R-33 (missile)

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R-33
[R-33 on MiG-31 at Zhukovski, 1999]
R-33 on MiG-31 at Zhukovski, 1999
Type Long Range air-to-air missile
Specifications
Weight 490 kg (1,080 lb)
Length 4.15 m (13 ft 7 in)
Diameter 380 mm (15 in)
Warhead 47.5 kg (104 lb)

Wingspan 1.16 m (3 ft 8 in)
Operational
range
160 km (R-33),[1]
Speed Mach 4.5[1]
Guidance
system
inertial and semi-active radar homing

The R-33 (Russian: Вымпел Р-33, NATO reporting name: AA-9 Amos) is a long-range air-to-air missile developed by the Vympel. It is the primary armament of the MiG-31 interceptor, intended to attack large high-speed targets such as the SR-71 Blackbird, the B-1 Lancer bomber, and the B-52 Stratofortress.

Generally similar to the U.S. Navy's retired AIM-54 Phoenix, it uses a combination of semi-active radar homing for initial acquisition and mid-course updates, and inertial navigation to reach the target at extreme range. The Zaslon phased array radar of MiG-31 allows four missiles to be guided simultaneously at separate targets.

The R-33 AAM remains in service with the CIS and Russian forces (See MiG-31 operators).

Variant[edit]

R-33
Standard type.
R-33E
Export version.
R-33S
Improved version.

R-37[edit]

Main article: R-37 (missile)

A governmental decision of 8 April 1983 authorized the development of K-37 (izdeliye 610, upgraded version of R-33) for the MiG-31M. The first flight of MiG-31M №0151 was on 21 December 1985. The first launches of K-37 were performed from MiG-31M in 1988. The tests were continued up to 1997.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gordon, Yefim (2004). Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1. 

External links[edit]