WWE World Heavyweight Championship

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WWE World Heavyweight Championship
WWE World Heavyweight Championship belt.jpg
The two title belts that currently represent the WWE World Heavyweight Championship
(December 2013 – present)
Details
Current champion(s) John Cena
Date won June 29, 2014
Promotion WWE
Date established April 25, 1963
Other name(s)
  • WWWF World Heavyweight Championship (1963–1979)
  • WWWF Heavyweight Championship (1979–1982)
  • WWF Heavyweight Championship (1982–1988)
  • WWF World Heavyweight Championship (1988–1998)
  • WWF Championship (1998–2001)
  • Undisputed WWF Championship (2001–2002)
  • WWE Undisputed Championship (2002–2002)
  • WWE Championship (2002–2013)
  • WWE World Heavyweight Championship (2013-Present)

The WWE World Heavyweight Championship is a world heavyweight championship within the professional wrestling promotion WWE. Established by the then-World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF) in 1963 as the WWWF World Heavyweight Championship, it is the oldest championship recognized by the promotion, and is presented as being the most prestigious.

History[edit]

A diagram showing the evolution of various world heavyweight championships.
Inaugural champion Buddy Rogers.

Origin[edit]

The title was introduced in 1963 with Buddy Rogers becoming the first champion. However, its origin is attributed to events that began in the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA), which had various territorial member promotions. In the 1950s, Capitol Wrestling Corporation (CWC) was a member of the NWA and by 1963, CWC executives held a controlling stake over NWA operations. During this time, Buddy Rogers held the NWA World Heavyweight Championship until January 24, when Lou Thesz defeated Rogers for the championship. Following a dispute over the result, CWC seceded from the NWA and became the World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF). The WWWF World Heavyweight Championship was then established and awarded to Buddy Rogers following an apocryphal tournament in Rio de Janeiro, defeating Antonino Rocca in the finals. Affiliated with the NWA once again, the WWWF was renamed to World Wrestling Federation (WWF) in 1979, and after conclusively ending its affiliation with the NWA in 1983, the championship became known as the WWF World Heavyweight Championship and later simply as the WWF Championship by the 1990s.

Prominence[edit]

Two-time champion and WWE Hall of Famer Bruno Sammartino, whose seven year-plus (2,803 day) first reign as champion is the longest in history.

In 1991, World Championship Wrestling (WCW), a member of the NWA, established the WCW World Heavyweight Championship to complement the NWA's world title. WCW then seceded from the NWA and grew to become a rival promotion to the WWF. Both organizations grew into mainstream prominence and were eventually involved in a television ratings war, dubbed the Monday Night Wars. Near the end of the ratings war, WCW began a financial decline, which culminated in March 2001 with the WWF's purchase of WCW.[1] As a result of the purchase, the WWF acquired the video library of WCW, select talent contracts, and championships, among other assets. The slew of former WCW talent joining the WWF roster began "The Invasion" which effectively phased out the WCW name. Following this, the WCW Championship (which had become known simply as the "World Championship") was unified with the WWF Championship at Vengeance 2001.[2] At the event, Chris Jericho defeated The Rock and Stone Cold Steve Austin to win the WCW Championship and WWF Championship respectively. Jericho, recognized by WWE as the final WCW Champion, went on to hold both the Big Gold belt (representing the "world championship") and the WWF title belt (representing the WWF championship) under the single Undisputed banner. WWE recognised these belts as representing separate championships until the introduction of a single belt by Triple H in 2002.[3][4][5]

Undisputed championship[edit]

In 2001, after Team WWF beat Team Alliance (WCW/ECW) at the Survivor Series of that year, the superstars of The Alliance would become an essential part of WWF programing. There were two world champions, with The Rock holding the WCW Championship, and Stone Cold Steve Austin holding the WWF Championship. It was announced that the PPV following Survivor Series of that year would be a WWF Vengeance that would carry the slogan "One Undisputed Champion". It was announced that there would be three matches to unify the WCW and WWF Championships. It was announced that Kurt Angle would challenge Austin for the WWF Championship, and Chris Jericho would face The Rock for the WCW Championship. Austin would win against Angle, thus retaining the WWF Championship, and Jericho would beat The Rock to become the new WCW Champion. Following his win, Jericho would face Austin and won, thus unifying the WWF and WCW Championships. Jericho would hold the championship for four months until he would lose it at WrestleMania X8 against Triple H. Ric Flair awarded the new Undisputed WWF Championship belt on the first Raw after the draft to Triple H. Triple H would go on to hold the title for a month until he would lose it at Backlash 2002 against Hulk Hogan. Many would hold it afterwords, superstars such as The Undertaker were drafted to Monday Night Raw main television programs, WWE Raw and WWE SmackDown!, assigning championships and appointing figureheads to each brand. This expansion became known as the Brand Extension.[6]

In May 2002, the WWF was renamed to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) and the championship became known as the WWE Undisputed Championship. Following these changes, the Undisputed Championship remained unaffiliated with either brand as competitors from both brands could challenge the Undisputed Champion. Following the appointment of Eric Bischoff and Stephanie McMahon as General Managers of the Raw and SmackDown brands respectively, Stephanie McMahon contracted then-Undisputed Champion Brock Lesnar to the SmackDown brand, leaving the Raw brand without a world title.[7][8] On September 2, after disputing the brand designation of the Undisputed title, Eric Bischoff announced the creation of the World Heavyweight Championship, spun off from the Undisputed title. Immediately afterward, the Undisputed Championship became known as the WWE Championship.

Brand designation[edit]

Two-time champion CM Punk (shown with the "spinner" version of the title) - who had the longest reign of the past 25 years (dubbed by WWE as the "Modern era") at 434 days (November 2011 – January 2013)

Following the events of the WWE Brand Extension, an annual WWE Draft was established. 2002 saw Ric Flair and Vince McMahon heading up the Raw and Smackdown brands respectively. Flair would run Raw and Vince McMahon would run Smackdown. Flair and McMahon would participate in a draft lottery in which select members of the WWF roster are reassigned to a different brand.[9] After three years on the SmackDown brand, the WWE Championship switched brands during the 2005 WWE Draft Lottery, in which the WWE Champion John Cena was drafted to Raw while the World Heavyweight Champion Batista was drafted to SmackDown.[10] On June 11, 2006, Rob Van Dam used his Money in the Bank contract at ECW One Night Stand for a WWE Championship match against the WWE Champion John Cena. The holder of the contract is guaranteed a WWE or World Heavyweight title match at anytime of their choosing. Rob Van Dam defeated John Cena to win the WWE Championship, moving the title to the now defunct ECW brand, a WWE brand established from purchased assets of the Extreme Championship Wrestling promotion. On July 3, 2006, Edge defeated John Cena and Rob Van Dam in a Triple Threat Match to win the WWE Championship. However, with Edge being a member of the Raw brand at the time, the title returned to Raw due to the circumstances. After the 2008 WWE Draft the WWE Champion Triple H was drafted to SmackDown, moving the WWE Championship to the SmackDown brand.[11] The following year, the title returned to Raw after Triple H was drafted back to the brand during the 2009 WWE Draft, and remained exclusive to the Raw brand since. When SmackDown's Batista won the title from Raw's John Cena at Elimination Chamber, it remained exclusive to Raw while Batista was transferred to the Raw roster.

In July 2011, CM Punk was involved in a storyline where he vowed to leave WWE with the WWE Championship when his contract expired on July 17, 2011 (the date of the 2011 Money in the Bank pay-per-view). At the event, Punk succeeded in defeating the defending champion John Cena to win the championship, and left the company with the physical title belt. With the championship seemingly vacated by Vince McMahon the following night on Raw, Rey Mysterio won an 8-man Championship Tournament by defeating The Miz in the finals on the July 25 episode of Raw to be crowned the new WWE Champion, only to subsequently lose it later that night to Cena, for the latter's record ninth reign. However, following Cena's win, Punk returned to WWE with his own title belt, thereby creating the presence of two WWE Championships and two WWE champions.[12] At the subsequent SummerSlam pay-per-view, Punk defeated Cena to solidify his claim on the title.

Since August 29, 2011, WWE indirectly ended the brand extension as the Raw and SmackDown wrestlers (including the WWE Champion) were allowed to appear on both shows; since then the title was no longer exclusive to any show.

Title reunification[edit]

On December 15, 2013 at the TLC: Tables, Ladders, & Chairs pay-per-view, WWE Champion Randy Orton defeated World Heavyweight Champion John Cena in a TLC match to unify the titles. With that the WWE Championship was renamed WWE World Heavyweight Championship.[13] The unified championship retained the lineage of the WWE Championship.[14]

Belt designs[edit]

The Rock (an eight-time champion) introducing the current version of the WWE Championship belt in February 2013.

Special custom belts have been created to match the characters of certain WWF/E champions:

A much larger version of the belt was created for André the Giant before WrestleMania III, although he never wore it as champion.[15] A custom championship belt was designed and constructed for The Rock, which featured his trademark Brahma Bull logo in the center as an answer to Austin's Smoking Skull Belt, but due to creative reasons it never appeared on television.[16]

The "Spinner" belt's design, which featured a gold and diamond bling-bling style reflecting Cena's hip hop character at the time, became the WWE Championship's primary design from April 11, 2005, to February 18, 2013. The physical belt itself originally indicated the brand it was designated to. When it was first introduced, it featured a unique side plate design that read "SmackDown", though it was then replaced with one that read "Mon-Nite Raw" when John Cena was drafted to the RAW brand. When the title once again became SmackDown's primary championship after Triple H was drafted to the brand in 2008, the RAW plate was replaced with a second "WWE Champion" side plate. Furthermore, the belt also featured a silver tip on the end of the leather strap. Edge had originally designed an entirely different custom belt than the "Rated R Spinner" design he used for his second reign, however the plans were scrapped due to time constraints.[17]

On the February 18, 2013, episode of Raw, The Rock unveiled a new WWE Championship belt. The new title (which was partially designed by Orange County Choppers of American Chopper fame)[18] features a black strap with a large diamond encrusted WWE logo on the front with the word "CHAMPION" directly underneath, with WWE logo side plates. A distinctive feature of this belt is that there is no nameplate for the champion. Instead, the side plates can be customized to incorporate the current champion's logo/insignia.[19][20]

Following the unification of the WWE and World Heavyweight Championships in 2013, the Big Gold Belt - which was used for the now-retired World Heavyweight Championship, and multiple other titles before that - is being used in tandem with the current WWE Championship belt to represent the renamed WWE World Heavyweight Championship.[21]

Reigns[edit]

Record 12-time and current champion John Cena - shown here with the Big Gold Belt, which is currently one of the two belts used to represent the title.

The WWE World Heavyweight Championship was the first world championship introduced into WWF in 1963. The inaugural champion was Buddy Rogers, and there have been 44 different official champions overall.[22] The longest reigning champion was Bruno Sammartino who held the title from May 17, 1963, to January 18, 1971, for a total of 2,803 days (7 years, 8 months, and 1 day). Bruno Sammartino also holds the record for longest combined reign at 4,040 days. The shortest reigning champion was André the Giant who officially held the title for 30 seconds. The youngest champion is Brock Lesnar, who won the title at the age of 25. The oldest champion is Mr. McMahon who won it at the age of 54. There have been ten vacancies throughout the title's history.

John Cena is the current champion, who is in his record twelfth reign. He won the vacant championship at Money in the Bank in a ladder match that also involved Alberto Del Rio, Bray Wyatt, Kane, Randy Orton, Roman Reigns, Sheamus and Cesaro on June 29, 2014 in Boston, MA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WWE Entertainment, Inc. acquires WCW from Turner Broadcasting". WWE Corporate. 2001-03-23. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  2. ^ WCW World Champion - Chris Jericho at WWE.com
  3. ^ The complex history of WWE's era of unification. WWE.com (2012-09-12). Retrieved on 2013-09-05.
  4. ^ "WWWF/WWF/WWE World Heavyweight Title". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  5. ^ Clayton, Corey (2007-09-06). "World Heavyweight Championship turns five years old". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  6. ^ "WWE Entertainment To Make RAW and SMACKDOWN Distinct Television Brands". 
  7. ^ "Brock Lesnar Biography at SLAM! Sports". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2008-12-21. "After the July 22nd edition of Raw, Lesnar defected to Stephanie McMahon's SmackDown. Lesnar decided to remain exclusively on SmackDown, forcing Eric Bischoff's Raw brand to create its own World Championship." 
  8. ^ "Vince Mcmahon Biography at SLAM! Sports". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2008-12-21. "The entire WWE roster was broken up into two separate camps, yahoo, with some rivalry (especially between future General Managers Eric Bischoff and Stephanie McMahon) occurring." 
  9. ^ Dee, Louie (2007-06-07). "Draft History". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  10. ^ "2005 WWE Draft Lottery". World Wrestling Entertainment. 2005-06-13. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  11. ^ Sitterson, Aubrey (2008-06-23). "A Draft disaster". WWE. Retrieved 2008-12-20. 
  12. ^ "SmackDown results: Truth and Consequences". WWE. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  13. ^ Nemer, Paul (2002-09-02). "Full WWE RAW Results - 9/2/02". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-12-20. 
  14. ^ "WWE WORLD HEAVYWEIGHT CHAMPIONSHIP". WWE.com. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "7 Championship Secrets Finally Revealed". (July 2009). WWE Magazine, p. 37.
  16. ^ Murphy, Ryan. "Seven Rare Championships from the WWE Vault". WWE. Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  17. ^ Robinson, Jon. "Edge Interview". p. 2. Retrieved 2006-11-18. 
  18. ^ Murphy, Ryan. (2013-02-19) The making of the new WWE Title: How the WWE Championship was reinvented in 540 days. WWE.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-05.
  19. ^ "WWE Raw Results". WWE. 
  20. ^ [PHOTO-Check-Out-a-Full-Look-at-the-New-WWE-Heavyweight-Title.htm "Check Out - a Full Look at the New WWE Heavyweight Title"]. 411mania.com. 
  21. ^ "WWE Champions". WWE. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  22. ^ "WWE Championship Title History". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 

External links[edit]