WFFT-TV

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WFFT-TV
WFFT55.pngWFFT-DT2 Bounce Fort Wayne.png
Fort Wayne, Indiana
United States
Branding WFFT Local (general)
WFFT Local News (newscasts)
Channels Digital: 36 (UHF)
Virtual: 55 (PSIP)
Subchannels 55.1 Fox
55.2 Bounce TV
Affiliations Fox (1986–2011 and since 2013)
Owner Nexstar Broadcasting Group
(Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc.)
First air date December 21, 1977
Call letters' meaning We're Fifty Five Television (former analog and current PSIP channel number)
Former channel number(s) Analog:
55 (UHF, 1977–2009)
Former affiliations Primary:
Independent (1977–1986 and 2011–2013)
Secondary:
UPN (1995-?)
Transmitter power 1,000 kW
Height 219 m
Facility ID 25040
Transmitter coordinates 41°6′33.4″N 85°11′42.2″W / 41.109278°N 85.195056°W / 41.109278; -85.195056
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website www.fortwaynehomepage.net

WFFT-TV, virtual channel 55 (UHF digital channel 36), is a Fox-affiliated television station located in Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States. The station is owned by the Nexstar Broadcasting Group. WFFT's studios and transmitter are both located on Hillegas Road in Fort Wayne.

History[edit]

As an independent station[edit]

The station signed on the air on December 21, 1977 as an independent station. A month later in January 1978, the Midwestern United States suffered through a snowstorm known as the "Great Blizzard of 1978". The station did not sign off during this period as it normally would, instead choosing to keep viewers informed of the situation to the degree that it could given its limited resources. It would end up staying on the air all night each Friday and Saturday on a regular basis during a time when the other Fort Wayne stations would sign-off for the night around 2 a.m.; it filled the overnight timeslot with a feature film showcase called Nite Owl Theatre, which began with the beginning refrain of "I've Been Searching So Long" by Chicago as its theme music.

In later years, Friday late nights featured classic horror movies such as: Frankenstein, Dracula, The Wolfman, The Mole People and Invasion of the Body Snatchers hosted by a character called "The Shroud" on Nightmare Theatre. The station provided a much-needed alternative to viewers in the Fort Wayne area (particularly younger viewers) with its array of cartoons, movies and old sitcoms. This was especially important for those who did not have cable and could not watch regional or national superstations such as WTTV from Indianapolis or WGN-TV from Chicago, Illinois.

Many shows on WFFT during its early days had not been seen in the market since their original airing on network television; among the classic series it aired were The Little Rascals, Superman, Batman, Battlestar Galactica, Star Trek, Night Gallery, The Wild Wild West and McHale's Navy. For a time, the station carried ABC shows that were preempted by WPTA (channel 21). Usually, ABC programs that WFFT carried were part of the "ABC Late Night" block. During this time, WPTA was able to broadcast Baretta, Charlie's Angels, Starsky & Hutch and other shows on weeknights (at 10:30 or 11:30 depending on the time of the year). One year, the station carried Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve.

At one time, WFFT was voted the #1 independent station in the United States, a feat that was especially remarkable since Fort Wayne was one of the smallest markets in the country at the time to have an independent station. At various times during the day, the station carried programming from CNN Headline News. It also provided some coverage of local events such as the Three Rivers Festival. The station also served as the official Fort Wayne outlet for Chicago Cubs baseball. WFFT was also remembered for its Happy's Place and Froggy's Pad children's programs in the 1980s and 1990s. Happy's Place was known for its two-hour block of Fox Kids children's programs that initially aired from 3 to 5 p.m. During programming breaks, "Happy the Hobo" would emcee children's activities from the WFFT studios. Also on the broadcast were characters such as "Froggy", "Chester T. Fox" and "Lawn Boy". Froggy's Pad was a morning show spun-off from Happy's Place that featured the raspy-voiced frog puppet presenting animated shows.

Joining, disaffiliating and rejoining Fox[edit]

WFFT became a charter affiliate of Fox at the network's launch on October 6, 1986 and was branded as "Super 55 Fox" for many years. In the late-1990s amidst the station's shift away from programming that was produced locally at its studios, the Happy's Place program was retooled. Segments were taped on location (and sometimes even in transit) and featured area attractions such as the Fort Wayne Children's Zoo. This format did not last long and the show was cancelled. After this point, WFFT's programming apart from the Fox schedule was centered around syndicated fare including daytime talk and court shows, and reruns of network sitcoms. After the launch of UPN on January 16, 1995, WFFT began carrying the fledgling network through a secondary affiliation. The network's programming eventually moved to CBS affiliate WANE-TV (channel 15) full-time on a new second digital subchannel by the mid-2000s; when UPN and rival netlet The WB were shut down to form a combined network in 2006, WPTA (channel 21) gained the resulting CW affiliation for its own subchannel. WFFT changed its on-air branding from "Fox 55" to "Fox Fort Wayne" on January 1, 2008 to reflect its various cable channel positions in the market.


Fox announced on June 20, 2011 that it would end its affiliation with WFFT and sister station KSFX-TV (now KOZL-TV) in Springfield, Missouri; its Fort Wayne affiliation moved to MyNetworkTV affiliate WISE-DT2 on August 1. Nexstar had earlier lost the Fox affiliation for WTVW in Evansville, Indiana following a dispute with the network over retransmission consent fees that it wanted its stations to pay to the network.[1] WFFT, along with WXIN in Indianapolis, had been the longest-tenured Fox affiliates in Indiana (Nexstar would later voluntarily disaffiliate another Indiana station, WFXW – now WAWV-TV – in Terre Haute, from Fox in favor of switching the station's affiliation back to ABC, the network it was affiliated with until 1995). The last Fox program to air on WFFT was a repeat of American Dad on July 31, 2011.


On July 25, 2011, Nexstar Broadcasting filed an antitrust lawsuit against Granite Broadcasting, claiming that the company tried to monopolize advertising sales through its shared services agreement with WPTA (owned by Malara Broadcast Group) and the five network affiliations shared between WPTA and WISE-TV (WPTA carries ABC on its primary channel and The CW on a second digital subchannel, while WISE-TV carries NBC on its primary channel as Fox and MyNetworkTV shared that station's second digital subchannel). Nexstar sought a judgment to force either WPTA-TV or WISE-TV to give up at least one of the three Big Four affiliations they had[2] (the impetus of the lawsuit became ironic as Nexstar, which itself maintains outsourcing agreements with stations it does not own outright in most of the markets where it does own a TV outlet, later created a virtual quadropoly composed of four network-affiliated stations in Little Rock through its 2012 acquisition of 15 stations from Newport Television).[3]

WFFT reverted to independent status on August 1, 2011, which made Fort Wayne one of the only television markets in the United States with all three historical broadcast networks (ABC, CBS and NBC) with primary affiliations, and all three current post-1986 networks (Fox, The CW and the MyNetworkTV program service) carried as digital multicast channels in a market with four commercial full-power stations. As an independent, the station filled its primetime schedule with a mix of entertainment newsmagazines and sitcoms on weeknights, a two-hour "Saturday Crimetime" block of police procedural series on Saturdays and family movies on Sundays.[4] On February 6, 2013, as part of a settlement of Nexstar's lawsuit against Granite, the company announced that the Fox affiliation would return to WFFT; the switch was effectively reversed on March 1, 2013, making WFFT the only former Fox affiliate owned or managed by Nexstar that was affected by the 2011 dispute with Fox to rejoin the network.[5][6][7] The first Fox program to air on WFFT when it rejoined the network was Kitchen Nightmares at 8 p.m. ET that evening.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channel[edit]

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[8]
55.1 720p 16:9 WFFT-HD Main WFFT-TV programming / Fox
55.2 480i 4:3 Bounce TV [9][10]

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

WFFT began broadcasting its digital signal on UHF channel 36 in 2003. Until December 2007, the signal transmitted programming only in standard definition at an effective radiated power of 980 watts limiting reception to within miles of the station. In May 2009, the digital signal was upgraded to full power. It now broadcasts high definition programming in the 720p format, although it aired in 1080i between leaving and rejoining the Fox network.[11]

WFFT shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 55, at 6:01 p.m. on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 36.[12] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 55, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition.

On January 1, 2014, WFFT began carrying Bounce TV on a newly created digital subchannel 55.2.[13]

News operation[edit]

News open.

WFFT presently broadcasts seven hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with one hour each on weekdays, Saturdays and Sundays); in addition, the station also airs a half-hour weekly sports wrap-up show, titled The Locker Room, airing on Sunday evenings after the 10 p.m. newscast.[4]

For most of the station's history, WFFT did not have a regular newscast. In 1980, it formed its initial news department and aired a half-hour primetime news program known as The 10 O’Clock Report; this was established during a time of heavy competition from other newscasts. As an independent, WFFT did not have network shows that could lead into its newscast, so consistent viewership and ratings were difficult to maintain. The news team consisted of only five people, and personnel would shoot and edit their own video.[14] After that broadcast's cancellation a year later, WFFT delivered news bulletins in primetime for almost two decades.

On April 6, 2009, the station launched its second news operation and prime-time broadcast known as Fox Fort Wayne News First at 10 (now WFFT News First at 10 since June 2011). It was the last Fox affiliate in Indiana to launch a news department, but the only local affiliate in the country to launch a new newscast in 2009. Airing for 35 minutes on weeknights, the show competed with a half-hour 10 p.m. newscast on WISE-DT2 that was produced by WPTA and WISE-TV's Indiana's NewsCenter operation.[15] [16] As with the 1980 production, personnel serve as multi-platform journalists, shooting and editing their own stories. There was no sports department until the newscast's expansion following the loss of the Fox affiliation. The newscast was the only one in Fort Wayne to received an Emmy award nomination for "Best Evening Newscast" from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences-Lower Great Lakes Chapter that year.[17]

When the station became an independent on August 1, 2011, WFFT expanded the 10 p.m. newscast to one hour; the newscast then expanded to weekend evenings on October 1, 2011 (also running for one hour); the Thursday preceding the latter expansion (September 29), WFFT became the first television station in the Fort Wayne market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.[18][19]

Out-of-market carriage and removal from out-of-market cable providers[edit]

As of March 2012, WFFT is only available over-the-air in Grant County. Despite this, WFFT was formerly carried by Bright House Networks in Marion, along with WXIN.

From January 2009 until WFFT's signal was removed by Bright House Networks systems in Grant County in March 2012, the station and WFWA remained on the cable system as well as Comcast in Blackford County (both with WXIN in-market).[citation needed] This was due but contractual agreements by the Fox network itself which disallow signal duplication of network programming by an out-of-market signal despite the station's longtime service to each area, a source of controversy already in other duplicative market areas in the past, as was the case in October 2008 when WANE-TV was puled from Bright House.

References[edit]

External links[edit]