WOIO

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WOIO
WOIO logo.png

MeTV WOIO - from Commons.png
Cleveland, Ohio
United States
City of license Shaker Heights, Ohio
Branding Cleveland's CBS 19 (general)
19 Action News (newscasts)
Me-TV Cleveland (19.2 subchannel)
Slogan Honest. Fair. Everywhere. (newscasts)
Channels Digital: 10 (VHF)
Virtual: 19 (PSIP)
Subchannels 19.1 CBS
19.2 Me-TV
Translators 24 (UHF) Shaker Heights
Affiliations CBS (1994–present)
Owner Raycom Media
(WOIO License Subsidiary, LLC)
First air date May 19, 1985
Call letters' meaning OhIO
Sister station(s) WUAB
Former channel number(s) Analog: 19 (UHF, 1985–2009)
Former affiliations Independent (1985–86)
Fox (1986–94)
Transmitter power 3.5 kW
Height 304 meters
Facility ID 39746
Transmitter coordinates 41°23′15.00″N 81°41′43.00″W / 41.3875000°N 81.6952778°W / 41.3875000; -81.6952778
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website 19actionnews.com

WOIO, virtual channel 19 (VHF digital channel 10), is a commercial television station licensed to Shaker Heights, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio. Owned by Raycom Media, WOIO broadcasts over two digital subchannels. 19.1 is available in both high definition and standard definition and serves as the Cleveland affiliate for CBS, as well as syndicated programs Access Hollywood, America Now, Jeopardy!, Wheel of Fortune, and Who Wants to Be a Millionaire. 19.2 is available exclusively in standard definition, and serves as the Cleveland affiliate for Me-TV. The WOIO studios are located in Downtown Cleveland, while the station transmitter resides in the Cleveland suburb of Parma.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The channel 19 allocation in the Cleveland television market dates back to the 1950s, when a construction permit for a television sister to WHK radio was issued to The Plain Dealer. When WHK was sold to Metropolitan Broadcasting (later Metromedia) in 1958, the television station's construction permit went with the radio station. However, what was to have been WHK-TV never made it to the air. The construction permit was eventually deleted at some point in the mid-1960s, but the allocation remained.

As a television station, WOIO signed on the air on May 19, 1985[1] (the present-day channel 19 is a new construction permit, dating back to 1983); the WOIO call sign stood for the station's home state ("OhIO").[2] Prior to that time, the WOIO call letters were assigned to a radio station on 1060 AM (now WILB) in Canton. In 1985, the new WOIO television station was locally owned by Hubert B. Payne, the local sales manager at WKYC-TV (channel 3), who had been the first African-American to hold that position at a network affiliate. Payne sold the station to Malrite Communications Group (then owner of WHK radio, as well as Cincinnati's WXIX-TV) later that year.[3] WOIO aired a typical independent lineup of off-network sitcoms, classic movies, off-network drama series and religious programs. That fall, WOIO added cartoons in the morning and the late afternoon.

By the end of 1985, channel 19 had surpassed WCLQ (channel 61, now WQHS-DT) as the market's second highest-rated independent station, behind only WUAB. On October 9, 1986, WOIO became the market's Fox affiliate, after WUAB turned down an offer to join the network. It branded itself as "Fox nineteen" or "WOIO nineteen" with the "nineteen" rendered in script font. Soon afterward, it became the over-the-air flagship of the Cleveland Cavaliers—a relationship that continued for eight years—and also carried Cleveland Browns preseason games (and other team-produced programming, notably the weekly show Browns Insider), Cleveland Force MISL indoor soccer and Cleveland State Vikings college basketball. It also appeared on cable providers in the Youngstown market, which did not have a Fox affiliate of its own until WYFX-LP signed on in 1998; WOIO continues to be carried on cable in that market to this day.

In 1994, Malrite entered into a local marketing agreement with WUAB's owner, Cannell Communications and as a result, WOIO began to be jointly operated alongside WUAB. Both stations moved to facilities located at downtown Cleveland's Reserve Square. WUAB also became the new over-the-air flagship of the Cavaliers, which it continues in this capacity today.

WOIO and WUAB are in Cleveland's Reserve Square apartment/hotel complex. WOIO's news studios were once a movie theater for the Reserve Square Apartments when they first opened originally as the Park Centre Apartments in 1973. In 1978, due to a loss of theater ownership, the Park Theater Closed. When WOIO-WUAB started news operations, they gutted the movie theater and used the space for their news set.[4]

CBS affiliation[edit]

WOIO and WUAB's studio facility in Downtown Cleveland.

On September 12, 1994, WJW-TV (channel 8) ended its affiliation with CBS after 40 years and joined Fox as part of a group affiliation deal with that station's owner, New World Communications.[5] After the deal was announced a few months before, CBS briefly wooed ABC affiliate WEWS-TV (channel 5) to switch to the network, but WEWS' owner, the E.W. Scripps Company, used the threat of moving WEWS (along with WXYZ-TV in Detroit) to sign a long-term deal with ABC. CBS then quickly cut an affiliation agreement with WOIO. After the switch became official, channel 19 moved its sitcoms, non-Fox cartoons, and Cavaliers games to WUAB. The affiliation switch caused a major shakeup in the Cleveland market. WJW switched to a more hard-hitting news format after the April 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, one which turned off many longtime viewers. Also, WUAB's success at 10 p.m. did not transfer to WOIO's new 11 p.m. newscast. Even former WJW anchor Denise Dufala's presence as weeknight anchor failed to help. It was at this time that WEWS began its seven-year run as the top-rated news station in Cleveland. Additionally, with the Fox affiliation, WJW moved its late night newscast to 10 p.m. This meant that now for the first time, there were two 10 p.m. newscasts in the market, splitting the audience. WKYC, which had been at the bottom of the Cleveland ratings for almost 30 years, moved to third place ahead of WOIO.

In 1999, WOIO and WUAB respectively re-branded themselves as "Hometeam 19" and "Hometeam 43".[6] The stations tried to put an emphasis on local coverage and play on the fact that at the time they carried all three of Cleveland's major professional sports teams – Indians and Cavaliers games were carried on WUAB, with Browns games airing on WOIO by way of CBS' NFL coverage. While both WOIO and WUAB made minor viewership gains during this period, both were still in last place. In the late 1990s, Malrite was bought out by Raycom Media. Raycom was not impressed with its ratings performance in Cleveland and decided that a major change was needed. In late 2001, Raycom hired controversial station manager Bill Applegate as WOIO and WUAB's general manager. Raycom chose to re-brand WOIO's newscasts 19 Action News because Applegate was known for creating "different" newscasts and quick turnarounds of struggling television stations to becoming contenders.[7]

Cleveland Browns[edit]

WOIO and the Cleveland Browns entered into a television partnership in April 2005 – in effect, resuming an agreement that ended with the original team's 1995 relocation to Baltimore. Replacing former television partner WKYC-TV, WOIO acquired the rights to air all preseason games as well as a preseason draft show, exclusive training camp reports and a Monday night coaches' show.

On July 18, 2006, the Browns announced that the team was ending its partnership with WOIO,[8] the result of a controversy over the station's coverage of the drowning of team owner Randy Lerner's six-year-old niece. On its newscasts, WOIO aired a 9-1-1 recording of Nancy Fisher, Lerner's sister, calling for assistance. Although WOIO was within its legal bounds to air the tape, the Browns thought that it was an unnecessary invasion of the family's privacy.[9] WOIO subsequently filed a lawsuit against the Browns on July 26, 2006, alleging breach of contract and seeking to retain the broadcast rights to Browns games as the agreement had one year left to run.[8] The Browns' contract with WOIO ended on August 1, 2006; two days later, the team announced a new one-year deal with WKYC, which has since been expanded to a multi-year deal.[10] WOIO however continues to air the majority of the Browns' regular season games because of the NFL's AFC contract with CBS.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[11]
19.1 1080i 16:9 WOIO-DT Main WOIO programming / CBS
19.2 480i 4:3 Me TV Me-TV

On August 1, 2011, WOIO became the Cleveland affiliate of Me-TV, which is carried on digital subchannel 19.2; that subchannel had previously operated as "Weather Now", consisting of a 24-hour loop of weather forecasts and local radar imagery. 19.2 is also carried on some northeast Ohio cable providers.

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

WOIO shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 19, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 10.[12] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 19.

WOIO operates a digital fill-in translator station in Akron on UHF channel 24,[13] which began operating on August 12, 2011. The translator serves the south-central portion of the Cleveland market where viewers lost WOIO's signal after the June 2009 digital transition.

The channel 10 digital signal causes co-channel interference with CTV Two owned-and-operated station CFPL-DT (channel 10) in London, Ontario during temperature inversion and tropo skip events. WOIO may be forced to relocate as CFPL launched its digital signal on VHF 10 on August 31, 2011, following the digital transition for Canadian television stations. On October 22, 2009, WOIO boosted its effective radiated power to 9.5 kW to allow its signal to penetrate the Akron area until it could move to a more stable UHF signal.

News operation[edit]

WOIO presently broadcasts 34 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with six hours on weekdays, one hour on Saturdays, and three hours on Sundays). In addition, WOIO produces 12 hours of newscasts each week for sister station WUAB (including an hour-long weekday morning newscast that is an extension of the WOIO morning newscast and a nightly, hour-long 10 p.m. newscast). Factoring in the WUAB newscasts, WOIO produces 46 hours of local newscasts each week.[14][15] Sunday mornings during football season, WOIO airs the weekly Cleveland Browns pregame show Tailgate 19; the hour-long program features sports director Tony Zarrella and numerous analysts.[16]

Early years[edit]

WOIO originally had no intention to start a news department; however, CBS informed WOIO that it "preferred" that the station air newscasts. Since there was little time to form a news division from scratch, WOIO had LMA partner WUAB (which had been producing a 10 p.m. newscast since 1988) produce its newscasts. WOIO began airing briefs during CBS This Morning with Julie Hanahan, WOIO's first news employee, and Betty Haliburton. Early additions to the news staff were Emmett Miller, Denise Dufala (former longtime anchor at WJW); weeknight meteorologist Dave Sweeney; weeknight sports anchor Jeff Phelps; weekend co-anchors Gretchen Carlson and Dave Barker; weekend sports anchor Ronnie Duncan; and weekend meteorologist Julie Hanahan.

WOIO started airing newscasts at 6, 6:30, and 11 p.m. in February 1995. The now-shared news operation of WOIO and WUAB became collectively known as Cleveland Television News. Romona Robinson and Jack Marschall remained as anchors for WUAB, maintaining their long history of ratings success at 10 p.m; however, WUAB's ratings success at 10 p.m. did not yet translate to WOIO's newly-created 11 p.m. newscast. One of the first big stories aired on WOIO featured the "glasses cam", which Dave Barker used to show how he could just walk into a school without being stopped. In 1996, WOIO and WUAB dropped the Cleveland Television News moniker; WOIO began identifying as CBS 19 and titled its newscasts CBS 19 News. WJW-TV had been one of the strongest CBS affiliates in the country and WOIO hoped that viewers would associate the network with a high-quality local newscast. Emmett Miller left and Gretchen Carlson joined Denise Dufala, creating a two-woman anchor team for its weeknight newscasts. This had rarely been tried in other markets around the nation and had never been tried in Cleveland at the time. It failed to catch on, and Carlson left WOIO, finding success later at the Fox News Channel. Later that year, WOIO added a weekday morning newscast at 6 a.m. and pre-empted most of the first hour of CBS This Morning with local news; the station also added a noon newscast around the same time. Still, WOIO failed to win viewers.

Also in 1997, WOIO tried to operate its news studio at street level so pedestrians could see the newscasts being taped (similar to what CHUM Limited tried out with its "NewNet" stations in the Canadian province of Ontario). The street-level studio concept did not last long in Cleveland, but today this concept is being used by Good Morning America and Today, as well as several television stations in larger markets.

After Carlson's departure, Kevin Cokely joined Denise Dufala at the anchor desk for the 6 and 11 p.m. newscasts. This lasted until 1999, when Jack Marschall was brought in to replace Cokely, while still continuing to anchor the 10 p.m. news on WUAB with Cynthia Tinsley. Several months later in February 2000, WOIO's newscasts were rebranded as Hometeam 19 News and introduced a new look that coincided with Raycom's takeover of WOIO and WUAB. After WUAB lost the broadcast rights to the Cleveland Indians in 2001, the Hometeam branding was dropped and WOIO's newscasts were simply known as 19 News. Because of the continued low ratings, Bill Applegate was brought in as general manager, who would make sweeping changes at WOIO and WUAB over the next several months.[7]

19 Action News[edit]

Current news logo, used since 2013.

In May 2002, WOIO and WUAB's newscasts were uniformly re-branded as 19 Action News. A popular press format was put into place, using Shelly Palmer's Palmer News Package, a theme based on the musical signature used and adapted by fellow CBS station WBBM-TV in Chicago (a station that Applegate managed in the 1980s; incidentally enough, WBBM never used that specific theme). The pacing, the look, the style and the language of each newscast took on a dramatically different look and feel. Soon after, the newscasts on both WOIO and WUAB would officially be retitled to 19 Action News. Ratings improved almost immediately, especially at 11 p.m., where that newscast became the only late news program to gain viewers an unprecedented four years in a row, as WKYC, WEWS, and WJW's late newscasts either remained flat or lost viewers.[1] The station added an hour-long newscast at 5 p.m. in 2002, joining WEWS and WJW's late afternoon newscasts for a three-way competition for second place in the time slot at the time (as WKYC's airing of Dr. Phil at 5 p.m. had long been in first place until recently). In June 2004, WOIO debuted Cleveland's first 4 p.m. newscast. It premiered in last place, but began to grow steadily and eventually fought for second place with WJW's Judge Judy (which that station bumped in favor of its own 4 p.m. newscast in July 2013), but still trailed WEWS' The Oprah Winfrey Show at that hour (Winfrey's program ended in 2011).

WOIO's 11 p.m. newscast mounted a serious challenge to WKYC that began in 2004 and had success in marginally overtaking WKYC once in 2008. In recent years the 11 p.m. news race in the Cleveland area has been highly competitive, with WOIO taking part in this spirited competition; often, no more than one ratings share point separates first place from third place among the three newscasts which air in that time slot (to the point where all three stations have claimed victory in different demographics at various points within the past year).[7] However, WOIO's newscasts frequently finish at a distant third or in fourth place in most other dayparts (though it has won the noon time slot in recent ratings periods due to the lead in of The Price Is Right hosted by Cleveland native Drew Carey).[17][1]

The station's current theme music is the newest version of "The CBS Enforcer Music Collection", a package created for the CBS owned-and-operated station group which also has its roots with WBBM-TV's signature tune, based on an old folk song, "I Love Chicago, Chicago My Home."

Tabloid style[edit]

Since 2002 when the 19 Action News branding was implemented, WOIO has developed a reputation in the Cleveland market for having a "tabloid" news format, at times going to extremes to cover news and generate publicity.[7][18][19] In early 2004, Spencer Tunick, a photographer known for taking pictures of large groups of naked people, came to Cleveland. Then-WOIO anchor Sharon Reed (regarded by many viewers as very attractive) was asked by news director Steve Doerr to participate in the project for a first hand account of the experience. The idea for the story was the brainchild of general manager Bill Applegate. Several other media outlets participated in the same way, including The Plain Dealer and Cleveland Magazine. The market's other news stations also covered the event. WOIO shot video of "News Babe" Reed getting up in the morning, going to the event, getting undressed and finally nude shots of her from behind. The story called "Body of Art" aired in the November sweeps period after being promoted heavily with promos that contained a "viewer discretion advisory". WOIO insisted that the story was supposed to make viewers question whether Tunick's body of work is art or "something else". On the night the story aired, WOIO received its highest ratings ever. The story also gave Reed and WOIO national attention as she was invited to defend the piece on Fox News and on the Late Show with David Letterman.[20]

In May 2005, WOIO made somewhat of a controversial move by hiring anchor/reporter Catherine Bosley, who had just recently resigned from her previous job at WKBN-TV in Youngstown, Ohio after making national news by nude pictures of her from a wet T-shirt contest she had participated in while on vacation in Key West leaking online. This had been preceded by an interview done in February 2005 with Sharon Reed recalling the incident. The hire had been derided by some as the station merely bringing Bosley in to cash-in on the notoriety from her nude pictures, a claim denied by station management.[21] In July 2006, WOIO aired the 9-1-1 tape involving the drowning death of then-Cleveland Browns owner Randy Lerner's niece, going against the wishes of the family. This would cause channel 19 to lose its television contract with the NFL franchise.[8]

In the winter of 2012, the "circus like atmosphere" and explicit testimony at the Cuyahoga County corruption trial inspired the staff of the station to recreate word-for-word testimony using puppets. This was due to the fact that as a federal case, cameras were not allowed in the courtroom. The use of puppets on the nightly newscasts quickly gained national attention.[19][22][23] On December 30, 2013, at the press conference with Browns owner Jimmy Haslam and CEO Joe Banner discussing the firing of head coach Rob Chudzinski after only one season, WOIO news reporter Dan DeRoos had read aloud several posts from Browns fans on the station's Facebook page questioning Browns management on the firing. DeRoos then asked the question (quoting from one of the posts), "How do you convince Browns fans that the Three Stooges aren't running this organization?" This caused an audible murmur in the interview room, and was highlighted in national stories about the firing.[24][25]

HD newscasts[edit]

Former 19 Action News logo

WOIO began to broadcast its newscasts in high definition on October 21, 2007 with the station's 6:30 p.m. newscast, making the Cleveland market the first in the nation to have all of its Big Four affiliates broadcasting news in the format. The 10 p.m. newscast on WUAB also broadcasts in HD; that newscast airs in 720p as MyNetworkTV displays its HD programming in that resolution format, while Action News programs on WOIO air in CBS' 1080i format.

The conversion to HD by Channel 19 created a situation where its news and weather cut-ins during The Early Show aired in 16:9 HD, whereas the Early Show was broadcast in 4:3 standard definition (The Early Show, which was replaced by CBS This Morning in January 2012, began broadcasting in HD on April 26, 2010). A new HD-compatible set debuted on January 14, 2008, with the weather center graphics following suit a week later. Touchscreens have also been integrated into the set (highlighted by the "Big Board", which is used for web related stories). News video recorded in the field continues to be shot in 16:9 SD.

News/station presentation[edit]

Newscast titles[edit]

  • 19 News (1995–1996 & 2001–2002)[26]
  • Cleveland Television News (1995–1996)
  • CBS 19 News (1996–1999)
  • Hometeam 19 News (1999–2001)
  • 19 Action News (2002–present)[27]

Station slogans[edit]

  • "The Hometeam" (1999–2002)
  • "Honest. Fair. Everywhere." (2002–present; news slogan)
Television.svg This film, television or video-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions.

On-air staff[edit]

Current[edit]

WOIO's primary news anchors include Harry Boomer (weekday mornings and noon), Catherine Bosley (weekday mornings and noon), Denise Dufala (weekdays at 4, 6, and 11 p.m.), Lydia Esparra (weekend evenings), Romona Robinson (weeknights at 5, 6 and 11 p.m.), Danielle Serino (weekdays at 4:30 and 5:30 p.m.; also consumer reporter), George Smith[28] (weekdays at 4:30 and 5:30 p.m.), Tiffani Tucker (weeknights at 10 p.m. on WUAB), David Wittman (weekdays at 4 and 5 p.m. on WOIO, and weeknights at 10 p.m. on WUAB), and Denise Zarrella (Sunday mornings).[29]

The "Ford First Alert Weather" team features chief meteorologist Jeff Tanchak (AMS Seal of Approval; weeknights), and meteorologists Jon Loufman (AMS Seal of Approval; weekend evenings), Jenn Harcher (Sunday mornings), and Beth McLeod (weekday mornings and noon). WOIO's weather team also provides forecasts for local radio station WQAL (104.1 FM).[29]

The CBS 19 sports team includes sports director Tony Zarrella (weeknights at 6, 10 and 11 p.m., also host of Tailgate 19), and sports anchor Mark Schwab (weekend evenings). WKRK-FM sportscaster Anthony Lima serves as a fill-in anchor/reporter.[29][30] During Browns season, numerous former Browns players appear as analysts on Tailgate 19, including Bob Golic, Joe Jurevicius, Bernie Kosar, and Hanford Dixon. WKRK morning co-host Chuck Booms and longtime Cleveland sportscaster Michael Reghi are also featured on the show.[16]

The station's reporting staff includes Blake Chaneult, Shannon Davidson, Laura DeMaria,[31] Dan DeRoos ("Big Board" web), Brian Duffy, Shanice Dunning,[32] Ed Gallek (crime beat), Dawn Kendrick, Carl Monday (investigative), Paul Orlousky, Jen Picciano, Bill Safos, Jamie Sullivan (traffic),[33] Scott Taylor, Mike Trivisonno ("Triv TV" commentator)[34] and Chris Van Vliet ("The Buzz" entertainment).[29]

Notable alumni[edit]

Coverage in Canada[edit]

The station is available over-the-air in Kingsville, Leamington and Pelee Island in southern Essex County, Ontario and was once listed in the TV Guide edition for those communities (and Windsor, Ontario until 2000 though the station's signal was not strong enough to reach Windsor and Detroit). Unlike WKYC, WEWS and WJW, it was not one of the Cleveland stations carried on local cable providers in those three locations. WOIO is available on cable in St. Thomas and was briefly available on the digital tier in London in early 2005.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c WOIO history - Raycom Media.com
  2. ^ "Call Letter Origins: The List". nelson.oldradio.com. Retrieved 2013-03-17. 
  3. ^ WOIO collage - Pinterest.com
  4. ^ WOIO at Reserve Square - Visit USA.com
  5. ^ 1994 network swap - Boston Radio.org
  6. ^ Skating Champs visit Home Team - 19 Action News.com
  7. ^ a b c d Applegate retires - Ohio.com
  8. ^ a b c Browns sued by TV station after team cuts ties, ESPN, July 26, 2006.
  9. ^ "NFL.com - Cleveland Browns Team News". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  10. ^ "Report: Accidental tweet gets Grossi removed from Browns beat | ProFootballTalk". Profootballtalk.nbcsports.com. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  11. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WOIO
  12. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  13. ^ FCC Internet Services Staff. "Application View ... Redirecting". Licensing.fcc.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  14. ^ WOIO schedule on TitanTV
  15. ^ WUAB schedule on TitanTV
  16. ^ a b Tailgate 19 - TV News Check.com
  17. ^ Drew Carey is "Everywhere" - 19 Action News.com
  18. ^ Associated Press (2004-11-18). "Cleveland Anchor Appears Nude In Newscast". SFGate. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  19. ^ a b Weisberg, Jacob (2012-02-08). "The Puppet’s Court: Local News Channel Recreates a Trial With Puppets". Slate.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  20. ^ "USATODAY.com - Cleveland TV anchor appears nude for story about art". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. 2004-11-18. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  21. ^ WOIO brings in Bosley - Business Journal Daily.com
  22. ^ "Local News Covers Corruption Trial With Puppets". Gawker.com. 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  23. ^ Sheeran, Thomas J. (2012-01-20). "Talking squirrel puppet reports from trial - US news - Crime & courts | NBC News". MSNBC. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  24. ^ Reporter asks if the Browns are being run by the 3 Stooges
  25. ^ Cleveland Browns owner Jimmy Haslam has stunned reaction when asked about team being run by ‘Three Stooges’, Yahoo! Sports, December 30, 2013.
  26. ^ WOIO Cleveland 1995(?) CTN 6:30pm Open
  27. ^ WOIO New HD Open 2-12-08
  28. ^ "On the Move, 1/14/13 - TVSpy". Mediabistro.com. 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2013-03-17. 
  29. ^ a b c d "Anchors/Reporters - 19 Action News|Cleveland, OH|News, Weather, Sports". 19 Action News. Retrieved 2013-03-17. 
  30. ^ "Anthony Lima (AnthonyLimaFAN) on Twitter". Twitter.com. 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  31. ^ Twitter account of Laura DeMaria
  32. ^ Twitter account of Shanice Dunning
  33. ^ Twitter account of Jamie Sullivan
  34. ^ Triv TV, Powered by WindowNation
  35. ^ "Gretchen Carlson". Fox News. January 13, 2011. 
  36. ^ Jeff Phelps bio - 923 The Fan.com

External links[edit]