Volvo Snabbe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Volvo Snabbe and Trygge
Volvo F83-34 Truck 1968.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volvo Trucks
Also called
  • Volvo L420/430
  • Volvo F82/83
  • Volvo F82S/83S
Production
  • 1956 - 1975
  • approx. 25,000 produced[1]
Body and chassis
Class Light truck
Powertrain
Engine
  • 3.6 L B36 V8 (1956-1966)
  • 3.6 L D36 I4 diesel (1963-1967)
  • 3.9 L D39 I4 diesel (1967-1975)
Transmission 4/5 speed manual
Dimensions
Curb weight 5,600–8,400 kg (12,345.9–18,518.8 lb) (gross weight)[1]
Chronology
Predecessor Volvo L340
Successor Volvo F4

The Volvo Snabbe and Trygge was a series of light trucks produced by Swedish automaker Volvo between 1956 and 1975.

Volvo L420 Snabbe[edit]

Volvo introduced its first forward control truck L420 Snabbe ("Fast") at the end of 1956.[2] It had a payload of approx. 3 tonnes. The truck’s V8 engine had been developed by Volvo for a planned luxury automobile called Volvo Philip in the early 1950s.

A V8 engine in the lightweight vehicle meant impressive performance for a truck. The downside was the gruesome fuel consumption and from 1964 onwards the Snabbe was offered with a diesel engine as an alternative.

Volvo L430 Trygge[edit]

In early 1957 the program was supplemented with the larger L430 Trygge ("Safe"). With sturdier chassis and suspension the payload was increased to approx. 5 tonnes. From 1963 onwards the Trygge was offered with a more economical diesel engine as an alternative. Since Volvo didn’t have the resources to develop an engine of their own, they chose to buy a matching tractor engine from Ford. With only 65 bhp, performance was rather mundane.[2]

Volvo F82/F83[edit]

Volvo introduced its "System 8" in 1965. Changes for the smallest trucks were restricted to new names. Snabbe became F82 and Trygge became F83.[3] Production of the B36 V8 engine halted in 1966, and thus disappeared the last petrol engine Volvo truck. In 1967 Volvo replaced the Ford diesel with a stronger engine from Perkins Engines.

1972 saw the last modernization of the model series. The engine was moved forward in the chassis to provide better space inside the cab.[4] The main exterior change was a new radiator grille in black plastic. The trucks were now called F82S and F83S respectively.

Engines[edit]

Model Year Engine[1] Displacement Power Type
L420-430 1956-66 B36: V8 ohv 3,559 cc (217.2 cu in) 120 bhp (89 kW) Petrol engine
L425-435 1963-67 D36: I4 ohv 3,610 cc (220 cu in) 65 bhp (48 kW) Diesel engine
F82-83 1967-75 D39: I4 ohv 3,869 cc (236.1 cu in) 80 bhp (60 kW) Diesel engine

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Olsson, Christer (1987). Volvo - Lastbilarna igår och idag. Malmö, Sweden: Förlagshuset Norden AB. ISBN 91-86442-76-7. 
  2. ^ a b Volvo Trucks Global – L42/L43
  3. ^ Volvo Trucks Global – F82/F83
  4. ^ Volvo Trucks Global – F82S/F83S

External links[edit]