|First Deputy Prime Minister|
1 November 1985 – 1989
|Prime Minister||Nikolai Ryzhkov|
20 October 1926 |
Luhansk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
|Political party||Communist Party|
|Alma mater||Stavropol Pedagogical Institute|
Early life and education
Murakhovsky hails from an Ukrainian family. He was born in a village of Holubivka, near Kreminna (today Luhansk Oblast), on 20 October 1926. He attended Stavropol Pedagogical Institute and graduated in 1954.
Murakhovsky served in the Soviet army from 1944 to 1950. In 1946, he joined the communist party. Then he worked as a communist party officer in the Stavropol region from 1954 to 1985. He also served a senior official in the Komsomol. He replaced Mikhael Gorbachev as first secretary of party's regional committee when the latter was appointed to party's central committee secretariat in Moscow in 1978. In 1981, Murakhovsky became a full member of the party's central committee.
Murakhovsky was appointed by the then Soviet president Gorbachev, who was his long-time friend, as one of the three first deputy premiers on 1 November 1985. It was his first post in Soviet administration. Murakhovsky was in charge of agriculture and related affairs and also appointed chairman of the state committee for the agro-industrial complex, Gosagroprom, which was abolished in 1989. The reason for disestablishment of the body was its proven inefficiency for which Gorbachev criticised Murakhovsky. Murakhovsky's term also ended in 1989.
Decorations and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1982)
- Two Orders of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- Order of the Badge of Honour
- Medal "For Services to the Stavropol Territory" (2001)
- Honorary Citizen of the Stavropol Territory (awarded by Resolution of the Governor of the Stavropol Territory on 28 October 2008 for his contribution to the economic, social and cultural development of the Stavropol Territory)
- Archie Brown (28 March 1996). The Gorbachev Factor. Oxford University Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-19-157398-9. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Martin McCauley (1997). Whoś who in Russia Since 1900. Routledge Chapman & Hall. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-415-13897-0. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- "Всеволод Серафимович Мураховский" [Vsevolod Seraphimovich Murakhovski]. Portrets. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- Christian Schmidt-Häuer (1986). Gorbachev: The Path to Power. I.B.Tauris. p. 211. ISBN 978-1-85043-015-5. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
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- "Kremlin replaces deputy". Associated Press. 1 November 1985. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- R. Judson Mitchell (1990). Getting to the Top in the USSR: Cyclical Patterns in the Leadership Succession Process. Hoover Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-8179-8923-1. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- "Moscow Summit; Entertaining In Moscow: A Guest List". The New York Times. 1 June 1988. p. 14.
- Aslund, Anders (2004). "Differences over Economics in the Soviet Leadership, 1988-1990". RAND. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- John P. Willerton (1992). Patronage and Politics in the USSR. Cambridge University Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-521-39288-4. Retrieved 1 April 2013.