Vostok and its captain, Fabian von Bellingshausen on a commemorative coin of the Bank of Russia
|Career (Russian Empire)|
|Status:||Broken up in 1828|
|Length:||39.62 m (130.0 ft)|
|Beam:||10.36 m (34.0 ft) |
|Depth of hold:||4.8 m (15.7 ft)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
|Speed:||10 kn (19 km/h)|
|Armament:||16 × 127 mm pounder guns
12 × 120 mm carronades
Vostok was a 28-gun sloop-of-war of the Imperial Russian Navy, the lead ship of the First Russian Antarctic Expedition in 1819—1821, during which Faddey Bellingshausen (commander of the ship) and Mikhail Lazarev (commanding Mirny, the second ship) circumnavigated the globe, discovered the continent of Antarctica and twice circumnavigated it, and discovered a number of islands and archipelagos in the Southern Ocean and the Pacific.
On 14 July [O.S. 3 July] 1819 Vostok under the command of Commander Faddey (Fabian Gottlieb von) Bellingshausen, the leader of the expedition, alongside Mirny under the command of Lieutenant Commander Mikhail Lazarev left Kronshtadt and on 28 January [O.S. 16 January] 1820 reached the shore of Antarctica, which was sighted for the first time in history. After repair in Sydney in Australia, the expedition explored the tropical parts of the Pacific, and on 12 November [O.S. 31 October] 1820 again turned to Antarctica. On 22 January [O.S. 10 January] 1821 the sloops reached the southernmost point of their voyage at 69° 53' S and 92° 19' W. On 5 August [O.S. 24 July] 1821 they returned to Kronshtadt.
In 751 days they covered 49 723 miles (circa 92 300 km). Apart from the discovery of the world's sixth continent, Antarctica, 29 islands were mapped and complex oceanographic works carried out. A medal was issued by the Russian Admiralty to commemorate the expedition.
In 1828 sloop Vostok was excluded from navy lists and scrapped.
Named in honor
- Vostok Island in the Line Islands group (Polynesia), discovered by Bellingshausen during the First Russian Antarctic Expedition in 1820.
- Cape Vostok, the western extremity of the Havre Mountains and the northwestern extremity of Alexander Island in Antarctic, discovered by Bellingshausen in 1821.
- Vostok Rupes, a mountain chain on planet Mercury.
- Vostok Station, a Russian Antarctic research station located on the Pole of Cold amid the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, established on 16 December 1957 (during the International Geophysical Year) by the 2nd Soviet Antarctic Expedition.
- Vostok Subglacial Highlands, an east extension of Gamburtsev Subglacial Mountains in Antarctica.
- Vostok Lake, the largest subglacial lake in the world is named after Vostok Station. The existence of a subglacial lake in the Vostok region was first suggested by Russian geographer Andrey Kapitsa based on seismic soundings made during the Soviet Antarctic Expeditions.
- Vostok 1, the Soviet spacecraft which carried the first man into space, Yuri Gagarin, on 12 April 1961.
- Шлюп "Восток" at sailhistory.ru (Russian)
- Tattoo Archive - Vostok
- Vostok, Cape Geographic Names Information System
- Batson R.M., Russell J.F. (1994), Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, United States Geological Survey Bulletin 2129 planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov
- Полвека в глубине Антарктиды Vokrug Sveta (Russian)
- Deep drilling at Vostok station, Antarctica: history and recent events
- Vostok Subglacial Highlands: Antarctica geographic.org
- Скончался первооткрыватель озера Восток в Антарктиде Lenta.ru (Russian)
- Морской энциклопедический словарь. Л.: Судостроение, 1991. ISBN 5-7355-0280-8 (Russian)
- Vostok, with model scheme at hobbyport.ru (Russian)