Vranjina Monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vranjina Monastery
Манастир Врањина
Vranjina Monastery is located in Montenegro
Vranjina Monastery
Shown within Montenegro
Basic information
Location Vranjina island on Skadar Lake
Geographic coordinates 42°16′14″N 19°08′42″E / 42.2706°N 19.1450°E / 42.2706; 19.1450Coordinates: 42°16′14″N 19°08′42″E / 42.2706°N 19.1450°E / 42.2706; 19.1450
Affiliation Serbian Orthodox Church
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
Founder Ilarion Šišojević or Rastko Nemanjić[1]
Funded by Zetan Orthodox Metropolitanate
Completed 1221—1223[2]
Designated as NHL: Saint Nicholas

Vranjina Monastery or Vranina Monastery[3] (Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Врањина) or St. Nicholas' Monastery is a Serbian Orthodox monastery on south-east part[4] of Vranjina island on Skadar Lake in Montenegro. Vranjina Monastery with its church dedicated to Saint Nicholas is one of the oldest monasteries in Montenegro.[5]

Monastic metochion[edit]

Monastic metochion was initially formed by land and income granted to the monastery by members of the Nemanjić Dynasty who gave the richest donations to the monastery. Saint Sava granted to Vranjina some land of Saint Saviour metoh on Plavnica, King Stephen Vladislav I of Serbia gave Crmnica villages Godinje, Medveđa Glava and Kruševica to this monastery while queen Helen gave it land around Krnjica and Uljanik in Kruševica in 1280. Around 1296 King Stephen Uroš II Milutin of Serbia gave Orahovo and 100 perpers annually after being collected on the St. Sergius market near Skadar.[4][5] Vranjina Monastery soon became famous for its richness. In 1348 Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia awarded the Vranjina Monastery together with half of its income to the church in Jerusalem dedicated to Archangel Michael (believed to be founded by King Milutin). That way Vranjina Monastery became metochion of the Church of Archangel Michael in Jerusalem.[6]

Vranjina Monastery was granted with rich estates by members of Balšić and Crnojević noble families who ruled Zeta. In 1404 Đurađ Stracimirović gave village Rake to the Monastery while Balša III gave it a salt pond (1417) and village Karuč in Crmnica (1420).[6] In period after Nemanjić rule, during wwhich all estates belonged to the supreme monarch, minor local nobility began to lay ownership claims to the land, some even taking parts of monastic metochions. In 1469 Ivan Crnojević returned to he Vranjina Monastery all its former estates which included villages in Zeta valley, Limljani, Limsko Polje, Brčeli, Optočići, Tomići and Šišovići. In 1478, during the Siege of Shkodra, sultan Mehmed the Conqueror confirmed all existing rights and privileges to the monastery in order to gain support from the surrounding tribes.[7]

History[edit]

Based on the first document that mentions this monastery, 1233 chrysobull of Saint Sava, it can be concluded that it was founded between 1221 and 1223 by Rastko Nemanjić, one of the first archbishops[8] of the autocephalous Serbian Church, or by Ilarion Šišojević, the first metropolitan bishop of the Zetan Orthodox Metropolitanate.[9] According to some accounts, Ilarion was buried in the courtyard of the monastery.[10]

The monastery was a temporary seat of Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral (then Zetan Orthodox Metropolitanate) until Ivan Crnojević moved it to Cetinje in 1485.[11] The monastery was so poor in the 17th century that in 1665 its hegumen, together with hegumen of Moračnik Monastery, requested help from Catholic bishop of Scutari Pjetër Bogdani.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Velibor V. Džomić (2006). Pravoslavlje u Crnoj Gori. Svetigora. Retrieved 22 June 2013. "По предању, основао га је Свети Сава, или пак први Зетски Епископ Иларион, Савин ученик (који је овдје и сахрањен)." 
  2. ^ Glasnik Srpskoga učenog društva .... 1870. p. 167. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Vasilije Marković (1920). Pravoslavno monaštvo i manastiri u srednjevekovnoj Srbiji. Srpska Manastirska Štamp. p. 78. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b P. Jovićević 2011, p. 27
  5. ^ a b Pribislav Simić (1994). Crkvena umetnost: pregled razvoja graditeljstva i živopisa. Sv. arhijerejski sinod Srpske pravoslavne crkve. p. 326. Retrieved 22 April 2013. "Међу најстарије манастире у Црној Гори спада манастир ВРАЊИНА са црквом Св. Николе, на острву у Скадарском језеру код Вирпазара." 
  6. ^ a b P. Jovićević 2011, p. 28
  7. ^ P. Jovićević 2011, p. 29
  8. ^ Sava (Bishop of Šumadija.) (1996). Srpski jerarsi: od devetog do dvadesetog veka. Evro. p. 193. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  9. ^ Vladan Đorđević (1920). Car Dušan: istorijski roman iz XIV-oga veka. Naklada Hrvatskog štamparskog zavoda. p. 77. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Škrivanić, Gavro (1959). Istorijski zapisi. p. 37. Retrieved 22 June 2013. "... Николе иа Врањини подигао је зетсни епископ Иларион, један од нооилаца црквене политике св. Саве у овим областима.2 По Н. Дучићу, он је био сахрањен у припрати саме цркве са леве стране при зиду." 
  11. ^ Istorijski zapisi. 1959. p. 38. Retrieved 22 April 2013. "Николе на Врањини, где је остало све до 1481 године, када је Иван Црнојевић, господар централне Зете тога времена, подигао манастир св. Богородице на Цетињу и одредио га за седиште зетских митрополита." 
  12. ^ Томаш Марковић (1969). Историја школства и просвјете у Црној Гори. Завод за издавање уџбеника Социјалистичке Републике Србије. p. 144. Retrieved 8 August 2013. "Он је у XVII веку био веома сиромашан" 

Further reading[edit]

  • P. Jovićević, Andrija (2011) [1930—1939], Drevni srpski Manastiri [Ancient Serbian monasteries] (in Serbian), Nikšić: Izdavački centar Matice srpske – Društva članova u Crnoj Gori, ISBN 978-9940-580-05-6