Vsevolod Murakhovsky

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Vsevolod Murakhovsky
First Deputy Prime Minister
In office
1 November 1985 – 1989
President Mikhail Gorbachev
Prime Minister Nikolai Ryzhkov
Personal details
Born (1926-10-20) 20 October 1926 (age 88)
Luhansk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
Nationality Ukrainian
Political party Communist Party
Alma mater Stavropol Pedagogical Institute

Vsevolod Serafimovich Murakhovsky (Russian: Всеволод Серафимович Мураховский; born 20 October 1926) is a Ukrainian-Russian politician who served as first deputy premier during the Gorbachev Era.

Early life and education[edit]

Murakhovsky hails from an Ukrainian family.[1] He was born in a village of Holubivka, near Kreminna (today Luhansk Oblast), on 20 October 1926.[2][3] He attended Stavropol Pedagogical Institute and graduated in 1954.[2]

Career[edit]

Murakhovsky served in the Soviet army from 1944 to 1950.[1] In 1946, he joined the communist party.[2] Then he worked as a communist party officer in the Stavropol region from 1954 to 1985.[1] He also served a senior official in the Komsomol.[4] He replaced Mikhael Gorbachev as first secretary of party's regional committee when the latter was appointed to party's central committee secretariat in Moscow in 1978.[5][6] In 1981, Murakhovsky became a full member of the party's central committee.[2]

Murakhovsky was appointed by the then Soviet president Gorbachev, who was his long-time friend, as one of the three first deputy premiers on 1 November 1985.[1][4] It was his first post in Soviet administration.[1] Murakhovsky was in charge of agriculture and related affairs[7] and also appointed chairman of the state committee for the agro-industrial complex, Gosagroprom, which was abolished in 1989.[2][8] The reason for disestablishment of the body was its proven inefficiency for which Gorbachev criticised Murakhovsky.[9] Murakhovsky's term also ended in 1989.[3][10]

Decorations and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Archie Brown (28 March 1996). The Gorbachev Factor. Oxford University Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-19-157398-9. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Martin McCauley (1997). Whoś who in Russia Since 1900. Routledge Chapman & Hall. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-415-13897-0. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Всеволод Серафимович Мураховский" [Vsevolod Seraphimovich Murakhovski]. Portrets. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Christian Schmidt-Häuer (1986). Gorbachev: The Path to Power. I.B.Tauris. p. 211. ISBN 978-1-85043-015-5. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Ilya Zemtsov; John Farrar (1 August 2009). Gorbachev: The Man and the System. Transaction Publishers. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-4128-1382-2. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Kremlin replaces deputy". Associated Press. 1 November 1985. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  7. ^ R. Judson Mitchell (1990). Getting to the Top in the USSR: Cyclical Patterns in the Leadership Succession Process. Hoover Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-8179-8923-1. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Moscow Summit; Entertaining In Moscow: A Guest List". The New York Times. 1 June 1988. p. 14. 
  9. ^ Aslund, Anders (2004). "Differences over Economics in the Soviet Leadership, 1988-1990". RAND. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  10. ^ John P. Willerton (1992). Patronage and Politics in the USSR. Cambridge University Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-521-39288-4. Retrieved 1 April 2013.