|Suring/Green Bay, Wisconsin
|City of license||Suring, Wisconsin|
|Slogan||TV Now (adapted from network's national slogan)|
|Channels||Digital: 21 (UHF)
Virtual: 14 (PSIP)
|Subchannels||14.1 The CW|
|Affiliations||The CW (2006-present)|
(sale pending to either Media General or another buyer to be determined)
(LIN of Wisconsin, LLC)
|First air date||February 22, 1984|
|Call letters' meaning||Wisconsin's CW Fourteen|
|Former callsigns||WSCO (1984–1998)
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
14 (UHF, 1984–2009)
|Former affiliations||Religious/WVCY-TV (1984–1987, 1993–1997)
Pax TV (primary 1998–1999, secondary 1999–2005)
The WB (1999–2006)
UPN (September 2006, temporary CW transitional)
|Transmitter power||800 kW|
WCWF, virtual channel 14 (UHF digital channel 21), is a CW-affiliated television station located in Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States that is licensed to Suring. The station is owned by LIN Media, as part of a duopoly with Fox affiliate WLUK-TV (channel 11). The two stations share studios located on Lombardi Avenue (U.S. Business Highway 41) in Green Bay, WCWF's transmitter is located in Glenmore.
The station launched on February 22, 1984 as religious independent station WSCO-TV, under the ownership of Northeastern Wisconsin Christian Television Incorporated. The station's former analog transmitter was located outside of the unincorporated Oconto County community of Krakow, four miles north of Pulaski on WIS 32. Financial problems would force the station off the air by 1987; VCY America would purchase the station's license that year and return it to the air by 1993 as a sister station to Milwaukee's WVCY-TV with religious and home shopping programming. On April 30, 1997, Paxson Communications purchased the station and converted it to a paid programming format under Paxson's inTV service. In August 1998, WSCO became a charter owned-and-operated station of Pax TV under the new call sign WPXG (for "Paxson Green Bay").
On June 2, 1999, Paxon sold WPXG to ACME Communications; the station immediately became a primary WB affiliate and changed its call sign to WIWB, originally branded as "WB 14" and later "Wisconsin's WB". Before it joined the network, WB programming in Northeastern Wisconsin was previously seen either through cable providers that carried WGN and/or Milwaukee's WVTV or during off hours on UPN affiliate WACY-TV (channel 32; Kids' WB programming aired as part of WACY's children's lineup). WIWB also continued to air Pax programming in the mornings, overnights and weekends for a few years after ACME's purchase was finalized; it would drop that network by 2004, at which time the station's programming lineup adopted a more general entertainment format that was heavily reliant on sitcom reruns and court shows, in addition to WB programming.
On January 24, 2006, the Warner Bros. unit of Time Warner and CBS Corporation announced that the two companies would shut down The WB and UPN and combine the networks' respective programming to create a new "fifth" network called The CW. On March 9, 2006, ACME Communications announced that WIWB would become Green Bay's CW affiliate. The station officially joined the network upon its September 18, 2006 launch. Prior to that date, it temporarily carried not only WB programs, but also shows from UPN after its Green Bay affiliate WACY-TV dropped UPN before that network's closure to join MyNetworkTV.
On June 4, 2010, LIN TV Corporation, owner of Green Bay's Fox affiliate WLUK-TV, as part of an agreement with ACME Communications in three markets where both companies owned stations, announced that it would begin to operate WIWB through separate shared services and joint sales agreements; WLUK would provide WIWB with technical, engineering, promotional, administrative and other operational support services, as well as joint advertising sales for the two stations. As part of its agreements with ACME, LIN TV had the option to purchase WIWB, an option it exercised in September 2010, purchasing not only WIWB but another CW station in a similar arrangement, Dayton, Ohio's WBDT. LIN TV included in its license transfer request to the Federal Communications Commission a "failing station waiver," an indication that the station was in an economically non-viable position and that FCC should relax ownership limits that apply to the Green Bay market (CFR§73.3555(b)(2) of the FCC's rules) – which permits a duopoly in markets with fewer than the eight full-power stations (of which Green Bay has only seven) allowed to require a duopoly in other markets – so that channel 14 could stay on the air (Journal Communications would take this same route in 2012 in purchasing WACY-TV, which has been operated through Journal-owned WGBA-TV, channel 26, since 1994).
In April 2011, the FCC approved the ownership transfer of WCWF from ACME to LIN TV, also applying the requested failing station waiver. Additionally, the FCC denied a petition from Time Warner Cable, the dominant cable provider in Northeast Wisconsin; the FCC dismissed as speculative TWC's claims that that higher retransmission fees for WCWF, when paired with those for WLUK, would result from LIN TV's purchase of the station, and that LIN's collective retransmission plans for both stations did not violate FCC rules. On May 20, 2011, WCWF sale was consummated.
Almost immediately after taking control of WIWB, LIN TV would make changes at the station, starting with relocating its operations from the Parkview Plaza strip mall in suburban Ashwaubenon to WLUK's studios on Lombardi Avenue. During August and September 2010, the station would undergo changes in both on-air branding (from "Wisconsin's CW" to "CW14") and call sign (from WIWB to WCWF). Also in the fall of 2010, WCWF would upgrade syndicated programming to high-definition (which already occurs on WLUK), while both WCWF and WLUK would begin hourly cross-promotions of each other's programming. In mid-November 2010, WCWF's website was switched from being managed by ACME's webhost, Desert Bloom Productions, to LIN Media Interactive (LIN Media's branding for EndPlay, formerly Fox Interactive Media).
On March 21, 2014, LIN Media entered into an agremeent to merge with Media General in a $1.6 billion deal. Because Media General already owns ABC affiliate WBAY-TV (channel 2; which was acquired in 2013 as part of Media General's merger with Young Broadcasting), the companies will sell either WLUK or WBAY-TV to another station owner in order to comply with FCC ownership rules as well as planned changes to those rules regarding same-market television stations which would prohibit sharing agreements. WCWF may also either be retained by Media General to form a new duopoly with WBAY (which may require a new failing station waiver) or remain part of the existing duopoly with WLUK should the two stations be kept or sold off.
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|14.1||1080i||16:9||WCWF-HD||Main WCWF programming / The CW|
On December 12, 2008, the station replaced its digital transmitter antenna due to a wavering signal and recommended that viewers perform a channel rescan to restore the WIWB's digital signal if they lost reception. WCWF (as WIWB) shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 14, on February 17, 2009, the original date in which full-power television stations in the United States were to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate (which was later pushed back to June 12). The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 21. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 14.
As part of the SAFER Act, WCWF kept its analog signal on the air until March 4 to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements from the National Association of Broadcasters. On May 6, 2009 due to the station's close proximity to the Canadian border, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission issued a conditional approval of WIWB's construction permit to expand its coverage area by increasing power. The approval was needed in order to work with interference problems resulting from PBS member station WCMW across Lake Michigan in Manistee, Michigan sharing channel 21 and to address the concerns of interference in local health care facilities' radiological equipment. The increase in power was applied on September 8, 2009 and station officials asked viewers to rescan for the signal.
In mid-November 2011, the station experienced major problems with its transmitter and LIN's technical staff had to take the station off the air for several days to repair the problem. As there was no backup fiber optic link to Time Warner Cable, the station was not available to cable viewers either, and as neither of LIN's stations in Green Bay carry any subchannels, WLUK was unable to offer WCWF's programming over a backup 11.2 signal. The station was unable to get permission from The CW to carry the two nights of network programming missed during the shutdown and referred viewers to the network's website and Hulu to watch the missed shows.
In addition to carrying The CW's full network programming lineup; syndicated programming on WCWF includes The Daily Buzz, The People's Court, Extra, TMZ on TV, Rules of Engagement, How I Met Your Mother, Family Guy, The Cleveland Show, The Middle and Seinfeld (the latter show it inherited from WLUK-TV in September 2011); it also broadcasts syndicated college football and basketball games from the ACC Network. WCWF is also used as a "shadow station" for WLUK programming pre-empted due to extended breaking news or severe weather coverage, or network programming (mainly sports events) that overruns into or is scheduled to preempt regular programs; for example, 9 p.m. newscasts on WLUK that are preempted for Fox Sports broadcasts will air on WCWF (in prior years, WLUK leased access on a Time Warner Cable channel for its preempted newscasts).
From December 2008 to June 2010, WIWB featured Daily Buzz inserts called "Buzzed Into the (920)" (named for the telephone area code for Green Bay and the Fox Cities). "Buzzed" was patterned after then-sister station WBUW's "Buzzed Into Madison" and featured an on-air presenter (originally Kristen Rietz, later Kari Merchant) profiling positive stories and features on news, events, businesses and personalities in the Green Bay/Fox Cities area. "Buzzed Into the (920)" was dropped when WLUK took over WCWF's operations, although past installments are still available on the feature's YouTube channel.
Existing local content on WCWF, in addition to the occasional WLUK news broadcast, includes Sunday morning airings of the polka music show Polka, Polka, Polka and the cooking show Mad Dog & Merril's Midwest Grillin (Mad Dog & Merril are longtime Northeast Wisconsin-based cooking experts). LIN Media, after taking control of WCWF, would add severe weather bulletins; the weekly prep football highlight show High School GameTime in August 2011; and, in late 2011, CW 14 Focus, a Sunday morning local public affairs program that debuted in order to fulfill local programming requirements; it is hosted by WLUK reporter Robert Hornacek.
Also added in 2011 was the position of "CW 14 Star," who represents the station on-air, online, and at community events. Maria Parmigiani was selected as the first "Star" during the first quarter of 2011, earning the job after an audition process, an appearance on WLUK's Good Day Wisconsin, and an online voting process. Parmigiani was succeeded by Katie Phernetton in 2013 after a similar audition and selection process.
- Public Notice Comment on File# BALCT-19861114KF from the fcc.gov website
- "M&I takes the cash to Amoco stations", "Everybody's Business" column from The Business Journal of Milwaukee, 5/30/1997
- 'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September, CNNMoney.com, January 24, 2006.
- UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
- Source: 3/9/2006 press release by ACME Communications posted on NASDAQ GlobeNewsWire
- "LIN And Acme In 3 New SSA Deals", from tvnewscheck.com, 6/4/2010
- "LIN Buys Pair of Acme Stations", from broadcastingcable.com, 9/3/2010
- "WLUK parent exercising option to purchase WIWB", from foxcitiestv.com, posted 9/3/2010
- "LIN Seeks OK for Dayton, Green Bay Duops", from tvnewscheck.com, 9/21/2010
- FCC Letter DA 11-646, dated 4/8/2011
- "FCC Grants Sale of ACME Stations, Denies Time Warner Cable Petitions," from Multichannel News, 4/12/2011
- "WIWB changing call letters, adding syndicated HD programming", from foxcitiestv.com, 9/21/2010
- TV Station Mega Merger: Media General, LIN Set $1.6 Billion Deal from Variety (March 21, 2014)
- Media General acquiring LIN Media for $1.6 billion, Los Angeles Times, March 21, 2014.
- Media Gen/LIN To Sell/Swap In Five Markets, TVNewsCheck, March 21, 2014.
- RabbitEars TV Query for WCWF
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- Warren Gerds column from Green Bay Press-Gazette, 10/12/2010
- "Prep football scene includes new weekly show," from Green Bay Press-Gazette, 8/15/2011
- "Presenting the CW 14 Star!" from cw14online, 3/2/2011
- "Announcing the next CW 14 Star!," from cw14online, 3/27/2013