BackTrack

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For other uses, see Backtrack.
BackTrack
Backtrack
BackTrack 5 R1.png
BackTrack 5 R3
Developer Mati Aharoni, Devon Kearns, Offensive Security.[1]
OS family Unix-like
Working state Superseded by Kali Linux
Source model Open source
Latest release 5 R3 / August 13, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-08-13)
Platforms i386 (x86), AMD64 (x86-64), ARM
Kernel type Monolithic
Default user interface Bash, KDE Plasma Desktop, Fluxbox,[2][3] GNOME
License Various
Official website www.backtrack-linux.org

BackTrack was a Linux distribution, superseded by Kali Linux, that focused on security based on the Ubuntu Linux distribution aimed at digital forensics and penetration testing use.[4] In March 2013, the Offensive Security team rebuilt BackTrack around the Debian distribution and released it under the name Kali Linux.[5]

History[edit]

The BackTrack distribution originated from the merger of two formerly competing distributions which focused on penetration testing:

  • WHAX: a Slax-based Linux distribution developed by Mati Aharoni, a security consultant. Earlier versions of WHAX were called Whoppix[6] and were based on Knoppix.
  • Auditor Security Collection: a Live CD based on Knoppix developed by Max Moser which included over 300 tools organized in a user-friendly hierarchy.

The overlap with Auditor and WHAX in purpose and in collection of tools partly led to the merger.

Tools[edit]

BackTrack provided users with easy access to a comprehensive and large collection of security-related tools ranging from port scanners to Security Audit. Support for Live CD and Live USB functionality allowed users to boot BackTrack directly from portable media without requiring installation, though permanent installation to hard disk and network was also an option.

BackTrack included many well known security tools including:

BackTrack arranged tools into 12 categories:

  • Information gathering
  • Vulnerability assessment
  • Exploitation tools
  • Privilege escalation
  • Maintaining access
  • Reverse engineering
  • RFID tools
  • Stress testing
  • Forensics
  • Reporting tools
  • Services
  • Miscellaneous

Releases[edit]

Date Release
February 5, 2006 BackTrack v.1.0 Beta
May 26, 2006 First release of Backtrack v.1.0
March 6, 2007 BackTrack 2 final released.
June 19, 2008 BackTrack 3 final released.
January 9, 2010 BackTrack 4 final release. (Linux kernel 2.6.30.9)
May 8, 2010 BackTrack 4 R1 release
November 22, 2010 BackTrack 4 R2 release
May 10, 2011 BackTrack 5 release (Linux kernel 2.6.38)
August 18, 2011 BackTrack 5 R1 release (Linux kernel 2.6.39.5)
March 1, 2012 BackTrack 5 R2 release (Linux kernel 3.2.6)
August 13, 2012 BackTrack 5 R3 release

As soon as newer versions of BackTrack are released, older versions lose their support and service from the BackTrack development team.[citation needed]

References[edit]

External links[edit]