|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
|Branding||WMC-TV Channel 5 (general)
Action News 5 (newscasts)
|Channels||Digital: 5 (VHF)
Virtual: 5 (PSIP)
5.2 Bounce TV
5.3 This TV
(WMC License Subsidiary, LLC)
|First air date||December 11, 1948|
|Call letters' meaning||We're the Memphis
Commercial television station
(also variation of original WMCT calls)
|Former callsigns||WMCT (1948–1967)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
4 (VHF, 1948–1952)
5 (VHF, 1952–2009)
52 (UHF, 1999–2009)
|Former affiliations||All secondary:
|Transmitter power||34.5 kW|
|Public license information:||Profile
WMC-TV, VHF digital channel 5, is an NBC-affiliated television station located in Memphis, Tennessee, United States. The station is owned by Raycom Media. WMC maintains studios located at 1960 Union Avenue in Memphis, and its transmitter is located between Crestview Drive and Fletcher Creek, near Bartlett. The station serves roughly the western third of Tennessee, northwestern Mississippi, northeastern Arkansas and the southeastern corner of Missouri over the air on satellite and on various cable systems.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operation
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The station first signed on the air on December 11, 1948 as WMCT, broadcasting on VHF channel 4 as the first television station in Tennessee. The station originally broadcast from studios located inside the Goodwin Institute Building in Downtown Memphis. It was owned by the E. W. Scripps Company, along with the city's main newspaper, The Commercial Appeal and WMC radio (AM 790 and FM 99.7). As the only television station in Memphis for its first several years of operation, WMCT aired programming from all four national networks of the time: NBC, CBS, ABC and the now-defunct DuMont Television Network. However, it carried NBC as a primary affiliation, owing to WMC-AM's longtime affiliation with NBC Blue Network. It lost CBS programming when WHBQ-TV (channel 13) signed on in September 1953, but continued to share ABC programming with WHBQ until January 1956, when WREC-TV (channel 3, now WREG-TV) launched as a full-time CBS affiliate with WHBQ taking over the ABC affiliation full-time. It lost DuMont when that network ceased operations in 1956. During the late 1950s, the station was also briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network.
The station moved to VHF channel 5 in 1952 due to co-channel interference with fellow NBC affiliate WSM-TV in Nashville (now WSMV); however, this would later make WMCT short-spaced to another Nashville station, WLAC (now WTVF), when that station signed on in 1954. Since at least the 1950s, WMC-TV's logo has included an illustration of a riverboat, a symbol of the Mississippi River region which the station serves. For many years, the station's sounder included the riverboat's whistle – something which dates to the 1930s on its former AM sister. The whistle is still heard at the opening of WMC-TV's current newscasts. The station was known as "The Showplace of the South" during the 1960s. It dropped the "T" from its callsign (simultaneously tacking on the "-TV" suffix to it) on January 1, 1967 (at the same time, the co-owned FM station changed its call letters from WMCF to WMC-FM). Also in 1967, it began using a "5" logo resemblance to the numerical typeface found on a five-dollar bill, which would be used for over two decades.
The WMC stations moved to their current location at 1960 Union Avenue in Midtown Memphis in 1959 and celebrated with a broadcast hosted by comedian George Gobel. Some of its most notable broadcasts in 1960 were live remotes of John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon, who both came to Memphis to campaign for the Presidential office. When Dr. Martin Luther King came to Memphis to support the sanitation workers' strike that set the stage for his assassination in 1968, then-station general manager Mori Greiner established an unprecedented program called "The 40% Speaks," in an effort to promote racial healing in the community. In an odd illustration of how little real integration had occurred in local television, the first host of this program was news anchor Dave Patterson, who himself was Caucasian. When Patterson left WMC-TV, his replacement was a white professor from Memphis State University.
Like many NBC affiliates from the 1960s through the 1990s, WMC-TV began pre-empting a handful of NBC programs, mostly a sizeable portion of the network's daytime lineup, in favor of syndicated talk shows, although NBC's daytime reruns of sitcoms would often continue to air in the early morning hours (between 5 and 6 a.m.). In 1979, in an effort to build its viewership for Today, WMC created a lead-in morning program titled Wake-Up Call. For the first three years, it was hosted by Dick Hawley and Peggy Rolfes. Denise DuBois replaced Rolfes in 1982 and co-hosted for the next ten years. By the mid-1980s, Wake Up Call was the highest-rated talk show on local television in the U.S., with a 52% share of the viewing audience.
After many years of solid management, Scripps sold WMC-AM-FM-TV to Ellis Communications (owned by Atlanta businessman Bert Ellis) in 1993. WMC's current logo resembles the same style of logo also used by Cox Enterprises's stations in Atlanta, Dayton and Seattle. The graphics package that introduced this logo was adopted when the then newly-formed Ellis Communications purchased WMC-TV and several other stations in 1993. Ellis was a longtime fan of WSB-TV and subsequently styled his new broadcast chain after the Atlanta station. Under Ellis, two of WMC's siblings adopted the logo style as well: KSLA in Shreveport and WECT in Wilmington, both of which use modified versions today. Ellis in turn sold the stations to a new broadcasting group formed by the Retirement Systems of Alabama, and subsequently named Raycom Media, that also purchased AFLAC's broadcasting unit in 1996; Raycom sold off the radio stations in 2002.
The station's digital channel is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|5.1||1080i||16:9||WMC-DT||Main WMC programming / NBC|
|5.3||THIS TV||This TV|
WMC-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 5, at 12:01 a.m. on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 52, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition, to its former analog-era VHF channel 5.
Syndicated programming seen on WMC-TV includes Katie, The Dr. Oz Show, The Queen Latifah Show, America Now and Wheel of Fortune. The syndicated version of Jeopardy! was originally carried locally on WMC-TV, but has since moved to WREG-TV. Rachael Ray was originally broadcast on WMC-TV, but no longer airs in the Memphis market.
A popular local program on WMC-TV was Magicland, a live-audience magic series for children, hosted by anchor/announcer Dick "Mr. Magic" Williams, which aired Sunday mornings at 10 a.m. from 1966 until Williams's retirement in 1989. It is cited in the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest-running magic series in television history, having amassed 1,200 original episodes in its 23-year run.
One of the station's first broadcasts was a live football game at Crump Stadium in Memphis. WMCT first broadcast USWA championship wrestling by stringing cables across the street from its studio to the since-demolished Ellis Auditorium in downtown Memphis early in the 1950s. Wrestling returned to Channel 5 in 1977, after several years on WHBQ-TV, and for many years the very popular live in-studio professional wrestling program was broadcast live on Saturdays from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Some of the wrestlers became regional celebrities from their exposure on the program, perhaps most notably Jerry "The King" Lawler, whose fame earned him his own locally-produced Sunday sports program on channel 5 during the 1980s. The wrestling show eventually became the last remaining program of its kind in the U.S., before its cancellation in the 1990s (it might be noted that independent wrestling promotions are sometimes seen on local television stations to this day, but they most often are shows made from footage of local house shows, not broadcast live from the studio). Long before national PGA Tour broadcasts began, WMC-TV broadcast live professional golf from the Memphis Open, with a three-camera remote truck providing coverage from three greens.
WMC-TV presently broadcasts 40 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 6½ hours on weekdays, 4½ hours on Saturdays and three hours on Sundays). The station's newsroom is named after longtime employee Ed Greaney, who died on June 19, 2005. Greaney started working at WMCT in 1949, only two months after the station signed on and worked at channel 5 until retiring in late 2000.
For more than two decades, long-dominant WMC-TV has avidly competed against WREG for the market's top-rated newscasts, according to the Nielsen ratings. WREG would not overtake WMC until the February 2006 sweeps period with the appointment of former WHBQ anchor Claudia Barr and former WMC morning anchor Richard Ransom as its evening anchors. Since that time, WREG has beaten WMC in the mornings, at 10 p.m. and on weekends. For the May 2013 sweeps period, WREG's newscasts beat WMC's in most timeslots (except at 5 and 6 p.m.), while WMC beat WREG in the 6 p.m. timeslot by .3 of a point.
In October 2006, WMC debuted a overhauled news set (the first set update since 1995), along with an updated graphics and music package. On July 2, 2008, WMC-TV became the first television station in the Memphis market and the second in Tennessee (behind WTVF in Nashville) to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.
On August 22, 2011, WMC-TV debuted an hour-long 4 p.m. newscast, which replaced The Oprah Winfrey Show (which ended its run in May of that year) and competes against WREG's newscast in the same timeslot. On June 26, 2013, WMC-TV debuted an hour-long extension of its weekday morning newscast (from 7-8 a.m.) on its Bounce TV-affiliated second digital subchannel. The newscast, which is broadcast in standard definition, features news and interviews aimed at African-American audiences (Bounce TV's target demographic), along with a heavy emphasis on weather and traffic updates.
- Television 5 News/TV–5 News (1960–1970)
- 5 on The Scene News (1970–1974)
- NewsCenter 5 (1974–1976)
- Channel 5 Action News (1976–1983)
- Action News 5 (1983–present)
- "The NewsCenter of The Mid–South" (1983–1989)
- "The Mid–South's Only 24–Hour News Channel" (1990–1995)
- "The Mid–South's News Leader" (1990–2001)
- "Coverage You Can Count On. Every Day." (1992–1999)
- Kontji Anthony - weekend mornings (8:00-10:00 Saturdays and 8:00-9:00 a.m. Sundays); also reporter
- Joe Birch - weeknights at 5:00, 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- Lindsey Brown - weekday mornings (4:30-7:00 a.m.) and weekdays at noon; also reporter
- Kym Clark - weekday mornings (4:30-7:00 on WMC and 7:00-8:00 a.m. on WMC-DT2 Bounce TV)
- Andrew Douglas - weekday mornings (4:30-7:00 a.m.); also reporter
- Jarvis Greer - weekdays at 4:00 p.m.; also weeknight sports director
- Anna Marie Hartman - Saturdays at 6:00 and weekends at 5:00 and 10:00 p.m.; also weeknight reporter
- Ursula Madden - weeknights at 5:00, 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- Pam McKelvy - weekdays at 4:00 p.m. (formerly at WREG 3)
- Ben Watson - Sunday mornings (8:00-9:00 a.m.); also weekday morning reporter
Action News 5 Storm Tracking Team
- Dave Brown (AMS Certified Broadcast Meteorologist and NWA Seal of Approval) - chief meteorologist; weeknights at 5:00, 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- John Bryant (NWA Seal of Approval) - meteorologist; weekdays at 4:00 p.m.
- Ron Childers (member, AMS; member, NWA) - meteorologist; weekday mornings (4:30-7:00 on WMC and 7:00-8:00 a.m. on WMC-DT2 Bounce TV) and weekdays at noon
- Tim Van Horn (AMS Certified Broadcast Meteorologist and NWA Seals of Approval) - meteorologist; weekend mornings (8:00-10:00 Saturdays and 8:00-9:00 a.m. Sundays), Saturdays at 6:00 and weekends at 5:00 and 10:00 p.m.'
- Bailey Melton - meteorologist; fill-in
- Jarvis Greer - sports director; weeknights at 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- Carrie Anderson - sports anchor; Saturdays at 6:00 and weekends at 5:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- TBD - sports reporter/producer; fill-in weekend anchor
- Janice Broach - general assignment reporter
- Michael Clark - North Mississippi reporter
- Janeen Gordon - weekday morning traffic reporter
- Justin Hanson - West Tennessee reporter
- Shay Harris - general assignment reporter
- Nick Kenney - general assignment reporter
- Jason Miles - general assignment reporter
- Amy Speropoulos - weekday morning reporter
- Lauren Squires - general assignment reporter
- Andy Wise - chief consumer investigator
Notable former on-air staff
- Lance Russell - freelance host; best known as the host of the live Championship Wrestling program on Saturday mornings (joined the station in 1977 from WHBQ-TV)
- Dick Williams - host of Magicland (1966–1989)
- "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films", Boxoffice, November 10, 1956: 13
- 1965 listing From Radio-Info
- RabbitEars TV Query for WMC
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- Newspaper Clip from www.memphiswrestlinghistory.com
- WMC-TV: News, Weather, Traffic, Radar, and Sports for Memphis, TN; WMCTV.com | Action News 5 in High Definition
- WMC 10pm news open 7/11/91
- WMC 10pm Weekend Newscast - 1985
- News Team Biographies