|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
WGN News (newscasts; visually displayed as "WGN 9 News")
WGN Sports (sports telecasts)
|Slogan||Chicago's Very Own (station)
Very Chicago. (online)
|Channels||Digital: 19 (UHF)
Virtual: 9 (PSIP)
(WGN Continental Broadcasting Company, LLC)
|First air date||April 5, 1948|
|Call letters' meaning||World's
(referring to the Chicago Tribune)
|Sister station(s)||WGN (AM)
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
9 (VHF, 1948–2009)
|Former affiliations||CBS (1948–1953)
The WB (1995–2006)
|Transmitter power||645 kW|
|Public license information:||Profile
WGN-TV, virtual channel 9 (UHF digital channel 19), is a CW-affiliated television station located in Chicago, Illinois, United States. It is the flagship television property of the Tribune Company, and is operated through its Tribune Broadcasting subsidiary, which also owns radio station WGN (720 AM) and local cable news channel Chicagoland Television (CLTV); the parent company also owns the Chicago Tribune newspaper – whose slogan ("World's Greatest Newspaper") was the basis for the call letters used by the television and radio stations. WGN-TV maintains studios and offices on West Bradley Place in Chicago's North Center neighborhood, making it the only one of the city's major commercial TV stations to be located outside of the downtown business district. Its transmitter is located atop the Willis Tower in the Chicago Loop.
WGN-TV is also a pioneering superstation, and continues to program an alternate feed for cable and satellite subscribers throughout the United States and select areas of Canada called WGN America. The "superstation" feed remains unavailable to pay television subscribers of Comcast, RCN, WOW! and AT&T U-verse in the Chicago area, despite vastly different programming offerings. However, WGN America is available in the market on the DirecTV and Dish Network satellite services.
WGN's longtime slogan, "Chicago's Very Own" (which has been used by the station since 1983), was the basis for a popular image campaign of the 1980s and 1990s, as performed by Chicago native Lou Rawls.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 Local programming
- 5 WGN-TV in Canada
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
WGN Television began test broadcasts in February 1948 and began regular programming on April 5 with a two-hour special, "WGN-TV Salute to Chicago", at 7:45 p.m. Early on, WGN-TV was affiliated with CBS and the DuMont Television Network, sharing both with WBKB (channel 4). As a sidebar to the February 1953 merger of ABC and United Paramount Theatres, channel 9 lost its CBS affiliation. CBS had purchased the license to operate channel 4 in Chicago (now WBBM-TV, which later moved to channel 2, forcing Phonevision off the air). CBS moved all of its programming to channel 4, leaving channel 9 with DuMont. For its first 13 years on the air, WGN-TV had broadcast from the Tribune Tower at 435 North Michigan Avenue in downtown Chicago.
WGN-TV soon became one of DuMont's strongest affiliates, as well as a major production center for that network. Several DuMont programs were produced from WGN-TV's facilities, including: The Al Morgan Show, Chicago Symphony, Chicagoland Mystery Players, Music From Chicago, The Music Show, They Stand Accused, This is Music, Windy City Jamboree and Down You Go. WGN-TV had also telecast performances of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, beginning in 1953, when Fritz Reiner was the orchestra's music director.
When DuMont ceased operations in 1956, WGN-TV became an independent station. WGN-TV then spent much of the next two decades as the top-rated independent in Chicago, offering a variety of general entertainment programs including movies, sports, off-network reruns and children's shows. For much of its existence, channel 9 produced a large amount of its own programs at its studios. An historic moment in Chicago television occurred when Sheldon Cooper launched a musical variety show for 13 weeks called The All-Time Hits featuring The Buckinghams in color. During the late 1950s, the station was briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network. In 1957, WGN-TV became one of the first Chicago area stations to broadcast live programming in color.
Notable WGN-TV productions included several incarnations of the immensely popular Bozo's Circus, Ray Rayner and His Friends and Garfield Goose and Friends (which was hosted by Frazier Thomas). A popular children's educational series at the time was The Space Explorers. WGN-TV served as Chicago's affiliate of the United Network for its one month of existence in 1967, airing The Las Vegas Show. From 1974 to 1982, Phil Donahue's syndicated talk program originated from WGN-TV. In 1975, the nationally syndicated agriculture program U.S. Farm Report debuted, originating from WGN-TV's studios.
In 1961, the WGN stations moved to the television station's present studio facilities on West Bradley Place in the North Center neighborhood, a move undertaken for civil defense concerns in order to provide the station a safe location to broadcast in case of a hostile attack targeting downtown Chicago. WGN Radio eventually moved back to North Michigan Avenue in the Pioneer Court extension in 1986, then back into Tribune Tower in October 2012. In 1968, the Federal Communications Commission barred companies from owning newspapers and broadcast outlets in the same market; the FCC granted the Tribune Company permission to grandfather its combination of the Chicago Tribune, WGN-TV and WGN radio through a crossownership waiver.
Becoming a national superstation
WGN-TV began to be distributed across the United States through cable television in October 1978, after Tulsa, Oklahoma-based United Video Satellite Group uplinked the station's signal via satellite. This signal was picked up by many fledgling cable television providers, as well as directly to satellite dish owners, turning WGN-TV into one of the first superstations, alongside New York City's WOR-TV (now WWOR-TV) and Atlanta's WTBS (now WPCH-TV). As WGN-TV gained national exposure, the station became vulnerable in the Chicago area and underestimated the ability of UHF competitor WFLD (channel 32) to acquire top-rated syndicated programs (such as M*A*S*H, Happy Days and All in the Family). As a result, WFLD edged ahead of WGN-TV in the ratings by the end of 1979. WGN-TV continued with its programming format, competing with WFLD and another UHF independent station, WSNS-TV (channel 44).
In 1989, the FCC passed the Syndication Exclusivity Rights rule (or "SyndEx"), which require cable providers to black out syndicated programs shown on any out-of-market stations, if a television station obtains the exclusive local rights to air that program. When the law went into effect on January 1, 1990, WGN-TV launched a separate national feed supplied with alternate programming that no stations claimed exclusive rights to in any market (along with sporting events, newscasts and several shows airing on WGN-TV that were also not subject to exclusivity claims). In September 1994, the station moved The Bozo Show from its longtime weekday morning slot to Sunday mornings, where it remained and was eventually reformatted to fit the FCC's E/I programming guidelines until the program was controversially discontinued by station management in 2001.
Return to network affiliation
Affiliation with The WB
On November 2, 1993, the Warner Bros. Television division of Time Warner and Tribune Company announced the formation of The WB, with the majority of Tribune's independent stations being tapped to serve as the network's charter affiliates. Even though its parent company would be a partner in The WB, WGN-TV was initially going to remain an independent station due to concerns by station management with balancing a network affiliation and fulfilling the station's sports broadcast commitments. However, The WB signed an affiliation agreement with WGN-TV one month later on December 3, 1993. As part of the agreement, WGN would carry The WB's primetime schedule (and upon its September 1995 debut, Kids' WB children's programming) on its national superstation feed for areas of the United States where the network did not have an affiliate early on.
The WB launched on January 11, 1995, with WGN-TV airing only its primetime programming until 2004 (Kids' WB programming aired locally on former Univision affiliate WCIU-TV (channel 26), which had become an English-language independent station in January 1995). The WB expanded its over-the-air affiliate coverage over time, and launched a cable-only affiliate group for areas where it could not align with an over-the-air station; using the superstation feed as a default affiliate was no longer necessary as a result, leading to the network's October 1999 request that WGN stop carrying The WB's programming outside of the Chicago market. In 2000, WGN-TV constructed a new newsroom on the eastern portion of its studios, increasing the building's space to 29,000 square feet (the original newsroom was converted into the station's weather center). In 2004, WGN-TV began broadcasting Chicago Cubs, White Sox and Bulls home games in high definition.
On January 24, 2006, Time Warner's Warner Bros. unit and CBS Corporation announced that the two companies would shut down The WB and UPN and combine the networks' respective programming to create a new "fifth" network called The CW. On that same date, The CW signed WGN-TV as the network's Chicago affiliate as part of a ten-year agreement that saw 16 of Tribune Broadcasting's 18 other WB-affiliated stations at the time also join the network. The CW launched on September 18, 2006 (WGN America does not carry The CW's programming as it has sufficient broadcast coverage through over-the-air stations, digital multicast channels and cable-only affiliates negating the need for WGN America to provide additional nationwide coverage of the network).
On April 2, 2007, Chicago investor Sam Zell announced plans to purchase the Tribune Company, with intentions to take the publicly traded firm private; the deal was completed on December 20, 2007. Prior to the close of the sale, WGN-TV was one of two commercial television stations in Chicago (not counting network-owned stations) to have never been involved in an ownership transaction (WCIU is the other, having been owned by Weigel Broadcasting since its launch in 1964). Tribune subsequently filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2008, due to debt accrued from Zell's leveraged buyout and costs from the privatization of the company; Tribune emerged from bankruptcy in December 2012 under the control of its senior debt holders Oaktree Capital Management, Angelo, Gordon & Co. and JPMorgan Chase.
On October 13, 2008, WGN-TV began a partnership with WGN radio to provide weather forecasts for the station, it replaced The Weather Channel which ended its ten-year forecast partnership with WGN radio on that date. On February 4, 2009, Tribune Broadcasting announced it would merge CLTV's operations with channel 9's news department (in addition to sharing resources with WGN-TV, CLTV also shares newsgathering resources with the Chicago Tribune). In 2009, WGN-TV began streaming its weekday midday and 5 p.m. newscasts live on its website. On February 22, 2010, WGN-TV became the first television station in the Chicago market to allow iPhone users to watch live streams of its newscasts; the 6-9 a.m. block of the WGN Morning News, the midday and 5 p.m. newscasts were initially available for streaming to iPhone users; at present, all newscasts are streamed through the station's website and on Apple devices.
On July 10, 2013, Tribune announced plans to spin off its publishing division into a separate company. Once the split is finalized in 2014, WGN-TV and WGN radio will remain with the Tribune Company (which will retain all non-publishing assets, including the broadcasting, digital media and Media Services units), while its newspapers (including the Chicago Tribune) will become part of the similarly named Tribune Publishing Company. Additionally in December 2013, the station gained new sister stations in other nearby markets as part of Tribune's purchase of the Local TV station group: ABC affiliate WQAD in Davenport, Iowa and Fox affiliate WITI in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Both stations already shared news stories from their markets with WGN-TV as part of an existing content and broadcast management agreement between Local TV and Tribune.
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|9.1||1080i||16:9||WGN-DT||Main WGN-TV programming / The CW|
The station's 9.2 digital subchannel originally carried The Tube Music Network from 2006 until it shut down in October 2007, when the subchannel switched to a simulcast of WGN-TV's main channel. In June 2008, the subchannel became an affiliate of LATV. The LATV affiliation moved to a subchannel of low-power station WOCK-CD (channel 13) in July 2010. The subchannel became a charter affiliate of Tribune-owned Antenna TV on January 1, 2011.
On May 13, 2013, WGN-TV's owner Tribune Broadcasting announced that it would replace Weigel Broadcasting (which like Tribune, is headquartered in Chicago and decided to leave the joint venture with MGM to concentrate on a similarly formatted movie channel called Movies! and Me-TV) as a partner in This TV on November 1 of that year. The network's Chicago affiliation moved to WGN-TV on that date on a new 9.3 digital subchannel.
WGN-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 9, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 19. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 9. Though not a participant in the SAFER Act, WWME-CA (channel 23) simulcast WGN-TV's 9 p.m. newscasts (except in the event of sports delays) and WMAQ-TV (channel 5)'s morning and early evening newscasts until July 12 to provide an analog "lifeline" for viewers that were unprepared for or who had reception issues following the digital transition.
In Chicago's far northern suburbs and rural areas to the north and west, the signal of Madison, Wisconsin's WMTV (which also transmits on digital channel 19) interferes with reception of WGN-TV, particularly in Kane, Lake, Boone and McHenry counties. WGN-TV also interferes with the signal of Grand Rapids sister station WXMI, requiring the latter outlet to maintain a digital translator station on channel 17 from Muskegon to address this interference. WOTV in Battle Creek, Michigan transmits next to WXMI on channel 20, resulting in additional multi-channel interference.
WGN-TV runs The CW's entire programming schedule, including the network's Saturday morning children's block; since September 2012, WGN airs The CW Daytime block one hour earlier (at 2 p.m.) than other Central Time Zone affiliates, aligning with its airtime in the Eastern Time Zone. Due to the station's sports broadcast commitments, The CW's weekday daytime and primetime programs are subject to preemption if a sports telecast is scheduled during network programming hours; preempted programs are tape delayed to air later that week with primetime shows usually rescheduled on Saturday and/or Sunday evenings as The CW does not offer any weekend primetime programming. Syndicated programming on WGN-TV includes The Middle, The Andy Griffith Show, Two and a Half Men, Rachael Ray, Friends, The Arsenio Hall Show, Everybody Loves Raymond, Maury, Family Guy and 30 Rock. WGN-TV has been one of The CW's higher-rated affiliates in terms of viewership, often drawing more viewers than Fox-owned WFLD (channel 32), even in primetime despite the latter's Fox programming.
Due to syndication exclusivity rules, WGN-TV and its superstation feed WGN America have vastly different program offerings; although the local and national feeds initially shared a significant amount of common programming after the SyndEx law was implemented, WGN-TV and WGN America's schedules have become increasingly disparate in recent years. as of October 2013[update], the only programs airing on WGN-TV (other than local newscasts and sports programming) that have been given full-signal national broadcast rights on WGN America are public affairs programs People to People and Adelante, Chicago, syndicated reruns of 30 Rock; religious programs Singsation!, Discover the Truth and Tomorrow's World; and select feature films (which are aired in different timeslots than they air on WGN-TV/Chicago).
WGN-TV presently broadcasts 54 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with ten hours on weekdays and two hours each on Saturdays and Sundays); in regards to the number of hours devoted to locally produced news programming, it is the highest newscast output of any station in Chicago and the state of Illinois in general. In addition, the station produces Instant Replay, a 20-minute sports highlight program that airs on Sunday evenings during the 9 p.m. newscast and is hosted by longtime sports director Dan Roan. WGN-TV's news department is notable for the longevity of its on-air news staff, with many of its news anchors having worked for channel 9 for at least ten years. WGN-TV is also the largest television station by market size that is a broadcast partner in the WeatherBug real-time automated weather observation network.
WGN America presently simulcasts the 4 a.m. hour of the WGN Morning News and the 12 p.m. hour of the midday newscast (until January 30, 2014, the channel had also simulcast the nightly 9 p.m. newscast, except during instances in which preemptions of that program outside of Chicago occurred if rights issues prevent a sports telecast that is scheduled to start at or run past 9 p.m. CT from being cleared for national broadcast on the superstation feed). For unknown reasons, the superstation feed does not air the midday newscast's 11 a.m. hour, the weeknight 5 p.m. or weekend morning newscasts; syndication exclusivity rules on paid segments featured on the WGN Morning News reportedly caused that newscast's removal from WGN America in 1996 (the only known incidence in which SyndEx rules resulted in a news program's preemption on cable providers outside of its primary broadcast area). Since 2008, WGN anchors reference the WGN America telecast at the start of the simulcasted newscasts on weekdays (except in instances when a newscast is preempted by the superstation feed).
News has played an important role on WGN-TV since the station's beginnings, due in part to its link to the Chicago Tribune. In 1965, WGN-TV introduced the first news anchor team, Gary Park and Jim Ruddle. In 1980, WGN-TV debuted the first hour-long primetime newscast in the Midwest, when it moved its half-hour 10 p.m. newscast to 9 p.m. and expanded it to one hour. In 1984, WGN debuted its weekday midday newscast as an hour-long program at noon. The station made its first foray into weekend morning news with the debut of hour-long 8 a.m. newscasts on Saturdays and Sundays in 1992 (unusual considering the weekday morning newscast would not debut for two years); the Sunday edition was cancelled in 1994, eventually followed by the Saturday edition in 1998.
The station dropped its weekday morning children's programs on September 6, 1994, replacing them with the then one hour-long WGN Morning News; that newscast gradually expanded over time: first to two hours in January 1996, then to three hours from 6-9 a.m. eight months later, with half-hour expansions in January 2001 (to 5:30 a.m.), January 2004 (to 5 a.m.), August 6, 2010 (to 4:30 a.m.) and July 11, 2011 (to 4 a.m.).
On November 1, 2007, WGN debuted a new custom news music package Chicago's Very Own by 615 Music (which shares its name with a John Hegner-composed news theme that the station used from 1993 to 1997). On July 19, 2008, WGN-TV became the third Chicago station to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition (as of July 2010, WGN-TV is the first station in the market to broadcast all locally originated portions of its newscasts, including live field reports, in HD; in contrast to the other major English-language news stations in Chicago who all broadcast in-studio segments in HD and some or all of their live field footage in 16:9 widescreen standard definition). WGN did not have an early evening newscast until September 2008, when it debuted a half-hour program at 5:30 p.m.; the midday newscast also expanded to 90 minutes with a half-hour added at 11:30 a.m. On October 5, 2009, the 5:30 p.m. newscast expanded to an hour-long program at 5 p.m. and the midday newscast expanded to two hours at 11 a.m.
On July 8, 2010, starting with a WGN-TV Major League Baseball game telecast between the Chicago Cubs and the Los Angeles Dodgers, the station began airing live half-hour editions of the 9 p.m. newscast on CLTV on nights when WGN-TV telecasts a sports event being held on the West Coast that is scheduled to air at 9 p.m. – in order to attract non-sports viewers that normally watch the 9 p.m. newscast on channel 9 (an additional half-hour live newscast then airs following the game on WGN-TV, which is simulcast on WGN America, depending on the game's national clearance). On October 2, 2010, the station debuted hour-long newscasts at 6 a.m. on Saturday and Sunday mornings (though chronologically the first due its previous weekend morning newscasts, it became the second Tribune station to offer newscasts on weekend mornings after Indianapolis sister station WXIN, which debuted their own in August 2010).
On September 3, 2013, the WGN Morning News expanded to six hours from 4:00 to 10:00 a.m.; the added 9 a.m. hour of the newscast replaced Live! with Kelly and Michael, which moved to ABC O&O WLS-TV after a ten-year run on WGN on September 2 (WLS did not previously air Live! – distributed by ABC corporate cousin, Disney-ABC Domestic Television – in its various syndicated iterations due to its live airing of Oprah at 9 a.m. from 1986 to 2011 – a practice that dated back to that program's two-year pre-syndication existence as local morning show AM Chicago – and then the local talk show Windy City Live which was moved to 11 a.m. in order to accommodate Live).
The station's 9 p.m. newscasts usually receive higher viewership than WFLD's competing newscast in that slot, despite the latter's Fox programming lead-in, and generally has a larger audience than the 10 p.m. newscast on CBS-owned WBBM-TV. Its morning newscast also draws in a sizeable number of viewers in the Chicago market, often coming in first place overall.
In the November 2010 local Nielsen ratings, WGN's newscasts placed third overall among Chicago's television stations. WGN-TV's primetime programming also received a 3.3 lead-in rating to the 9 p.m. newscast for the period. For the February 2011 ratings, the 9 p.m. newscast placed fourth among the market's late evening newscasts, ahead of last-place finisher WFLD between the two stations' primetime newscasts. However, WGN had the lowest primetime lead-in rating of all the area's news stations with only a 2.2 rating share.
- Weather team
In addition to providing weather forecasts for WGN-TV, the WGN Weathercenter Team also provides forecasts for the Chicago Tribune, WGN (720 kHz.) and CLTV.
- Tom Skilling (AMS Seal of Approval) - chief meteorologist; weekday middays (11 a.m.–1 p.m.), and weeknights at 5 and 9 p.m.
- Sports team
- Rich King - sports anchor; Fridays and Saturdays at 9 p.m., also Sunday-Thursday sports reporter
Former on-air staff
- Mike Barz
- Bob Bell†
- Thom Brennaman
- Jack Brickhouse†
- Lorn Brown†
- Roy Brown†
- Cheryl Burton
- Chip Caray
- Harry Caray†
- Bob Collins†
- Bob Costas
- Joey D'Auria
- Merri Dee
- Phil Donahue
- John Drury†
- Jim Durham†
- Milo Hamilton
- Pat Harvey
- Johnny "Red" Kerr†
- Wayne Larrivee
- Roy Leonard
- Vince Lloyd†
- Ned Locke†
- Joe McConnell
- Allison Payne
- Lloyd Pettit†
- Jimmy Piersall
- Ray Rayner†
- Randy Salerno†
- Don Sandburg
- John Schubeck†
- Keenan Smith
- Wendell Smith
- Chuck Swirsky
- Jack Taylor
- Roseanne Tellez
- Frazier Thomas†
- Harry Volkman
- Jim Williams
- Bill Weir
† - deceased
Throughout its history, WGN-TV has had a long association with Chicago sports. Perhaps with the exception of the NFL's Chicago Bears (other than games nationally televised on ESPN and NFL Network that air on WGN-TV due to NFL rules requiring games shown on cable to be simulcast on a local broadcast station in a team's home market), each of the city's major professional sports franchises, along with several area collegiate teams, have had its games regularly televised over channel 9. As of 2013[update], WGN-TV maintains broadcast rights to Chicago Bulls, Cubs, White Sox and Blackhawks games (with some local television rights shared with Comcast SportsNet Chicago); due to WGN's network affiliation contracts that limit the number of programming preemptions annually, some games produced by the station may instead air locally on WCIU-TV.
Other locally produced programming
In addition to its newscasts, WGN-TV also produces local public affairs and lifestyle-oriented programs; these include two bi-weekly Saturday morning public affairs programs that are simulcast nationally on WGN America: People to People (which covers community events and the past week's major local and national news stories, and is hosted by weeknight 5 and 9 p.m. anchor Micah Materre) and Adelante, Chicago (focusing on Chicago's Hispanic community featuring topical discussions and feature segments, and is hosted by weeknight 5 p.m. anchor/reporter Lourdes Duarte); along with the weekly Chicago's Best (focusing on Chicago's cuisine, attractions and events and is hosted by Brittney Payton, daughter of late Chicago Bears running back Walter Payton, and Ted Brunson). In addition, the station broadcasts several local events including the Bud Billiken Parade, the McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade and the New Year's Day Mummers Parade.
WGN-TV is the originating station for the Illinois Lottery, whose twice daily drawings are held at the station's Bradley Place studios, and air during the noon and 9 p.m. newscasts. WGN America simulcasts the drawings (along with Mega Millions and Powerball), making Illinois the only state-run lottery in the U.S. whose drawings are broadcast nationwide (due to sports events that are not cleared to air outside of Chicago which result in a newscast preemption, the lottery results are shown around 9:30 p.m. CT on WGN America). WGN-TV lost the rights to the Illinois Lottery drawings to Fox-owned WFLD in 1987, and then reacquired the rights from CBS-owned WBBM-TV in 1994.
WGN-TV in Canada
Although WGN America continues to be distributed in certain parts of Canada, the Chicago area feed of WGN-TV is carried by most cable television providers in that country and on satellite providers Bell TV and Shaw Direct, typically as part of a la carte superstation packages. Bell TV has always carried the Chicago area feed; however, Shaw Direct and many cable providers in that country replaced WGN America with WGN-TV/Chicago on January 17, 2007, due to Shaw Broadcast Services (the primary supplier of the WGN superstation feed in Canada) switching the WGN feed distributed in that country from the superstation feed to the Chicago area signal. As a result of its carriage by Canadian cable and satellite providers, WGN-TV provides CW network programs to most areas of Canada that are located farther away from the U.S. border and therefore may be out of reach from the over-the-air signals of other CW affiliates from American cities located near the Canadian border.
However, CW programs carried by WGN-TV may be subject to simultaneous substitution rules on pay television providers that carry the local Chicago feed. Some sports events that are broadcast on the station may also be subject to blackouts on certain providers. The carriage of the Chicago area feed has created some controversy since Shaw's switch from the superstation feed, after WGN-TV gained rights to carry Chicago Blackhawks games. Those games remain available in Canada, meaning that Blackhawks Saturday primetime games airing on WGN now directly compete against CBC Television's Hockey Night in Canada, whose telecasts are supposed to receive national exclusivity on that night during the NHL season. Blackhawks games aired on WGN-TV are also periodically broadcast in Canada on some providers through the NHL Centre Ice sports package.
- WGN America – The national superstation feed of WGN-TV.
- Max Headroom broadcast signal intrusion, a Broadcast signal intrusion incident that happened on the channel.
- "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films". Boxoffice: 13. November 10, 1956.[dead link]
- Chicago Architecture Info: WGN Television
- Ibata, David (6 March 1985). "WGN Radio To Move Into Tribune Tower". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- McLane, Paul (8 February 2012). "Radio 720 WGN Moves Upstairs". Radio World. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- Birth of a Nation's Superstation: WGN executives were aghast when the channel was first put up on satellite, but the 'curse' turned into quite the blessing, Multichannel News (via HighBeam Research), April 5, 2004.
- Warner Bros., Tribune Broadcasting & Jamie Kellner to Launch WB Network in 1994, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- Tribune Broadcasting Joins with Warner Bros. to Launch Fifth Television Network, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- Tribune's Network Tie Could Bench Its Sports, Chicago Sun-Times, November 3, 1993. Retrieved July 20, 2013 from HighBeam Research.
- Channel 9 Joins Warner Network // But Sports Still Gets Top Priority, Chicago Sun-Times, December 4, 1993. Retrieved July 20, 2013 from HighBeam Research.
- WB network signs WGN-TV, Broadcasting & Cable, December 6, 1993. Retrieved 5-28-2013 from HighBeam Research.
- Tribune Superstation WGN-TV to Affiliate with WB Network, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- Time Warner Takes Crucial Step Toward New Network Television: A pact with superstation WGN-TV gives it access to 73% of homes. Analysts say that will still leave gaps., Los Angeles Times, December 4, 1993. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- 'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September, CNNMoney.com, January 24, 2006.
- UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
- Zell buys Tribune Co., Cubs to be sold, CNNMoney.com, April 3, 2007.
- Tribune Company Seeks Bankruptcy Protection, The New York Times, December 8, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- Bankruptcy-Exit Plan Gets OK, TVNewsCheck, Associated Press, July 13, 2012.
- WGN Radio to Partner With WGN-TV to Deliver Top Local Weather Reporting to Listeners, Tribune Company. Retrieved 12-9-2010.
- Tribune Broadcasting Combines WGN, CLTV[dead link], Mediaweek, February 4, 2009
- WGN-TV First in Chicago to Stream Newscasts, Tribune Company, Retrieved 12-9-2010.
- "Tribune Co. to Split in Two". New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
- "Tribune Closes Acquisition of Local TV Holdings" (Press release). Tribune Company. 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
- RabbitEars TV Query for WGN
- Tribune Company Launching Digital Subchannel Antenna TV Network, Chicago Tribune, August 30, 2010
- Malone, Michael (May 14, 2013). "Tribune Replaces Weigel As Partner on This TV". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- "LATV, Tribune Ink Affiliate Deal".
- Siegel, Fern (May 13, 2013). "Tribune To Program MGM's This TV". MediaPost. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- Good Times for Digi-Nets...But We've Seen This Movie Before, B&C, 5 August, 2013, Retrieved August 6, 2013
- Chicago’S Very Own Wgn-Tv Now Offering Text Alerts For Area Festivals And Tom Skilling Instagram Updates | Wgn-Tv
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- CDBS Print
- "WMAQ-TV, WGN-TV partner with Weigel Broadcasting for analog 'lifeline'". Chicago Tribune. June 11, 2009.
- WCIU, The U / About / Press
- WGN-TV and WeatherBug Partner to Offer Viewers Live, Neighborhood-Level Weather Reporting - On-air and Online Starting Tuesday, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- WGN news loses national platform, Robert Feder, February 5, 2014.
- "WGN-Ch. 9 plans new early morning weekend news". Chicago Tribune. August 23, 2010.
- WGN Morning News to Start a Half-hour Earlier, Chicago Breaking Business.
- Attention Early Birds! WGN Morning News Starts at 4:00AM Beginning July 11[dead link], WGNTV.com, June 16, 2011.
- WGN News at Nine to Air on CLTV & Stream Live on WGNtv.com When Baseball on WGN-TV Starts at 9pm, Tribune Company. Retrieved 12-9-2010.
- Daytime drama: How will ABC 7 make room for Katie & Kelly?, Time Out Chicago, May 13, 2012.
- ABC 7 Replacing 11:00 a.m. News with Windy City LIVE Facebook, June 20, 2013.
- ABC 7 to replace "Oprah' with live, local morning show, WBEZ.org. Retrieved 12-15-2010.
- Channel 5 drops to 4th[dead link], Chicago Sun-Times, December 2, 2010. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- Johnson-Sullivan anchor duo paying off for WBBM-Channel 2, Chicago Sun-Times, March 4, 2010.
- "WGN News Team". WGN-TV. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Bob Bell, the first 'Bozo the Clown' on WGN-TV, Dies". WGN-TV. 8 December 1997. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- "Thom Brennaman". WGN Gold. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Jack Brickhouse". Radio Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Oscar Avila (June 26, 2010). "Former Sox, Bulls announcer Lorn Brown dies". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- "Roy Brown, who portrayed 'Cooky the Cook' on WGN-TV's 'Bozo Show' and was puppeteer for 'Garfield Goose and Friends', dies". WGN-TV. 22 January 2001. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- "Cheryl Burton Bio". ABC7 Chicago. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Sandmir, Richard (March 3, 1998). "TV SPORTS; Caray Family Is Touched by Fans Honoring Harry". New York Times. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Harry Caray". Radio Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Bob Collins". WGN Gold. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Bob Costas Bio". Celebrity Speakers' Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Bozo Timeline-1980s". WGN-TV. Archived from the original on 9 July 2001. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- Fambro Hooks, Theresa (August 27, 2008). "Merri Dee leaving WGN after nearly four decades". Chicago Defender. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "StationHistory". WGN=TV. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "John Drury's ABC7 Bio". ABC7Chicago.com. Retrieved 2007-08-07.
- "Jim Durham, N.B.A. Broadcaster, Is Dead at 65". New York Times. November 4, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Rogers, Phil (February 22, 1998). "Milo Hamilton Never Did Make Peace With Harry Caray". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Pat Harvey Bio". KCBS-TV. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Kerr, 76, dies of prostate cancer". ESPN. February 27, 2009. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Wayne Larrivee". WGN Gold. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Roy Leonard". WGN Gold. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Vince Lloyd". WGN Gold. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Crimmins, Jerry (5 February 1992). "Ned Locke of Bozo's Circus". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- "Harry's Partners In The Broadcast Booth". Chicago Tribune. February 27, 1998. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Rosenthal, Phil (January 9, 2009). "Allison Payne returning to WGN-TV". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Pettit found his calling in Blackhawks' booth". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. November 14, 2003. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Hageman, William (21 January 2004). "WGN personality Ray Rayner dead at 84". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
- "Salerno a lifelong friend of driver charged in snowmobile crash". Chicago Tribune. January 26, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Bozo Timeline-1960s". WGN-TV. Archived from the original on 9 July 2001. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Paid Notice: Deaths SCHUBECK, JOHN". New York Times. September 28, 1997. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Keenan Smith Bio". WGN-TV. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Wendell Smith, a civic-minded writer". African-American Registry. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Jack Taylor". WGN Gold. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Roseanne Tellez Bio". WBBM=TV. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Heise, Kenan (4 April 1985). "Frazier Thomas, TV Kids' Pal For 35 years". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- "Legendary Chicago TV Weatherman Harry Volkman Releases Autobiography". Chicagoland Radio and Media. April 25, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Jim Williams Bio". WBBM-TV. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- Rosenthal, Phil (July 22, 2010). "Bill Weir, former WGN sportscaster, is new 'Nightline' co-host". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- WGN-TV & CLTV to Premiere New Food and Lifestyle Show "Chicago's Best"[dead link], ChicagoNow, March 18, 2010. Retrieved 12-15-2010.
- Drawing Fact Sheet[dead link], Illinois Lottery. Retrieved 12-15-2010.
- The Illinois Lottery - A History, Illinois Lottery. Retrieved 12-15-2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to WGN-TV.|
- Official website
- WGN America
- Streaming video of CBS Evening News coverage of the Max Headroom pirate incident
- Query the FCC's TV station database for WGN-TV