Vselyub

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Vselyub
Village
Vselyub is located in Belarus
Vselyub
Vselyub
Location of Vselyub within Belarus
Coordinates: 53°43′N 25°48′E / 53.717°N 25.800°E / 53.717; 25.800
Country Belarus Belarus
Voblast Hrodna Voblast
Raion Navahrudak

Vselyub (Belarusian: Уселюб, Polish: Wsielub) is a village in Navahrudak Raion, Hrodna Voblast, Belarus. Vselyub is a centre of selsoviet (rural council) within the administrative division of Belarus. Before the Partitions of Poland, it belonged to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Between the 20th-century world wars, the village was part of Nowogródek Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic.[1]

History[edit]

Vselyub (Wsielub) was first mentioned in 1422 (on the seal of its owner, Jan Niemira[2]). Since at least 1434, the settlement and its serfs belonged to Jan's son Andrzej Niemirowicz (Niemirycz). It was inherited by other members of the family. Later it passed into the possession of Stanisław Dowojno, voivod of Polatsk. In 1576 it was bought by Prince Mikołaj Radziwiłł.

The local Catholic Church, built of brick and mortar, was long thought to have been erected in the Baroque period of the eighteenth century.[3][4] But, archaeological examination in 1980s revealed that the building is essentially late Gothic (15th century). It has been altered by several renovations (the last of them, was done in the Gothic revival style).[5] Its title changed several times in honor of different saints (St. John, St. Casimir, etc.)

During World War II, the 40 Jewish families who lived in the town were rounded up and summarily executed by the Nazis.[6] On July 31, 1942, following the Nazi German Operation Barbarossa, Rev. Józef Kuczyński (Polish pastor of Wsielub) was executed there for sheltering Jewish children.[7] On June 7, 1944, the commander of the Armia Krajowa battalion, Okręg AK Nowogródek, ppor. Tadeusz Mossakowski (Jastrzębiec) was killed there in battle.[8]

Coordinates: 53°43′N 25°48′E / 53.717°N 25.800°E / 53.717; 25.800

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Polish) SLOWNIK GEOGRAFICZNY, TOM XIV, 65: "Town of Wsielub"
  2. ^ Nowak Przemysław, Pokora Piotr. Dokumenty strony polsko-litewskiej pokoju mełneńskiego z 1422 roku, Poznań 2004, S. 83.
  3. ^ http://novogrudok.grodno-region.by/ru/vlast/selisp
  4. ^ http://www.radzima.org/pub/pomnik.php?nazva_id=hrnausie02
  5. ^ Баравы, Р. Невядомы помнік беларускай готыкі // Помнікі гісторыі і культуры Беларусі — 2/1987.
  6. ^ "Catholic students clean up Jewish cemetery", Yeshiva World News, 3 July 2006
  7. ^ "A TANGLED WEB", Glaukopis;  also: Murray Berger account, available at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.
  8. ^ Piotr Niwiński, "Wileński i Nowogródzki Okręg AK w walce z władzą sowiecką 1944-1945", Biuletyn IPN, Gdańsk