Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia

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Genera staff college of the Russian Federation
Russian General Staff Academy in Moscow.JPG
Established 1832
Type Military college
Director Vladimir Yakovlev
Location Moscow, Russia
Coordinates: 55°38′59.28″N 37°28′26.37″E / 55.6498000°N 37.4739917°E / 55.6498000; 37.4739917

The General staff college of the Russian Federation´s armed forces, also General staff academy of the Russian Federation´s Armed Forces (Russian: Военная академия Генерального штаба Вооруженных Сил Российской Федерации) was founded in 1918 in Moscow by Leonid Govorov. It was the senior Soviet and now Russian general staff college.

The Academy of the General Staff is located in Moscow, on 14 Kholzunova Lane, not far from the Frunze Military Academy. The "best and the brightest" officers of all the Soviet Armed Forces were selected to attend this senior and most prestigious of all the Soviet academies. Students were, and probably still are, admitted to the Academy in the ranks of lieutenant colonel, colonel, and General-Major (one star). Most were colonels or newly promoted generals. Officers enter in their late 30s, as a general rule.

Officers selected for this academy would have first attended the appropriate service or branch academy (see Military academies in Russia). Graduates who were not already generals or admirals usually were promoted to this rank a short time after completing the course. Length of the academy was only two years, in contrast to the three years for the branch and service academies.

Faculty and students of the General Staff Academy were involved in debates over Soviet military restructuring in the last years of the USSR. They became associated with the military reform efforts of Major Vladimir Lopatin and made specific suggestions for deep force reductions.[1]

The Commandant, as of 2006, is Army General Ivan Yefremov, former commander of the Moscow Military District.[2] He replaced General Colonel Viktor Chechevatov in 2005.[3]

The Foundations of Geopolitics by Alexander Dugin has reportedly been a geopolitical textbook in the Academy.[4]

Naming[edit]

Since this excellent military staff college came into existence it was given the following names.

  • 1832 — Imperial military academy (ru: Императорская военная академия / Imperatorskaja woennaja akademija)
  • 1855 — Nicholas General staff academy (ru: Николаевская академия Генерального штаба / Nikolawskaja akademija generalnogo staba)
  • 1909 — Nicholas war academy (ru: Николаевская военная академия / Nikolawskaja woennaja akademija)
  • 1910 — Imperial Nicholas war academy (ru: Императорская Николаевская военная академия / Imperatorskaja Nikolawskaja woennaja akademija)
  • 1917 — Nicholas war academy (ru: Николаевская военная академия / Nikolawskaja woennaja akademija)
  • 1918 — General staff academy of the Red Army (PKKA) (ru: Академия Генерального штаба Красной Армии (РККА) / Academija Generalnogo staba Krasnoj Armii [PKKA])
  • 1921 — Military academy PKKA (ru: Военная академия РККА / Woennaja academija PKKA)
  • 1936 — General staff academy PKKA (ru: Академия Генерального штаба РККА / Academija Generalnogo staba PKKA)
  • 1941 — Military academy of the General staff – К. Е. Woroschilow (ru: Военная академия Генерального штаба РККА имени К. Е. Ворошилова / Woennaja academija PKKA Generalnogo staba imeni К. Е. Woroschilowa)
  • 1942 — Higher military academy – К. Е. Woroschilow (ru: Высшая военная академия имени К. Е. Ворошилова / Wyshaja woennaja academija imeni К. Е. Woroschilowa)
  • 1958 — Military academy of the General staff of the USSR armed forces (ru: Военная академия Генерального штаба Вооружённых Сил СССР / Woennaja academija Generalnogo staba Woorushonnych Sil SSSR)
  • 1969 — Military academy of the General staff of the USSR armed forces – К. Е. Woroschilow (ru: Военная академия Генерального штаба Вооружённых Сил СССР имени К. Е. Ворошилова / Woennaja academija Generalnogo staba Woorushonnych Sil SSSR imeni К. Е. Woroschilowa)
  • 1992 — Genera staff college of the Russian Federation´s armed forces (ru: Военная академия Генерального штаба Вооружённых Сил Российской Федерации / Woennaja academija Generalnogo staba Woorushonnych Rossiiskoi Federazii)


Graduate badge until 1992
Gold medal for the excellent graduates 1950

Notable faculty[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Chiefs since 1918[edit]

  • 1918—1919 Klimowich, A.K.
  • 1919—1921 Snesarev, A.E.
  • N.N.
  • 1936—1937 Comdiv Kutshinskin, D.A.
  • 1937—1940 Comdiv Shljomin, I.T.
  • 07/08 1940 LtGen Kuznetsov, F.I.
  • 1940—1941 LtGen Mordvihov, V.A.
  • 1941—1942 LtGen Shilovskij, E.A.
  • 1942—1943 ColGen Kuznetsov, F.I.
  • 1943—1945 Marshal of the Soviet Union Boris Shaposhnikov
  • 03/11 1945 LtGen Mordvihov, V.A.
  • 1945—1949 ArmGen Matvei Zakharov
  • 1949—1956 ArmGen Vladimir Kurasov
  • 1956—1958 Marshal of the Soviet Union Ivan Bagramyan
  • 1958—1961 ArmGen Malandin, G.K.
  • 1961—1963 ArmGen Vladimir Kurasov
  • 1963—1965 Marshal of the Soviet Union Matvei Zakharov
  • 1965—1968 ArmGen Ivanov, V.D.
  • 1968—1973 ArmGen Semion Ivanov
  • 1973—1979 ArmGen Shavrov, I.E.
  • 1979—1986 ArmGen Koslov, M.M.
  • 1986—1989 ArmGen Salmonov, G.I.
  • 1989—1996 ColGen Igor Rodionov
  • 1996—1999 ColGen Tretjakov, V.S.
  • 1999—2005 ColGen Tzetzevatov, V.S.
  • 2005—2007 ArmGen Efremov, I.I.
  • 2007—2009 ArmGen Belousov, A.V.
  • 2009—2012 ArmGen Yakovlev, V.N.
  • 2012—2013 LtGen ret. Tretjak, A.W.
  • since 2013 ColGen ret. Mkarov, C.A.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William E Odom, The Collapse of the Soviet Military, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1998
  2. ^ Russian wikipedia entry on Moscow MD, obtained 20 October 2006, translated by Babelfish
  3. ^ Scott and Scott, Russian Military Directory 2004, p.194
  4. ^ John B. Dunlop. "Review: Aleksandr Dugin’s Foundations of Geopolitics". 
  5. ^ Академия Генерального штаба (General Staff Academy). – М., Военное издательство, 1987. с. 242.
  6. ^ Академия Генерального штаба. – М., Военное издательство, 1987. с. 243.