Wisconsin Highway 17

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State Trunk Highway 17 marker

State Trunk Highway 17
Route information
Maintained by WisDOT
Length: 85.63 mi[1] (137.81 km)
Major junctions
South end: WIS 64 in Merrill
  US 8 / WIS 47 in Rhinelander
US 45 / WIS 32 / WIS 70 in Eagle River
North end: Forest Route 16.svg FR 16 in Phelps
Location
Counties: Lincoln, Langlade, Oneida, Vilas
Highway system
WIS 16 US 18

State Trunk Highway 17 (often called Highway 17, STH 17 or WIS 17) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The highway is a secondary route in northeastern Wisconsin that directly connects Rhinelander, Eagle River and the central and eastern parts of Michigan's Upper Peninsula with Wausau, Wisconsin and points south and west.

Route description[edit]

WIS 17 begins at WIS 64, about a half mile east of WIS 64's interchange with US 51 near Merrill. From there, WIS 17 heads northeast, passing the Prairie Dells area and crossing several county routes in Bloomville and Gleason. The highway briefly crosses over out of Lincoln County into Langlade County, Wisconsin[2] The highway then passes through Parrish and turns northwestward and returns to Lincoln County, briefly cutting through Oneida County in the process.[3] The route then turns north for seven miles (11 km) and enters Oneida County[2] heading north another five miles (8 km) and joining US 8 east and WIS 47 south just south of Rhinelander.[4]

The two and a half mile concurrency is actually a "wrong-way" concurrency between WIS 17 North and WIS 47 south. WIS 17 turns north off the concurrency as the other two highways continue east. WIS 17 passes east of Rhinelander on an urban arterial then continues north, passing through Sugar Camp.[4] WIS 17 then joins WIS 70 east, continuing into Eagle River. in the downtown area, WIS 17 leaves concurrency with WIS 70 and follows US 45 / WIS 32 north and out of the city. Four miles north, WIS 17 turns east off US 45/WIS 32 and heads northeast, entering the Nicolet National Forest and passing through Phelps. WIS 17 then heads east of Phelps, becoming Forest Route 16 upon entering Michigan.[5]

History[edit]

WIS 17 originally began at the Illinois state line and passed through Kenosha, Racine, and into Milwaukee via present day WIS 32 to Whitefish Bay, then along WIS 57 through Cedarburg, Grafton and Saukville (along what is now CTH O). The route in Milwaukee was realigned to run along Lake Michigan in 1920.[1] The route then headed north to Sheboygan and Manitowoc along present day WIS 42 and up the Lake Michigan Shoreline to Sturgeon Bay and Sister Bay.[6] The route's southern terminus became Manitowoc when US 141 debuted in 1926. The remainder was replaced with WIS 42 in 1932.[1]

The portion the current WIS 17 between Merrill and Eagle River was previously WIS 63.[6] This route began at WIS 10 in Merrill and ended at WIS 70 west of Eagle River. The portion northeast of Eagle River was numbered as WIS 70. This route was removed in 1934 when U.S. Route 63 was opened into Wisconsin. The WIS 17 number was available at the time and applied to the route. the route was extended in 1947 when WIS 70 was changed to its current alignment. The southern terminus was relocated to its present location on WIS 64 in the late 1980s.[1]

WIS 17 originally passed through Rhinelander. In 2004, The 3.25-mile (5.23 km) long bypass east of the city was opened. The route was rerouted along US 8/WIS 47 south of the city to reach the new bypass route. The old alignment through Rhinelander followed Boyce Drive to Kemp Street, turning east on to Kemp for 1,200 feet (370 m), then turning onto Arbutus and Pelham Streets and Stevens Street.[7] This alignment was removed from the state trunkline books when the new route was opened and is now a city street.[1]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Lincoln Merrill WIS 64 / CTH-W
CTH-G
  CTH-C
  CTH-G
Bloomville CTH-J
Gleason CTH-X
  CTH-B
Langlade Parrish CTH-H / CTH-Q
Lincoln   CTH-D
Oneida   CTH-A
Rhinelander US 8 west / WIS 47 north WIS 17 North follow US 8 East/WIS 47 South
CTH-G
US 8 east / WIS 47 south WIS 17 South follow US 8 West/WIS 47 North
CTH-P
CTH-C
  CTH-W
Sugar Camp CTH-A
CTH-D
Vilas Eagle River WIS 70 west WIS 17 North follow WIS 70 East
US 45 south / WIS 32 south / WIS 70 east WIS 17 North follow US 45/WIS 32 North WIS 17 South follow WIS 70 West
CTH-G
US 45 north / WIS 32 north WIS 17 South follow US 45/WIS 32 South
Phelps CTH-E
CTH-A
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bessert, Chris. "Wisconsin Highways: Highways 10-19 (Highway 17)". Wisconsin Highways. Retrieved 2007-03-20. 
  2. ^ a b Wisconsin Department of Transportation (pdf). Lincoln Co (Map). http://www.dot.wisconsin.gov/travel/maps/docs/counties/lincoln.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  3. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (pdf). Langlade Co (Map). http://www.dot.wisconsin.gov/travel/maps/docs/counties/langlade.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  4. ^ a b Wisconsin Department of Transportation (pdf). Oneida Co (Map). http://www.dot.wisconsin.gov/travel/maps/docs/counties/oneida.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  5. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (pdf). Vilas Co (Map). http://www.dot.wisconsin.gov/travel/maps/docs/counties/vilas.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  6. ^ a b "Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas". Rand McNally. 1926. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  7. ^ Google Inc. "from:WI-17, Wisconsin, United States". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=WI-17,+Wisconsin,+United+States&ie=UTF8&cd=1&geocode=0,45.391520,-89.455930&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=23.875,57.630033&ll=45.636847,-89.405193&spn=0.053412,0.160675&z=13&om=1. Retrieved 2008-01-01.