Volvo S80

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Volvo S80
Volvo S80 D5 Momentum (II, Facelift) – Frontansicht, 26. Oktober 2012, Düsseldorf.jpg
2012 Volvo S80 (EU)
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo Cars
Production 1998–present
Body and chassis
Class Mid-sized executive car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Volvo S90

The Volvo S80 is a mid-sized executive car produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars since 1998, introduced to take the place of the rear-wheel-drive Volvo 960 (later S90) saloon in the model range. The Volvo S80 has been built at the Torslanda Works in Gothenburg, Sweden. Unlike most Volvo models, it did not have an estate version for its first generation. The third generation of the V70 wagon is marketed as the estate version for the second generation of the S80 saloon. This is a part of a major product overhaul at Volvo, including a luxury large estate and saloon. It serves as the flagship model for Volvo.

The second generation Volvo S80, in June 2007, scored the highest "good" rating in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) crash test performance for frontal, side, and rear impacts,[1] earning it the IIHS Top Safety Pick. The second generation S80 features a more rigid chassis.

First generation (1998–2006)[edit]

First generation
Swedish Ambassador's S80.JPG
2004–06 Volvo S80 (US)
Overview
Production 1998–2006
Assembly Torslanda, Sweden
Chongquing, China
Designer Doug Frasher (1996)[2]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Platform Volvo P2 platform[citation needed]
Related Volvo S60 I
Volvo V70 II
Volvo XC90
Ford Five Hundred
Ford Freestyle
Mercury Montego
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L I5 turbo (petrol)
2.4 L I5 (petrol)
2.4 L I5 (CNG/LPG)
2.5 L I5 (petrol)
2.9 L I6 (petrol)
2.8/2.9 L I6 twin-turbo (petrol)
2.4 L I5 (diesel)
2.5 L I5 (diesel)[3]
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,790 mm (109.8 in)
Length 4,820 mm (189.8 in) (1998–06)
4,849 mm (190.9 in) (2004–06)
Width 1,830 mm (72.0 in)
Height 1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Kerb weight 1,634–1,712 kg (3,602–3,774 lb)

The first-generation S80 is based on the Volvo P2 Platform. Over 368,000 first-generation S80s were built.[4] This S80 was equipped with numerous safety systems, including Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) and Whiplash Protection System WHIPS.[5] The S80 featured a straight-six engine in a transverse engine mounting. No existing manual gearbox would fit in the engine bay with the six-cylinder engine, so Volvo had to develop their own, the M65. It featured also an environmental specification, covering aspects such as allergens from textiles, fuel economy and the life cycle of the car from production to dismantling.[6]

The S80 used canbus multiplex wiring.[7]

The S80 was initially available with four different engines. Starting the range was a detuned 2.4-litre 104 kilowatts (141 PS; 139 bhp) five-cylinder. This was also available as a compressed natural gas (CNG) and as an liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) version. The fully tuned version produced 125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp). Next up was a 2.9-litre 144 kilowatts (196 PS; 193 bhp) six-cylinder, then 200 kilowatts (272 PS; 268 bhp) T6, and finally, the 103 kilowatts (140 PS; 138 bhp) 2.5-litre Volkswagen-sourced Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine. The 2.9 has a straight-six engine, while the T6 was powered by a destroked twin-turbocharged version.[5]

In 2000, there was the addition of the 149 kilowatts (203 PS; 200 bhp) 2.5T, available with standard all-wheel drive. The 2.5T model featured a light-pressure turbocharger.

Late 2001 introduced the 120 kilowatts (163 PS; 161 bhp) five-cylinder common rail diesel D5, detuned to 96 kilowatts (131 PS; 129 bhp) and sold as 2.4D in some markets.[3][8]

In some European countries, the entry level S80 came with a 2.0-litre five-cylinder turbocharged engine producing 182 metric horsepower (134 kW; 180 bhp). These were sold in countries where larger capacity engines were penalized by heavy taxes.

Minor exterior design changes occurred between 2003 and 2004 versions, notably front grille styling.

Safety[edit]

EuroNCAP tested the first generation Volvo S80, running from 1998 to 2003. They tested a left-hand drive, 4-door saloon, registered in 2000, with front seatbelt pretensioners, seatbelt load limiters, as well as front, side, body, and head airbags:

Test Score Points
Overall: N/A N/A
Adult occupant: 4/5 stars 29
Pedestrian: 2/4 stars 14

Scores given for the car showed pedestrians' legs facing a very aggressive front end, resulting in only 2 stars of 4 for pedestrian safety. Despite this EuroNCAP did state "This large Volvo is very safe and gave a good all round performance" due to the good adult protection inside the car in the event of a collision.[9]

Engines[edit]

Year Model Engine displacement Engine configuration Fuel Max. motive power Max. torque
1998–2006 2.4 (140) 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) Straight five Petrol engine 103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp) 220 N·m (162 lbf·ft)
1998–2006 2.4 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) Straight five Petrol engine 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) 225 N·m (166 lbf·ft)
2000–2006 2.0T 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) Straight five LPT Petrol engine 132 kW (179 PS; 177 bhp) 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft)
1998–2003 2.4T 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) Straight five LPT Petrol engine 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) 285 N·m (210 lbf·ft)
2003–2006 2.5T 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) Straight five LPT Petrol engine 155 kW (211 PS; 208 bhp) 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
1998–2001 2.9 2,922 cc (178.3 cu in) Straight six Petrol engine 150 kW (204 PS; 201 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
2001–2004 2.9 2,922 cc (178.3 cu in) Straight six Petrol engine 144 kW (196 PS; 193 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
1998–2001 T6 2,783 cc (169.8 cu in) Straight six twin-turbo Petrol engine 200 kW (272 PS; 268 bhp) 380 N·m (280 lbf·ft)
2002–2006 T6 2,922 cc (178.3 cu in) Straight six twin-turbo Petrol engine 200 kW (272 PS; 268 bhp) 380 N·m (280 lbf·ft)
1998–2001 TDI (Volkswagen engine) 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) Straight five turbocharged Diesel engine 103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
2001–2006 2.4D 2,401 cc (146.5 cu in) Straight five turbocharged common rail Diesel engine 96 kW (131 PS; 129 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
2001–2006 D5 2,401 cc (146.5 cu in) Straight five turbocharged common rail Diesel engine 120 kW (163 PS; 161 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)

Second generation (2006–present)[edit]

Second generation
2nd Volvo S80 -- 01-13-2010.jpg
2010 Volvo S80 (US)
Overview
Production 2006–present
Designer Todd Levy (2004)[10][11]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan (S80)
5-door estate (V70)
Platform Volvo Y20 platform[citation needed]
Related Volvo XC60
Land Rover Freelander
Ford Mondeo
Jaguar X-Type
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (flexifuel)
2.5 L I5 turbo (petrol)
3.0 L I6 turbo (petrol)
3.2 L I6 (petrol)
4.4 L V8 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I5 (diesel)
2.4 L I5 (diesel)
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,835 mm (111.6 in)
Length 4,849 mm (190.9 in)
Width 1,861 mm (73.3 in)
Height 1,490 mm (58.7 in)

The second generation S80 was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show on 28 February, with sales beginning in June 2006. The new S80 features a new 3.2-litre straight-six engine or 4.4-litre V8 engine, in combination with available four-wheel drive. The second-generation S80 is the first Volvo saloon model to become available with Volvo's compact, transversely fitted B8444S V8 with a power output of 315 PS (232 kW; 311 hp) and 440 newton metres (325 lbf·ft) of torque developed jointly by Volvo Cars engine unit Skövde and Yamaha, but built by Yamaha of Japan. The engine features four catalytic converters and advanced electronics. The structure featured high strength boron steel for safety.

The second generation S80 received the IIHS 2007 Top Safety Pick Award in overall safety protection. Also again in November the IIHS awarded the 2008 Volvo S80 with Top Safety Award.

The new S80 is based on the Ford EUCD platform (called P24 by Volvo), also used for vehicles including the Ford S-MAX, Ford Mondeo, and Ford Galaxy large MPVs.[12] Volvo's Personal Car Communicator (PCC) remote control will also be an optional feature with the new S80.

Blind spot detector on side mirrors

The S80 is available with optional Adaptive cruise control (ACC) with Collision Warning and Brake Support (CWBS). Brake Support offers additional assistance by preparing the braking system so that the car can begin stopping faster and preparing for panic brake application. The Volvo S80 also offers an adaptive brake light as standard which is active at speeds above 30 mph (48 km/h), and can sense the difference between normal and panic braking. Ready Alert Brakes (RAB) are also available in the S80 to anticipate severe braking. It prepares for this by moving the brake pads closer to the discs.

The S80 is available with a Blind Spot Information System as well as Lane Departure Warning, it can be turned on from 40 mph (64 km/h).

The T4 variant features the 1.6L turbocharged EcoBoost engine and is exclusively available in Asia only.

S80L[edit]

A long-wheelbase version, called the Volvo S80L, has been built by Changan-Volvo in Chongqing, China. The 2011 version has a wheelbase of 2976 mm and is powered by a turbo 2.0 or 3.0 engine.[13]

2010 update[edit]

New features include a choice of five-cylinder 2.4-litre D5 twin-turbo diesel, 2.4-litre diesel, or 1.6-litre diesel engine. Also the 2.5T and 2.5FT were modified to produce more power and have a lower fuel consumption. The update also came with the discontinuation of the Yamaha-based V8 engine. The car's exterior was modified to give the S80 a lower, longer and wider stance. More chrome trim was added to the front, the rear end, and the doors to look like the S80 Executive. The 2010 Volvo S80 facelift also comes with a choice between a comfort-enhancing standard chassis, or a sport one that offers better handling dynamics. The 2010 S80 will be available with a S80 R-design interior package to give the inside a sportier look. The interior package contains a new sports steering wheel, sports pedals, Dynamic leather seats, sports gearshift knob, and a new instrument with blue background.

The car was unveiled in 2009 at the Geneva Motor Show.[14]

2012[edit]

The 2012 Volvo S80 now features turn signals on the outside mirrors, a new 7-inch Sensus infotainment system in the center of the dash, genuine wood interior trim and Bluetooth audio streaming. Volvo's City Safety technology is also now standard.

2014 update[edit]

New front and rear bumpers, new lower front fascia, new grille style, new touch screen infotainment system, new optional digital gauge cluster, and additional interior ambient lighting.

2015[edit]

The base 2015 Volvo S80 is powered by a new turbocharged 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine with 240 horsepower, which is the same output as the 3.2-liter six-cylinder in the 2014 model. A new eight-speed automatic transmission comes standard, and the base S80 also gets a new auto start/stop feature, which turns the engine off when the car is stopped to conserve fuel. The 2015 S80 achieves an EPA-estimated 25/37 mpg city/highway, which is a notable improvement over the 2014 model’s 20/29 mpg rating. T6 AWD models come with a turbocharged 3.0-liter six-cylinder engine that produces 300 horsepower. A six-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive are also standard on T6 models. The T6 gets slightly better fuel economy than the 2014 model T6.

The 2015 Volvo S80 comes standard with a leather-wrapped steering wheel and Volvo’s Sensus infotainment system, which features a 7-inch HD color screen. An optional technology package adds features like adaptive cruise control, lane departure warning, forward collision warning with pedestrian and cyclist detection and active high beams, which automatically set the headlights to low beams when oncoming traffic is approaching. An optional climate package includes heated front and rear seats, a heated windshield and a heated steering wheel. The 2015 Volvo S80 starts at $40,500 in the US.

Engines[edit]

Year Model Engine displacement Engine configuration Fuel Max. motive power Max. torque
2006–2010 V8 4,414 cc (269.4 cu in) V8 engine Petrol 232 kW (315 PS; 311 bhp) 440 N·m (325 lbf·ft)
2006– 3.2 3,192 cc (194.8 cu in) Inline-six Petrol 175 kW (238 PS; 235 bhp) 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
2008– T6 2,953 cc (180.2 cu in) Inline-six turbocharged Petrol 210 kW (286 PS; 282 bhp) 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)
2013– T6AWD 2,953 cc (180.2 cu in) Inline-six turbocharged Petrol 224 kW (305 PS; 300 bhp) 440 N·m (325 lbf·ft)
2006–2009 2.5T 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) Inline-five LPT Petrol 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)
2008–2009 2.5FT 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) Inline-five LPT E85/petrol FlexiFuel 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)
2008–2009 2.0 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) Inline-four Petrol 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 185 N·m (136 lbf·ft)
2008–2009 2.0F 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) Inline-four E85/petrol FlexiFuel 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 185 N·m (136 lbf·ft)
2009– 2.0 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) Inline-four Petrol 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 190 N·m (140 lbf·ft)
2009– 2.0F 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) Inline-four E85/petrol FlexiFuel 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 190 N·m (140 lbf·ft)
2013– T5 1,969 cc (120.2 cu in) Inline-four Petrol 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)
2011– T4 1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) Inline-four turbocharged Petrol 134 kW (182 PS; 180 bhp) 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft)
2009– D5 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) Inline-five twin-turbo common rail Diesel 151 kW (205 PS; 202 bhp) 420 N·m (310 lbf·ft)
2009– 2.4D 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) Inline-five turbocharged common rail Diesel 129 kW (175 PS; 173 bhp) 420 N·m (310 lbf·ft)
2006–2009 D5 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) Inline-five turbocharged common rail Diesel 136 kW (185 PS; 182 bhp) 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)
2006–2009 2.4D 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) Inline-five turbocharged common rail Diesel 120 kW (163 PS; 161 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)
2008– 2.0D 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) Inline-four turbocharged common rail Diesel 100 kW (136 PS; 134 bhp) 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
2014– D4 1,969 cc (120.2 cu in) Inline-four turbocharged common rail Diesel 133 kW (181 PS; 178 bhp) 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)
2009– 1.6D DRIVe 1,560 cc (95.2 cu in) Inline-four turbocharged common rail Diesel 80 kW (109 PS; 107 bhp) 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft)
2009– 2.5T 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) Inline-five LPT Petrol 170 kW (231 PS; 228 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)
2009– 2.5FT 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) Inline-five LPT E85/petrol FlexiFuel 170 kW (231 PS; 228 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)

Safety[edit]

Volvo V70 third generation, estate car based on the same platform and bearing the same design
IIHS S80:[15]
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset Good1
Side impact Good
Roof strength Good2
1 vehicle structure rated "Good"
2 strength-to-weight ratio: 4.26

Special versions[edit]

The S80 is also used as a base for limousines, hearses, and ambulances by Nilsson Special Vehicles in Laholm, Sweden. Nilsson have built the official state car for a few heads of state, including one for the King of Sweden, and the King of the Netherlands. An armoured version is also available from Czech specialists SVOS.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IIHS S80 Report". Iihs.org. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  2. ^ http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/press/s80/S80-TheStory.pdf
  3. ^ a b "Volvo 2003 S80 Specification" (PDF). Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "Volvo Owners Club UK S80 production data". Volvoclub.org.uk. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Volvo Owners Club UK Summary of S80 Launch Press Release". Volvoclub.org.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  6. ^ "Volvo Owners Club UK S80 Environment Press Release". Volvoclub.org.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Volvo Early S80 Press Release" (PDF). Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "Volvo S80 1999 Specifications" (PDF). Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Volvo S80 | Euro NCAP - For safer cars crash test safety rating". Euro NCAP. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Volvo Car Group Global Media Newsroom
  11. ^ Todd Levy - Sverige | LinkedIn
  12. ^ Wim Oude Weernink and Bradford Wernle. "Building Blocks: Ford learns a lesson from Lego". AutoWeek. Retrieved 30 March 2006. 
  13. ^ "2011 Volvo S80L Employs Smaller, GTDi Engine". ChinaAutoWeb.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  14. ^ Lavrinc, Damon (26 February 2009). "Geneva Preview: Volvo readies updated S80 for Swiss debut". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  15. ^ Vehicle details

External links[edit]