|Also called||Volvo XC70 (crossover version)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Mid-size car / Executive car (V70)
Mid-size crossover (XC70; as of 2008)
|Body style||5-door estate/wagon
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
The first generation (1997–2000) began as the wagon version of the Volvo S70 (a renamed Volvo 850, which was itself available in sedan and station wagon configurations). The V70 was available only as a front and all-wheel drive station wagon, the latter marketed initially as the Cross Country XC and subsequently as the XC70.
With styling by Peter Horbury, the second generation (1999-2007) shared major mechanical and styling commonality with the Volvo S60 sedan, and used the P2 platform with a 4 cm increase in width and height, a 5 cm longer wheelbase, a slightly shorter overall length than its predecessor, and a slightly increased interior cargo volume. As with its predecessor, the second generation was also offered with an all-wheel drive variant which was initially marketed as the V70 XC, later as the XC70.
The third generation employs the Ford EUCD platform, sharing much of the interior (other than the rear seats and loadbay) with the second generation Volvo S80. It has been marketed since 2007 as the V70 (discontinued in North America after model year 2008) and the XC70, an all wheel drive model.
- 1 First generation (1997–2000)
- 2 Second generation (1999–2007)
- 3 Third generation (2007–Present)
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
First generation (1997–2000)
|Also called||Volvo V70-XC|
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (VHA)
|Engine||2.0 L 126 hp I5
2.4 L 162 hp I5
2.4 L 190 hp I5
2.5 L 190 hp I5
2.3 L 240 hp I5
2.3 L 250 hp I5
2.4 L 265 hp I5
2.5 L 140 hp I5 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,664 mm (104.9 in)
1998 AWD: 2,662 mm (104.8 in)
1999-2000 AWD: 2,654 mm (104.5 in)
|Length||1998: 4,722 mm (185.9 in)
1999-2000: 4,729 mm (186.2 in)
1999-2000 XC: 4,735 mm (186.4 in)
|Width||1,760 mm (69.3 in)|
|Height||1,427 mm (56.2 in) & 1,481 mm (58.3 in)
R: 1,453 mm (57.2 in)
The original V70 was a development of the Volvo 850 estate car. The 850's square edges became more rounded. Other changes included a revised grille, colour-coded bumpers, clear indicator lenses, and a new dashboard. Trim level packages for the V70 included:
- Sports - with alloy wheels, rear spoiler, and fog lamps
- Comfort - child seat, air conditioning or electric sunroof, and trip computer
- Luxury - leather upholstery with electric driver's seat, climate control and cruise control, wood fascia trim, RTI, and rear seat entertainment
- Estate - roof rails, self-levelling rear suspension, and luggage net
- Winter - headlamp wash/wipe, heated front seats and traction control
- Design - red wood/leather steering wheel, red wood-effect trim, and leather upholstery.
- Torslanda, named after its assembly plant, Torslandaverken.
First generation models
|Model||Power||Torque @rpm||Displacement (cc)||Engine|
|2.0||126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp)||170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @4800||1984||B5204|
|2.5||144 PS (106 kW; 142 hp)||206 N·m (152 lb·ft) @3300||2435||B5252 S2|
|GLT||170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)||220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @3300||2435||B5254 S|
|2.0T||180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp)||240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @1800||1984||B5204 T2|
|2.4T||193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp)||270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1800||2435||B5254 T3|
|2.4T AWD||193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp)||270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1800||2435||B5254 T3|
|T5 2.0||230 PS (169 kW; 227 hp)||310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @2700||1984||B5204 T3|
|T5||240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp)||330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2700||2319||B5234 T3|
|R FWD Manual Phase1||250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp)||350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @2700||2319||B5234 T4|
|R FWD Auto Phase1||240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp)||330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2700||2319||B5234 T3|
|R AWD Manual Phase1||250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp)||350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @2700||2319||B5234 T4|
|R AWD Auto Phase1||240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp)||330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2700||2319||B5234 T6|
|R AWD Auto Phase2||250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp)||350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @2400||2319||B5234 T8|
|R AWD Auto Phase3||265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp)||400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @2500||2435||B5244 T2|
|Short Descr||Power||Torque @rpm||Displacement (cc)||Engine||Comments|
|TDI||140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp)||290 N·m (210 lb·ft) @1900||2460||D5252 T|
|Short Descr||Power||Tourqe @rpm||Displacement (cc)||Engine||Comment|
|Bi-Fuel||144 PS (106 kW; 142 hp)||206 N·m (152 lb·ft) @3300||2435||B5244 SG|
T5 and R models are the series high-performance models with the only real difference being the added body kit of the "R". The T5 was equipped with a sport-tuned high pressure turbocharged 2.0 a 2.3 or a 2.4 litre engine with maximum boost pressure set at 10.5 pounds per square inch (72 kPa), and 'turbine' alloy wheels, whereas the LT models had a low pressure turbocharged 2.4 litre engine with maximum boost pressure at 6 to 7 pounds per square inch (41 to 48 kPa). The R was fitted with a full factory fitted body kit (chin spoiler and rear spoiler, anthracite alloy wheels) a range of unique colors.
There were 3 phases of R FWD & R-AWD produced for the United Kingdom market between 1997 and 2000:
Phase 1: were produced from 1997 till February 1999 (UK P to S reg) and were available with either the B5234T-4 (2319cc) engine (18T turbo 250 bhp/350 N·m) and five-speed manual gearbox; or the B5234T-6 engine (16T turbo 240 bhp/310 N·m) and four-speed three-mode automatic gearbox. Both engines used the Bosch Motronic 4.4 engine management system. (0–62 6.5(M FWD)/6.4(M AWD)/6.7(A FWD)/7.2(A AWD), 155/143 mph).
Phase 2: were produced from March 1999 (UK S to T reg) and were only available with the B5234T-8 (2319 cc) engine (18T turbo 250 bhp/350 N·m) and four-speed adaptive automatic gearbox. These cars use the Bosch Motronic ME7 engine management system with drive-by-wire throttle and variable exhaust camshaft valve timing. (0–62 7.3 143 mph).
Phase 3: were produced from May 1999 till June 2000 (UK T to W reg). They were only available with the larger B5244T2 (2435cc) engine (19T turbo 265 bhp/400 N·m) and five-speed adaptive automatic gearbox. These also use the Bosch Motronic ME7 engine management system, drive-by-wire and VVT. These cars were fitted with twin tail pipes (first time Volvo fitted twin exhaust system), WHIPS system, and larger side SIPS airbags for head protection, and larger vented rear brake discs. (0–62 6.3 155 mph).
Latest generation of Road Traffic Information Satellite Navigation used on the Phase III's, this is the same CD based system used by Volvo up until 2003 and on the C70 until 2005.
Roof rails were changed now the same as V70XC.
Altogether, Volvo sold 74 Phase III’s in the UK, split by colour: Black stone 5, Nautic Blue Pearl 10, Dark Olive Pearl 3, Silver Metallic 17, Laser Blue Metallic 33, Venetian Red Pearl 6
Trim and specification levels remained virtually unchanged throughout the 3 phases. Trim was Leather and Alcantara in either Beige or Grey/Black with aluminium trim on the dash and console (dark wood was an option on P1 and P2 cars). On P1 cars, the steering wheel was also leather/alcantara, but phase 2 and 3 had a thicker rimmed leather only wheel. Phase II and III had blue engine covers. Phase 3 cars had the option of contrasting grey/beige trim. These cars were virtually "fully loaded" with very few options available (mainly pro-logic (£600), 6 CD boot mounted changer (£600), RTI-Satellite Pop-up Navigation System (£2500)) as they cost £37,000 when new.
All phases were available with either 16" or 17" roadwheels in either silver or anthracite with a temporary spare wheel. The 17" wheels were £100 more expensive.
Colour options were available as follows: Phase 1 : Saffron, Black Stone, Nautic Blue, Silver, Regency Red Phase 2 : Laser Blue, Black Stone, Nautic Blue Pearl, Silver Metallic, Cassis, Venetian Red Pearl, Dark Olive Green Phase 3 : Laser Blue, Black Stone, Nautic Blue Pearl, Silver Metallic, Venetian Red Pearl, Dark Olive Green
First generation straight-5 engines
- 2.0 S 10v
- 2.0 LT 163 metric horsepower (120 kW; 161 hp)
- 2.0 LT 180 metric horsepower (132 kW; 178 hp)
- 2.3 Turbo
- 2.3 T5 240 metric horsepower (177 kW; 237 hp) in 1998
- 2.3 R manual 250 metric horsepower (184 kW; 247 hp) in 1998
- 2.4 R 265 metric horsepower (195 kW; 261 hp) in 2000
- 2.5 S 10v 140 metric horsepower (103 kW; 138 hp)
- 2.5 S 20v 170 metric horsepower (125 kW; 168 hp)
- 2.5 Turbo 190 metric horsepower (140 kW; 187 hp)
- 2.5 AWD 193 metric horsepower (142 kW; 190 hp)
- 2.5 TDI (Audi engine)
Euro NCAP evaluated the S70 (saloon variant of V70) in 1998 awarding it 4 of 5 stars for adult occupant protection. The S70 scored 7 of 16 points in the front test, and 16 of 16 in the side test. The car received 2 of 2 points available in the pole test. The S70 received a total of 25 of 37 points and therefore four stars (25-32) in Euro NCAP's evaluation.
The S70 scored four of five stars for front impact protection for driver and front passenger in the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) safety testing, and five out of five stars for driver and rear passenger side impact protection.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) granted the 850/S70 their highest rating of "good" for front crash protection. Rear crash protection was rated as "good". 1999 and newer, prevents whiplash by a seatback hinge mechanism that is standard equipment. There were no side impact tests conducted on behalf of the IIHS for the Volvo V70.
Second generation (1999–2007)
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||Volvo P2 platform|
|Engine||2.3 L Turbo I5,
2.4 L I5,
2.4 L CNG/LPG I5,
2.4 L Turbo I5,
2.5 L Turbo I5,
2.4 L Diesel I5
|Wheelbase||2,756 mm (108.5 in)
XC: 2,764 mm (108.8 in)
|Length||4,709 mm (185.4 in)
XC: 4,732 mm (186.3 in)
|Width||1,803 mm (71.0 in)
XC: 1,859 mm (73.2 in)
|Height||1,491 mm (58.7 in)
XC: 1,562 mm (61.5 in)
2003-07: 1,466 mm (57.7 in)
R: 1,448 mm (57.0 in)
Volvo released the redesigned V70 to most markets at the end of 1999 and for the 2000 model year in North America. Based on the then-new P2 platform, the second generation shared major mechanical and styling commonality with the Volvo S60 sedan, offered frontal area of 2.23 m2 and a coefficient of drag of .30. The new generation featured adhesively bonded construction (vs. spot-welded) in key areas, with Volvo claiming the new body to be 70 per cent more rigid than the predecessor. Critical aspects of the design for the second generation were completed before Ford acquired Volvo in 1999.
The interior featured raised seating in the second row, a hard point on the passenger’s side of the center console to provide support for a range of optional accessories (e.g., an optional shopping bag holder), rear-seat table, waste basket and cargo net integrated into the rear seat backs. Standard interior features included a coat hook integrated into the side of the front passenger's headrest, glove compartment with pen holder and toll card, configurable center console and rear seating with a two position backrests — one position favoring cargo and the other favoring comfort.
At its introduction, the second generation V70 XC received a major upgrade to its suspension a ground clearance of 8.2 in (210 mm).
In 2003, the badging on the crossover version was changed from "V70 XC" to "XC70."
All P2 platform Volvos received a minor facelift across all markets for the 2005 model year, with changes to the front fascia, tail lamps, center console, electrical system and some engines. Production of the second generation V70 ended with model year 2007.
The second generation V70 was styled by British designer Peter Horbury, who said "the design challenge involved marrying sports car style at the front with the necessary limitations of a wagon back."  More specifically, he described the concept as the "front end of a Jaguar E-Type married to the back end of a Ford Transit van."
the V70 of 2000 was the best combination of functionality
As with the previous generation, Volvo offered a high performance, all-wheel drive variant, the V70R, using a 2.5L Turbocharged I5 engine in high performance tune produces 300 metric horsepower (221 kW; 296 hp) and 400 newton metres (295 lbf·ft) of torque. The V70R is equipped with Volvo's 4C multi-mode suspension developed in conjunction with suspension experts Öhlins—allowing the driver to vary the car's handling depending on driving style and conditions. The V70R AWD has also larger Brembo brakes to provide high performance braking capabilities in line with its high performance characteristics.
In a 2006 article titled The Manwagon, The Wall Street Journal linked the V70R to a trend "to lure speed-crazy guys with kids," saying "car makers are trying to transform the dowdy old family hauler into something new," and that "consumer research had unearthed a surprising number of family men who thought wagons could be cool, if only they had more guts."
In the US market the V70 was available in front or all-wheel drive (AWD) versions with either a Geartronic five-speed automatic transmission or a five-speed manual transmission (only offered in the US on the 2.4 and T5 versions). As before, there is an AWD-only off-road version with raised suspension, plastic body cladding and an interior grab handle. This version previously known as the V70 XC (Cross Country) through model year 2002 was later renamed to XC70 starting with the 2003 model year in keeping with Volvo's XC90.
Also following on from the previous generation was the use of five-cylinder, 20 valve inline transverse-mounted engines. The US range included a naturally aspirated 2.4 litre engine, a 2.5 low pressure turbocharged engine and a 2.3 litre (later 2.4) high-pressure turbo "T5" engine.
Volvo Modular Engine (Petrol)
|Model name||Power PS (kW)||Torque (Nm@rpm)||Displacement (cm³)||Engine code||Comment|
|163 (120)||240@2200-4800?||1984||B5204 T||Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo|
|180 (132)||240@2200-5000||1984||B5204 T5||Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo|
|140 (103)||220@3300||2435||B5244 S2||Inline 5|
|170 (125)||230@4500||2435||B5244 S||Inline 5|
|170 (125)||225@4500||2435||B5244 S||Inline 5|
|200 (147)||285@1800-5000||2435||B5244 T3||Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo|
|210 (154)||320@1500-4500||2521||B5254 T2||Inline 5 with low-pressure turbo|
|250 (184)||330@2400-5200||2319||B5234 T3||Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo|
|260 (191)||350@2100-5000||2401||B5244 T5||Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo|
|300 (220)||350@1800-6000||2521||B5254 T5||Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo|
|300 (220)||400@1950-5250||2521||B5254 T4||Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo|
|300 (220)||400@1950-5250||2521||B5254 T4||Inline 5 with high-pressure turbo|
Volvo D5 Engine (Diesel)
|Model name||Power PS (kW)||Torque (Nm@rpm)||Displacement (cm³)||Engine code||Comment|
|140 (103)||290@1900||2460||D5252 T||Inline 5 with turbo (VAG/Audi engine)|
|130 (96)||280@1750-3000||2401||D5244 T2||Inline 5 with turbo|
|163 (120)||340@1750-3000||2401||D5244 T||Inline 5 with turbo|
|126 (93)||300@1750-2250||2400||D5244 T7||Inline 5 with turbo|
|163 (120)||340@1750-2750||2400||D5244 T5||Inline 5 with turbo|
|185 (136)||400@2000-2750||2400||D5244 T4||Inline 5 with turbo|
|Model name||Power PS (kW)||Torque (Nm@rpm)||Displacement (cm³)||Engine code||Comment|
|140 (103)||192@4500||2435||B5244 SG||Inline 5 methane/petrol engine (for biogas or natural gas).|
|140 (103)||214@4500||2435||B5244 SG2||Inline 5 autogas/petrol engine (for LPG/autogas).|
Engines for the P2 V70 generation featured an optional "ozone-eating" catalytic coating for their radiators, marketed as PremAir, which converted ground-level ozone into pure oxygen under normal vehicle operation — with maximum effect in urban traffic and strong sunlight.
Euro NCAP evaluated the S60 (saloon variant of V70) in 2001 awarding it 4 of 5 stars for adult occupant protection. The S60 scored 10 of 16 points in the front test and 16 of 16 in the side test. The car received 2 of 2 points available in the pole test. The S60 received a total of 28 of 37 points and therefore four stars (25-32) in Euro NCAP's evaluation.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) evaluated the Volvo S60 (sedan variant). The S60 was granted the IIHS's highest rating of "good" in front and rear tests. The S60 was awarded the Institute's second highest rating of "acceptable" in the side test. However, an improvement in the driver dummy's pelvis/leg rating from "marginal" to "acceptable" would yield an overall "good" rating in the side test.
Third generation (2007–Present)
2007-2010 (North America, V70)
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||2.0 L I4,
2.0 L I4 Flexifuel,
2.5 L I5 Turbo,
2.5 L I5 FT Flexifuel,
3.2 L I6,
3.0 L I6 Turbo,
1.6 L I4 diesel (DRIVe model),
2.0 L I4 diesel,
2.4 L I5 hp diesel
|Wheelbase||2,816 mm (110.9 in)
XC: 2,815 mm (110.8 in)
|Length||4,823 mm (189.9 in)
XC: 4,838 mm (190.5 in)
|Width||1,861 mm (73.3 in) , 2,106 mm (82.9 in) Including mirrors.
XC: 2,119 mm (83.4 in)
|Height||1,547 mm (60.9 in)
XC: 1,604 mm (63.1 in)
Volvo debuted the third generation in February 2007, using the Ford EUCD platform and sharing much of the interior (other than the rear seats and loadbay) with the second generation Volvo S80. The rear-seat legroom was increased by two centimetres and a revised tailgate design increased the load area volume by 55 L. The tailgate had also had optional motorized lift and closing action. The V70 was offered for the first time with a four-cylinder engine. The high performance V70R AWD mated to a five/six-speed Geartronic automatic transmissions of the previous generation were discontinued with this third generation.
The V70 and XC70 are available in the various engines configurations:
- 2.0 NA 145 metric horsepower (107 kW; 143 hp) and 190 newton metres (140 lb·ft) (07-10)
- 2.0T 203 metric horsepower (149 kW; 200 hp) and 300 newton metres (221 lb·ft) (10-11)
- 2.5T 200 metric horsepower (147 kW; 197 hp) and 300 newton metres (221 lb·ft) (07-09)
- 2.5T 231 metric horsepower (170 kW; 228 hp) and 340 newton metres (251 lb·ft) (10-11)
- 2.5FT FlexiFuel 200 metric horsepower (147 kW; 197 hp) and 300 newton metres (221 lb·ft) (07-09)
- 2.5FT FlexiFuel 231 metric horsepower (170 kW; 228 hp) and 340 newton metres (251 lb·ft) (10-11)
- 3.2 NA 238 metric horsepower (175 kW; 235 hp) and 320 newton metres (236 lb·ft) (07 – present)
- T6 285 metric horsepower (210 kW; 281 hp) and 400 newton metres (295 lb·ft) (07-10)
- T6 304 metric horsepower (224 kW; 300 hp) and 440 newton metres (325 lb·ft) (11 – present)
- T4 180 metric horsepower (132 kW; 178 hp) and 240 newton metres (177 lb·ft) (11 – present)
- T4F FlexiFuel 180 metric horsepower (132 kW; 178 hp) and 240 newton metres (177 lb·ft) (11 – present)
- T5 240 metric horsepower (177 kW; 237 hp) and 320 newton metres (236 lb·ft) (11 – present)
- 2.0D 136 metric horsepower (100 kW; 134 hp) and 320 newton metres (236 lb·ft) (07-10)
- 2.4D 163 metric horsepower (120 kW; 161 hp) and 340 newton metres (251 lb·ft) (07-09)
- 2.4D 175 metric horsepower (129 kW; 173 hp) and 420 newton metres (310 lb·ft) (10-11)
- D2 (formally DRIVe) 115 metric horsepower (85 kW; 113 hp) and 270 newton metres (199 lb·ft)
- D3 163 metric horsepower (120 kW; 161 hp) and 400 newton metres (295 lb·ft) (11-12)
- D3 136 metric horsepower (100 kW; 134 hp) and 350 newton metres (258 lb·ft) (13 – present)
- D4 163 metric horsepower (120 kW; 161 hp) and 400 newton metres (295 lb·ft) (13 – present)
- D5 185 metric horsepower (136 kW; 182 hp) and 400 newton metres (295 lb·ft) (07-09)
- D5 205 metric horsepower (151 kW; 202 hp) and 420 newton metres (310 lb·ft) (10-11)
- D5 215 metric horsepower (158 kW; 212 hp) and 420 newton metres (310 lb·ft) (12 – present)
As of the 2011 model year, Volvo no longer markets the V70 in North America. In its place, a front-wheel drive version of the XC70 is available. The V70 remains in production for markets other than North America.
Third generation V70 and XC70 models have Volvo's Sensus console system. As usual with Volvo, front seats and rear bench are of orthopedic design. Dolby Pro-Logic systems are standard and speaker upgrades and sub-woofers are also available. The standard audio system includes a CD player, USB connector for MP3 players, Bluetooth streaming and the ability to import music files to the car's hard disk. From late 2014 map upgrades can be performed by the owner via USB, rather than the previous DVD-based system.
DVD navigation with map data and remote control is standard on most specifications, options include a rear seat DVD entertainment system with two headrest monitors, headlamp washers, integrated child booster seats, an integrated home link remote control garage door opener, rear-door child-safety locks, rear park assist, power-adjustable passenger seats with 3-position memory and lumbar support, heated front seats, an integrated grocery bag holder, a rear view mirror compass, an integrated sunglass holder, a frameless auto-dimming rearview mirror, a power glass moonroof, 12 volt power outlets, leather seats, rear tinted windows, rain sensor and, on some models, a TFT dashboard in place of analogue instruments.
Anti-submarining seats and overhead-mounted seat belt reminder lights come standard. Other standard features for 2007 include Volvo on call roadside assistance for four years, rear window deactivation, safe approach and home safe lighting.
As standard, the vehicle is equipped with driver, passenger, side and curtain airbags. Also featured is the WHIPS whiplash prevention system on the front seats.
Third generation V70s are available with the BLIS blind-spot sensor system, which can detect vehicles otherwise hidden from view of the driver due to being just off to one side of the car.
As is typical for Volvos, all models feature daytime running lights to improve driver visibility. Safety options include active-bending xenon headlights, auto dipping main beam, City Safety (which includes pedestrian and cyclist recognition software), Collision Avoidance, adaptive cruise control and traffic following, driver alertness monitoring and lane departure warning. Traffic sign recognition is also available.
The latest revision of the XC70 includes DSTC (standard on all models) - Dynamic Stability and Traction control, which combines the functions otherwise known as Electronic Stability Programme and traction control.
Euro NCAP evaluated the V70 in 2007 awarding it 5 of 5 stars for adult occupant protection. The V70 scored 15 of 16 points in the front test and 16 of 16 in the side test. The car was penalised 1 point in the pole test for improper deployment of the curtain airbag in both the original test and the re-test. The car received one of two points available in the pole test. The V70 was granted an additional two points for seat belt reminders of three available in this category. The V70 received a total of 34 of 37 points and therefore five stars (33-37) in EuroNCAP's evaluation.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) awarded the Volvo S80 (sedan variant) their Top Safety Pick award. The S80 was granted the IIHS's highest rating of "good" in front, side, rear and roof strength tests and has Electronic Stability Control as standard equipment to receive the award.
V70 Plug-in Hybrid
As part of a joint venture with Vattenfall, a Swedish energy company, Volvo converted two Volvo V70 to diesel-electric plug-in hybrid demonstrators that have been in field testing in Göteborg, Sweden, since December 2009. Vattenfall offered customers participating in this trial the supply of renewable electricity generated from wind power or hydropower. Among other challenges, this test has allowed to experience the all-electric range at low temperatures, which has been a disadvantage of plug-in vehicles.
The V70 PHEV test car uses an 11.3 kWh lithium ion battery pack. As reported by the test drivers, the V70 Plug-in Hybrid demonstrators have an all-electric range between 20 kilometres (12 mi) to 30 kilometres (19 mi). The demonstrators were built with a button to allow test drivers to manually choose between electricity or diesel engine power at any time. The first phase of the field trial ended in June 2010 and included 16 families, all employees of Volvo or Vattenfall, who had the car for 1.5 weeks to one month. A second phase of the test goes from July to December 2010 with Vattenfall employees in Göteborg and Stockholm. Among the key findings of the first phase are:
- Most drivers chose to use electricity in city traffic at lower speeds, but switched to diesel for highway driving.
- Test drivers found that 20 to 30 km was not enough all-electric range, and called for at least 50 kilometres (31 mi), some want 80 kilometres (50 mi) and even up to 150 to 200 kilometres (93 to 124 mi).
- All of the test drivers charge on a daily basis but none ever used the public charging station installed for the trial.
- Before the test trials, drivers were concerned about being a danger to pedestrians and cyclists due to the quietness of the electric-drive vehicle. After the test several of them changed their opinion and said that this issue was less of a problem than expected.
Volvo announced in 2009, and confirmed in 2010, the launching of series production diesel-electric plug-in hybrids as early as 2012. Volvo claimed that its plug-in hybrid could achieve 125 miles per US gallon (1.88 L/100 km; 150 mpg-imp), based on the European test cycle.
Third parties are also making tests with the V70 and the D5 engine in Europe by making it run on pure vegetable oil (SVO) as well as Waste Vegetable Oil (WVO). One long term experiment was done in The Netherlands with a V70 D5 model 2001.
The car was transformed with a German upgrade kit from Elsbett AG. This kit allows the driver to drive on either diesel or SVO. The Elsbett kit comprises amongst others a preheater which preheats the SVO fuel to 175 Fahrenheit before entering the high pressure fuel pump, this way residual emissions are highly reduced to non noticeable. The 5 year experiment, in which the car drove 100,000 miles on SVO and 200,000 miles in total showed no difference in the user performance of the car compared to diesel only operated models.
The engine had an extensive interior engine inspection at 93,000 miles on SVO and showed no additional wear in comparison to diesel only operated cars. The fuel consumption figures turned out the same as driving on 100% diesel. Extensive test driving was done all year round both in the lowlands as well as in mountainous areas while pulling heavy loads of up to 3000 Lbs.
The fuels used were a mixture of any (waste) vegetable oil available on the market which was industrially cleaned to 1mU in a filtering process. Because the first experiment is so successful (the test model is still in operation (2012)) a second experiment is underway with an XC70 D5 model 2008 driving on 100% SVO/WVO. The pro and conns in this project are the financial benefit in much lower fuel prices of up to 65% when bought in bulk. However the general availability could be an issue. Fuel is not available at the regular fuel stations. Although any supermarket selling vegetable fuel can supply the user with enough fuel.
- Volvo S70, sedan version of the first generation
- Volvo S60, sedan version of the second generation
- Volvo S80, sedan version of the third generation
- "Volvo V70 Marketing Positioning" (PDF). Volvoclub.org, Volvo Press Release.
- "First Drive, Volvo V70". AA Cars,The Automobile Association, February 2000.
- "Volvo's V70: smaller, bigger and better". The Telegraph, UK, Peter Dron, 5 February 2000. "All crucial work on the new V70 estate was fixed before the Ford takeover, and on its performance much of Volvo's future ability to manage itself without excessive meddling must depend. Sharing the platform of the S80 saloon introduced in 1998, the V70 differs (apart from in obvious respects) only in suspension settings."
- "BEHIND THE WHEEL/Volvo V70 and Cross Country; A Connecticut Yankee Or a West Coast Dude?". The New York Times, Keith Martin, November 5, 2000.
- "The Volvo S70 and V70, New Cars, New Names, New Features". Volvo Cars, Press Release August 1997. "Volvo's new nomenclature is based on platform designations that denote both the type of model and its series lineage. The letter "S" designates the model as a sedan, while "V," representing versatility, indicates that the vehicle is a wagon ("C" denotes both coupe and convertible). The number following the letter provides a sense of the platform size. For example, the S90 is larger than the S70, which is in turn larger than the S40, Volvo's small platform offering"
- VOLVO 850, S70, V70, www.vlvworld.com Retrieved on 4 May 2014
- http://www.euroncap.com/tests/volvo_s70_1998/54.aspx S70/1st generation V70 EuroNCAP evaluation
- "S70/1st generation V70 IIHS evaluation Volvo's WHIPS system,[http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2002/10/24/149482.html Volvo's WHIPS Proven to Reduce Head and Neck Injury by 49 Percent". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2010-10-09.]
- "(Volvo Cars' Whiplash Protection System)—The Development and Real-World Performance". Informaworld.com. 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "Volvo. Volvo In Thailand". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "PremAir: Kills Ozone Dead?". The Car Connection, Frank Bohanan, March 14, 2001.
- "Model Year 2006 Design". Volvo Cars, 2006. "Peter Horbury, who was Volvo’s Design Director in from 1991 to 2003, gives an enigmatic response when questioned about the concept for the Volvo V70: “Imagine the front end of an E-type Jaguar married to the back end of a Ford Transit van,” he says. “With the Volvo V70, we have tried to combine the two.” Thankfully, the end product is rather more handsome than Horbury’s image suggests. The Volvo V70 offers a brilliant synthesis of the latest Volvo dynamic design cues, while retaining the practicality and versatility expected of a proper Volvo estate. It’s also a shape that’s exceptionally efficient – the CD figure is just 0.30 – and this helps both high-speed stability and fuel consumption."
- "The Volvo V70 - Beautiful, Versatile, Typically Scandinavian". Autoweb.com, January 11, 2000. "PThe side windows have a single, simple line running along the top from front to rear. This shows that the Volvo V70 was designed to be a wagon and is not an adapted sedan shape. As on every Volvo wagon, the third side window is longer than the others, to show it is a true load carrier. Horbury says the design challenge involved marrying sports car style at the front with the necessary limitations of a wagon back. "The element that ties the two distinctly different halves together is the full-length shoulders, inherited from the Volvo S80 but also reminiscent of the mother of all wagons, the Volvo 145/245, which shared the identical feature."
- "64th Frankfurt International Motor Show 2011 Interview with Peter Horbury, Volvo". cardesigncommunity.com, Peter Tomicic, Oct 5, 2011.
- "The Manwagon". The Wall Street Journal, Jonathan Welsh, February 24, 2006. "Seeking to lure speed-crazy guys with kids, car makers are trying to transform the dowdy old family hauler into something new: the manwagon. In perhaps the most extreme sign of the industry's horsepower race, some of these wagons are quicker than a Porsche Boxster. They have monstrous engines, giant brakes, track-ready suspensions and race-car-style seats -- plus prices up to $30,000 higher than the base versions. But unlike a sports car, these wagons can fit strollers and coolers in the back. This melding of speed and sippy cups may seem unlikely, but car makers say their consumer research has unearthed a surprising number of family men who thought wagons could be cool, if only they had more guts."
- http://www.euroncap.com/tests/volvo_s60_2001/103.aspx Volvo S60/2nd generation V70 EuroNCAP evaluation
- http://www.iihs.org/ratings/ratingsbyseries.aspx?id=412 Volvo S60/ 2nd generation V70 IIHS evaluation
- "Welcome to VolvoCars-PR.com". Media.volvocars.com. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "3rd generation V70 Euro NCAP evaluation". Euroncap.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "IIHS S80 rating". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Vattenfall (September 2010). "Having a plug-in hybrid as your family car -what is it actually like?". PluginCars.com. Retrieved 2010-09-05. pp. 3-4
- "Volvo Cars and Vattenfall to Develop New Plug-in Diesel-Electric Hybrids; Three V70 PHEV Demonstrators on the Road This Summer". Green Car Congress. 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- Brad Berman (2010-03-09). "Volvo V70 Plug-in Hybrid". PluginCars.com. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
- "Volvo Reports Reactions from First Drivers of Volvo V70 Plug-in Hybrid". PluginCars.com. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
- John Voelcker (2009-06-02). "Volvo to Introduce Plug-In Diesel by 2012". Fox News. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volvo V70.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volvo XC70.|
- Volvo V70 - at Volvo UK
- 2009 Volvo XC70 Review Automoblog.net
- 2009 Volvo V70 DRIVe 1.6L Review Roadtestreports.co.uk
- Driving a VOLVO V70 - D5 on pure Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO)
- Polish Volvo fan page & forum
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|Small family car||544||340/360||S40/V40||S40/V50||V40|
|Large family car||Amazon/120/130||S60/V70||S60/V60|
|Sports car||P1800||1800S||1800E||1800ES||242 GT||240 Turbo||850 T5/R||S70/V70 T5/R||S60/V70 T5||S60/V70 R|