Vrancea County

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Vrancea County
Județul Vrancea
County
Coat of arms of Vrancea County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Vrancea county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79°N 26.97°E / 45.79; 26.97Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79°N 26.97°E / 45.79; 26.97
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Est
Historical region Moldavia, Muntenia
Capital Focșani
Area
 • Total 4,857 km2 (1,875 sq mi)
Area rank 31st
Population (2002)
 • Total 387,632
 • Rank 27th
 • Density 80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 237 or (+40) 337[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-VN
Website County Council
Prefecture

Vrancea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvrant͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) in Romania, with its seat at Focșani. It is mostly in the historical region of Moldavia but the southern part, below the Milcov River, is in Muntenia.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 323,080 and a population density of 66.51/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 290,183
1956 Increase 326,532
1966 Increase 351,292
1977 Increase 369,740
1992 Increase 392,651
2002 Decrease 387,632
2011 Decrease 323,080

Geography[edit]

Hills near the Milcov River, which divides Moldavia from Muntenia.

Vrancea County's area is of 4,857 km².

A curvedly shaped mountainous area, known in Romanian as Carpații de Curbură, lies in the western part of the county, at the Southern end of Eastern Carpathians, with heights over 1400 m. To the East, the heights decrease into hilly areas and the lower valley of Siret River.

The main tributary of the Siret River, which crosses the county, is the Putna.

The area is a seismically active one, with yearly earthquakes whose focal depths are between 80 and 160 km and therefore affect wide regions. The most notable is the 1977 Vrancea earthquake, which killed over 1500 people in Romania and Bulgaria.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Vineyards near Focşani, the seat of Vrancea County.

The county is famous for its wines, being the biggest wine producer in Romania. Over 11% of the county surface is covered with vines. The county's best known wine regions are Panciu - 8100 ha, Odobești - 7000 ha, and Cotești.

County's main industries:

  • Foods and beverages;
  • Textiles;
  • Paper manufacturing and furniture making;
  • Mechanical parts and components.
  • Cookware and bakeware production

Tourism[edit]

The Suvorov monument near Focșani

County's main destinations:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Vrancea County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 68 communes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]