|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2008)|
Logo used since July 1, 2010.
|Network||independent (1978–1995, 1999–present)
The WB (1995–1999)
|Owned by||Tribune Broadcasting
|Picture format||1080i (HDTV)
|Slogan||SuperFans Welcome (general)
Chicago's Very Own (used only during WGN newscasts)
|Broadcast area||United States
Canada (via cable)
|Headquarters||Chicago, Illinois (programming);
New York City, New York (sales)
|Formerly called||WGN (1978–2001)
WGN Superstation (2001–2002)
Superstation WGN (2002–2008)
|Sister channel(s)||WGN-TV, Chicagoland Television, WGN (AM)|
|DirecTV (US)||307 (HD/SD)|
|Dish Network||239 (HD/SD)|
|Verizon FiOS||568 (HD)
Consult local lineup for SD channel number
|Available on most other U.S. cable systems||Consult your local cable provider for channels|
|Available on select Canadian cable systems||Consult your local cable provider for availability
(the WGN-TV Chicago signal is available in lieu of WGN America on most Canadian cable systems)
|AT&T U-verse||1180 (HD)
(not available in the Chicago area)
|MTS TV||439 (HD)
WGN America is an American basic cable and satellite television channel, which operates as a superstation feed of Chicago, Illinois television station WGN-TV (channel 9). Owned by Tribune Broadcasting, the channel is one of several flagship properties owned by the Chicago-based Tribune Company, which also owns the Chicago Tribune, regional cable news channel Chicagoland Television (CLTV) and radio station WGN (720 AM).
WGN America is the only remaining U.S. superstation to be distributed nationally through both cable and satellite television – a distinction it has held since the October 2007 split of TBS from its former Atlanta local feed. WGN-TV/WGN America is also one of four superstations that are owned by Tribune: KTLA/Los Angeles, KWGN-TV/Denver and WPIX/New York City are distributed nationally through Dish Network (for grandfathered subscribers of its superstations package that purchased the a la carte tier before Dish halted sales of the package to new subscribers in September 2013), on cable and satellite providers throughout Canada (all four stations are authorized for cable and satellite distribution as a U.S. superstation by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, however KWGN-TV is the only one of the four that is not available in that country), and are available through cable on a regional basis in their respective regions of the Western and Northeastern United States.
WGN America carries a variety of programs consisting mainly of recent and classic off-network sitcoms, drama series and feature films, along with some local programming supplied by WGN-TV/Chicago (including televised games from Chicago's Major League Baseball and NBA sports teams, locally produced newscasts, public affairs programs and occasional specials).
The channel broadcasts throughout the United States and in parts of Canada without certain local programs and most syndicated programs that are carried on the Chicago broadcast signal, which are substituted with other programs due to syndication exclusivity rights held by other stations for most syndicated programs seen on WGN-TV and rights restrictions for sports telecasts imposed by the NBA and the National Hockey League. The most notable programming difference between the national feed and the Chicago area broadcast signal is that WGN America does not carry any programming from The CW Television Network – even though WGN-TV is the network's charter affiliate for the Chicago market – this is because The CW is widely available throughout the United States via over-the-air broadcast stations, and affiliations with digital subchannels and local cable outlets (including through The CW Plus in smaller markets).
WGN America broadcasts on an Eastern Time schedule (with programs shown at earlier or later times depending on the location); as it is a superstation feed, the channel does not timeshift its programming for other U.S. time zones in order to allow it to schedule its entertainment programs around simulcasts of Chicago-based programs and sports telecasts produced by WGN-TV that are cleared for broadcast on the channel. As such, promos for WGN America programs reference airtimes for both the Eastern and Pacific time zones (for example, America's Funniest Home Videos is promoted as airing at "7 p.m. East/4 p.m. West", a scheduling reference format it has used in promos since 2008, used instead of referring to both zones as "Eastern" and "Pacific").
WGN America is available in the United States on most cable providers, as well as on DirecTV, Dish Network, AT&T U-verse and Verizon FiOS. However it remains unavailable on cable in portions of the western United States and much of the New England region of the northeastern United States (including portions of the New York City metropolitan area). Moreover, some cable providers in select markets where Tribune Broadcasting owns a television station do not carry WGN America on analog or digital cable. Due to contractual stipulations in distribution agreements with most cable, IPTV and fiber optic television providers in the United States, WGN America is generally carried on a "limited basic" (or "lifeline") programming tier – alongside local broadcast stations and public, educational and government access channels.
In the Chicago metropolitan area, WGN America is not available over-the-air as a digital subchannel of WGN-TV or through pay television via Comcast Xfinity, WOW!, RCN, AT&T U-verse and other providers in the city proper and its suburbs – although satellite subscribers within the Chicago market can access the WGN superstation feed (in addition to the WGN-TV broadcast signal) through DirecTV and Dish Network.
The channel is also carried in Canada on select cable providers (such as Cogeco Cable), although most pay television providers in that country that previously received WGN America now receive WGN-TV/Chicago instead due to the main supplier of WGN in Canada, Shaw Broadcast Services, switching from the superstation feed to the Chicago area signal on January 17, 2007. This resulted in the duplication of CW programs and many syndicated shows that are available domestically on other channels (such as fellow superstations KTLA and WSBK-TV), and effectively displaced the WGN national feed from most Canadian cable systems and satellite provider Star Choice (although Bell TV had been carrying the Chicago area signal for several years). The decision to switch to the Chicago area feed is believed to have been made to in order to avoid fees that are required to carry the WGN superstation feed. A few subscription television providers (such as MTS TV) carry both WGN America and WGN-TV Chicago. The WGN-TV feed is also carried in Canada as part of the NHL Centre Ice sports package, primarily for simulcasts of Chicago Blackhawks games.
WGN-TV goes national
In October 1978, United Video Satellite Group uplinked the signal of Chicago independent station WGN-TV (channel 9) to the Satcom-3 satellite for cable and satellite subscribers throughout the United States. For about eleven years afterward, the national WGN-TV signal ran the same program schedule as that seen in the Chicago area; the national feed also used the same on-air branding as the Chicago area signal (which was referred to on-air at the time as either "Channel 9" or "WGN Channel 9") until 1997, when it became known as simply "WGN" outside of Chicago (though it retained the varied forms of the WGN logo wordmark until 2008). After United Video launched Prevue Guide in the late 1980s, it utilized WGN's audio subcarrier channel – which was unheard by viewers – to transmit programming schedules in a 2400 bit/s data stream to local cable providers.
In 1989, the Federal Communications Commission passed the Syndication Exclusivity Rules (or "SyndEx") into law – which required cable providers to black out syndicated programs shown on any out-of-market stations carried by the provider, when a television station within a media market obtains the exclusive rights to air that particular program. In response, a separate national feed of WGN-TV was launched on January 1, 1990 to avoid any potential blackouts, save for some sports programming (the feed was similar in structure to the WWOR EMI Service, a superstation feed of Secaucus, New Jersey-based WWOR-TV that launched seven months after WGN-TV achieved superstation status, only with fewer programming blackouts). By the early 1990s, WGN began to increase its national cable coverage when many cable systems began to swap WWOR and its New York City area rival (and WGN-TV sister station) WPIX for the WGN superstation feed.
On December 3, 1993, Tribune Broadcasting signed an affiliation agreement with WGN-TV/Chicago to become a charter affiliate of The WB Television Network, a joint venture between the Warner Bros. Television unit of Time Warner and the Tribune Company; this made the station a network affiliate for the first time since the 1956 shutdown of the DuMont Television Network. Through the agreement and Tribune's minority ownership interest in The WB – which resulted in most of the company's independent stations becoming the network's charter affiliates – The WB allowed the WGN superstation feed to nationally distribute its primetime (and when it was added by The WB in September 1995, children's) programming, in order to make the network available to areas of the United States that did not initially have a local affiliate. The superstation feed became a de facto national WB affiliate upon the network's January 11, 1995 launch, giving The WB an early advantage over UPN, which declined to allow WWOR to carry its programming to areas without an affiliate. While The WB's programming was initially split between two stations in the Chicago area, WGN-TV (which aired its primetime programming) and WCIU-TV (which ran Kids' WB children's programming until 2004, when it moved to WGN-TV), The WB's entire programming schedule was carried by the WGN superstation feed.
In 1996, around the same time that WGN-TV temporarily lost rights to broadcast Chicago Bulls basketball games due to a lawsuit between the station and the National Basketball Association, the WGN superstation feed was dropped from cable systems operated by Tele-Communications, Inc. in several U.S. cities outside of the Chicago area. The move was partly made in order to make room for additional cable channels due to limited space; TCI's removal of WGN had a minor complication for The WB as even though the network had been slowly adding stations to its roster at the time, it still did not have local affiliates in many mid-sized and small markets. Outcry from some TCI subscribers over the decision to drop WGN resulted in the cable provider later backing off plans to drop the superstation feed in five Midwestern states. In 1997, TCI and Tribune had discussed a proposal to sell a 50% ownership stake in the WGN superstation feed to TCI and convert it into a basic cable channel (similar to what Atlanta superstation WTBS did that same year), this ultimately did not go forward.
On October 7, 1999, WGN stopped carrying The WB's programming on its superstation feed upon the network's request, on mutual grounds between Time Warner and Tribune that The WB had increased its national broadcast coverage (through affiliation agreements signed with local broadcast stations after its launch and the debut of a cable-only affiliate group in markets where no over-the-air affiliate was present) to the point that discontinuing the network's carriage on the superstation feed was necessary. Kids' WB programming was replaced with syndicated series, while feature films replaced The WB's primetime programs. In 2001, the superstation feed was rebranded as WGN Superstation, before undergoing another name change as Superstation WGN in November of the following year, coinciding with the introduction of WGN-TV Chicago's current logo.
Change to WGN America
On May 24, 2008, Superstation WGN changed its name to WGN America (initially, the use of the WGN America name was limited to on-air promos, as the Superstation WGN channel IDs remained in place). The new name and logo went into full-time use on May 26, 2008. The new logo was also the first used by the superstation feed to not incorporate WGN-TV's on-air logo branding in some capacity, and its design featured the eyes of a female (similar in resemblance to The Movie Channel's 1988-1997 logo), used alongside the new slogan "TV You Can't Ignore".
The channel would soon begin to slowly revamp its programming lineup, starting with the introduction of the "Out of Sight Retro Night" classic sitcom block on Sunday evenings (which ran weekly from 5 p.m.-2 a.m. ET, with a breakaway at 10 p.m. ET for the WGN News at Nine and Instant Replay, from August 2007 to September 5, 2010) – featuring series such as WKRP in Cincinnati, Newhart, ALF, Barney Miller and The Honeymooners – some of these programs had previously aired on WGN prior to implementation of the SyndEx rules, or even after the rules went into effect on the Chicago signal only, and in some cases, the superstation feed as well. A few shows were dropped from the channel, such as former WGN staples U.S. Farm Report and Soul Train, primarily due to the dissolution of Tribune's television production and distribution unit. In late July 2008, the network's logo bug was revised with the eyes element of the logo now morphing into the "WGN America" text – the eyes element remained a part of the general logo in all other uses until January 2009, when it was deemphasized in favor of using the channel's wordmark text as the primary logo.
In the fall of 2008, then-Tribune chairman/CEO Sam Zell and CEO Randy Michaels stated to the media during a nationwide tour promoting the Tribune properties that the company was interested in producing a late night talk show hosted by comedian Jay Leno, following the end of his run as host of NBC's The Tonight Show that year, by launching it on Tribune's television stations and using WGN America to broadcast the show nationally. However in December 2008, NBC agreed to a deal to let Leno host a weeknight primetime talk show at 10 p.m., called The Jay Leno Show (which was cancelled in February 2010, due to low ratings, with Leno returning as host of Tonight one month later).
In April 2009, WGN America underwent another rebrand, with a new retro-style logo (which was given a minor update on July 1, 2010 with the rounded trapezoid containing the "WGN" letters simplified into rounded squares and the word "america" spaced), a new five-note sounder (which was also used on WGN Radio in Chicago), new graphics, a new slogan ("Everywhere America Calls Home") and the introduction of some original programming. The channel made these changes in order to increase its cable carriage outside the channel's traditional coverage area and position itself as a general entertainment channel that programs to the entire nation, not just Chicago and the Midwest.
As of 2013, WGN America's programming slate relies primarily on a variety of reruns such as In the Heat of the Night, Parks & Recreation, Law & Order: Criminal Intent, 30 Rock, How I Met Your Mother, Walker, Texas Ranger, Matlock, Rules of Engagement and edited syndication versions of It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia. Most shows airing on the channel can also be seen on other broadcast television stations throughout the United States, but have been cleared by television syndication distributors for "full-signal" rights – therefore allowing these programs to air on WGN America as they do not fall under syndication exclusivity regulations (for example, although 30 Rock is syndicated to other television stations nationwide, including WGN-TV/Chicago, it is allowed to air on WGN America due to its clearance by NBCUniversal for "full-signal" carriage).
Feature films on the channel are also cleared for "full-signal" carriage, as the superstation feed runs movies from film packages distributed for local broadcast syndication by Sony Pictures Television, Warner Bros. Television, Disney-ABC Domestic Television, 20th Television and other distributors. Movies formed much of the superstation's primetime schedule for much of its existence until the "Superstation WGN" branding era – though there have been exceptions: fewer primetime movies aired during the week during its four-year run as a cable-only affiliate of The WB from 1995 to 1999 as that network's programming expanded to additional nights, with films airing on a nightly basis again once WB programming was dropped (films were later removed from Sunday nights with the launch of the "Outta Sight Retro Night" block in 2007 and from Thursday nights between 2009 and 2010), WGN America then relegated its movie telecasts to Sunday afternoons and weekend late nights from September 18, 2010 until primetime films returned on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays in May 2013.
Until 2012, the channel's morning and early afternoon schedule heavily relied on reruns of television series produced between the 1960s and the early 1990s. During the early 21st century, WGN America acquired sub-run syndication rights to series that had previously aired in their original broadcast runs during the channel's de facto WB affiliation, including 7th Heaven, The Wayans Bros., Sister, Sister and The Parent 'Hood. Between 2006 and 2009, WGN America ran teen- and preteen-oriented sitcoms during mid-afternoon timeslots such as Lizzie McGuire, Even Stevens and Sister, Sister, only for these shows to quickly be moved to overnight graveyard slots, when the show's target audiences are usually not awake, and then removed entirely shortly afterward. This was likely due to the restructuring of Tribune's television division and a distribution agreement with the Disney Channel that proved too expensive to maintain.
As of 2013[update], WGN America presently broadcasts 12 hours of WGN-TV's local newscasts each week (almost one-quarter of the 54 hours of newscasts that station produces on a weekly basis), with two hours on weekdays and one hour each on Saturdays and Sundays; it simulcasts the 12 p.m. hour of the weekday WGN Midday News and the nightly 9 p.m. newscast (all times Central), along with the 20-minute Sunday evening sports highlight program Instant Replay. Since 2008, WGN-TV anchors reference the national simulcast at the beginning of the noon and 9 p.m. newscasts, except on weekend evenings and during preemptions of the 9 p.m. newscast on WGN America; the superstation feed ironically does not air promotions for the WGN-TV newscasts – with the exception of those seen near the conclusion of Cubs, White Sox and Bulls evening games that run until or past 9 p.m. CT – though sports telecasts aired on WGN-TV that are carried nationally are promoted on WGN America. WGN America also airs certain specials produced by WGN-TV's news department, and many Tom Skilling's weather specials (which typically air on occasions in which WGN-TV abbreviates the hour-long 9 p.m. newscast to a half-hour in order to air a news special).
For undetermined reasons, WGN America has not cleared local newscasts that have been added by WGN-TV since 2008 for broadcast on the superstation feed: the 11 a.m. hour of the WGN Midday News (which debuted in October 2009), its weeknight 5 p.m. newscast (launched in September 2008 as a 5:30 p.m. newscast) and its weekend morning newscasts (launched in October 2010); these newscasts are, however, are streamed live on WGNTV.com without geographic restrictions, besides removal of sports highlights because of rights issues. The WGN Morning News also does not air outside of the WGN-TV Chicago viewing area, and Illinois and Indiana cable providers within the Chicago market that carry the WGN-TV local feed. SyndEx rules reportedly do not allow some segments of that newscast to air outside Chicago; however, it did air nationally during the program's first two years, from 1994 to 1996. WGN America had also broadcast weekend morning newscasts that WGN-TV previously produced during the 1990s, both of which were dropped by the superstation feed as a result of those newscasts' cancellations: a Saturday edition that ran from 1992 to 1998 and a Sunday edition that ran from 1992 to 1994.
Preemptions of the 9 p.m. newscast on WGN America had decreased with the removal of movies from the Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday primetime lineups in favor of nightly primetime sitcom reruns on September 13, 2010, to only occasional instances where certain sports events that air on WGN-TV are not cleared to air outside the Chicago market, and the game is scheduled to run past 9 p.m. CT (prior to the scheduling change, feature films than ran past 10 p.m. ET also caused the late evening newscast to be preempted since most were not scheduled to start earlier in the evening to avoid such preemptions); movies have factored into the preemptions again with the return of primetime films on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays in May 2013. Episodes of America's Funniest Home Videos (from either the 2001–present Tom Bergeron run or the 1997-1999 Daisy Fuentes-John Fugelsang run) currently air in place of the WGN News at Nine in the event of a sports telecast or movie preemption outside the Chicago market; the 12 p.m. hour of the WGN Midday News is also occasionally preempted – though in far rarer instances – in the event that a Cubs or White Sox baseball game scheduled for broadcast on WGN-TV/WGN America begins at 1 p.m. ET.
Other WGN-TV programming
Aside from programming shared by both the local and national superstation feeds that have been cleared for "full-signal" carriage, other local programs shared by both feeds (in addition to the noon and 9 p.m. newscasts) include the bi-weekly Saturday morning local public affairs programs Adelante, Chicago and People to People. WGN America also simulcasts or airs on a delayed basis other Chicago-based programs produced by WGN's local programming department, such as local parades, event coverage and retrospective shows on WGN's past (including the McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade and the special Bozo, Gar and Ray: WGN TV Classics).
WGN-TV/Chicago and the national superstation feed initially maintained similar programming schedules in the years after the SyndEx rules became law, running much of the same programs with limited substitutions outside of Chicago – though since the early 2000s (particularly since the rebrand to WGN America), WGN-TV/Chicago and the national superstation feed have carried substantially fewer common programs shared between the two feeds than in previous years. In addition to locally produced programs, other programs carried on WGN-TV/Chicago that are cleared for full-signal carriage on WGN America as of October 2013[update] are syndicated reruns of 30 Rock; religious programs Singsation!, Discover the Truth and Tomorrow's World; and select feature films (which are aired in different timeslots than they air on WGN-TV/Chicago).
In addition, WGN America simulcasts the Illinois Lottery's daily drawings (making it the only U.S. state lottery whose drawings, including multi-jurisdictional games, are televised nationally) live on weekdays during the 12 p.m. hour of the WGN Midday News (at 12:40 p.m. Central Time) and nightly during the WGN News at Nine (at 9:22 p.m. CT). The winning numbers for the midday and evening drawings are also shown in the event that the noon or 9 p.m. newscasts are preempted, and during scheduled programming on weekend afternoons in the 1 p.m. ET hour – which are shown either during a commercial break or appearing on a lower-third on-screen graphic within the program. Through the Illinois Lottery's participation in these two multi-state lotteries, WGN America also simulcasts the Mega Millions and Powerball drawings on their respective drawing nights – Tuesdays and Fridays for Mega Millions; Wednesdays and Saturdays for Powerball – at 11 p.m. ET, except during ongoing sports telecasts; WGN America effectively acts as the default Mega Millions and/or Powerball drawing broadcaster in areas of lottery-participating states where no local station televises the drawings. Because of the channel's ubiquitous distribution in the state of Iowa, the Iowa Lottery uses Illinois' lottery numbers for its own Pick 3 and Pick 4 games daily.
Through WGN-TV's longtime association as the MDA Love Network station for Chicago, WGN America had simulcast the annual MDA Show of Strength (having aired the telethon in its 21½-hour format from 1979 to 2010, the six-hour evening format used in 2011 and the three-hour primetime-only format used in 2012), including the local segments featuring WGN-TV personalities; as a result, donations to the Chicago-based segments of the telethon came from various parts of the United States and Canada, in addition to the Chicago area. The WGN America simulcast of the Show of Strength and WGN-TV's rights to the telethon ended with the 2012 edition, as the MDA decided to move the telethon from syndication to ABC beginning with the 2013 broadcast.
WGN America airs all Chicago Cubs and White Sox Major League Baseball games televised by WGN-TV/Chicago. It also simulcasts about 10 to 20 Chicago Bulls NBA games from the Chicago area feed. WGN-TV/Chicago has rights to carry additional Bulls games, as well as a number of Chicago Blackhawks NHL games; however, due to broadcast rights restrictions imposed by the National Basketball Association and National Hockey League respectively, WGN America is not allowed to carry other games from the Bulls schedule outside of those allowed to air outside the Chicago market, or any Blackhawks game that the local station carries (in the latter case due to the NHL's exclusive contract with Comcast/NBCUniversal). Similar restrictions by these and other sports leagues (as well as the absence of contractual streaming rights) also prevent WGNTV.com from running sports highlights during live streams of WGN-TV newscasts (unusual as many stations, including WGN-TV/WGN America's Tribune-owned sister stations, have permission to run sports highlights during live streams of local newscasts on their websites and mobile applications), which are replaced with a screen noting the restrictions while only the audio portions of the sports segments are streamed. WGN America substitutes games not cleared for national carriage with either movies or syndicated programming.
Certain related programming carried locally, such as the Blackhawks' victory parade following the 2010 Stanley Cup Playoffs and a half-hour special paying tribute to the late Cubs player and broadcaster Ron Santo in 2011, have also not been shown on WGN America, though a few Tribune and Local TV-owned partner stations aired the funeral on their digital subchannels and the Blackhawks' victory parade was shown on the NHL Network using the WGN-TV feed.
On August 21, 2008, WGN America announced a partnership with Indianapolis radio station WFBQ to carry the television broadcast of The Bob & Tom Show radio program – which was originally produced for Tribune's Indianapolis duopoly WXIN/WTTV. The program debuted on WGN America on November 3, 2008, originally airing in a standard late night slot, before being moved to overnights until the television broadcast ended on September 13, 2010. On December 19, 2008, WGN America reached a deal with World Wrestling Entertainment to broadcast WWE Superstars as an hour-long weekly program, starting on April 16, 2009. The program was dropped from WGN America after the April 7, 2011 telecast (it is now available as an original web series carried on WWE.com in the United States only).
In April 2010, WGN America announced it would begin carrying Earl Pitts Uhmerikun, a television version of the radio commentary series created by Gary Burbank, which began airing that same month. Burbank had long maintained a close relationship with certain Tribune Company executives at that time, who approached him about bringing the segments to television. The commentary was aired in the form of a series of 90-second segments that aired on WGN America until November 2011, usually during simulcasts of WGN-TV newscasts.
As part of Tribune's corporate restructuring (which led to the July 2013 decision to split its publishing division from the remainder of the company to focus on its broadcasting and digital media units) as a result of its exit from bankruptcy in December 2012, WGN America will develop original programming to be produced through Tribune Studios, a production and distribution unit formed in March 2013 to develop syndicated programs that will be seen primarily on Tribune Broadcasting's television properties (the subsidiary's predecessor, Tribune Entertainment, was a contributing supplier of syndicated programs to WGN America prior to the unit's 2007 shutdown). On June 4, 2013, WGN America placed a 13-episode order for its first original scripted program, the drama series Salem (which is based around the Salem witch trials), which is slated to premiere in 2014.
WGN America HD
WGN America HD is a high definition simulcast feed of WGN America, which broadcasts programming available in HD in the 1080i picture format. Select syndicated programs (such as 30 Rock, How I Met Your Mother and Law & Order: Criminal Intent), Cubs and White Sox baseball and Bulls basketball games, and WGN-TV's noon and 9 p.m. newscasts are currently broadcast in high definition on the feed. WGN-TV began broadcasting its newscasts in high definition on July 19, 2008. It is available on Cox Communications, Xfinity by Comcast, AT&T U-verse, Verizon FiOS and other select cable providers, as well as through satellite providers Dish Network and DirecTV.
- "Chicago's Very Own" (1983–present; used during WGN newscasts)
- "Entertaining America" (1997–2001)
- "It's Great to Be Home" (2005–2008)
- "TV You Can't Ignore" (2008–2009)
- "Everywhere America Calls Home" (2009–2010)
- "Home of the Superfan" (2012–present)
In relation to WGN America's prior history as a cable affiliate of The WB, the following articles discuss similar cable-only affiliates of broadcast television networks:
- The CW Plus - a station group made up primarily of cable-only outlets that formerly served as affiliates of The WB 100+ Station Group and digital multicast channels
- The WB 100+ Station Group - predecessor of The CW Plus; WGN America's de facto WB affiliate status for small and mid-sized U.S. markets that did not have an in-market affiliate was superseded by the station group made up of mostly locally-managed cable-only television outlets created in September 1998 by The WB to serve these areas
- Foxnet - a similar cable-only network for markets without a Fox affiliate, that operated from 1991 to 2006
- CTV Two Alberta - a cable-only affiliate of CTV Two in the Canadian province of Alberta
- CTV Two Atlantic - a similar cable-only affiliate of CTV Two in Atlantic Canada
- City Saskatchewan - a similar cable-only affiliate of the City television network in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan
- Seidman, Robert (August 23, 2013). "List of How Many Homes Each Cable Networks Is In - Cable Network Coverage Estimates As Of August 2013". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- WGN gains 2.2M subs; program appeal cited., Multichannel News, July 16, 1990. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.
- Umstead, R. Thomas. "Midwest systems switch out WWOR; cable television operators sign up WGN", Multichannel News, January 13, 1992. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from HighBeam Research.
- WB network signs WGN-TV, Broadcasting & Cable, December 6, 1993. Retrieved 5-28-2013 from HighBeam Research.
- Time Warner Takes Crucial Step Toward New Network Television: A pact with superstation WGN-TV gives it access to 73% of homes. Analysts say that will still leave gaps., Los Angeles Times, December 4, 1993. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- Katz, Richard. "Networks on chopping block; TCI makes mincemeat of programmers' lineups", Multichannel News, December 2, 1996. Retrieved February 24, 2011 from HighBeam Research.
- Becker, Dave. "TCI Will Retain WGN in Madison, The Superstation Will Be Available in Five States", The Wisconsin State Journal, December 20, 1996. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from HighBeam Research.
- Colman, Price. "WGN-TV moving toward basic: superstation is discussing plan that would have TCI owning 50%", Broadcasting & Cable, April 28, 1997. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from HighBeam Research.
- WGN Drops WB, Adds Movies, Sitcoms, Multichannel News, September 20, 1999. Retrieved June 22, 2013 from HighBeam Research.
- Last night Dawson's last ? WGN ceases to air WB programming, The Charleston Gazette, October 7, 1999. Retrieved June 22, 2013 from HighBeam Research.
-  Retrieved November 9, 2008.
- http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/columnists/chi-wed-rosenthal-28may28,0,458215.column. Missing or empty
- Pursell, Chris and Jon Lafayette. "Tribune Plans Safety Net for Stations" TV Week, 2008-06-15.
- WGN America is everywhere America calls home -- Network completes re-brand and relaunches in April The Futon Critic April 9, 2009
- Pick 3: Iowa Lottery Authority Game Specific Rules
- Pick 4: Iowa Lottery Authority Game Specific Rules
- ‘MDA’ Telethon Heads to Primetime on ABC, Variety, June 17, 2013.
- "WGN America Enters the Ring". World Wrestling Entertainment. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
- Wake Up WGN Uhmerika! Here Comes Earl Pitts, The Cincinnati Enquirer, April 2, 2010.
- Haughney, Christine; Carr, David (July 10, 2013). "Tribune Co. to Split in Two". New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
- WGN America may be channel of change for Tribune Co., Chicago Tribune, December 9, 2012.
- Matt Cherniss Joins Tribune As President/ GM Of WGN, Newly Formed Tribune Studios, Deadline.com, March 19, 2013.
- Tribune Re-Launching Studio With Matt Cherniss at Helm, Broadcasting & Cable, March 19, 2013.
- WGN America Greenlights Its First Original Scripted Series, Brannon Braga’s ‘Salem’, June 4, 2013.