WGGB-TV

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WGGB-TV
Wggb new 2007.png

WGGB Fox 6 Springfield logo.png
Springfield/Holyoke, Massachusetts
United States
Branding ABC 40
Fox 6 (on DT2)
Channels Digital: 40 (UHF)
Virtual: 40 (PSIP)
Subchannels 40.1 ABC
40.2 Fox/MyNetworkTV
Affiliations ABC (1959–present)
Owner Meredith Corporation
First air date April 14, 1953 (1953-04-14)
Call letters' meaning Guy Gannett Broadcasting
(former owner)
Sister station(s) WSHM-LD, WFSB
Former callsigns WHYN-TV (1953–1979)
Former channel number(s) Analog:
55 (UHF, 1953–1957)
40 (UHF, 1957–2008)
Digital:
55 (UHF, 2002–2009)
Former affiliations Primary:
CBS (1953–1959)
Secondary:
DuMont (1953–1956)
Home Shopping Network (overnights)
DT2: The Tube
Transmitter power 460 kW
Height 324 m
Class DT
Facility ID 25682
Transmitter coordinates 42°14′30.0″N 72°38′57.0″W / 42.241667°N 72.649167°W / 42.241667; -72.649167
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website wggb.com

WGGB-TV is the ABC-affiliated television station for the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. Licensed to Springfield, it broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 40 from a transmitter on Mount Tom in Holyoke. Owned by Meredith Corporation, the station is sister to low-powered CBS affiliate WSHM-LD. WGGB has studios on Liberty Street in Springfield. Syndicated programming on this outlet includes The Insider, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, The Doctors, and The Rachael Ray Show among others.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[1]
40.1 720p 16:9 ABC 40-HD Main WGGB-TV programming / ABC
40.2 FOX 6-HD WGGB-DT2 Fox / MyNetworkTV

WGGB-DT2 first became active under Sinclair Broadcast Group ownership. The broadcast group signed a deal which added The Tube (a 24-hour digital music channel) to many of the company's stations including WGGB. As a result of lacking any advertising and incoming revenue source, The Tube shut down operations at the end of 2006.

Meanwhile, the market did not have a Fox affiliate of its own with Springfield being the largest television market in the United States to have this distinction. WTIC-TV in Hartford and even WFXT in Boston served as the default affiliate on cable. At one point, new Class A outlet WFXQ-CD had been rumored as attempting to affiliate with the network (hence the station's call letters). That station is owned as part of a duopoly with rival WWLP.

On March 31, 2008, WGGB announced it would launching the area's first locally-based Fox affiliate on its second digital subchannel. Almost immediately, WTIC had its cable channel location on Comcast systems taken by WGGB-DT2, and as a result, was moved to the digital tier on channel 292. Charter eventually followed suit as well placing WTIC on digital channel 261.

When WGGB-DT2 signed-on for the second time, it also added MyNetworkTV as a secondary relation. Currently, programming from the Fox sister network is seen in a delayed manner from 12:35 until 2:35 early the next morning. There is no local branding and/or logo indicating the secondary MyNetworkTV affiliation status aside from network promotions.

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

WGGB-TV upgraded its over-the-air digital signal to allow the transmission of ABC network programming in high definition on October 15, 2004. The station discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over UHF channel 40, on December 1, 2008. It may have occurred as early as November 29 due to transmitter failure.[2][3] The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 55, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition, to its analog-era UHF channel 40, on June 12, 2009.[4] Channel 55's spectrum was reassigned for use by Qualcomm's MediaFLO system.

History[edit]

The station signed on April 14, 1953 as WHYN-TV, broadcasting an analog signal on UHF channel 55.[5] It was the second television station to launch in the Springfield market, debuting one month after NBC affiliate WWLP (channel 22). WHYN-TV was founded by Hampden-Hampshire Corporation, the owners of WHYN radio (560 AM and 93.1 FM); the stations were in turn jointly owned by the owners of the Holyoke Transcript-Telegram and the Northampton-based Daily Hampshire Gazette.[5] In 1954, a 50% interest in Hampden-Hampshire Corporation was purchased by the employees beneficial funds of the Springfield Republican and Daily News and the Springfield Union for $250,000.[6]

WHYN-TV originally operated as a primary CBS affiliate with a secondary affiliation with DuMont;[5] it lost DuMont when that network folded in 1956. During the late-1950s, it was also briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network.[7] It moved to channel 40 on September 30, 1957 in order to give the station a closer dial position to other UHF stations in the region.[8] However, in 1958, WTIC-TV (channel 3, now WFSB), a station in the nearby Hartford market that had previously been an independent station, switched to CBS, prompting WHYN to petition the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for a VHF channel;[9] in 1959, channel 40 became an ABC affiliate.[10] WTIC-TV then became the CBS affiliate of record in Springfield; over the years, channel 3 would block several attempts by channel 40 to switch from ABC back to CBS.

Guy Gannett Broadcasting Services announced in October 1966 that it would purchase the WHYN stations for $4 million;[11] the acquisition was completed in 1967.[12] The WHYN radio stations were sold off in 1979;[13] Guy Gannett retained WHYN-TV, and on December 31 the station took its present WGGB-TV call letters.[14] On February 13, 1994, a WGGB video crew taped a heated confrontation between Temple University head basketball coach John Chaney and University of Massachusetts Amherst head coach John Calipari at a post-game press conference, where at one point, Chaney had made a death threat against Calipari. The footage (which was watermarked with the station's logo and call letters) was picked up by ESPN and has since been shown thousands of times. The incident was ranked the fifth-biggest outburst in sports history by Fox Sports Net's The Best Damn Sports Show Period in 2006.

Most of Guy Gannett's television stations, including WGGB, were acquired by the Sinclair Broadcast Group in 1998. Until April 2007, the station did not carry World News Now from ABC News in the early weekday morning hours, choosing instead to air programming from the Home Shopping Network and later its broadcast sub-network, America's Store, which ended operations in April 2007. In late-July 2007, Sinclair sold WGGB to locally-based Gormally Broadcasting for $21.2 million. The sale closed on November 2, resulting in WGGB being the only locally-owned television station in the market. In addition to WGGB, Charter systems offer fellow ABC affiliate WCVB-TV from Boston on channel 23 (Comcast does not offer such access).

On June 18, 2014, the Meredith Corporation (owner of WFSB in Hartford) announced that it would acquire WGGB creating a duopoly with low-powered CBS affiliate WSHM-LD. Although FCC broadcast ownership rules normally forbid same-market ownership of two of the four highest-rated television stations (based on monthly total-day ratings), which often constitute stations affiliated with the four major broadcast networks (the Springfield market has only three full-power television stations, too few to allow a duopoly in any normal circumstance), the deal is permissible under FCC rules which allow common ownership of full-power and low-power television stations (the respective class designations of WGGB and WSHM) in all markets.[15] The sale was completed on October 31, 2014.[16]

News operation[edit]

Nightly news open at 6.

WWLP has traditionally been the most watched station in the Pioneer Valley according to Nielsen ratings. However, there have been brief times when WGGB was on top and extended periods in which the two outlets were basically neck-and-neck with WWLP having a slight edge. Originally, WGGB's newscasts were known as NewsWatch 40. The station cut back financially under Sinclair ownership, and during that period, rumors of cancelling ABC 40 News or converting to Sinclair's controversial, now-defunct News Central format sometimes spread.

The station ultimately retained its news operation; however, WGGB did air Sinclair's "The Point" (a one-minute conservative political commentary) that was also controversial and a requirement of all company stations with newscasts until the series was discontinued in December 2006. In Fall 2006, WGGB rehired Ed Carroll to be Chief Meteorologist; he had previously been at the station from 1989 until 1993 before moving to WBZ-TV in Boston.

After becoming locally owned-and-operated, WGGB's news department underwent significant changes. Several prominent on-air personnel resigned or were laid-off. The station debuted a brand new set, graphics theme, and music package on April 24, 2008. On September 8, WGGB-DT2 added a 10 p.m. newscast known as Fox 6 News at 10; this half-hour newscast originally featured a separate graphics package and music theme from the main WGGB broadcasts. Eventually, it was expanded to weekends and became known as ABC 40 First on Fox.

On April 6, 2009, WGGB's weekday morning show became a full two-hour broadcast like most other ABC affiliates. WGGB-DT2 simulcasts this program then replays it at 7. The main station then added a half-hour to the newscast, becoming Pioneer Valley's first station offering a weekday morning broadcast beginning at 4:30 (WGGB-DT2 simulcasts that half-hour as well). It shares resources with WCVB, NECN, and WFXT for news from Eastern Massachusetts. In return, WGGB does the same for western areas of the state. On September 14, 2011, WGGB officially became the first station in the Springfield market to upgrade local news production to high definition level (shows seen on WGGB-DT2 were included with the change). On September 15, 2014, WGGB's weekday noon newscast was expanded to an hour.

References[edit]

  1. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WGGB
  2. ^ See http://www.radio-info.com/smf/index.php/topic,114971.0.html 3rd message.
  3. ^ Application_id=1274076&Service=TV&Form_id=387&Facility_id=25682 "DTV TRANSITION STATUS REPORT". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. 2008-10-20. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  5. ^ a b c 1953 Telecasting Yearbook-Marketbook (PDF). 1953. pp. 138–9. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ "For the record" (PDF). Broadcasting-Telecasting. July 26, 1954. p. 93. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films". Boxoffice: 13. November 10, 1956. 
  8. ^ "WHYN-TV Sets Move to Ch. 40" (PDF). Broadcasting-Telecasting. September 23, 1957. p. 91. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "In Wake of CBS Hartford Switch Springfield U Wants V" (PDF). Broadcasting. October 20, 1958. p. 72. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Media reports" (PDF). Broadcasting. April 6, 1959. p. 76. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "$18 million in station sales" (PDF). Broadcasting. October 31, 1966. p. 60. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ 1968 Broadcasting Yearbook (PDF). 1968. p. A-86. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. August 20, 1979. pp. 41–2. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Call Sign History". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ Meredith Acquires WGGB in Springfield, TVSpy, June 18, 2014.
  16. ^ "Consummation Notice". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. October 31, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 

External links[edit]