|Jacksonville, Florida/Brunswick, Georgia
|City of license||Jacksonville, Florida|
|Branding||CW 17, Cable 9|
|Channels||Digital: 34 (UHF)
Virtual: 17 (PSIP)
|Subchannels||17.1 The CW
17.2 Bounce TV
|Owner||Nexstar Broadcasting Group
(Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc.)
|First air date||February 19, 1966|
|Call letters' meaning||The CW Jacksonville|
|Former callsigns||WJKS-TV (1966–1997)
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
17 (UHF, 1966–2009)
|Former affiliations||ABC (1966–1980 & 1988–1997)
The WB (1997–2006)
|Transmitter power||863 kW|
|Public license information:||Profile
WCWJ, virtual channel 17 (UHF digital channel 34), is a CW-affiliated television station located in Jacksonville, Florida, United States. The station is owned by the Nexstar Broadcasting Group. WCWJ maintains studio and transmitter facilities located on Hogan Road in the Kilarney Shores section of Jacksonville.
As a major network affiliate
The station first signed on the air on February 19, 1966 as WJKS-TV. Founded by Rust Craft, it originally operated as an ABC affiliate; prior to its sign-on, ABC programming had been relegated to off-hours clearances on then-CBS affiliate WJXT (channel 4, now an independent station) and NBC affiliate WTLV (channel 12). Jacksonville had to wait longer to gain full-time affiliates of all three major networks than other cities of its size because the surrounding suburbs and rural areas are smaller than the city itself.
In March 1979, the Ziff Corporation bought Rust Craft's broadcasting assets, including WJKS, for $89.4 million. On March 31, 1980, WJKS and WTLV swapped network affiliations; WTLV took the ABC affiliation from WJKS, with NBC programming moving to WJKS. At the time, ABC was the highest-rated broadcast television network in the United States, while NBC was mired in last place in the ratings.
Media General acquired WJKS from the Ziff Corporation for $18 million in October 1982, as part of the latter company's sale of its six television stations in order to focus on its magazine assets. WJKS became the second television station to be owned by Media General (the first being the company's flagship station WFLA-TV, across the state in Tampa). On April 3, 1988, WTLV and WJKS officially reversed the 1980 affiliation swap between the two stations, with WJKS aligning with ABC once again and WTLV returning to NBC. By this time, NBC had emerged as the top-rated American broadcast network, while ABC had dropped to second place.
Losing ABC and gaining The WB
In late 1996, the Allbritton Communications Company signed a long-term groupwide affiliation agreement with ABC in nine markets where Albritton owned or operated a station at the time. As a result, upstart WJXX (channel 25; which was operated by Allbritton under a local marketing agreement with owner WPR, L.P., before the former purchased the station outright in September 1997), which had originally planned to operate as an independent station, was named as Jacksonville's new ABC affiliate effective after the termination of WJKS's affiliation contract with the network in January 1997. In response to losing the ABC affiliation, Media General quickly signed an affiliation agreement with The WB. WJKS began phasing out ABC programming, with the intent of joining The WB in February.
However, WJXX was not slated to sign on until April 1. At ABC's request, Allbritton/WPR moved WJXX's launch date up to February 9, even though its full-power facility hadn't been approved yet. Brunswick, Georgia-licensed WBSG (channel 21, now WPXC-TV), which WJKS had replaced as the area's WB affiliate, joined ABC on the same day as a semi-satellite of WJXX. The day after WJXX signed on, WJKS changed its call letters to WJWB.
Having been on the air for over 30 years at the time of the affiliation switch, WJWB was one of the few stations to switch from a "big three" network to The WB, which had started operations in January 1995. Under normal circumstances, the switch could have spelled trouble for channel 17. Not only had it languished in the ratings during its second tenure with ABC, but it now faced having to acquire an additional 16 hours of programming per day – a significant amount even for an owner with resources like those available to Media General. However, it thrived during its tenure as a WB affiliate and for most of its run with the network, had consistently ranked as one of The WB's highest-rated affiliates. While WJWB prospered as a WB affiliate, WJXX never recovered from its rushed sign-on. Allbritton gave up and sold the station to WTLV's owner, Gannett, in 1999.
CW affiliation and sale to Nexstar
On January 24, 2006, the Warner Bros. unit of Time Warner and CBS Corporation announced that the two companies would shut down The WB and UPN and combine the networks' respective programming to create a new "fifth" network called The CW. On February 22, 2006, News Corporation announced the launch of a new "sixth" network called MyNetworkTV, which would be operated by Fox Television Stations and its syndication division Twentieth Television, to give UPN and WB stations that would not become CW affiliates another option besides converting to independent stations. On paper, WJWB seemed to be the obvious choice as Jacksonville's CW affiliate. Network officials were on record as wanting the "strongest" WB and UPN stations by total-day viewership, and UPN had been relegated to off-hours clearances on Fox affiliate WAWS (channel 30) after its charter affiliate and WAWS sister station WTEV-TV (channel 47) dropped the network to join CBS in July 2002 following a compensation and programming dispute with WJXT and its owner Post-Newsweek Stations. However, when The CW announced its initial group of affiliates outside of those owned by the Tribune Company and network sister company CBS Television Stations, WJWB was not included on the list, leading to speculation that The CW would choose to affiliate with independent station WJXT instead.
On April 3, 2006, The CW signed affiliation agreements with WJWB and UPN-affiliated Asheville, North Carolina sister station WASV (now WYCW). On May 26, WJWB changed its callsign to WCWJ to reflect its pending affiliation. The station launched a "Farewell To The Frog Tour", as the WB network and station mascot Michigan J. Frog was retired over the summer. A series of humorous promos later chronicled the frog's failed attempts to find work at several Jacksonville area businesses. The station began changing its branding began in mid-August, which included IDs featuring the logos of both The WB and The CW. The affiliation switch took place upon the network's September 18 launch; MyNetworkTV initially ended up as a secondary affiliation on WAWS, before moving to a second digital subchannel of that station in January 2007.
On October 29, 2007, Media General announced that the company was exploring the sale of WCWJ. On January 28, 2009, the Nexstar Broadcasting Group announced that it had reached an agreement to purchase WCWJ. The deal was finalized on May 1, 2009. As a result, WCWJ became the first CW affiliate to be owned and operated directly by Nexstar (Nexstar later acquired three other CW affiliates along with one CW-affiliated digital subchannel from Newport Television and also holds the license assets of CW affiliate WLYH-TV/Harrisburg through a shared services agreement with the Sinclair Broadcast Group) and at the time, became Nexstar's largest television station by market size (a distinction now held by the Salt Lake City duopoly of KTVX and KUCW). The WCWJ website was redesigned almost immediately after Nexstar closed on its purchase.
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|17.1||1080i||16:9||WCWJ-HD||Main WCWJ programming / The CW|
On June 12, 2009, WCWJ terminated its analog signal, on UHF channel 17, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 34. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display WCWJ's virtual channel as 17.
The station also produces several original programs including the music program YourJax Music (which also has a weeknight-only spinoff series, YourJax Music Vault) and the lifestyle programs Local Haunts and I Know Jax (two magazine-style programs focusing on Jacksonville area tourist attractions); it also carries local sporting events from the Jacksonville Sharks Arena Football League, the Jacksonville RollerGirls roller derby team, Jacksonville Giants American Basketball Association, Jacksonville Suns minor league baseball, and Jacksonville University Dolphins college football teams.
WJKS started a small news operation in its second year of operation. Its newscasts went under various titles during the duration of the news department's existence including WJKS-TV News, Pulse News, NewsWatch 17, 17 News and then finally 17 First Coast News. In addition, the station produced a Sunday evening public affairs discussion program titled Face Off for several years. In 1991, WJKS established a news share agreement with Fox affiliate WAWS to produce a half-hour primetime newscast for that station (titled Fox 30 First Coast News) that aired at 10:00 p.m. seven nights a week. Throughout the news department's existence, WJKS's newscasts typically placed last in the ratings among the three local news outlets that existed in Jacksonville prior to 1997, behind WTLV and perennial first place finisher WJXT.
After the announcement that WJKS would lose its ABC affiliation to upstart WJXX, then-owner Media General announced in September 1996 that it would shut down the station's news department, claiming that it would be economically unviable to continue producing newscasts as an affiliate of The WB (this is despite the fact that WB-affiliated stations in other markets, largely those owned by Tribune Broadcasting and Sinclair Broadcast Group, established their own or maintained existing news departments during their network tenures – this was even more ironic considering that WBSG continued to operate a news department when it was a WB affiliate prior to joining ABC); the station's final newscast and the final edition of Face Off both aired on December 29, 1996. The WJKS-produced 10:00 p.m. newscast on WAWS was discontinued as a result; WAWS established its own in-house news department in response, which debuted on December 30, the day after channel 17's news department folded. Ironically, when the Gannett Company, owner of WTLV, bought WJXX in 1999 and merged the operations of the two stations, the joint news department that resulted was titled First Coast News.
WCWJ is currently the only commercial television station in the Jacksonville market that does not air locally produced newscasts, either produced by the station itself or through one of the three news departments operated amongst the five other network affiliates in the area. However, the station does carry the second hour of the syndicated morning program The Daily Buzz on weekday mornings.
- Media General plans to acquire channel 17, The Florida Times-Union, November 25, 1981.
- The Big Switch Is Upon Us, The Florida Times-Union, March 27, 1980.
- Patton, Charlie (August 21, 1997). "Jags fans in lather over TV". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
- Patton, Charlie (December 13, 1999). "Changing the channel". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
- 'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September, CNNMoney.com, January 24, 2006.
- UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
- "News Corp. to launch new mini-network for UPN stations". USA Today. February 22, 2006. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
- News Corp. Unveils MyNetworkTV, Broadcasting & Cable, February 22, 2006.
- UPN/WB hybrid to air locally on WJWB, The Florida Times-Union, April 4, 2006.
- WAWS turning channel to digital drama in the evening, The Florida Times-Union, August 2, 2006.
- WTEV adding newscast,The Florida Times-Union, January 24, 2007.
- "Media General Exploring Sale of Five Television Stations" (Press release). Media General. 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- "Nexstar Broadcasting to Acquire WCWJ in Jacksonville, FL in AccretiveTransaction" (Press release). Nexstar Broadcasting. 2009-01-28. Retrieved 2009-01-28.
- "Media General Completes Sale of WCWJ in Jacksonville, Fla., to Nexstar Broadcasting" (Press release). Media General. 2009-05-01. Retrieved 2009-05-01.
- RabbitEars TV Query for WCWJ
- List of Digital Full-Power Stations
- FCC document: "Appendix B: All Full-Power Television Stations by DMA, indicating those terminating Analog Service before on or February 17, 2009."
- CDBS Print
- WJKS News Open 1982
- WJKS 17 News Special Report Open (9/1989)
- WJKS 17 First Coast News at 11pm 6/30/95 (1/4)
- New ABC takes over in April, TV-17 to halt local news operation, The Florida Times-Union, September 14, 1996.
- YourJaxTV.com - Official website
- WJKS station history
- Query the FCC's TV station database for WCWJ
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on WCWJ-TV