Vsevolod Sharonov (1901–1964) was a Russian astronomer.
The bulk of his work was done at Pulkovo Observatory. He was appointed as a professor at the University of Leningrad and was the director of the Astronomical Observatory. His main focus and interest was in the study of planets and atmospheric optics.
The following are named after him:
He published over 300 research papers in his lifetime.
He is the author of:
- The Nature of the Planets
- Measurement and Calculations of the Visibility of Distant Objects
- The Sun and its Observation