WERE

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For the Cleveland radio station which identified as WERE from 1949 to 2007, see WJMO.
WERE
WERE logo.png
City of license Cleveland Heights, Ohio
Broadcast area Greater Cleveland
Branding NewsTalk 1490
Slogan The People's Station
Frequency 1490 kHz
First air date December 12, 1947
Format News/talk
Power 1,000 watts (daytime)
1,000 watts (nighttime)
Class C
Facility ID 74472
Transmitter coordinates 41°30′48.00″N 81°36′5.00″W / 41.5133333°N 81.6013889°W / 41.5133333; -81.6013889
Former callsigns WSRS (1947–58)
WJMO (1958–2007)
Affiliations ABC News Radio
Syndication One
Westwood One
Owner Radio One
(Blue Chip Broadcasting Licenses, Ltd.)
Sister stations WENZ, WJMO, WZAK
Webcast Listen Live
Website newstalkcleveland.com

WERE (1490 AM) – branded NewsTalk 1490 – is a commercial news/talk radio station licensed to Cleveland Heights, Ohio. Owned by Radio One, the station serves Greater Cleveland. In the Cleveland radio market, WERE is the AM affiliate for The Tom Joyner Morning Show, and the sole affiliate for Redding News Review, Red Eye Radio, and ABC News Radio, while sharing Keepin' it Real with Rev. Al Sharpton with sister station WJMO. Its studios are located along the Euclid Avenue Corridor in Cleveland's eastside, while the station transmitter resides near University Circle.

History[edit]

Call letters[edit]

In 1932, the FCC assigned the call letters WERE to a station in Erie, Pennsylvania, which had been known as WEDH.[1]

WSRS[edit]

WSRS, founded by Samuel R. Sague on December 12, 1947, broadcast 24-hours a day on 1490 kHz while licensed to suburban Cleveland Heights, and had an FM sister station of WSRS-FM at 95.3 MHz (now WKRK-FM). WSRS (AM)/WSRS-FM billed itself as the "Community Information Voice of Cleveland".

WJMO (1490 AM)[edit]

Not to be confused with Cleveland radio station WJMO.

On February 1, 1958, Friendly Broadcasting of Columbus assumed control of WSRS 1490-AM and 95.3-FM from Sam R. Sague, and switched callsigns, studios/facilities, and staffs, selling off their former frequencies to Tuschman Broadcasting Company. WJMO took over the former WSRS offices at 2156 Lee Road in Cleveland Heights, and WSRS-FM became WJMO-FM, later WCUY. The 1540-AM facility became WABQ with the switch (whose format and call letters currently reside at 1460-AM) and the 106.5 facility ultimately signed on as WABQ-FM, and became WXEN in 1960. The 1540-AM frequency is currently WWGK, while the 106.5 facility is now home to WHLK.

Shortly after the frequency change in the early 1960s, WJMO moved to a black-oriented R&B format. In 1970 a dispute arose over working conditions and the lack of blacks in key positions. Key station personnel staged a "sick out," which took the station off the air. The dispute attracted the involvement of a number of groups, including the Cleveland chapter of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.[2]

The SCLC asked sponsors to withhold advertising from WJMO or face a boycott by black community groups. In retaliation, the personnel involved in the "sick out" were fired. In the efforts to resolve matters, the fired personnel were reinstated, and Kennard "Ken" Hawkins was appointed the station's general manager. Hawkins became the first African American to hold that position at a Cleveland radio station.[3]

United Broadcasting ran into problems with the FCC regarding the operation of its stations in Washington and Miami. It was also alleged that Eaton bribed the ABC network to gain favorable terms for three of its stations.

Meanwhile in Cleveland, United Broadcasting had other problems. On December 11, 1973, station vice president Van Lane (real name Morris Schecter) and engineer John Rees of Washington's WRC radio pled guilty in federal court to charges of bugging Hawkins' office. It was later revealed that the lines were linked between Hawkins' office at the station and Lane's home in Shaker Heights. Lane and Rees were fined $500 each. Former United Broadcasting controller and VP Morton Silverman of Columbia, Maryland, was also charged with three felony counts of illegal wiretapping, but the Justice Department agreed to reduce the charges to a misdemeanor.[3]

A year later, on December 2, 1974, Washington-based attorney Roy F. Perkins, Jr., the former attorney for United Broadcasting, pled guilty in federal court to a misdemeanor charge of bugging Hawkins' office. He was fined $2,000. Perkins claimed that he authorized the bugging because of rumors of payola at the station.[3]

In January 1990, United Broadcasting re-acquired the 92.3 MHz facility, by now WRQC, and changed its callsign to WJMO-FM. United Broadcasting sold WJMO and WJMO-FM in 1992 to Zebra Communications, owned by Xenophon Zapis (owner of Zapis Communications and WZAK), Lynn Tolliver (WZAK program director) and Bobby (Otis) Rush (WZAK DJ). Although Tolliver and Rush were both African Americans, Zapis was a key party in the new ownership, and the sale was contested by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.[3]

The sale was approved by the FCC in 1993,[4] and WJMO became the first radio station with significant African American ownership in the Cleveland area. In 1994, as a result of the legal battles, the SCLC gained significant control of WJMO,[5] which was seen as less profitable than WJMO-FM and WZAK.

The SCLC appointed a local group (dubbed NewCo) that directly had an input in stations' programming, and produced talk and public affairs shows between the hours of 8 p.m. and 5 a.m. Meanwhile, due to the high legal fees incurred by Zapis, Zebra and the SCLC, all of the local deejays on the station were replaced with ABC Radio's "Solid Gold Soul" music service.[6] In addition, the call letters of the FM station were changed to WZJM – a combination of WZAK and WJMO. (The WJMO-FM calls did resurface on the 99.5 MHz facility in Washington, DC – then co-owned with WJMO – in 1999. Today it broadcasts as WIHT.)

On August 12, 1998, Chancellor Media Corporation of Texas announced its purchase of WJMO and WZJM from Zebra Communications, along with its purchase of four other Cleveland radio stations, WZAK, WDOK 102.1-FM, WQAL 104.1-FM, and WRMR 850-AM, for $275 million.[7] It was, at the time, the largest radio deal in Cleveland broadcasting history.

On July 13, 1999, Chancellor Media merged with Capstar Broadcasting (which at the time owned WKNR) to form AMFM Inc., at that time the nation's largest radio station owner with 465 stations. AMFM sold WZAK and WJMO to Radio One on July 20, 2000 as part of a required divestiture when AMFM merged with Clear Channel Communications.[8]

Later years[edit]

Logo under the WJMO "Praise 1490" gospel format (1999-2007)

The station became a gospel music outlet on May 17, 1999 after nearly forty years with an R&B format, which was reputed by many to have been the longest running such station in the country.[9]

2007 "frequency trade"[edit]

On June 4, 2007, Radio One radio stations WJMO (1490 AM) and WERE (1300 AM) were involved in what was then reported as a "frequency trade". In reality, these two stations swapped call letters along with their respective formats. WJMO changed its call letters to WERE, and changed its format to news/talk.[10]

NewsTalk 1490[edit]

Beginning in 2007, AM 1490 has carried WERE's talk format which was transferred over from AM 1300.

Current programming[edit]

Weekday programming includes The Tom Joyner Morning Show (from Reach Media) aired in simulcast with sister station WZAK in morning drive; News One Now with Roland S. Martin[11] and Keepin' it Real with Al Sharpton (both from Syndication One) air middays through early afternoon (Sharpton's show is simulcast on sister gospel station WJMO AM 1300); local program America's Workforce hosted by Ed "Flash" Ferenc airs in afternoon drive (and replayed in the late evenings); Rob Redding's GCN-syndicated Redding News Review airs in the early evenings and is replayed in the overnight hours.[12] And Trending Today with Carl Nelson (Syndication One) airs late evenings. Hourly updates from ABC News Radio air at the top of the hour. Through the week various brokered programming may also air in the evening hours, occasionally preempting scheduled programming.[13][14][15][16]

Weekend programming includes syndicated talk shows hosted by Bob Brinker and Larry Kudlow (from Westwood One), Keep Hope Alive with Jesse Jackson Sunday nights (from Premiere Networks), Red Eye Radio from Westwood One overnights,[17] and various ethnic programming on Sundays.[18][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WEDH Now WERE". Broadcasting. March 1, 1932. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Van Tassel, David D., ed.; John J. Grabowski, ed. (1996). "WJMO". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History (2nd ed. ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 1058–59. ISBN 0-253-33056-4. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d "WJMO History". Cleveland Broadcast Radio Archives Project. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  4. ^ Santiago, Roberto (May 22, 1993). "WJMO sale approved by FCC, but SCLC appeal is likely". The Plain Dealer. pp. 1B. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  5. ^ Santiago, Roberto (December 10, 1993). "SCLC gains control of WJMO-AM". The Plain Dealer. pp. 1A. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  6. ^ Santiago, Roberto (February 18, 1994). "FCC Approves Transfer of Two Urban Stations". The Plain Dealer. pp. 4B. Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  7. ^ "Company News; Chancellor Media to Buy Six Cleveland Radio Stations". The New York Times. August 13, 1998. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  8. ^ "Justice Department Requires Clear Channel and AMFM to Divest 99 Radio Stations in 27 Markets. Required Sale is Largest Radio Divestiture Ever" (Press release). U.S. Department of Justice. July 20, 2000. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  9. ^ Feran, Tom (May 19, 1999). "WJMO Gives up Soul for Gospel". The Plain Dealer. pp. 2E. Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  10. ^ Washington, Julie (May 19, 2007). "WERE and WJMO trading AM frequencies". Cleveland.com (Cleveland Live, Inc). Retrieved June 4, 2007. 
  11. ^ "WATCH Roland Martin In NewsOne Now Preview". Roland Martin Reports. 2013-09-16. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  12. ^ "Redding News Review Moves To Live Clearance On WERE". AllAccess.com. 2014-02-18. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  13. ^ a b "Show Schedules | WERE-AM 1490". Newstalkcleveland.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  14. ^ "Redding News Review Affiliates". Reddingnewsreview.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  15. ^ "WERE-AM 1490 - BlackPlanet Radio by Songza". Newstalkcleveland.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  16. ^ "Radio Ink Magazine". Radioink.com. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  17. ^ "Stations". Keep Hope Alive Radio. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  18. ^ "Cumulus Media Networks Adds Affiliates For Shows, Services". AllAccess.com. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 

External links[edit]