Vukovar-Syrmia County

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Vukovar-Syrmia County
Vukovarsko-srijemska županija
County
Flag of Vukovar-Syrmia County
Flag
Coat of arms of Vukovar-Syrmia County
Coat of arms
Vukovar-Syrmia County (orange) within Croatia (light yellow)
Vukovar-Syrmia County (orange)
within Croatia (light yellow)
County seat Vukovar
Government
 • Župan Božo Galić (HDZ)
Area
 • Total 2,448 km2 (945 sq mi)
Elevation 78-224 m (255-734 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 180,117
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Postal code 32xxx
Area code(s) 32
ISO 3166 code HR-16
Vehicle registration VU, VU, ŽU
Website Official site

Vukovar-Syrmia County (Croatian: Vukovarsko-srijemska županija) is the easternmost Croatian county. It includes the eastern parts of Slavonia and western parts of Syrmia regions; but also the lower Sava river basin (Posavina).

County seat is Vukovar, on Danube river; and the biggest town is Vinkovci with 33,328 inhabitants. The whole county has 204,768 inhabitants. Other notable towns include Ilok, Otok and Županja.

Name[edit]

In Serbian Cyrillic, the county is known as Вуковарско-сријемска жупанија,[1][2][3] in Hungarian as Vukovár-Szerém megye, in Slovak as Vukovarsko-sriemska župa, in Bosnian as Vukovarsko-srijemski kanton, and in German Gespanschaft Wukowar-Syrmien.

History[edit]

The area of Vukovar has been inhabited since Neolithic times. It is an exceptionally rich archaeological site, listed among the most important sites of southern Europe. Vukovar was known for its architecture from the 18th century, with covered porticos (arcades) and later historical buildings, until the war in 1991 which resulted in the systematic destruction of the entire town.

Geography[edit]

Vukovar–Syrmia County lies in the far northeastern part of Croatia, in the regions of eastern Slavonia and west Syrmia. Total area of the county is 2,488 km2. Two major rivers run through the county, the Danube and the Sava, and two smaller rivers, the Bosut and the Vuka. The Bosut is a tributary of the Sava river, while the Vuka is a tributary of the Danube. The County's highest point is Čukala, on the Fruška Gora, at 294 meters (965 ft), and its lowest point is on the Spačva River at 78 meters (256 ft). Vukovar–Syrmia County has a moderate continental climate, with a yearly average of 11 °C (52 °F). The County has an average annual rainfall of 650 mm (26 in) in the east, up to 800 mm (31 in) in western parts (25.6 to 31.5 in).

Vukovar–Syrmia County borders Osijek-Baranja County in the northwest, Brod-Posavina County on the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina across the river Sava in the south, and Serbia in the east. The Croatian Government has claims on the Island of Šarengrad and the Island of Vukovar on the Danube river, which are under Serbian control.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1857 86,768 —    
1900 125,569 +44.7%
1931 139,340 +11.0%
1948 152,472 +9.4%
1961 193,224 +26.7%
1971 217,115 +12.4%
1981 223,919 +3.1%
1991 231,241 +3.3%
2001 204,768 −11.4%
2011 180,117 −12.0%
census data [1]

The population of Vukovar–Syrmia County in the 2001 census was 204,768 inhabitants; which make Vukovar–Syrmia County 7th largest county by population in Croatia. Population high was in 1991, when it had 231,241 inhabitants; but due to the Croatian War of Independence in the 1990s, population of the county fell by 11% (26,473 people).[4]

According to the 2001 census, Croats with 160,227 people make up 78.27% of the county's population; while the ethnic Serbs are the largest ethnic minority with 31,644 (15.45%). Other ethnic groups are Hungarians 2,047 (1%), Rusyns 1,796 (0.88%), Slovaks 1,338 (0.65%), Bosniaks 1,138 (0.54%).[5] One third of Serbs (10,412) in the county lives in Vukovar, while municipalities of Borovo, Markušica, Negoslavci and Trpinja, have a Serb majority. The largest Hungarian community is in Tordinci (18% of total population in the municipality), for Rusyns is Bogdanovci (23%), and for Bosniaks is Gunja (14%); while 78% of total Slovak population in the county lives in Ilok.

Minority populations[edit]

Serbs form majority of population in municipalities Negoslavci-97,19%, Markušica-90,10% (Gaboš, Karadžićevo, Ostrovo, Podrinje), Trpinja-89,75% (Bobota, Bršadin, Pačetin, Vera, Ludvinci) and Borovo-89,73%. Outside of these municipalities Serbs form majority in villages Banovci, Vinkovački Banovci, Orolik, Srijemske Laze and Mlaka Antinska. Serbian minority communities live in Vukovar, Mirkovci, Tovarnik, Stari Jankovci, Novi Jankovci, Ilok, Bogdanovci, Tompojevci and Vinkovci. In the town of Vukovar, in the municipalities of Negoslavci, Markušica, Trpinja and Borovo, and in the villages of Banovci and Vinkovački Banovci, Serbian language (and the Serbian Cyrillic script) is in official use as a minority language.[6][7]

There are 12 elementary schools with 8 additional brunch schools and 4 secondary schools in Vukovar-Syrmia County that offer education in Serbian language.[8] Many Serbian minority organizations have headquarters in Vukovar-Syrmia County. Among them are Joint Council of Municipalities, Association for Serbian language and literature in the Republic of Croatia, Independent Democratic Serb Party, Party of Danube Serbs as well as the seat of the Consulate General of Republic of Serbia in Vukovar.

There is an elementary school in Korog (near Vinkovci) that offers education in the Hungarian language.[9]

The oldest mosque in Croatia in continuous use is located in the village of Gunja in Vukovar-Syrmia County, which serves the local Muslim population

Towns and municipalities[edit]

County map with municipalities
changes in population by municipalities in census of 2011 in comparison to the 2001 census

Vukovar-Syrmia county has 85 settlements, and it is divided into 5 towns and 26 municipalities.

Town (bold) / Municipality Area (km²) Population
(2001 census)
Population
(2011 census)
Settlements (beside the seat of town/municipality)[10]
Vukovar 98.78 31,670 28,016 Lipovača, Sotin
Vinkovci 94.21 35,921 35,375 Mirkovci
Županja 90.14 13,774 12,185
Ilok 128.92 8,351 6,750 Bapska, Mohovo, Šarengrad
Otok 136.15 7,755 6,366 Komletinci
Andrijaševci 39.62 4,249 4,122 Rokovci
Babina Greda 79.51 4,262 3,585
Bogdanovci 51.76 2,366 1,957 Petrovci, Svinjarevci
Borovo 28.13 5,360 5,133
Bošnjaci 94.96 4,653 3,869
Cerna 69.26 4,990 4,616 Šiškovci
Drenovci 200.02 7,424 5,109 Đurići, Posavski Podgajci, Račinovci, Rajevo Selo
Gradište 57.56 3,382 2,769
Gunja 31.06 5,033 3,707
Ivankovo 103.43 8,676 7,977 Prkovci, Retkovci
Jarmina 12.94 2,627 2,435
Lovas 42.52 1,579 1,217 Opatovac
Markušica 73.44 3,053 2,576 Gaboš, Karadžićevo, Ostrovo, Podrinje
Negoslavci 21.21 1,466 1,472
Nijemci 224.68 5,998 4,715 Apševci, Banovci, Donje Novo Selo, Đeletovci, Lipovac, Podgrađe, Vinkovački Banovci
Nuštar 43.33 5,862 5,772 Cerić, Marinci
Privlaka 52.41 3,776 2,962
Stari Jankovci 95.16 5,216 4,404 Novi Jankovci, Orolik, Slakovci, Srijemske Laze
Stari Mikanovci 54.50 3,387 2,945 Novi Mikanovci
Štitar 40.12 2,608 2,108
Tompojevci 72.81 1,999 1,561 Berak, Bokšić, Čakovci, Grabovo, Mikluševci
Tordinci 50.17 2,251 2,047 Antin, Korođ, Mlaka Antinska
Tovarnik 64.56 3,335 2,792 Ilača
Trpinja 123.87 6,466 5,680 Bobota, Bršadin, Ćelija, Ludvinci, Pačetin, Vera
Vođinci 21.26 2,113 1,957
Vrbanja 191.00 5,174 3,938 Soljani, Strošinci
Total (5+26) 2,448.00 204,768 180.117 54 settlements

County government[edit]

Current leadership:

  • Župan (prefect): Božo Galić (HDZ)
  • Deputy župan: Antun Žagar (HSP)
  • Deputy župan: Petar Kulić (DC)
  • Deputy župan: Jovan Ajduković (SDSS)

The county assembly is composed of 41 representatives, presided by Mato Stojanović (HSLS) and composed as follows:

Based on election results in 2005.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://backapalanka.rs/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=447:---------cycling-danube&catid=61:2009-04-03-11-46-14&Itemid=356
  2. ^ http://www.sid.rs/index.php?limitstart=36&lang=sr
  3. ^ http://www.starapazova.eu/en/Informations/%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8/1306-%D0%9F%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D1%81%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B4%D1%9A%D0%B0-%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5-%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B5-%D1%81%D0%B0-%D0%A5%D1%80%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BC.html
  4. ^ Basic information about the county (Croatian)
  5. ^ 12. Stanovništvo prema narodnosti, po gradovima/općinama, popis 2001. (Croatian)
  6. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  7. ^ "Registar Geografskih Imena Nacionalnih Manjina Republike Hrvatske" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  8. ^ Popis osnovnih i srednjih škola s nastavom na jeziku i pismu nacionalnih manjina po modelu A, školska godina 2011./2012., Ministarstvo znanosti obrazovanja i sporta
  9. ^ Popis osnovnih i srednjih škola s nastavom na jeziku i pismu nacionalnih manjina po modelu A, školska godina 2011./2012., Ministarstvo znanosti obrazovanja i sporta
  10. ^ List of towns and municipalities in the county published by Narodne Novine

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°13′43″N 18°55′00″E / 45.22861°N 18.91667°E / 45.22861; 18.91667