|Governorate of Russian Empire|
Voronezh Governorate (Russian: Воронежская губерния, Voronezhskaya guberniya) was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Russian Empire, which existed from 1708 (as Azov Governorate) until 1779 and from 1796 until 1928. Its seat was located in Voronezh since 1725.
The governorate was located in the south of the European part of the Russian Empire. In 1928, the governorate was abolished, and its area was included into newly established Central Black Earth Oblast.
On December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708 the Tsar Peter the Great's edict established the new administrative division of Russian Empire. It was divided into seven governorates one of which, located in the South of Russia, was Azov Governorate. The governorate bordered Kiev Governorate in the west, Moscow Governorate in the north, and Kazan Governorate in the east. The southern border of the governorate was and not well-defined. The areas south of the governorate were controlled by the Ottoman Empire. Formally, Azov was the administrative center of the governorate, but in practice, the seat of the governor was located in Tambov until 1715 and in Voronezh after 1715. In 1725, the governorate was renamed Voronezh Governorate.
First Azov Governorate
The governorate bordered Kiev Governorate in the west, Moscow Governorate in the north, and Kazan Governorates in the east. The southern border of the governorate was and not well-defined. The areas south of the governorate were controlled by the Ottoman Empire. Formally, Azov was the administrative center of the governorate, but in practice, the seat of the governor was located in Tambov until 1715 and in Voronezh after 1715.
As with the rest of the governorates, the description of Azov Governorate's borders was not given. Instead, the territory was defined as a set of towns and the lands adjacent to those towns.
- Andreyevy Lozy;
- Bityutskiya syola;
- Borisoglebskoy na Khopre;
- Dobroye Gorodishche;
- Krasnaya Sloboda;
- Nikonovskoy u Kalanchey;
- Nizhny Lomov;
- Norovchatovskoye Gorodishche;
- Novy Oskol;
- Petrovskoy na Medveditse;
- Sergiyevskoy u Kalanchey;
- Troitskoy on Tagan Rog;
- Troitskoy Ostrog;
- Verkhny Lomov;
In 1711, the town of Azov was ceded to Turkey, but the governorate was not renamed.
In terms of the modern political division, First Azov Governorate comprised the areas of what is currently Rostov Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Lipetsk Oblast, Tambov Oblast, and parts of Kursk Oblast, Belgorod Oblast, Tula Oblast, Oryol Oblast, Ryazan Oblast, Penza Oblast, Saratov Oblast, and the Republic of Mordovia, as well as eastern areas of Ukraine, including parts of Kharkiv, Donetsk Oblast, and Lugansk Oblast.
On June 9 [O.S. May 29], 1719, the governorate was divided into provinces: Bakhmut (with the center in Bakhmut, currently Artemivsk), Shatsk, Tambov, Voronezh, and Yelets. The uyezds were transformed into districts.
In 1725, Azov Governorate was renamed into Voronezh Governorate.
The administration of the governorate was performed by a governor. The governors of First Azov Governorate were
- 1711–1719 Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin, Governor general;
- 1717–1720 Stepan Andreyevich Kolychev, acting governor;
- 1721–1725 Pyotr Vasilyevich Izmaylov, governor;
- 1725 Grigory Petrovich Chernyshyov, governor.
By that time, the governorate was divided into five provinces, defined as sets of the towns. The following towns were a part of Voronezh Governorate,
- Voronezh Province (Voronezh),
During the 18th century, some of these towns were abolished, and a number of others were mentioned as towns in later sources. In 1765, Bakhmut Province was transferred into Novorossiysk Governorate. In 1775, the provinces were abolished, and the governorate was subdivided into uyezds. At that time, the governorate consisted of Dankovsky, Demshinsky, Insarsky, Kadomsky, Kasimovsky, Kerensky, Korotoyaksky, Kozlovsky, Lebedyansky, Livensky, Narovchatsky, Nizhnelomovsky, Ryazhsky, Shatsky, Tambovsky, Temnikovsky, Userdsky, Usmansky, Verkhnelomovsky, Voronezhsky, Yefremovsky, and Yeletsky Uyezds.
In the following years, the administrative reforms continued, and governorates were gradually abolished in favor of vice-royalties. In 1778, some areas of Voronezh Governorate were transferred to Ryazan and Oryol Viceroyalties, and in 1779 Valuysky Uyezd was transferred to Voronezh Governorate. In 1779, the governorate was abolished, and Tambov and Voronezh Viceroyalty, followed in 1780 by Penza Viceroyalty, were established.
In 1796, by Decree of Tsar Pavel I, Voronezh Viceroyalty was abolished, and Voronezh Governorate was established. It consisted of nine uyezds, Biryuchensky, Bobrovsky, Korotoyaksky, Nizhnedevitsky, Pavlovsky, Valuysky, Voronezhsky, Zadonsky, and Zemlyansky.
In 1802, Bogucharsky, Ostrogozhsky, and Starobelsky Uyezds of Slobodsko-Ukrainian Governorate and Novokhopyorsky Uyezd of Saratov Governorate were transferred to Voronezh Governorate. In 1824, Starobelsky Uyezd was returned to Slobodsko-Ukrainian Governorate.
In 1923, after a series of reforms, Voronezh Governorate consisted of twelve uyezds: Bobrovsky, Bogucharsky, Kalacheyevsky, Nizhnedevitsky, Novokhopyorsky, Ostrogozhsky, Pavlovsky, Rossoshansky, Usmansky, Valuysky, Voronezhsky, and Zadonsky. In 1924, Zadonsky, Kalacheyevsky, and Pavlovsky Uyezds were abolished.
On 14 May 1928 Voronezh Governorate was abolished, and its area was included into newly established Central Black Earth Oblast.
- 1726 Grigory Petrovich Chernyshyov;
- 1726–1727 Ivan Mikhaylovich Likharev;
- 1728 Ivan Vasilyevich Strekalov;
- 1727-1728 Ivan Petrovich Izmaylov;
- 1728-1734 Yegor Ivanovich Pashkov;
- 1734-1735 Alexey Antonovich Myakinin;
- 1736-? Vasily Yakovlevich Levashov, governor general;
- 1740-1741 Grigory Alexeyevich Urusov;
- 1741-1744 Vasily Mikhaylovich Guryev;
- 1747-1760 Alexey Mikhaylovich Pushkin;
- 1760 Ivan Rodionovich Koshelev, acting governor;
- 1761-1763 Fyodor Yakovlevich Zhilin;
- 1763-1764 Grigory Prokopyevich Tolstoy;
- 1764-1766 Alexander Petrovich Lachinov;
- 1766-1773 Alexey Mikhaylovich Maslov;
- 1773-1775 Nikolay Lavrentyevich Shetnev;
- 1775-1779 Ivan Alexeyevich Potapov;
- 1797-1800 Alexander Borisovich Sontsov;
- 1800-1805 Fyodor Alexeyevich Pushkin;
- 1805-1811 Alexander Borisovich Sontsov;
- 1811-1812 Matvey Petrovich Shter;
- 1812-1817 Mikhail Ivanovich Bravin;
- 1817-1819 Nikolay Porfiryevich Dubensky;
- 1819-1820 Alexey Ivanovich Snurchevsky;
- 1820-1824 Pyotr Alexandrovich Sontsov;
- 1824-1826 Nikolay Ivanovich Krivtsov;
- 1826-1830 Boris Antonovich Aderkas;
- 1830-1836 Dmitry Nikitovich Begichev;
- 1836-1841 Nikolay Ivanovich Lodygin;
- 1841 Vladimir Porfiryevich Molostvov;
- 1841-1846 Khristophor Khristophorovich Khoven fon der Bar (Christophore Hoven von der Bar);
- 1846-1853 Nikolay Andreyevich Langel;
- 1853-1857 Yury Alexeyevich Dolgorukov;
- 1857-1859 Nikolay Petrovich Sinelnikov;
- 1859-1861 Dmitry Nikolayevich Tolstoy;
- 1861-1864 Mikhail Ivanovich Chertkov;
- 1864-1871 Vladimir Andreyevich Trubetskoy;
- 1871-1874 Dmitry Fyodorovich Kovanko;
- 1874-1878 Mikhail Alexandrovich Obolensky;
- 1878-1890 Alexey Vasilyevich Bogdanovich;
- 1890-1894 Evgeny Alexandrovich Kurovsky;
- 1894-1898 Vladimir Zakharovich Kolenko;
- 1898-1902 Pavel Alexandrovich Sleptsov;
- 1902-1906 Sergey Sergeyevich Andreyevsky;
- 1906-1909 Mikhail Mikhaylovich Bibikov;
- 1909-1914 Sergey Ivanovich Golikov;
- 1914-1915 Georgy Boleslavovich Petkevich, acting governor;
- 1915-1917 Mikhail Dmitriyevich Yershov.
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- Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920–1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". pp. 19–20.
- Архиепископ Тверский и Кашинский, Гавриил. "Отрывок повествования о Новороссийском крае" (in Russian). ОУНБ Кiровоград. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "Сенатом принят именной указ Петра I об устройстве губерний" (in Russian). ФГБУ «Президентская библиотека имени Б.Н.Ельцина». Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- Н. Ф. Самохвалов, ed. (2003). Губернии Российской Империи. История и руководители. 1708-1917.. Moscow: Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation. p. 88.
- "Воронежская губерния" (in Russian). РУНИВЕРС. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
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