Vytegra

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For other uses of "Vytegra", see Vytegra (disambiguation).
Vytegra (English)
Вытегра (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
RU Vytegra Townview.JPG
View of Vytegra
Map of Russia - Vologda Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Vologda Oblast in Russia
Vytegra is located in Vologda Oblast
Vytegra
Vytegra
Location of Vytegra in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 61°00′N 36°27′E / 61.000°N 36.450°E / 61.000; 36.450Coordinates: 61°00′N 36°27′E / 61.000°N 36.450°E / 61.000; 36.450
Coat of Arms of Vytegra (Vologda oblast) (1781).png
Flag of Vytegra (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative district Vytegorsky District[1]
Town of district significance Vytegra[2]
Administrative center of Vytegorsky District,[1] town of district significance of Vytegra[2]
Municipal status (as of May 2013)
Municipal district Vytegorsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Vytegra Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Vytegorsky Municipal District,[3] Vytegra Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 10,488 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
First mentioned 1496[6]
Town status since 1773[7]
Previous names Vytegorsky Pogost (until 1710),[6]
Vyangi (until 1773)[7]
Postal code(s)[8] 162900, 162969
Vytegra on WikiCommons

Vytegra (Russian: Вы́тегра) is a town and the administrative center of Vytegorsky District in Vologda Oblast, Russia, located along the shores of the Vytegra River on Volga–Baltic Waterway, 820 kilometers (510 mi) northwest of Vologda, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 10,488 (2010 Census);[4] 11,400 (2002 Census);[9] 12,905 (1989 Census).[10]

History[edit]

It was first mentioned in 1496 as Vytegorsky Pogost (Вытегорский Погост).[6] Since 1710, it was known as Vyangi (Вянги),[6] located at the confluence of the Vytegra and the Vyangi Rivers.[citation needed]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Vyangi was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known from 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate).[citation needed] In 1715, a shipyard was founded on the Vytegra River upstream from Vyangi, which remained in operation until 1847.[7]

In 1773, Vyangi was chartered and renamed Vytegra[7] and in 1776 Vytegorsky Uyezd was established as one of the uyezds of Olonets Province in the newly established Novgorod Viceroyalty.[11] A sequence of administrative reforms followed. In 1781, Olonets Oblast was transferred to Saint Petersburg Governorate,[11] and in 1784, it was transformed into an independent administrative unit, Olonets Viceroyalty.[citation needed] In 1785, Vytegorsky Uyezd was abolished and merged into Pudozhsky Uyezd.[citation needed] In 1799, Olonets Viveroyalty was abolished and divided between Novgorod and Arkhangelsk Governorates.[citation needed] Vytegorsky Uyezd returned to Novgorod Governorate.[11] In 1801, Olonets Governorate was established, and Vytegorsky Uyezd became one of its several uyezds.[11]

In 1922, Olonets Governorate was abolished and Vytegra was transferred to Petrograd Governorate (later Leningrad Oblast).[12] On August 1, 1927, the uyezds in Leningrad Oblast were abolished and Vytegorsky District with the administrative center in Vytegra was established as a part of Lodeynoye Pole Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] On September 23, 1937, it was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast.[12]

During World War II, Finnish troops occupied the western part of Oshtinsky District and in October 1941, prepared an advance to Vytegra.[citation needed] The Finnish advance was stopped by the Red Army, but the occupation continued until June 1944.[citation needed] Vytegra was under threat for these two and a half years, but was never occupied.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Vytegra serves as the administrative center of Vytegorsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Vytegorsky District as the town of district significance of Vytegra.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Vytegra is incorporated within Vytegorsky Municipal District as Vytegra Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There is a butter-making, a fish-processing, and an automotive and tractor overhaul and repair plants in the town, as well as several metalworking enterprises.

Transportation[edit]

Located at the crossing of a waterway connecting central Russia with Lake Onega and a road connecting St. Petersburg with Arkhangelsk, Vytegra was an important transit point for cargo.[citation needed] The idea to build a canal connecting the drainage basins of the Neva and the Volga Rivers was already discussed by Peter the Great, but the canal, formerly the Mariinsky System, was only built in 1810.[7] In the 20th century, it was reconstructed and renamed the Volga–Baltic Waterway.[citation needed] The waterway passes through the town, following the course of the Vytegra River. The passenger navigation on Lake Onega, connecting Vytegra with Petrozavodsk, has been discontinued.

Vytegra is a road junction where a partially paved road connecting to Podporozhye in Leningrad Oblast branches off from the highway connecting Vologda with Medvezhyegorsk in the Republic of Karelia via Lipin Bor and Pudozh. There is bus traffic originating from Vytegra.

The Vytegra Airport in 2011 was not served by regular passenger flights.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The Veretennikov House in Vytegra

Vytegra contains three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage by Russian Federal law and additionally sixty-six objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance.[13] The cultural heritage monuments of the federal significance are the remains of the Mariinsky Waterway from the early 19th century.

The Vytegorsky District Museum is located in Vytegra.[14] Another museum in Vytegra is located in the B440 Foxtrot-class submarine.

References[edit]

The Intercession Church in Vytegra, burned down in the 1960s. The photo was made by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky in 1911.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  2. ^ a b c Law #371-OZ
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #1113-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b c d "Вытегорский муниципальный район" (in Russian). Администрация Вытегорского муниципального района. 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 97. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d Snytko, pp. 20–23
  12. ^ a b c "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved December 2, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Вытегорский районный краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1113-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Вытегорского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №3058-ОЗ от 30 мая 2013 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований Вытегорского муниципального района Вологодской области и о внесении изменений в Закон области "Об установлении границ Вытегорского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1113-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Vytegorsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #3058-OZ of May 30, 2013 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations in Vytegorsky Municipal District of Vologda Oblast and on Amending the Law of Vologda Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of Vytegorsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved December 2, 2013.