Władysław Kozakiewicz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Władysław Kozakiewicz
Personal information
Nationality Polish
Born (1953-12-08) 8 December 1953 (age 60)
Šalčininkai, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union
Height 1.87 m (6 ft 1 12 in)
Weight 82 kg (181 lb)
Sport
Country  Poland
Sport Athletics
Event(s) Pole vault
Club Bałtyk Gdynia
Retired 1978
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)
  • Pole vault: 5.78 m (1980)

Władysław Kozakiewicz (born 8 December 1953) is a Polish pole vault jumper, an Olympic champion at the 1980 Summer Olympics.

Biography[edit]

Kozakiewicz was born to a Polish family in Soleczniki (now Šalčininkai, Lithuania) near Wilno (Vilnius, Lithuania), he broke the pole vault jumping world record three times, was European Indoor Champion in 1977 and 1979, Polish Champion ten times, and won a gold medal during the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

Kozakiewicz's gesture[edit]

Kozakiewicz's gesture.[1]

In Poland, the Bras d'honneur became known as "Kozakiewicz's gesture" (gest Kozakiewicza).[2] Kozakiewicz made the gesture on 30 July 1980 to Russian spectators in the stadium during the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. The crowd supporting Soviet jumper Konstantin Volkov booed, hissed, jeered, and whistled during Kozakiewicz's performance. Having just secured his gold medal position, Kozakiewicz made the gesture in defiance to the Soviet crowd. He later confirmed his dominance over the competition by breaking the world record, clearing at 5.78 meters.

The photos of this incident circled the globe, with the exception of the Soviet Union and its satellites, although the event was broadcast live on TV in many countries of the Bloc. While international observers varied in their reaction[citation needed] to the incident, Kozakiewicz's act received much support in Polish society, which resented Soviet control over Eastern Europe (Poland was in the midst of labor strikes that led to the creation of the labor union Solidarity less than two months later). After the 1980 Olympics ended, the Soviet ambassador to Poland demanded that Kozakiewicz be stripped of his medal over his "insult to the Soviet people".[3] The official response of the Polish government was that Kozakiewicz's arm gesture had been an involuntary muscle spasm caused by his exertion.

Now, Kozakiewicz lives in Germany with his wife.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Władysław Kozakiewicz makes a gesture towards booing and jeering Soviet crowds seconds after securing his gold medal in the 1980 Summer Olympics pole vault competition at the Lenin Grand Stadium, 30 July 1980.
  2. ^ "Gest Kozakiewicza" (in italian). sportvintage.it. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Władysław Kozakiewicz - Biography". sports-reference.com. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
United States David Roberts
Men's Pole Vault World Record Holder
11 May 1980 – 29 June 1980
Succeeded by
France Thierry Vigneron
Preceded by
France Philippe Houvion
Men's Pole Vault World Record Holder
30 July 1980 – 20 June 1981
Succeeded by
France Thierry Vigneron
Awards
Preceded by
Poland Jan Jankiewicz
Polish Sportspersonality of the Year
1980
Succeeded by
Poland Janusz Pyciak-Peciak
Sporting positions
Preceded by
United States Dave Roberts
Men's Pole Vault Best Year Performance
1977
Succeeded by
United States Mike Tully
Preceded by
France Patrick Abada
France Philippe Houvion
Men's Pole Vault Best Year Performance
1980
Succeeded by
Soviet Union Vladimir Polyakov