Vorwärts ("Forward") is the central organ of the Social Democratic Party of Germany published daily in Berlin from 1891 to 1933 by decision of the party's Halle Congress, as the successor of Berliner Volksblatt, founded in 1884. Today it is published monthly, mailed to all SPD members.
Friedrich Engels and Kurt Tucholsky both wrote for Vorwärts. It backed the Russian Marxist economists and then, after the split in the Party, the Mensheviks. It published articles by Leon Trotsky, but would not publish any by Vladimir Lenin.
During the First World War Vorwärts opposed the SPD´s Burgfrieden policy in favour of pacifism and neutrality until 1916 when, some time after Rudolf Hilferding had been drafted into the Austrian army, Friedrich Stampfer was introduced as editor-in-chief. He guided the central organ back towards the party line (prompting accusations from half of the Socialist camp that it had become chauvinist).
During the Nazi period, the Social Democratic Party of Germany was banned, and so the publication of Vorwärts in Germany had to stop in 1933, but it was continued in exile in Czechoslovakia until 1938 and subsequently in Paris until 1940.
In 1948, the paper was refounded as Neuer Vorwärts ("New Forward") and in 1955 renamed Vorwärts again. Today, it has a monthly circulation of about 515,000, because it is mailed to all SPD members.
- Geschichte schreiben, Zukunft gestalten. 125 Jahre vorwärts (as part of: vorwärts, Oktober 2001, Berlin)
- Hitler Wins in Libel Suit. Jewish Telegraph Agency. Sept 4, 1923. http://archive.jta.org/article/1923/09/04/2755796/hitler-wins-in-libel-suit
- Hitler Wins in Libel Suit Canadian Jewish Review, Sept 14, 1923. p.9. http://multiculturalcanada.ca/node/426390
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