Voortrekkers (youth organisation)
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- Voortrekkers can also refer to the historical mass migration of the Afrikaner people: see Voortrekkers.
Mission, values and principles
In the words of its mission statement (as translated), "Die Voortrekkers (organisation) empowers the Afrikaners to be successful as positive citizens and dependable Christians."
The motto of the movement, "Hou Koers", translates as "Hold [your] Course" (perhaps reinforcing the Calvinist doctrine of predestination as interpreted by the broad majority of (early) Afrikaners). The values of the organisation are encapsulated in what is referred to as "The ABC".
- Afrikanerskap (The condition of being an Afrikaner)
- Burgerskap (Citizenship)
- Christenskap (Christianship).
The ten principles that guide the members of the movement are:
- A Voortrekker believes in the triune God.
- A Voortrekker practices a Christian lifestyle.
- A Voortrekker accepts authority placed over him or her.
- A Voortrekker keeps the language and culture of the Afrikaners in honour.
- A Voortrekker takes the good from the past and builds the future thereupon.
- A Voortrekker studies, appreciates and protects our environment.
- A Voortrekker is a contributing citizen.
- A Voortrekker is a true leader.
- A Voortrekker is observant and vigilant.
- A Voortrekker has the positive habit of helping people and providing voluntary service.
The founding of the Voortrekkers coincided with the growth of Afrikaner nationalism in South Africa, then a member of the British Commonwealth. In some ways it was an Afrikaans-language alternative to the largely English-speaking Boy Scout movement, with its British heritage.
The original concept of a youth movement amongst Afrikaners was formulated by Dr. C.F. Visser in 1913 in Bloemfontein. Dr. Visser appealed to the directors of the Boy Scout Movement (founded in 1907) to allow the Voortrekkers to be incorporated into the "broader church" under one international umbrella but this venture failed. The Scouts were in the main speakers of English and differences about the role of language lead to difficulties. There were further complications hinging upon religious declarations or beliefs and no agreement could be reached. The values and principles of the Voortrekker organisation were perceived, at the time, to be more nationalistic and religious in tone than those of the Scouting Movement programme.
In 1920, the first “Kommando” of the Voortrekkers (English equivalent: "Troop") was established in Bloemfontein at the Central High School. In 1923 two more kommandos were founded in Graaf Reinet (lead by “Oom Japie Heese”) and in Niewoutsville (with “Oom Laubie” as leader). (Note: the term "Oom" in Afrikaans ("Uncle") is, amongst other things, an honorific and is equivalent to the "Colonel" in "Colonel Saunders" of KFC).
The official establishment of the Voortrekker movement dates from 30 September 1931. (This is distinct from the early endeavours of the informal movement established by Dr. C.F. Visser (also called “Vader (Father) Visser”, because he was seen as the father of the movement)). Dr. N.J. van der Merwe became the first "Hoofleier" (Chief leader) of the movement. Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog welcomed the first official Voortrekkers in the movement.
In 1939, the Voortekkers took part in the laying of the foundation stone at the Voortrekker Monument in Pretoria. This event was widely celebrated by Voortrekkers and other Afrikaners, who walked with burning torches in many locations in South Africa.
In 1940, Dr. C.F. Visser became the leader of the Voortrekkers. The members of the organisation celebrated the completion of the Voortrekker monument in 1949. They also contributed to the festival of van Riebeeck in Cape Town in 1952, where the arrival of Jan van Riebeeck in Table Bay in 1652 was commemorated.
Dr. J. de V. Heese (“Oom Japie”) became the new leader of the Voortrekkers in 1959. He had previously served as the General Secretary of the movement. Heese died in 1966.
In 1966, “Oom Badie Badenhorst”, was elected as leader of the Voortrekkers. During his term of office the Voortrekkers contributed to the inauguration of the monument at Bloedrivier between 13–17 December 1971 as well as the inauguration of the Taalmonument (Afrikaans language monument) in Paarl on the 10th of October 1975. The first “President's Verkenners” received their badges from State President C.R. Swart.
Prof. C.W.J. (“Oom Carel”) Boshoff was the leader during this period. This was a time of serious discord and argument among Afrikaners about Apartheid. Some believed that Apartheid was right and others felt that it was wrong. These upheavals were bound to affect the Voortrekker movement in the end.
Ds. (Reverend) J.P.L. (“Oom Johan”) van der Walt was elected as leader for the Voortrekkers in 1989. The Voortrekkers started to transform the movement in 1989, adapting its constitution for a changing South Africa.
At the Voortrekker’s national congress at Hartenbos in 1997, Prof Tom Dreyer was elected as new leader until 2001. During his term, the old-fashioned and formal uniform, was replaced with a modern Voortrekker uniform.
During the congress of 2001 in Pretoria, the eighth leader of the Voortrekker, Prof. TP Strauss (“oom Piet”) was elected.
Constant adaptations was made and is still made, to transform the Voortrekkers to a more modern youth movement for Afrikaners.
At the congress of 2005, Prof Strauss was once again elected as leader for the next four years. In 2009 he was again elected for the leader of the Voortrekkers.
At the 2013 congress, Dr Danie Langner was elected as the new Voortrekker leader . Dr Langner is also the Managing Director of the FAK (Federation of Afrikaans Cultural Associations) as of 2012.
Organisationally, the Voortrekkers are divided into a number of gebiede (areas) which correspond to the old pre-1994 South African provinces plus Namibia, which in turn are subdivided into oorde (districts) and then kommandos (commandos). Each kommando consists of a number of spanne (teams).
At primary-school level (ages 5–12), members are known as Penkoppe (boys) and Drawwertijes (girls); the emphasis at this stage is to develop personal leadership qualities.
In high school (ages 13–17), members are referred to as Verkenners and its emphasis is to continue what was learned in the earlier primary-school phase by applying its lessons to developing general leadership skills.
Young adult members (ages 18–35) are known as Staatmakers, with the program emphasising training for leadership positions at its several levels of organisation.