L T5 petrol turbo I5
3.0 L T6 petrol turbo I6
1.6 L turbodiesel I4
2.0 L D3 turbodiesel I5
2.4 L D5 turbodiesel I5
6-speed Powershift automatic
|Wheelbase||109.3 in (2,776 mm)|
|Length||182.2 in (4,628 mm)
V60: 4,628 mm (182.2 in)
|Width||1,865 mm (73.4 in)|
|Height||1,484 mm (58.4 in)|
The second generation S60 began production in Ghent, Belgium on May 17, 2010, with an expected annual production of 90,000 vehicles. Official photos were released in November 2009, and the car was publicly unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2010. It debuted as a 2011 model in North America.
The engine range of the S60 and V60 comprises four petrol engines and three diesels. The engines available are the T3, T4, T5 and T6 petrol engines and D3, D5 and 1.6D DRIVe diesel engines, the latter of which has Stop Start Technology to increase the efficiency of the engine. The 2.4-litre D5 plug-in hybrid version, fitted with a 5-cylinder diesel engine and a 50 kW electric motor, is schedule for sale in Europe by November 2012.
The Volvo S60 and V60 come with Volvo's City Safety system as standard, which is the same system fitted to its sister the XC60. This system stops the car in the event of impending collision in 'City Traffic' below 19 mph (31 km/h). A new safety feature named "Pedestrian Detection", available on both the V60 and S60, detects people in front of the car and automatically applies the brakes if the driver does not react in time.
This new sedan will show off Volvo's completely new design language already seen in the Volvo XC60 concept. It will ride on the same platform as the XC60. This new design is thought to target younger demographics. Even so, Volvo hopes to keep its high-income customer appeal; from the first generation, a Volvo S60 buyer has had a higher household income than a BMW 3 Series customer.
New features include the new large Volvo iron symbol, parallel to the grille day running lamps, and larger spaced letters in the brand name on rear. A new safety feature, Pedestrian Detection, will be added to automatically apply brakes if a pedestrian is detected in front of the car and the driver does not react in time.
A refresh is planned for the 2014 model year.
- T3: 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp), 240 N·m (180 lb·ft), 4-cyl, 1.6 litre, petrol, turbo (2011 - )
- T4: 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp), 240 N·m (180 lb·ft), 4-cyl, 1.6 litre, petrol, turbo (2011 - )
- 2.0T: 149 kW (203 PS; 200 hp), 300 N·m (220 lb·ft), 4-cyl, 2.0 litre, petrol, turbo (2010 - )
- T5: 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp), 320 N·m (240 lb·ft), 4-cyl, 2.0 litre, petrol, turbo (2011 - )
- T5 (US): 186.5 kW (254 PS; 250 hp), 360 N·m (266 lb·ft), 5-cyl, 2.5 litre, petrol, turbo (2011 - )
- T6: 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp), 440 N·m (320 lb·ft), 6-cyl, 3.0 litre, petrol, turbo (2010 - )
- T6 R-Design (US): 242 kW (329 PS; 325 hp), 474 N·m (350 lb·ft), 6-cyl, 3.0 litre, petrol, turbo (2011 - )
- 1.6D DRIVe: 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp), 270 N·m (200 lb·ft), 4-cyl, 1.6 litre, diesel, turbo (2011 - )
- D3: 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft), 5-cyl, 2.0 litre, diesel, turbo (2010 - )
- D5: 151 kW (205 PS; 202 hp), 420 N·m (310 lb·ft), 5-cyl, 2.4 litre, diesel, turbo (2010 - )
|Calendar year||United States||Canada||Sweden||Global|
V60 plug-in hybrid
A pre-production version of the Volvo V60 diesel-electric plug-in hybrid was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2011. The V60 plug-in is the result of close cooperation between Volvo Cars and Swedish energy supplier Vattenfall. Deliveries began in Sweden in late 2012 and 394 units have been sold in the country through March 2013. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in the rest of Europe in early 2013. The V60 plug-in has a price of around €50,000 (GB£40,000, US$64,600). In September 2012, Volvo announced that the first 1,000 units were sold out before the model year 2013 vehicles were delivered to the dealerships. The carmaker plans to ramp up production of the 2014 model year to 5,000 units for 2013. The first 1,000 units of the Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid are part of a "Pure Limited" edition with electric silver livery. The diesel-electric car also has aero-designed 17-inch wheels, integrated exhaust tailpipes and a number of bodywork features in glossy black.
The V60 Plug-in Hybrid features a six-speed automatic transmission and the front wheels are driven by a five-cylinder 2.4-litre D5 turbo diesel, which produces 215 hp and maximum torque of 440 Nm. The rear axle features ERAD (Electric Rear Axle Drive) in the form of an electric motor producing 70 hp and maximum torque of 200 Nm, powered from a 12 kWh lithium-ion battery pack. Volvo expects to achieve an all-electric range of up to 50 km (31 mi), and a fuel economy of 124 miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent (1.8 l/100 km), with carbon dioxide emissions averaging 49 g/km. The interaction between diesel and electric power is handled via a control system, and the driver has the option to choose the preferred driving mode via three buttons on the instrument panel: Pure, Hybrid and Power.
- In Pure Mode the car runs only on its electric motor as much as possible. The driving range is up to 50 km (31 mi). Battery range varies with terrain, climate and driving style.
- Hybrid Mode is the default mode whenever the car is started. The diesel engine and electric motor interact to provide the optimal balance between driving pleasure and low environmental impact. Emissions of CO2 are 49 g/km (EU Combined), corresponding to diesel fuel consumption of 1.8 l/100 km. The car's total range is up to 1,200 kilometres (750 mi).
- In Power Mode the technology is optimised to give the car the best possible performance. The electric motor's lightning-quick torque delivery contributes to the car's 0 to 100 kph acceleration time of 6.1 seconds.
- The Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid was one of the top three finalists for the 2013 World Green Car of the Year.
- Overall =
- Adult occupant = 94%
- Child occupant = 82%
- Pedestrian = 64%
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)
|Moderate overlap frontal offset||Good|
|Small overlap frontal offset||Good|
|Side Pole Driver:|
S60 concept car
In 2008, Volvo Cars announced the Volvo S60 Concept, which features a four-cylinder 1.6L petrol engine using highly-efficient Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDi) developed by Ford (a mechanical clone of the new Ford EcoBoost 1.6L engine). The concept car was exhibited in several automobile shows in 2009, and SimBin has released a free game based on the GTR game engine that includes the S60 Concept.
British land speed record
On 14 and 15 October 2000, the first generation S60 T5 broke 18 British land speed records (including the highest average speed over a 24 hour period for a Production Car class D (2000-3000cc) at 135.10 mph) at the Millbrook Proving Ground, in Bedfordshire, UK. A joint project by Volvo and Prodrive and covered by Channel 4's Driven and Car magazine.
The car was standard except for safety modifications such as a roll cage, exterior cut out switch, a modified fuel tank and additional head support to allow the drivers (BTCC drivers Anthony Reid, Rickard Rydell, John Cleland and Alain Menu as well as various Car journalists and Channel 4's Mike Brewer) to rest their neck during the 2 hour gaps between pit stops. Each pitstop included a driver change, refuel and tyre changes due to the extreme stresses being placed on the front outside tyre.
The following records were broken:
S60 in motorsport
At Speed Motorsports entered an all-wheel-drive S60R in five races of the 2006 Speed World Challenge season GT class. It was driven by Michael Galati and finished 14th in the overall standings, including a win at Mosport. Since 2009, K-PAX Racing has fielded two S60s the GT class, with former champions Andy Pilgrim and Randy Pobst as drivers. In 2010, Randy Pobst won the GT driver's championship while securing the GT manufacturer's championship for Volvo. For the 2011 season, K-PAX will debut new S60s using the second generation body style at Miller Motorsports Park. Joining defending GT driver's champion Randy Pobst will be new team mate Alex Figge.
From 2002 to 2007 there was a S60 one-make racing series as a support series to the Swedish Touring Car Championship, the S60 Challenge Cup, using 26 factory-modified Volvo S60 cars.
An S60 was used in the 2007 World Touring Car Championship season.
(2013) Volvo confirm they will enter V8 Supercars with a Volvo S60 in 2014 with Garry Rogers Motorsport.
- "Volvo. Volvo In Belgium". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "Volvo. Volvo In South Africa". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "Volvo. Volvo In Malaysia". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "Volvo. Volvo In Thailand". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "Volvo S60 ceases production in Ghent". autoblog.com/2009/04/10. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
- "VOLVO CARS MAKES MAJOR INVESTMENTS IN GHENT AND TORSLANDA". Retrieved 2010-06-08.
- "2005 Volvo S60". Retrieved 2010-06-08.
- Brown, Greg N. (2009). "Volvo S60R, Volvo V70R: A unique blend of components; singular performance and luxury". Modified Mag (April).
- Heilig, John (2003). "2004 Volvo S60 R Review". The Auto Channel.
- "Top Gear - Episode Archive - Series 2 - Episode 9". BBC. 2003-07-13. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "Welcome to VolvoCars-PR.com". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "Welcome to the Volvo Cars of Canada Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "Volvo Personbilar Sverige Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. Retrieved 2011-06-23.
- "Welcome to Volvo Cars Newsroom". Media.volvocars.com. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2011-06-23.
- Hart, Roger (June 7, 2010). "A New Mantra". AutoWeek 60 (11): 29.
- "Sculpted to move you - first pictures of the all-new Volvo S60" (Press release). Volvo Cars. 2009-11-10.
- "THE ALL-NEW VOLVO V60 SPORTS WAGON BLENDS STYLE AND PERFORMANCE WITH GROUND-BREAKING SAFETY". Volvocars.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Piers Ward (November 2011). "Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid driven". Top Gear (magazine). Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- "Volvo S60 T5 Forbes Review".
- "The all-new Volvo S60". Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Autoblog staff (2011-03-11). "Geneva 2011: Volvo V60 Plug-In Hybrid plugs in at the PalExpo". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- "2012 (Full Year) Sweden: Best-Selling Electric Cars & Plug-In Hybrid Models". BestSellingCars.com. 2013-04-02. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
- "2013 (Q1) Sweden: Best-Selling Electric Cars and Plugin Hybrid Models". BestSellingCars.com. 2013-04-12. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
- Geraldine Ashton Green (2012-12-036). "Volvo increase production of new V60 Plug-in Hybrid". Motoring UK. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Sebastian Blanco (2012-09-28). "First 1,000 Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrids already sold out". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- Paul McVeigh (2011-01-27). "Geneva auto show: Volvo prepares to unveil V60 plug-in hybrid". Autoweek. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- PRNewswire (2013-03-28). "And Now There Is One.... Tesla Model S Declared 2013 World Green Car". International Business Times. Retrieved 2013-03-29.
- "2010 Volvo S60 Concept Offers Look at EcoBoosted 1.6-litre Engine". Kbb.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "VOLVO S60 SMASHES 18 BRITISH LAND SPEED RECORDS" (Press release). Retrieved 2012-05-25.
- "SCCA Pro Racing World Challenge". World-challenge.com. 2011-02-14. Retrieved 2011-04-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Volvo S60|
- Volvo S60 - Official page
- Volvo S60 Review
- IIHS Safety Test for Volvo S60
- S60R Owner & Enthusiast Site
- Widebody S60R - S60R Build Sponsored By AtSpeed Motorsports
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