Volyn Oblast

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Volyn Oblast
Волинська область
Volyns’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Volyn Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Volyn Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Volyn
Volyn in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Lutsk
Government
 • Governor Vladimir Gunchik[1]
 • Oblast council 80 seats
 • Chairperson Volodymyr Voitovich[2] (People's Party[2])
Area
 • Total 20,144 km2 (7,778 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 20th
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,036,891
 • Rank Ranked 24th
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 43xxx-45xxx
Area code +380-33
ISO 3166 code UA-07
Raions 16
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
11
4
Urban-type settlements 22
Villages 1053
FIPS 10-4 UP24
Website www.voladm.gov.ua

Volyn Oblast (Ukrainian: Волинська область, translit. Volyns’ka oblast’; also referred to as Volyn’) is an oblast (province) in north-western Ukraine. Its administrative center is Lutsk. Kovel is the westernmost town and the last station in Ukraine of the rail line running from Kiev to Warsaw. Population: 1,039,958 (2013 population estimate)[3].

History[edit]

See also: Volhynia for earlier history

Volyn was once part of Kievan Rus' before becoming an independent local principality and an integral part of the Halych-Volynia, one of Kievan Rus' successor states. In the 15th century, the area came under the control of neighbouring Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 1569 passing over to Poland and then in 1795, until World War I, to the Russian Empire where it was a part of the Volynskaya Guberniya. In the interwar period most of the territory, organized as Wołyń Voivodeship was under Polish control.

In 1939 when following the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact Poland was invaded and divided by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, Volyn joined the Soviet Ukraine, and on December 4, 1939 the oblast was organized.

Volyn Oblast districts.

Many Ukrainians rejoiced at the "reunification", but the Polish minority suffered a cruel fate. Thousands of Poles, especially retired Polish officers and intelligentsia were deported to Siberia and other areas in the depths of the Soviet Union. A high proportion of these deportees died in the extreme conditions of Soviet labour camps and most were never able to return to Volyn again.

In 1941 Volyn along with the Soviet Union was invaded by the Nazi Germany's Barbarossa Offensive. Nazis alongside Ukrainian collaborators completed their holocaust of the Jews of Volhynia in late 1942.

Partisan activity started in Volyn in 1941, soon after German occupation. Partisans were involved in the Rail War campaign against German supply lines and were known for their efficiency in gathering intelligence and for sabotage. The region formed the basis of several networks and many members of the local population served with the partisans. The Poles in the area became part of the Polish Home Army, which often undertook operations with the partisan movement.

UPA[clarification needed] initially supported Nazi Germany which had in turn supported them with financing and weaponry before the start of World War two. Many served in the various RONA and SS units. Once they became disillusioned with the Nazi program, they independently began to target all non Ukrainians (Poles, Jews, Russians, among others) for liquidation. Some 30,000 to 60,000 Poles, Czechs, remaining Jews, and Ukrainians who tried to help others escape (Polish sources gave even higher figures) and later, around 2,000 or more Ukrainians were killed in retaliation (see Massacres of Poles in Volhynia).

In January 1944 the Red Army recaptured the territory from the Nazis.

In the immediate aftermath of World War II the Polish-Soviet border was redrawn based on the Curzon line. Volyn, along with the neighbouring provinces became an integral part of the Ukrainian SSR. Most Poles who remained in the eastern region were forced to leave to the Recovered Territories of western Poland (the former easternmost provinces of Germany) whose German population had been expelled. Some of the Ukrainians on the western side, notably around the city of Kholm (Chełm in Polish), were also forcibly relocated to Ukraine.

The area underwent rapid industrialisation including the construction of the Lutskiy Avtomobilnyi Zavod. Nevertheless the area remains one of the most rural throughout the former Soviet Union. It currently ranks amongst Ukraine's poorest areas[citation needed], likely due to a lack of investment and a declining infrastructure. Some of its lands are on the edge of the area affected by the Chernobyl disaster.

Historical sites[edit]

The following historical-cultural sites were nominated[when?] for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.[citation needed]

Politics[edit]

Former Chairmen of Oblast Council

Subdivisions[edit]

Detailed map of Volyn Oblast.

The Volyn Oblast is administratively subdivided into 16 raions (districts), as well as 4 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Kovel, Novovolynsk, Volodymyr-Volynskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Lutsk.

Raions of the Volyn Oblast
In English In Ukrainian Administrative Center
Horokhivskyi Raion Горохівський район
Horokhivs'kyi raion
Horokhiv
(City)
Ivanychivskyi Raion Іваничівський район
Ivanychivs'kyi raion
Ivanychi
(Urban-type settlement)
Kamin-Kashyrskyi Raion Камінь-Каширський район
Kamin'-Kashyrs'kyi raion
Kamin-Kashyrskyi
(City)
Kivertsivskyi Raion Ківерцівський район
Kivertsivs'kyi raion
Kivertsi
(City)
Kovelskyi Raion Ковельський район
Kovels'kyi raion
Kovel
(City)
Lokachynskyi Raion Локачинський район
Lokachyns'kyi raion
Lokachi
(Urban-type settlement)
Lutskyi Raion Луцький район
Luts'kyi raion
Lutsk
(City)
Lyubeshivskyi Raion Любешівський район
Lyubeshivs'kyi raion
Lyubeshiv
(Urban-type settlement)
Lyubomlskyi Raion Любомльський район
Lyubomls'kyi raion
Lyuboml
(City)
Manevytskyi Raion Маневицький район
Manevyts'kyi raion
Manevychi
(City)
Ratnivskyi Raion Ратнівський район
Ratnivs'kyi raion
Ratne
(Urban-type settlement)
Rozhyshchenskyi Raion Рожищенський район
Rozhyshchens'kyi raion
Rozhysche
(City)
Shatskyi Raion Шацький район
Shats'kyi raion
Shatsk
(City)
Starovyzhivskyi Raion Старовижівський район
Starovyzhivs'kyi raion
Stara Vyzhivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Turiyskyi Raion Турійський район
Turiys'kyi raion
Turiysk
(Urban-type settlement)
Volodymyr-Volynskyi Raion Володимир-Волинський район
Volodymyr-Volynskyi raion
Volodymyr-Volynskyi
(City)

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 19.0% Increase (male 101,739/female 95,332)
15-64 years: 68.2% Decrease (male 344,359/female 363,116)
65 years and over: 12.8% Decrease (male 42,221/female 90,463) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 35.7 years Increase
male: 33.2 years Increase
female: 38.3 years Increase (2013 official)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°44′29″N 25°21′14″E / 50.74139°N 25.35389°E / 50.74139; 25.35389