Vsevolod Petrov

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Vsevolod Petrov
Всеволод Миколайович Петрів
Petriv V.jpg
Born January 12, 1883
Died July 10, 1948(1948-07-10) (aged 65)
Augsburg, West Germany
Allegiance Russian Empire, Ukrainian People's Republic, Ukrainian State
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1914-1922
Rank General
Unit 42 Rifle Division,7-th Turkestan Division (head of staff), Hordienko Regiment, UNR Army
Commands held UNR Head of Staff
Battles/wars Battle of Galicia, Kerensky Offensive, Ukrainian–Soviet War
Awards Order of St. George[1]
Other work Historian, publicist, pedagogue

Vsevolod Petriv (Ukrainian: Всеволод Миколайович Петрів, January 12, 1883 – July 10, 1948) was a colonel of the Russian Empire Army, General and Head of the Staff of the Ukrainian National Republic (UNR) army, publicist, historian, pedagogue. He is known as a military leader during the Ukrainian–Soviet War .

He is also known for recording the military history of Ukrainian armed forces.

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Vsevolod Petrov was born on January 12, 1883, into a military family. His father, Nikolay Verner- Petrov, was a high-ranking officer in the Russian Imperial Army. He was of the Scandinavian heritage, whose family had participated in the Great Northern War but had fallen prisoner to Peter the First. Because of his military acumen, he was granted the surname Petrov, as well as a military position by Peter the first.

His mother was Norwegian - Alexandra Strollman. She was born in the village of Burty, Chernigov Governorate.[1]

Education[edit]

As a son of a high-ranking military officer, Vsevolod attended only the best schools. He attended the military academy in Kiev, graduating in 1900. He attended officer training in Petersburg, graduating in 1902, and the Nikolayev's Officers's School, graduating in 1910.[1]

Military Service in World War I[edit]

Petrov entered the war as a member of the Russian Imperial Army at the 42nd Rifle Division, later join the 7-th Turkestan Division and rose in the ranks to colonel and head of staff. Was wounded during Siege of Przemyśl. Awarded by Order of St. George. In late 1917 he pledged allegiance to the Ukrainian People's Republic.[1]

Ukrainian–Soviet War[edit]

At the times of the Hetmanate he was arrested but soon released. With the fall of the Directorate in November 1920 he went abroad to Poland were in 1921 he was assigned to the post of the Head of the Staff of the Ukrainian National Republic Army.[1]

The Inter-war Years[edit]

In 1923 he moved to Czechoslovakia. From 1923 to 1938, Petrov was giving lectures at the Drahomanov Institute in Praha. He was a very prolific writer, authoring no less than nine in-depth books about Ukrainian military history. later to Czechoslovakia.

World War II[edit]

In April 1939 he was arrested and transferred to Brno where he worked at the local factory. In April 1945 he was transferred by the Germans to Bavaria

After WWII[edit]

He was placed at the DP camp by the U.S. military administration where he died on July 10, 1948.

Works[edit]

  • Society and Army: Social-historical description. Praha, Berlin, 1924;
  • Усуспільнення військових знань // Student Digest. Praha, 1926. #6. pp. 6–11;
  • Фрагмент до історії українсько-польського зближення // New Ukraine. Praha, 1927. ##1-2. pp. 75–80;
  • Спомини з часів української революції (1917–1921). Львів, 1927–1931;
  • Уривки зі споминів // Календар Червоної Калини на 1929 р. Львів, 1928. pp. 29–39;
  • Army of UPR 1917-21 // Ukrainian General Encyclopedia. Львів; Станіслав; Коломия. 1934. vol.3. pp. 762–767;
  • Житомирська юнацька школа: формування, наука, бої, перший випуск української старшини. Сторінки з ненадрукованого щоденника // Літопис Червоної Калини. Львів, 1936. #5. pp. 18–19; #6. p. 7; #7/8. p. 15; #10. pp. 11–15; #11. pp. 14–17; 1937. #1. p. 19; #3. pp. 14–17; #6. p. 17;
  • Стратегічні операції Богдана Хмельницького під час війни 1648-1649 років // Військо України. К., 1993. #6. p. 43; #7. p. 74; #8. p. 93;
  • Неторованим шляхом: Спомини з історії української революції 1917-1921 рр. // Вітчизна. 1993. ##5-6. pp. 123–135; ##7-8. pp. 137–154; 1994. ##1-2. pp. 137–149; ##5-6. pp. 143–156. Літ.: Гаврилюк І. З величного минулого // За державність. Warsaw, 1929.#1. p. 130;
Preceded by
H.Syrotenko
Minister of Defense
July 1919–August 1919
Succeeded by
Volodymyr Salsky

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Ю.Мицик Останні листи генерала Петріва // Український археографічний щорічник. Збірник наукових праць Інститут української археографії та джерелознавства ім. М. С. Грушевського НАН України . – К., 2006 page 733-736
  • Gennadiy Strelsky. Biography of Vsevolod Mykolayovych Petrov. Kiev: Institute of History of Ukraine of the NAN Ukraine (2004)
  • Yeroshevych P. From the fight of the Ukrainian people for their liberty // Warsaw, 1939. #9. pp. 38–39.
  • Encyclopedia of Ukraine. vol.6. Paris, New-York, 1970. p. 2034.
  • Krypyakevych І. and others. History of the Ukrainian Army. Ed. IV. Kiev, 1992.
  • Tynchenko Ya. The Ukrainian officership: Ways of mourning and oblivion. Part I. Kiev, 1995. pp. 105–107.
  • Voytsekhivska І. Vsevolod Petrov: unknown heritage (out of the materials of the family archives of Sviatoslav Petrov in the US) // Studios of the archival affairs and documentation. vol.5. Kiev, 1999. pp. 195–197.
  • Strelsky G. Activists of Ukraine at times of the National-Liberating competitions (1917–1920) // History in school. 1999. ##1-2. pp. 48–49.
  • Naumenko К. and others. Generals of the Ukrainian Liberating competitions. Lviv, 1995. pp. 214–215.