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Vranac (Montenegrin: pronounced [ʋrǎːnats]) Вранац / Vranac is autochthonous Montenegrin variety of grapes and brand of wine. It is protected as an intellectual property and Montenegrin geographical indication of origin since 1977. It has also adopted in neighboring countries like Republic of Macedonia and Serbia, but under different name.
Vranac is considered the most important variety of grape in Montenegro and one of the most important in the Republic of Macedonia. As it is a local specialty and due to its localized geography, it produces a dry red wine of a unique taste and character that is synonymous with the Balkans. Vranac berries are large and deeply colored, with its dark berries growing on moderately vigorous and very productive vines. The fruit is harvested by hand. Depending on the area, this harvest can begin from mid-September and continue into October.
The word Vranac means strong black and powerful horse (black stallion), and wine made from this variety of grape is associated with strength, potency, and success. Vran also means raven coloured or black; red wine is also known as black wine in many South Slavic languages. However in, Macedonia it is branded as Vranec, meaning raven.
Young Vranec wines have a bright purple hue and a nose full of red berries and fruit jams. Its firm tannin structure provides crispness and richness, with medium to high levels of extraction and acidity. After a year or two of aging, the purple develops into an intense dark ruby and the nose develops a more complex aroma that can include hints of cinnamon, chocolate, liquorice, flowers, black fruits, herbs and even woods such as oak. The taste is subtle, round, and full. It loses its sharpness and develops a longer and smoother finish.
- Stevenson, Tom (2005). The Sotheby's Wine Encyclopedia (4 ed.). Londyn: Dorling Kindersley. p. 427. ISBN 0-7566-1324-8.