|Municipality and city|
|District||District of Mitrovica|
|• Municipality and city||435 km2 (168 sq mi)|
|• Municipality and city||69,881 (municipality)|
|• Density||202.6/km2 (525/sq mi)|
|• Metro||30,000 City|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Vushtrri or Vučitrn (Albanian: Vushtrri or Vushtrria; Serbian: Вучитрн, Vučitrn, pronounced [ʋǔtʃitr̩ːn]; Turkish: Vıçıtırın; Latin: Vicianum) is a city and municipality in north-eastern Kosovo.[a] It is the seat of the Kosovska Mitrovica District. The name of the city means "wolf's thorn", the name of the spiny restharrow plant in Serbian.
Although there is no official data, the total population of the municipality is estimated at 69,881. It is also the home of the Kosovo Centre for Public Safety Education and Development, formerly the Kosovo Police Service School, where Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) trained the new multiethnic police service following the departure of the Serbs in 1999. The staff at the training school were made up of serving and retired police officers from the member states of the OSCE.
Vicianum ("Area of Calves") is the Roman name of the town. At the end of the first century B.C., Viciana was conquered by the Romans. During this occupation, Viciana developed a considerable economy and a thriving culture. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Viciana was transferred to Byzantine rule. After the Great Schism of the Church in 1054, the majority of Vicianum's population remained Orthodox.
In the fourteenth century the Ottoman Empire began to expand into the Balkans, with the Ottoman presence in Vushtrri first recorded in 1439, 50 years after the 1389 Battle of Kosovo signaled the entrance of the Ottomans to Kosovo. The establishment of Ottoman administration in Vushtrria spread Islam to the municipality and the construction of mosques, inns, madrassas and hamams (public baths) followed. Between the 15th–18th centuries, Vushtrria was one of the largest settlements in the Balkans and it was the center of a very important sandjak (administrative unit) of the Ottoman Empire.
20th century history
1912 saw an end to centuries long Ottoman rule as a result of the First Balkan War. Vushtrria and the entire surrounding area joined the Kingdom of Serbia that year in an event that would be internationally recognised the following year. However, by 1914, World War I had broken out and Vushtrria was occupied by Austria-Hungary; after the war when which the Central European powers had been driven out, Serbia joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
In March 1989, Serbian Communist authorities abolished the Constitution of 1974, restoring Kosovo's status as after the 1971 amendments of the 1963 constitution. It was a move widely seen to disenfranchise the local ethnnic Albanian authorities in the region and this eventually led to an armed uprising organized by the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), and the intervention by NATO forces in March–June 1999. NATO forces entered Vushtrria on 16 June 1999.
|Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs|
|Current figure, est.||98,000||95.4||4,137||4.0||125||1.2||400||3.9||102,662|
|Ref: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (PDF/ HTML)[dead link]|
- Hasan Prishtina former Albanian Prime Minister
- Viktorija Miskovic, Serbian rock artist
- Jorgovanka Tabaković, Governor of the National Bank of Serbia
- Shefki Kuqi, professional football striker
- Samir Ujkani, footballer
- Debatik Curri, footballer
- Armend Dallku, footballer
- Ahmed Januzi, footballer
- Sami Hoti, footballer
Notes and references
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 106 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- Mirjana Detelić: Градови у хришћанској и муслиманској епици, Belgrade, 2004. ISBN 86-7179-039-8
- Bradt Travel Guide Kosovo - Page 257 Gail Warrander, Verena Knaus - 2011 "Vushtrri at the time had a majority Christian population and only 47 Muslim households. The high concentration of Ottoman soldiers and administrators accelerated the spread of Islam, first among the urban population and gradually also in the ..."
- OSCE Implementation of the Law on the Use of Languages by Kosovo Municipalities
- Dérens, Jean-Arnault (2006). Kosovo, année zéro. Harvard College Library: Paris Paris-Méditerranée 2006. p. 365. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- Bradt Travel Guide Kosovo. Bradt Travel Guides. 2007. p. 87. ISBN 1-84162-199-4. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
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