WTA Swiss Open

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WTA Swiss Open
Defunct tennis tournament
Event name WTA Swiss Open (1977–85)
European Open (1986–94)
Tour WTA Tour
Founded 1899
Abolished 1994
Surface Clay

The WTA Swiss Open was a women's professional tennis tournament played in a number of locations in Switzerland. The event was held from 1899–1994, and was played on outdoor clay courts. The tournament underwent a name change in 1986, when it was titled the European Open until its discontinuation. It formed part of the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour. When the WTA introduced the tiering format to its circuit, the event gradually moved up, from being a Tier V in 1988–1989, a Tier IV from 1990–1992, and a Tier III for its remaining years.[citation needed]

Two Swiss players won the event: Manuela Maleeva (who formerly represented Bulgaria) won the singles in 1991, and Christiane Jolissaint, who won the doubles on three occasions: 1983, 1984, and 1988. Maleeva holds the record, along with Chris Evert, for most singles wins; both players won the event three times, and Maleeva finished runner-up a further three occasions.

Past finals[edit]

Singles[edit]

Location Year Champion Runner-up Score
Gstaad 1969 France Françoise Dürr United States Rosie Casals 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
1970 United States Rosie Casals France Françoise Dürr 6–2, 5–7, 6–2
1971 France Françoise Dürr Australia Lesley Hunt 6–3, 6–3
1972 Japan Kazuko Sawamatsu United States Pam Teeguarden 6–3, 4–6, 6–2
1973 Not held
1974 West Germany Helga Schultze Italy Lea Pericoli 4–6, 6–4, 6–3
1975 United Kingdom Glynis Coles South Africa Linky Boshoff 9–7, 2–6, 8–6
1976 Belgium Michele Gurdal France Gail Sherriff 4–6, 6–2, 6–3
1977 Australia Lesley Hunt Australia Helen Gourlay 4–6, 7–5, 6–1
1978 Romania Virginia Ruzici Switzerland Petra Delhees 6–2, 6–2
1979–80 Not held
Lugano 1981 United States Chris Evert Romania Virginia Ruzici 6–1, 6–1
1982 United States Chris Evert Hungary Andrea Temesvári 6–0, 6–3
1983 Tournament cancelled after the third round because of rain
1984 Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva Czechoslovakia Iva Budařová 6–1, 6–1
1985 United States Bonnie Gadusek Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva 6–2, 6–2
1986 Italy Raffaella Reggi Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva 5–7, 6–3, 7–6(8–6)
Geneva 1987 United States Chris Evert Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva 6–3, 4–6, 6–2
1988 Austria Barbara Paulus United States Lori McNeil 6–4, 5–7, 6–1
1989 Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva-Fragniere Spain Conchita Martínez 6–4, 6–0
1990 Austria Barbara Paulus Canada Helen Kelesi 2–6, 7–5, 7–6(7–3)
1991 Switzerland Manuela Maleeva-Fragniere Canada Helen Kelesi 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
Lucerne 1992 United States Amy Frazier Czechoslovakia Radka Zrubáková 6–4, 4–6, 7–5
1993 United States Lindsay Davenport Australia Nicole Bradtke 6–1, 4–6, 6–2
1994 United States Lindsay Davenport United States Lisa Raymond 7–6(7–3), 6–4

Doubles[edit]

Location Year Champions Runners-up Score
Gstaad 1971 South Africa Brenda Kirk
South Africa Laura Rossouw
France Françoise Dürr
Italy Lea Pericoli
8–6, 6–3
1972–73 Not held
1974 West Germany Helga Schultze
Italy Lea Pericoli
Japan Kayoko Fukuoka
Chile Michelle Rodriguez
6–2, 6–0
1975 Not held
1976 United States Betsy Nagelsen
Australia Wendy Turnbull
South Africa Brigitte Cuypers
South Africa Annette Van Zyl
6–4, 6–4
1977 Australia Helen Gourlay
United States Rayni Fox
United States Mary Carillo
Australia Lesley Hunt
6–0, 6–4
1978–80 Not held
Lugano 1981 South Africa Rosalyn Fairbank
South Africa Tanya Harford
United States Candy Reynolds
United States Paula Smith
2–6, 6–1, 6–4
1982 United States Candy Reynolds
United States Paula Smith
United States Joanne Russell
Romania Virginia Ruzici
6–2, 6–4
1983 Switzerland Christiane Jolissaint
Netherlands Marcella Mesker
Switzerland Petra Delhees
Brazil Pat Medrado
6–2, 3–6, 7–5
1984 Switzerland Christiane Jolissaint
Netherlands Marcella Mesker
Czechoslovakia Iva Budařová
Czechoslovakia Marcela Skuherska
6–4, 6–3
1985 United States Bonnie Gadusek
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
West Germany Bettina Bunge
West Germany Eva Pfaff
6–2, 6–4
1986 United States Elise Burgin
United States Betsy Nagelsen
Australia Jenny Byrne
Australia Janine Thompson
6–2, 6–3
Geneva 1987 United States Betsy Nagelsen
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
Peru Laura Gildemeister
France Catherine Tanvier
4–6, 6–4, 6–3
1988 Switzerland Christiane Jolissaint
South Africa Dianne Van Rensburg
Sweden Maria Lindström
West Germany Claudia Porwik
6–1, 6–3
1989 United States Katrina Adams
United States Lori McNeil
Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
2–6, 6–3, 6–4
1990 Australia Louise Field
South Africa Dianne Van Rensburg
United States Elise Burgin
United States Betsy Nagelsen
5–7, 7–6(2), 7–5
1991 Australia Nicole Bradtke
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
Italy Cathy Caverzasio
Switzerland Manuela Maleeva-Fragniere
6–1, 6–2
Lucerne 1992 Australia Amy Frazier
South Africa Elna Reinach
Czechoslovakia Karina Habšudová
United States Marianne Werdel
7–5, 6–2
1993 United States Mary Joe Fernandez
Czech Republic Helena Suková
United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Marianne Werdel
6–2, 6–4
1994 Canceled due to rain after two of the quarterfinals[note 1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1994 Eurocard Open Draw (PDF). wtatour.com.

References[edit]