Vought YA-7F

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
YA-7F "Strikefighter"
YA-7F Strike Fighter.jpg
YA-7F prototype in 1989
Role Attack aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Ling-Temco-Vought/Vought
First flight November 1989
Status Cancelled
Primary user United States Air Force
Number built 2
Developed from A-7 Corsair II

The Vought YA-7F "Strikefighter" was a prototype transonic attack aircraft based on the subsonic A-7 Corsair II. Two prototypes were converted from A-7Ds. The YA-7F was not ordered into production, its intended role being filled by the F-16 Fighting Falcon.

Design and development[edit]

In 1985, the USAF requested proposals for a fast strike aircraft because of concerns that A-10 Thunderbolt II was too slow for interdiction. The design called for a new engine, either the Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-220 or General Electric F110-GE 100. LTV responded with the YA-7F, a supersonic version of A-7 powered by an F100-PW-220 with 26,000 lbf (116 kN) thrust. To accommodate the new engine, the fuselage was lengthened about 4 ft (1.22 m). New fuselage sections were inserted in both the forward and aft fuselage - a 30 in (76 cm) section in front of the wing and an 18 in (46 cm) section behind the wing. The wing was strengthened and fitted with new augmented flaps, leading edge extensions and automatic maneuvering flaps. The vertical stabilizer height was increased about 10 in (25 cm), the unit horizontal tail was flipped from dihedral to anhedral, and control surfaces were flattened. Unsurprisingly, the end result resembled the supersonic F-8 Crusader from which the original subsonic A-7 was derived. Many of the vehicle systems and mission systems were heavily modified and upgraded with leading edge technology, including a Molecular Sieve Oxygen Generating System and better cockpit displays. Low Altitude Night Attack Systems, an improved HUD and many software enhancements for navigation and weapons delivery were planned and being designed concurrently by Vought Dallas.

The new supersonic A-7 could accelerate with a 17,380 lb (7,880 kg) bomb load from 400 to 550 knots (1,020 km/h) in under 15 seconds and could sustain Mach 1.6 for longer times with the extra fuel. The YA-7F modifications allowed 7-g turn and burn capability that permitted high-speed sustained evasive maneuvers plus great improvements in high angle of attack performance. As a CAS/BAI platform to penetrate into enemy territory and return safely, the "Strikefighter" moniker was most fitting. Two A-7Ds were extensively modified, the first one flying on 29 November 1989, and breaking the sound barrier on its second flight. The second prototype flew on 3 April 1990.

The project was canceled due to improved relations with former adversaries, lower defense budgets, and the Air National Guard, by then the principal US operator of the A-7, generally favoring the in-production F-16 Fighting Falcon.[citation needed]

Variants[edit]

YA-7F (A-7D Plus / A-7 Strikefighter)
Stretched, supersonic version of A-7 powered by a Pratt & Whitney F100 turbofan, optimized for interdiction role, but cancelled after only two were built.

Operators[edit]

 United States

Aircraft on display[edit]

YA-7F, S/N 70-1039, at the Hill Aerospace Museum

Specifications (YA-7F)[edit]

Data from Hill Aerospace Museum fact sheet[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 50 ft 12 in (15.253 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 9 in (11.81 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 11 in (5.16 m)
  • Empty weight: 23,068 lb (10,463 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 46,000 lb (20,865 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-220 turbofan dry, 26,000 lbf (120 kN) with afterburner

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 1.2
  • Range: 2,302 mi (2,000 nmi; 3,705 km) maximum with four 300 gallon external tanks
  • Service ceiling: 55,000 ft (16,764 m)

Armament

See also[edit]

Related development
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "YA-7F Strikefighter/70-1039." Hill Aerospace Museum. Retrieved: 22 March 2013.
  2. ^ "YA-7F Strikefighter/70-1039." aero-web.org. Retrieved: 22 March 2013.
  3. ^ YA-7F Hill Aerospace Museum faxt sheet
Bibliography
  • NAVAIR 01-45AAA-1, A-7A/B Flight Manual. US Navy, 15 August 1973.
  • NAVAIR 01-45AAE-1, A-7C/E Flight Manual. US Navy, 1 March 1973.
  • Donald, David and Jon Lake, eds. Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft. London: AIRtime Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-880588-24-2.
  • Dorr, Robert F. "A Plus for the Corsair". Air International, August 1987, Vol 33 No. 2. Bromley, UK:Fine Scroll. ISSN 0306-5634. pp. 61—65, 84—87, 93.
  • Higham, Robin and Carol Williams. Flying Combat Aircraft of USAAF-USAF (Volume 2). Andrews AFB, Maryland: Air Force Historical Foundation, 1978. ISBN 0-8138-0375-6.
  • Hobson, Chris. Vietnam Air Losses, USAF/USN/USMC, Fixed-Wing Aircraft Losses in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2001. ISBN 1-85780-115-6.
  • Swanborough, Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books, 1989. ISBN 0-87474-880-1.
  • Swanborough, Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911. London: Putnam, Second edition, 1976. ISBN 0-370-10054-9.
  • Swanborough, Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990. ISBN 0-87021-792-5.
  • Wings of Eagles

External links[edit]