Vryheid

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Vryheid
View along Kerk street
View along Kerk street
Vryheid is located in South Africa
Vryheid
Vryheid
 Vryheid shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 27°46′01″S 30°48′00″E / 27.76694°S 30.80000°E / -27.76694; 30.80000Coordinates: 27°46′01″S 30°48′00″E / 27.76694°S 30.80000°E / -27.76694; 30.80000
Country South Africa
Province KwaZulu-Natal
District Zululand
Municipality Abaqulusi
Established 1884[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 48.71 km2 (18.81 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 47,365
 • Density 970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 84.5%
 • Coloured 1.7%
 • Indian/Asian 1.3%
 • White 12.1%
 • Other 0.3%
First languages (2011)[2]
 • Zulu 79.8%
 • Afrikaans 10.2%
 • English 6.2%
 • Other 3.7%
Postal code (street) 3100
PO box 3100
Area code 034

Vryheid is a coal mining and cattle ranching town in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Vryheid is Afrikaans for "freedom" or "liberty".

History[edit]

After British and Boer mercenaries had helped Dinuzulu defeat his rival Usibepu for succession of the Zulu throne, land and farming rights were granted to them along the banks of the Mfolozi River. On August 5, 1884 the mercenaries formed the Nieuwe Republiek (New Republic) with Vryheid as its capital. It was later incorporated into the South African Republic, but at the end of the Second Boer War the town and its surrounding area was absorbed into Natal. Vryheid is located along the Transnet Coaline.

Education[edit]

In 2007 Inkamana High School and Vryheid Comprehensive Secondary School were amongst several schools recognised as "historic schools". Funding of six million rand a year was earmarked for these two and Adams College, Ohlange High School and Inanda Seminary to make them academies focussing on Maths, Science and Technology.[3]

Other schools are Hoërskool Vryheid, which uses both Afrikaans and English as the medium of instruction and Hoërskool Pionier which uses just Afrikaans as medium of instruction.

Sport[edit]

Vryheid Wrestling Academy, is one of the top wrestling clubs in the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal.

Kilian Academy, a fairly well known martial arts academy, is also situated in Vryheid.

References[edit]

Media related to Vryheid at Wikimedia Commons

Dutch Reformed Church