WBTV

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This article is about a local television station in Charlotte, North Carolina. For other uses, see WBTV (disambiguation).
WBTV
WBTV logo.png
WBTV-DT2 Bounce Charlotte.png
Charlotte, North Carolina
United States
Branding WBTV (general)
WBTV News 3 (newscasts)
Slogan On Your Side
Channels Digital: 23 (UHF)
Virtual: 3 (PSIP)
Subchannels 3.1 CBS
3.2 Bounce TV
Affiliations CBS
Owner Raycom Media
(WBTV License Subsidiary, LLC)
First air date July 15, 1949; 65 years ago (1949-07-15)
Call letters' meaning An extension of former radio sister station WBT and "Watch Buicks Travel"
Former channel number(s) Analog:
3 (VHF, 1949–2009)
Former affiliations Secondary:
NBC (1949–1957)
ABC (1949–1967)
DuMont (1949–1955)
DT2/3: This TV (2010–2012)
Transmitter power 1,000 kW
Height 565 m
Facility ID 30826
Transmitter coordinates 35°21′51″N 81°11′13″W / 35.36417°N 81.18694°W / 35.36417; -81.18694
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website www.wbtv.com

WBTV, virtual channel 3 (UHF digital channel 23), is a CBS-affiliated television station located in Charlotte, North Carolina, United States. WBTV is one of two flagship stations of owner Raycom Media (the other being WSFA in the company's homebase of Montgomery, Alabama). The station maintains studio facilities located off Morehead Street, just west of Uptown Charlotte, and its transmitter in north-central Gaston County. Syndicated programming on WBTV includes Flip My Food With Chef Jeff, Steve Harvey, and Access Hollywood.

History[edit]

The station first signed on the air on July 15, 1949. When it debuted, WBTV was the 13th television station in the United States[1] and the first in the Carolinas; it is currently the oldest television station located between Richmond and Atlanta. Veteran Charlotte broadcaster Jim Patterson was the first person seen on the station, and remained employed there until his death in 1986. WBTV was originally owned by the Greensboro, North Carolina-based Jefferson Standard Insurance Company, owners of WBT (1110 AM), the city's oldest radio station and the first fully licensed station in the South. Jefferson Standard had purchased WBT from CBS in 1947. Shortly before the television station went on the air, its call letters were modified from WBT-TV to WBTV. Jefferson Standard merged with Pilot Life in 1968 (although it had owned controlling interest since 1945) and became Jefferson-Pilot Corporation. In 1970, the media interests were folded into a new subsidiary, Jefferson-Pilot Communications.

WBTV received one of the last construction permits issued before the Federal Communications Commission's "freeze" on new television licenses, which lasted until the Commission released its Sixth Report and Order in 1952. As such, it was Charlotte's only VHF station for eight years, carrying affiliations with all four major networks of the time – CBS, NBC, ABC and DuMont. However, WBTV has always been a primary CBS affiliate, owing to WBT radio's long affiliation with the CBS Radio Network. It is the only commercial television station in the market that has never changed its affiliation.

Channel 3 had originally operated from a converted radio studio in the Wilder Building, alongside its sister radio station. In 1955, WBT and WBTV moved to a then state-of-the-art facility on a hill atop Morehead Street, where both stations are still based today. The studio address, One Julian Price Place, is named in honor of a longtime Jefferson Standard/Jefferson-Pilot executive.

WBTV's only competition in its early years came from a UHF station on channel 36, known as WAYS-TV and then WQMC-TV, which broadcast briefly from 1953 to 1955. It was nominally an NBC affiliate, sharing a secondary ABC affiliation with channel 3. However, channel 36's signal was severely weak, and NBC continued to allow WBTV to cherry-pick its stronger programming. Channel 36 went dark in March 1955, and DuMont shut down roughly a year later in August 1956. The three remaining networks continued to have some of their programming shoehorned on channel 3 for over a year until Charlotte's second VHF station, WSOC-TV (channel 9), took the NBC affiliation when it signed on in April 1957. Channel 36 returned to the air in November 1964 as WCCB (later moving to channel 18 in November 1966), carrying certain CBS programs that WBTV turned down in order to carry ABC programs. ABC programming continued to be split among the three stations until 1967, when WCCB became a full-time ABC affiliate.

WBTV's transmitter tower in north-central Gaston County.

From 1958 to 1974, WBTV's studio facilities served as the home for Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling telecasts. Since its completion in 1984, WBTV's signal has been transmitted from a 2,000 feet (610 m) high guy-wired aerial mast transmitter tower located in north-central Gaston County, North Carolina, which is also shared with former radio sister WBT.

When WAGA-TV in Atlanta, which signed on the air four months before WBTV, switched to Fox in December 1994, WBTV became the longest-tenured CBS affiliate located south of Washington, D.C. WFMY-TV in Greensboro, the second-oldest station in the Carolinas, is the network's second-longest tenured affiliate south of the capital; it signed on three months after WBTV. Two years later, after KPIX-TV in San Francisco became a CBS owned-and-operated station (due to owner Westinghouse Electric Corporation's merger with CBS), WBTV became the second longest-tenured affiliate that was not owned by the network, behind only Washington's WUSA.

Over the years, Jefferson Standard/Jefferson-Pilot acquired several other radio and television stations across the country, with WBTV serving as the company's flagship station. In 2006, Jefferson-Pilot merged with the Philadelphia-based Lincoln National Corporation. Lincoln Financial retained Jefferson-Pilot's broadcasting division, which was renamed Lincoln Financial Media, with WBTV retaining its status as the flagship station.[2]

Sale to Raycom Media[edit]

On November 12, 2007, Lincoln Financial announced its intention to sell WBTV, sister stations WWBT in Richmond and WCSC-TV in Charleston, South Carolina and Lincoln Financial Sports, to Raycom Media for $583 million. Lincoln Financial also sold its Charlotte radio stations to Braintree, Massachusetts-based Greater Media, effectively breaking up Charlotte's last co-owned radio/television station combination.[2] According to Charlotte Observer TV critic Mark Washburn, the reasoning behind the sale was that Lincoln Financial was never really able to integrate its broadcast properties with the rest of the company's assets, and had decided to sell them as soon as possible. WBT-AM-FM and WLNK continue to share the Julian Price Place facility with WBTV.[3] The sale of the radio stations was finalized on January 31, 2008. Following the separation of WBTV from the WBT stations, the station retained a news partnership with the former sister radio properties.

The FCC approved the sale of WBTV on March 25, 2008, and Raycom formally took control of the station on April 1.[4] With the purchase, WBTV became Raycom's second-largest station by market size, behind the Cleveland, Ohio duopoly of WOIO and WUAB. Since Raycom Sports is headquartered in Charlotte, WBTV has a very important role in Raycom Media's operations, and now shares flagship status with NBC affiliate WSFA, located in the company's homebase of Montgomery, Alabama.

In early 2008, Raycom Sports and Lincoln Financial Sports officially merged under the Raycom Sports banner. The merger coincided with the start of the 2008 Atlantic Coast Conference basketball season. WBTV has served as Charlotte's home station for ACC sporting events since C.D. Chesley piped in North Carolina's historic win in the 1957 NCAA tournament to channel 3 and several other television stations in the state. Raycom had produced ACC basketball games in partnership with Jefferson-Pilot/Lincoln Financial since 1982. The partnership was extended to football in 2004; Jefferson-Pilot/Lincoln Financial had been the sole producer of ACC football telecasts since 1984.

In mid-May 2008, the former Jefferson-Pilot/Lincoln Financial stations launched redesigned websites, powered by the Local Media network division of WorldNow (which operates nearly all of the websites of Raycom's stations), assuming web platform operations from Broadcast Interactive Media. However, WBTV and WWBT retain their Jefferson-Pilot/Lincoln Financial-era logos and branding (WCSC has since changed its logo and graphics, following its switch to high definition newscasts).

On November 15, 2013, both WBTV and WBT were dedicated with a North Carolina historical marker at the corner of Tryon and Third Streets (reading "WBT/WBTV - Oldest broadcast stations in North Carolina established 1922. WBT radio long hosted live country music. WBTV sign-on, July 15, 1949. Studios here until 1955"). The Wilder Building, which was demolished in 1983, served as WBTV's studio facilities from 1949 to 1955.[5][6]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[7]
3.1 1080i 16:9 WBTV-DT Main WBTV programming / CBS
3.2 480i 4:3 Bounce Bounce TV

WBTV had previously carried a standard-definition simulcast of the station's main channel on its second digital subchannel. On July 12, 2010, the simulcast was replaced with This TV. WBTV's weather radar was previously shown on its third subchannel, but the subchannel itself was removed prior to the digital transition. The third subchannel resumed operations upon the launch of Bounce TV on September 26, 2011. On January 1, 2012, WBTV switched the subchannels for This TV and Bounce TV, due to a contractual obligation to carry Bounce TV on the station's second subchannel.[8] On April 1, the third subchannel (This TV) was once again removed to make room for WBTV's mobile DTV service.[9]

Mobile DTV channel[edit]

Channel PSIP Short Name Programming
3.1 WBTV MH1 Mobile DTV simulcast of WBTV-DT1

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

WBTV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 3, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 23.[10] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 3.

Programming[edit]

For many years, WBTV was one of the country's most dominant television stations. This was in part due to being the only reliably viewable station in town for nine years, as well as the station's long tradition of strong local news coverage. In fact, its dominance was so absolute that it was once said the dials of most Charlotteans' television sets were "rusted on channel 3."[11] To this day, WBTV has been one of CBS's strongest affiliates.

The station claims credit for a number of television "firsts", among them being the construction of the first building in the United States built specifically for color television broadcasting. WBTV also claims to have been the first station in the world to record and rebroadcast programs on color videotape; to use a live camera and microwave relay inside a race car; and to have a fully computerized news operation. It claims to have been the first station in the country to develop computerized election return projections, to broadcast the "Extravision" teletext service, and to produce a local newscast for a PBS member station (WTVI, channel 42). It claims to be the first station in the Southern U.S. to air color test patterns and color ID slides. WBTV was granted the first full-power construction permit for a digital television signal in the United States in 1998, which went on the air that year operating at 1 million watts –[12] equivalent to 5 million watts for an analog transmitter.

A much-remembered women's/homemaker's show, "The Betty Feezor Show", aired on channel 3 from the 1950s until 1977. Feezor gave viewers tips on cooking, sewing, floral arranging, and other topics of interest to housewives and mothers. In 1965, the show was the third most-watched women's program in the United States.[12] Feezor's show was also carried on Richmond sister station WWBT after Jefferson-Pilot bought the station in 1968. Feezor retired in 1977 due to a brain tumor, an illness from which she died in 1978.

"The Betty Feezor Show" was replaced by an hour-long midday news and variety show, "Top O' the Day." Segments on the program included "On The Square," in which Doug Mayes solicited opinions from various Charlotte-area residents about current news topics, as well as C.J. Underwood's "Down Home With The Carolina Camera," where otherwise unknown or low-profile Carolinians were temporarily given celebrity status for their whimsical talents, novel collections, or for the way they impacted their communities. For its first five years, the show aired for one hour at 12:00 p.m., pre-empting The Young and the Restless; it shifted a half-hour earlier, running from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., in 1982. WBTV aired the The Price Is Right on one-day delay before "Top O' the Day," preempting whatever game show CBS aired at 10:30. As a result, Child's Play, Press Your Luck, Card Sharks, Now You See It never aired on WBTV. The station didn't air the CBS version of Wheel of Fortune until late in that show's run. For many years, WBTV occasionally preempted some of CBS' Saturday morning cartoons as well. However, area viewers could watch those preempted shows on WSPA-TV in Spartanburg or WFMY through a strong antenna (WFMY and WSPA were and still are available on some cable systems in the Charlotte market). "Top O' the Day" ended in 1992, and was replaced by a conventional half-hour noon newscast.

Since the early 1990s, WBTV has generally cleared most of the CBS programming schedule in pattern, with the exception of ACC football and basketball games from Raycom Sports. For many years, WBTV aired Face the Nation on Sundays at 11:30 a.m.; most CBS affiliates in the Eastern Time Zone air it at 10:30 a.m. However, WBTV moved the show to 10:30 a.m. a few weeks after it was permanently expanded to an hour in 2012.

WBTV gained a major ratings windfall in 1981-82, when CBS won the television rights to the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. Due to North Carolina's status as a college basketball hotbed and local teams North Carolina and Duke being mainstays in the tournament, NCAA tournament games are consistently among the highest-rated programs in the market during playoff season. In 2008, for instance, NCAA games on WBTV attracted a 13.4 rating and a 24 share, the third-highest in the nation (behind only WLKY-TV in Louisville and WREG-TV in Memphis).[13]

The popularity of a series of specials commemorating the station's 25th anniversary in 1974 led to a long-running program, "Those Were the Years," hosted by Mike McKay and featuring episodes of classic television shows such as Dragnet, You Bet Your Life and Alfred Hitchcock Presents. It was seen for several years at 11:30 p.m. on Fridays, pre-empting the CBS late-night shows which competed poorly against The Tonight Show.

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, WBTV aired a Sunday morning program that featured singing cowboy Fred Kirby and his sidekick "Uncle Jim" (played by Jim Patterson). The show was known at various times as Tiny Town, Whistle Stop, Fred Kirby's Little Rascals and Kirby's Corral. Giving the "hi-sign" to his young fans, Kirby was a fixture for many years at the western-themed park Tweetsie Railroad in Blowing Rock (an hour northwest of Charlotte). In addition to Fred and Uncle Jim, viewers were treated to classic episodes of The Little Rascals (Hal Roach's Our Gang) as well as frequent appearances by the local bluegrass band The Br'arhoppers. Patterson was killed in a single-car accident in Charlotte in 1986; Kirby died in 1996 at age 85.

Since December 1982, WBTV has been the flagship station of syndicated over-the-air coverage of Atlantic Coast Conference sports. Then-owner Jefferson-Pilot took over coverage of men's basketball from longtime producer C. D. Chesley in 1982 in partnership with Raycom, and became the sole producer of ACC football in 1984. Those rights passed to Lincoln Financial after its merger with Jefferson-Pilot in 2006. Both have been produced by Raycom Sports after their acquisition of Lincoln Financial’s sports division during the 2007-2008 season. Most ACC games that not televised by WBTV air on either WJZY (channel 46) or WMYT-TV (channel 55). Raycom Sports still produces the ACC syndication package under the banner, “ACC Network.” Raycom Sports still has rights to the ACC until at least the 2026-27 season.[14]

News operation[edit]

WBTV newscast title card.

WBTV presently broadcasts 38½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 6½ hours on weekdays, and three hours each on Saturdays and Sundays); in addition, the station produces an additional 15 hours of newscasts each week for its Bounce TV-affiliated second digital subchannel (in the form of a two-hour extension of WBTV's weekday morning newscast and an hour-long 8 p.m. newscast).

For most of its first 30 years on the air, WBTV's newscasts dominated the Nielsen ratings in the Charlotte market. In addition to its legacy as the state's first television station, it also benefited from its ties to WBT, one of the most respected radio news operations in the Southeastern United States. Channel 3 did not face a serious challenge by any other news-producing station in the market until 1981. That year, Doug Mayes, the station's main anchorman since it began producing daily newscasts in 1952, jumped to WSOC-TV. Mayes said years later that channel 9 offered him a deal that was too lucrative for him to resist, considering that he had kids in college.[15] Jefferson-Pilot management, who only a few years earlier had touted Mayes as part of the station's campaign, "Turn to People You Know," wanted to make its newscasts appeal to a younger audience and made little effort to retain him. Within a few months, WBTV's late-evening newscast lost the lead at 11 p.m. to channel 9, and it would not regain first place in that timeslot until 2004. WSOC-TV gained a large lead in ratings for most other news timeslots beginning in 1990. WBTV returned to a strong position in the late 1990s, culminating in wrestling the #1 spot at noon in 1998 from WSOC-TV. The two stations have gone back and forth at first place in most timeslots since then. During the July 2013 ratings period, WBTV took the lead at noon and 11 p.m., while WSOC led at all other news timeslots.[16] Soon after Raycom took control of the station, WBTV began airing local newscasts and CBS programs in high definition.

Diana Williams (now at WABC-TV in New York City) served as an anchor at WBTV during the early 1980s; she was succeeded as the station's main female anchor by Sara James (now a reporter for Dateline NBC). Following the 2005 retirement of longtime WSOC anchorman Bill Walker, WBTV has billed lead anchor Paul Cameron as "The Voice of Experience." Cameron joined WBTV in 1981 as the station's sports director, and then succeeded longtime anchor Bob Inman upon his retirement in 1996. He is only the third main anchor in the station's history, following Mayes and Inman. Prior to joining, evening anchor Maureen O'Boyle, a Charlotte native and graduate of West Charlotte High School, served as anchor of the syndicated newsmagazines A Current Affair and Extra. Morning and midday anchor John Carter formerly served as a North Carolina state senator prior to joining the station. Other notable on-air personalities include Western bureau chief Steve Ohnesorge, who started as a photographer at WBTV in 1975.

In 1994, WBTV entered into a news share agreement to produce a 10:00 p.m. newscast for then-independent station WJZY; the newscast later moved to PBS member station WTVI, before returning to WJZY in 2003 and then to that station's duopoly partner, MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYT-TV in April 2012. Following Fox's purchase of WJZY and WMYT, the WBTV-produced newscast returned to WJZY when it became the market's Fox owned-and-operated station on July 1, 2013, which continued to air until the station launched its own news department (and hour-long 10:00 p.m. newscast) on January 1, 2014.[17] It placed third among local newscasts during the July 2013 ratings period, behind the WSOC-produced newscast on WAXN, and WCCB's in-house newscast.[16]

In September 2010, WBTV debuted an hour-long 4 p.m. newscast, which competes with what at the time was a half-hour newscast (which has since expanded to one hour) on WCNC-TV.[18] On January 22, 2014, WBTV began producing a two-hour extension of its weekday morning newscast, airing from 7:00-9:00 a.m. as well as an hour-long primetime newscast at 8:00 p.m. for WBTV-DT2.[19]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

Out-of-market cable carriage[edit]

In recent years, WBTV has been carried on cable in several areas outside of the Charlotte television market, including cable systems within the adjacent Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point and Asheville, North Carolina markets in North Carolina and South Carolina, and the Tri-Cities market in Tennessee.[21]

During the 1970s and 1980s, WBTV was once carried on CATV systems in Brevard and Moore County in North Carolina, and in Bennettsville, Hartsville and Greenwood in South Carolina.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wbtv.com/story/19038282/wbtvs-anniversary?clienttype=printable
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Charlotte Observer | 17 November 2007 | Old TV-radio couple breaking up
  4. ^ Washburn, Mark. Raycom installs new GM at WBTV. Charlotte Observer, 2008-04-02.
  5. ^ "State dedicates historic marker to memorialize NC's oldest broadcast station". Charlotte, NC: WBTV. November 15, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  6. ^ Washburn, Mark (November 15, 2013). "Historical marker spotlights Wilder Building, broadcasting's Charlotte birthplace". Charlotte, NC: Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  7. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WBTV
  8. ^ http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?p=21444842
  9. ^ http://www.avsforum.com/avs-vb/showthread.php?p=21869197
  10. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  11. ^ http://bcyesteryear.com/node/69
  12. ^ a b http://www.wbtv.com/Global/story.asp?S=10534472
  13. ^ Louisville No. 1 in basketball TV ratings. The Courier-Journal, 2008-04-06.
  14. ^ http://raycomsports.com/
  15. ^ http://www.wbtv.com/story/23547364/doug-mayes-returnsto-wbtv-tonight-at-11
  16. ^ a b http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2013/08/09/4223425/about-140000-lose-wbtv-in-dish.html
  17. ^ http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2013/06/13/4104671/a-new-radio-generation-at-cbs.html
  18. ^ http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2010/06/12/1494501/more-news-shows-coming-in-the.html
  19. ^ Channel 3 to add newscasts to Bounce channel, Charlotte Observer, January 3, 2014.
  20. ^ "Lori Stokes bio". Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  21. ^ http://svtvstations.webs.com/svtvstations.htm
  22. ^ http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/coals7/forms/search/cableSearchNf.cfm

External links[edit]