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|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Vuyyuru is a village in Vuyyuru mandal, located in district of Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the National Highway 9, about 25 km south of Vijayawada and 38 km north of Machilipatnam.
As of 2011[update] Census of India, the town had a population of 46,490. The total population constitutes 23,312 males and 23,178 females —a sex ratio of 994 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 4,332 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,151 are boys and 2,181 are girls—a ratio of 1014 per 1000. The town's average literacy rate stands at 81.87% with 34,513 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
Vuyyuru's economy is based on agriculture, mainly rice and sugar cane. The land is very fertile, and irrigation canals which draw water from the Krishna River crisscross the area. Drinking water is not scarce. A small dam and bridge were constructed during the British period on the main canal in the town. This bridge served the locals for more than a century, and was later rebuilt.[when?]
Prior to the construction of the KCP sugar factory in 1941, irrigation facilities were limited. KCP has a processing capacity 8500 TCD,[clarification needed] and is one of the largest sugar factories in the country and also one among the most modern. KCP has a cogeneration plant which produces 15 MW of power per day.
Previously, Vuyyuru was an assembly constituency. But after the reorganization,[which?] it is now a part of the Penamaluru assembly constituency. Even though the town attained the status to be a municipality when the population reached 25,000 in the mid-1980s, it was not until December 2011, with a population of 40,000, that it became a municipality.[clarification needed]
The Government General Hospital is located in Katuru Road. There are two charity-funded hospitals. The CBM Bethel Hospital was established during British rule. The Rotary Eye Hospital is funded by KCP sugar factory and local residents. It is located 2 kilometres away from Vuyyuru. There are several private hospitals with basic amenities. Vuyyuru is the medical centre for the neighbouring villages and also towns in Penamaluru Mandal.
There is no train or air service to Vuyyuru directly. The nearest railway stations are Vijayawada railway station and Gudiwada railway station, both of which are about 26 km away. The nearest airport is Vijayawada Airport near Gannavaram, which is about 25 km away. The government-owned bus service, APSRTC, established a bus stand and bus depot in 1987. The bus depot closed in 2007, as the route was losing money. In March 2010 the depot was reopened, offering JNNURM buses to Vijayawada and eventually other services.
Vuyyuru hosts many educational institutions. Siddartha A.G. & S.G.S. College of Arts and Science is a government college affiliated with Krishna University, offering intermediate, degree, and post-graduation courses. Sri Srinivasa Institutions, managed by Paruchuri Srinivas Rao, is a private college which offers K.G. to P.G.[clarification needed] courses. Narayana Institutions has started a College for Intermediate & Sai Krishna college for intermediate in collaboration with Flora Public School's management.
There are many schools in Vuyyuru. VRKM High school (supported partly by KCP Sugar factory) was, produced many engineers and doctors serving in India and abroad. Other schools include Vijayawada 's Ravindra Bharathi School, Sri Viswasanthi School, Vuyyuru Public School, Flora Public School & etc. These schools offer day and residential studies from nursery to 10th standard. There are 3 government schools located in Vuyyuru: Zilla Praja Parishad School; CBM Girls' School (supported partly by Baptist missionaries); and a ladies hostel for socially backward children.
Some notable personalities from Vuyyuru are:
- Kakani Venkata Ratnam – (a.k.a. Veera Kakani, Vukku Kakani) A minister in the cabinets of Kasu Brahmananda Reddy and P. V. Narasimha Rao; Leader of Jai Andhra Movement
- "Elevation for Vuyyuru". Veloroutes. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 17. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 29 August 2014.