Württemberg-Hohenzollern

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Part of French-administered Germany
State of West Germany

 

1945–1952
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern (bright blue) within the French-administered zone of post-war Germany (pale blue).
Capital Tübingen
Historical era Post-World War II
 -  Established 1945
 -  State of West Germany 23 May 1949
 -  Disestablished 25 April 1952
Area 10,406 km2 (4,018 sq mi)

Württemberg-Hohenzollern was a West German state created in 1945 as part of the French post-World War II occupation zone. Its capital was Tübingen. In 1952, it was merged into the newly founded state of Baden-Württemberg.

History[edit]

Württemberg-Hohenzollern should not be confused with the larger gau ("shire") of the same name that was formed briefly during the Third Reich.

Württemberg-Hohenzollern consisted of the southern half of the former state of Württemberg and the Prussian administrative region of Hohenzollern. The northern half of Württemberg became the state of Württemberg-Baden under US-administration. The division between north and south was set so that the Autobahn connecting Karlsruhe and Munich (today the A8) was completely contained within the American zone.

On 18 May 1947, a new constitution was enacted and Württemberg-Baden's first parliament was elected. With the formation of West Germany on 23 May 1949, Württemberg-Baden joined the federal republic.

A straw poll was held on 24 September 1950 in Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Württemberg-Baden, and Baden regarding a merger of the three states. A public referendum was held on 16 December 1951. All three states were merged and the modern German state of Baden-Württemberg was founded on 25 April 1952.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms used was the arms of the Free People's State of Württemberg of the Weimar Republic.

List of Ministers-President[edit]

  1. 1945–1947: Carlo Schmid (SPD)
  2. 1947–1948: Lorenz Bock (CDU)
  3. 1948–1952: Gebhard Müller (CDU)

Coordinates: 48°31′N 9°3′E / 48.517°N 9.050°E / 48.517; 9.050