|City of license||New York City|
|Broadcast area||New York metropolitan area|
|Slogan||"Fresh Music... Better Variety"|
|Frequency||102.7 MHz (also on HD Radio)
102.7 HD-2 Smooth Jazz
102.7 HD-3 News (WINS simulcast)
|First air date||August 1958(as WNEW-FM)|
|Format||Hot Adult Contemporary|
|Callsign meaning||W We're FreSh|
|Former callsigns||WNEW-FM (1958-2007)|
(CBS Radio East, Inc.)
|Sister stations||WCBS, WCBS-FM, WCBS-TV, WFAN, WFAN-FM, WINS, WLNY-TV, WBMP|
|Webcast||Listen Live to Fresh!|
WWFS (102.7 FM) is a New York City hot adult contemporary radio station owned and operated by CBS Radio. WWFS' studios are in the combined CBS Radio facility in the TriBeCa section of Manhattan, and its transmitter sits atop the Empire State Building.
WWFS is best remembered for its previous incarnation, rock music-formatted WNEW-FM. The station shared the WNEW call letters between 1958 and 1986 with former sister AM station WNEW (1130 kHz) and television station WNEW-TV (channel 5), with all being owned by Metromedia. After WNEW-TV was sold to the News Corporation in 1986 (and became WNYW), and the AM station was sold to Bloomberg L.P. in 1992 (and became WBBR), 102.7 FM retained the WNEW-FM callsign until it was changed in 2007. CBS Radio has since reused the WNEW call sign; the present-day WNEW-FM in the Washington, D.C., area is connected to this station only through their common ownership.
- 1 History
- 2 HD Radio Operations
- 3 References
- 4 External links
The 102.7 FM frequency was first assigned in the mid-1940s as WNJR-FM from Newark, New Jersey. Initially intended to be a simulcasting sister to WNJR (1430 AM, now WNSW), the FM station never made it to the air despite being granted several extensions of its construction permit. WNJR finally gave up and turned in the FM license to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1953.
In 1955 the FCC awarded a new permit for 102.7 FM to a group called Fidelity Radio Corporation, based in West Paterson, New Jersey. The station was later granted the call sign WHFI, and a year later the community of license was moved back to Newark from West Paterson. Once again, the owners failed to put the station on the air.
In November 1957, the WHFI construction permit was purchased by the DuMont Broadcasting Corporation, which already owned WABD (later WNEW-TV) and earlier in the year bought WNEW radio. In January 1958, WHFI was renamed WNEW-FM and DuMont completed its build-out, moving the license to New York City. The station finally came on the air on August 25, 1958, partially simulcasting WNEW (AM) with a separate popular music format. DuMont Broadcasting, meanwhile, would change its corporate name twice within the next three years before settling on Metromedia in 1961.
WNEW-FM's early programming also included an automated middle-of-the-road format, followed quickly by a ten-month-long period (July 4, 1966, to September 1967) playing pop music—with an all-female air staff. The gimmick was unique and had not before been attempted anywhere in American radio. The lineup of disc jockeys during this stunt included Margaret Draper, Alison Steele (who stayed on to become the "Night Bird" on the AOR format), Rita Sands, Ann Clements, Arlene Kieta, Pam McKissick, and Nell Bassett. The music format, however, was a pale copy of WNEW (AM)'s adult standards format and only Steele, Sands, and Bassett had broadcast radio experience. The all-female disc jockey lineup endured for more than a year, changing in September 1967 to a mixed-gender staff.
"Where Rock Lives"
On October 30, 1967, WNEW-FM adopted a progressive rock radio format, one that it became famous for and that influenced the rock listenership as well as the rock industry. The original disc jockeys were Bill "Rosko" Mercer, who started on October 30, 1967; Jonathan Schwartz, who made his debut on November 16, 1967; and "the Professor" Scott Muni, who first appeared on November 18, 1967. Alison Steele would stay on from the female staff and eventually take over the overnight shift on January 1, 1968. Disc jockeys would broadcast in ways that bore out their personalities:
- morning fixture Dave Herman was not afraid to mix Erik Satie or Donna Summer into the playlist;
- noontime stalwart Pete Fornatale promoted the Beach Boys when it was not fashionable and later started his eclectic weekend Mixed Bag program;
- afternoon legend Muni would use his gravelly voice to introduce largely unknown British artists on his "Things from England" segments;
- nighttime host Schwartz was a raconteur who would sneak in the Sinatra pop standards that he not-so-secretly liked better than rock;
- overnight presence Steele would play space rock groups in between readings of her equally spacey poems;
- weekend personality Vin Scelsa started his idiosyncratic Idiots' Delight program, which soon gained a devoted following.
WNEW-FM was among the first stations to give Bruce Springsteen significant airplay, and conducted live broadcasts of key Springsteen concerts in 1975 and 1978; Springsteen would sometimes call up the DJs during records. Later, Dave Herman featured a "Bruce Juice" segment each morning. John Lennon once stopped by to guest-DJ along with Dennis Elsas and appeared on-air several other times during his friend Scott Muni's afternoon slot. Members of the Grateful Dead and other groups would hang out in the studio; Emerson, Lake & Palmer's visit to Muni's show is often credited for popularizing the group in America. In addition to music, youth-oriented comedy recordings such as from Monty Python would also be aired.
The station thrived during the late 1970s when it helped boost the transition of the punk rock/new wave movement into the mainstream. During this era, the station hosted many live broadcasts from the legendary Greenwich Village night club, the Bottom Line. Among the bands featured live from the club were The Police, Joe Jackson, Squeeze, The Records, Rachel Sweet, David Johansen, Rockpile, Mink DeVille and the Tom Robinson Band. Many of these bands were being spotlighted during their debut New York City performance.
At the same time, the station began to feel the threat of disco. They hired Gianettino and Meredith Advertising to come up with a way to communicate with the New York area. The pitch by creative director George Meredith to station manager Mel Karmazin: "You can't tell them what you want to say, which is 'Disco Sucks,' but you can tell them that 'Rock Lives.'" That became their battle cry, and it could fairly be said that WNEW-FM earned the slogan "Where Rock Lives". The station's television commercials during these years featured the song "Layla" by Derek and the Dominos and was considered one of the station's anthems.
Beginning in the mid 1970s and extending into the 1980s, WNEW fielded a successful softball team, the WNEW All-Stars, playing in and around the New York metropolitan area and competing in the New York Sports and Entertainment League. Among the All-Stars were DJs Thom Morrera, Jim Monaghan, Richard Neer, Dan Neer and Pat Dawson, along with Crawdaddy editor Peter Knobler at shortstop, music business regulars Bobby Diebold, Jack Hopke, Ed Vitale, Matt Birkbeck, Ralph Cuccurullo and John "Boots" Boulos in the outfield, and Michael "Chopper" Boulos at second base. The team consistently won deep into the playoffs, playing against teams led by Meat Loaf, among others.
In the 1980s, the station gradually adopted a more conventional album-oriented rock format, and sometimes seemed stodgy compared to college radio stations playing alternative rock. When long-time competitor WPLJ switched away from rock in 1983, WNEW-FM picked up some of its most popular DJs, such as Carol Miller and years later Pat St. John who would take over the morning show and programming duties.
In 1986, following the sale of WNEW-TV and Metromedia's other television outlets to News Corporation, the company's radio station group was spun-off from Metromedia into a new company, Metropolitan Broadcasting. Two years later WNEW-FM was sold to Westinghouse Broadcasting, bringing it into common ownership with all-news outlet WINS (1010 AM). Both WNEW-FM and WINS became CBS-owned stations in 1996, when Westinghouse Broadcasting's corporate parent purchased the network.
By the 1990s, the station was further losing relevance in the face of the popularity of grunge rock and so became more of a classic rock station. It spent its remaining music days flip flopping between a variety of classic, adult album and alternative rock.
In 1995, the radio station adopted an adult album alternative format. The station, which now had the slogan of "New York's Rock Alternative", evolved to an eclectic mix of adult rock by the end of 1995. Longtime listeners were alienated when Jerry Garcia's death on August 9, 1995 was virtually ignored by the station.
In January 1996, the station declined to switch to classic rock when WXRK, also known as "K-Rock" (now WBMP), which had a classic rock format for several years, decided to adopt an alternative rock format. In July 1996, WAXQ adopted a classic rock format. By the beginning of 1997, the station reverted to a classic rock station, becoming the second choice for the format when earlier they could have been first. At this point, many long-time fans felt WNEW-FM had completely lost its focus.
Throughout the 1990s, many of WNEW-FM's DJs defected to classic rock competitors WXRK and later WAXQ, or to smaller but more freeform WFUV. Ratings remained dismal. In 1996, Westinghouse merged with CBS. Infinity Broadcasting would then merge with CBS in 1997, and CBS retained the Infinity name for its radio division; thus, ownership of this station would go from one network owner to another.
In December 1997, sister station WFAN (then flagship station of the MetroStars) announced that WNEW-FM would be their FM flagship station after Infinity Broadcasting Corporation (now CBS Radio) reached a six-year extension deal (starting in the 1998 MLS season) with the MSG Network and the MetroStars to simulcast their games until the 2004 season. However in the fall of 2004, the MetroStars and the MSG Network reached a deal with Disney-owned radio station WEPN and then-sister FM station WPLJ to broadcast their games, ending their relationship with Infinity/CBS Radio.
In 1998, WNEW moved to a harder-edged rock format and continued to slump in the ratings. The remaining classic DJs left on the station departed one by one during 1998. Later that year, ex-Boston shock jocks Opie and Anthony arrived from WAAF to do afternoons on WNEW. They played several songs an hour, but for the most part, the show was a typical shock-jock talk show. Opie and Anthony immediately got attention from the station by interrupting their annual "Evolution of Rock and Roll" event by refusing to play the music, or destroying the CDs. They were confronted by WNEW peer Carol Miller a few times on the air, until they were forbidden by management to make eye contact.
With Opie and Anthony's ratings soaring, the station dropped its 32-year rock format for a "hot talk" format. The final moments of the old WNEW-FM came on September 12, 1999; sole remaining long-time jock Richard Neer signed off his Sunday morning show by playing Bruce Springsteen's elegiac dirge "Racing in the Street", and identifying the station one last time, changing the slogan to "Where Rock Lived".
"Hot Talk" era
On September 13, 1999, at 3 PM, after playing "The End" by The Beatles, the station abandoned music during the week and tried an extreme "hot talk" format. For the first few months of this new format, the station was known on-air as "FM Talk @ 102.7". This new format consisted of shock jocks, such as Opie and Anthony, Don and Mike, The Radio Chick, and Ron and Fez. Mornings featured "guy talk" from Mason & Kalinsky, who would be replaced by morning programming that revolved around sports, such as The Sports Guys and Ferall In The Morning, while overnight programming featured syndicated programs such as Loveline. On weekends, the station retained a hard rock format, as Opie and Anthony gradually stopped playing music by July 2000. Also in 2000, Viacom acquired CBS/Infinity Broadcasting, but kept the radio division under the "Infinity" banner. By 2001, WNEW added infomercials on weekends and stopped playing music altogether, with the exception of Eddie Trunk's Friday and Saturday night hard rock-oriented shows.
On September 11, 2001, Opie and Anthony did their show live from the WLIR-FM studios because of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, which caused city officials to block all roads going into Manhattan. The Don and Mike Show started their midday show a little earlier than usual, and stayed on for most of the morning and mid-afternoon. Ron and Fez did their show at WNEW at the regular time. All three shows opened the airways and let the listeners speak their minds and let other listeners who were looking for loved ones search for them by descriptions.
During this time, the station's ratings were abysmal apart from Opie and Anthony. The beginning of the end for the "hot talk" format came in August 2002, when Opie and Anthony were fired for encouraging a stunt involving two people allegedly engaging in sexual intercourse in a vestibule within St. Patrick's Cathedral. The FCC eventually fined Infinity $357,000—the maximum fine allowed by law, and the third largest indecency fine in American radio history at the time. FCC Commissioner Michael Copps dissented, claiming the FCC should have taken steps to revoke WNEW's license. A few months earlier, the FCC had fined Infinity $21,000 for three "patently offensive" Opie and Anthony broadcasts, including one referring to incest.
The station's ratings plummeted even further—at one point, it only netted a 0.7 rating, an unprecedented level for a major-market FM station, and lower than ratings for noncommercial stations. With the cancellation of the only show that generated any ratings for the station, management decided that the station needed to take a new direction.
In January 2003, the station dropped this blend of talk and infomercials and stunted for the next couple of months with Contemporary hit radio music, using a limited playlist of approximately 50 songs from artists like Pink, Eminem, Bowling for Soup, and Avril Lavigne, as well as nightly simulcasts of CBS's Late Show with David Letterman.
Sounders during that period teased listeners about how "a new station" would soon be coming to the 102.7 frequency, and it arrived in April, when WNEW became "102.7 Blink" (keeping the WNEW call letters) and adopted an unusual "Entertainment AC" format. The station mixed old and contemporary pop hits with talk shows and entertainment news from sources such as E!; on-air personalities during this period included the morning team of Chris Booker and Lynda Lopez (who were also dating during this time), game show host Todd Newton and afternoons with Tim Virgin and now-MSNBC Anchor Alison Stewart. Other personalities included, Rick Stacy, Maze, and reporters Matt Wolfe and Lisa Chase, who provided hourly entertainment updates. The station also used AOL Instant Messenger to take requests, and 24 star Kiefer Sutherland did the station IDs ("It is physically impossible not to Blink", etc.).
However, the station's ratings sank further. The station's pink logo led to the derisive nickname "Barbie Radio", and Booker & Lopez did little more on the air than talk about Jennifer Lopez, Lynda's older sister. After less than six months, the station fired most of the staff and changed its branding to "102.7 Blink FM: Music Women Love" with an (again, unusual) explicit appeal to a female audience. This format also failed to draw audiences. By October, it adopted a more mainstream adult contemporary format and ratings began to go up slightly. That November, the station (like many AC stations) adopted the increasingly popular "all Christmas music, all the time" format, dropping the "Blink" format after less than 11 months for the name "The New 102.7".
The day after Christmas in 2003, at 10:27 AM, the station became "Mix 102.7", making the switch to a more Rhythmic-leaning Adult Contemporary. The station played a range of upbeat, danceable hits from the 1970s to the 2000s. The slogan was "Mix 102.7 FM, The Station that Picks You Up and Makes You Feel Good". The first song on Mix 102.7 was Ain't No Stoppin' Us Now by McFadden & Whitehead. The original program director was Smokey Rivers, and the music director was Rick Martini. WNEW initially was mainstream AC, but began to focus on dance hits, mainly from the 1970s and 1980s by the end of January. In the succeeding months, the "mix" tended to skew towards 90s and current dance hits (during this time, program director Frankie Blue was fired for drunken on-air behavior, not only saying "fuck" on-air, but also misidentifying the station as rival "103.5 KTU"), with this all culminating in a change with Rick Martini as the new Program Director and an official "classic dance" or Rhythmic AC format in early 2005 under the slogan "Move to the Mix", and in the later months, adopted "New York's Classic Dance Mix". However, the "Mix 102.7" moniker and the WNEW call letters remained. Ratings continued to be among the lowest of any major station in New York City.
On December 31, 2005, the station underwent another ownership change after Viacom and CBS Corporation organized a split that saw the Infinity Broadcasting division go under CBS ownership, which resulted in a corporate name change to CBS Radio.
In December 2006, the station began increasing the amount of Christmas music, but at the same time saw Michelle Visage being let go and Joe Causi being reduced to weekend duties, relegating him to his Sunday night Studio 54 classic Disco program. As of December 22, 2006, Paco Lopez, Efren Sifuentes, Carol Ford and Yvonne Velázquez had also been released in anticipation of an expected format change.
Fresh 102.7, adult contemporary era and the end of the WNEW call letters (2007-2011)
At 5 am on January 2, 2007, after playing Kool and the Gang's song "Fresh", WNEW flipped from Classic Dance hits to an adult contemporary format with a verge towards hot adult contemporary known as Fresh 102.7, with "How To Save A Life" by The Fray being the first song played. Program Director Rick Martini remained in charge of programming the new format, targeted to a younger (age 25–44) female audience, with claims of a playlist "without the kid stuff or tired, old and boring music like the lite station" (though the former is no longer mentioned), an obvious shot at competitor WLTW (in response, the station briefly dropped its Lite FM moniker and was referred to on-air as simply "106.7" during that time). The current logo resembles that of the Food Network. The station features music from the 1990s, current hits, and recent hits. Around 2009, the station began to add more 1980s hits (most of which couldn't be played on its classic hits sister station WCBS-FM).
The WWFS calls were approved on January 9, 2007, by the Federal Communications Commission, resulting in the WNEW calls disappearing from the New York radio/television spectrum after being used continuously in the market since 1934. The WNEW call letters were transferred to a CBS-owned station in West Palm Beach, Florida during the second week of January 2007, reportedly to keep another New York station from claiming the historic call.
Until the birth of Fresh 102.7, Clear Channel's WLTW had gone unchallenged as the only adult contemporary station in New York City (along with New Brunswick, New Jersey's WMGQ, a Greater Media-owned AC station that is a New York City rimshot and Hempstead, New York's WKJY, another rimshot, although both stations are on 98.3), and was the most listened to station in the city for years. WWFS's ratings improved after switching to the adult contemporary format, with increases in both the Winter 2007 and Spring 2007 ratings periods. After a peak 3.1 rating in the Spring 2007 period, WWFS settled down to a 2.5 rating in the Summer 2007 period. Some speculate that WWFS has drawn listeners from WLTW, causing that station's ratings to decline.
Move to hot adult contemporary and ratings success (2011-present)
On October 12, 2011, the station dropped adult contemporary along with its Today's Fresh Music slogan and changed to the current slogan as WWFS was moved to the Nielsen BDS hot adult contemporary panel from the adult contemporary panel with Mediabase following suit as of October 28, 2011. However, CBS Radio still reports the station as an AC. WWFS did not switch to all-Christmas music on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, 2011, as main rival WPLJ aired Christmas music during those days.
HD Radio Operations
In April 2003, WNEW-FM launched the "Blink" format by saying "The first FM station in New York to broadcast in high definition radio."
WWFS-HD2 (originally WNEW-HD2) was launched in 2006 as a simulcast of all-news sister station 1010 WINS. On April 12, 2008, WWFS-HD2 flipped to a rock format, under the branding of "102.7 WNEW" and the slogan Where Rock Lives and wnew.radio.com (The website and audio stream being launched on April 14, 2008) with WXRT's Norm Winer as Program Director. In early October 2008, the WINS simulcast returned to 102.7 on WWFS-HD3.
In 2009, the rock format on WWFS-HD2 switched to an alternative format from internet radio website last.fm known as "Last FM Discover", which airs on several CBS owned HD side channels including WXRT HD-3 in Chicago. The WNEW rock format is web exclusive at wnew.radio.com.
In November 2012, WWFS-HD2 flipped to an all-Christmas format. The Christmas format continued into January and early February. On February 7, 2013, the all-Christmas format changed to a mainstream Smooth Jazz format under the name "Smooth Jazz 102.7". This was most likely made because when CBS bought 101.9 WRXP (to become WFAN-FM), which had the Smooth Jazz/Smooth AC format on their HD2 channel ("CD 101.9"), it was taken away as the HD transmitter was turned off on the frequency, which left no Smooth Jazz music to be broadcast anywhere in the New York area prior to the aforementioned date.
- "For the Record." Broadcasting - Telecasting, Nov. 2, 1953, p. 110. 
- "Three AM, two FM permits granted by FCC." Broadcasting - Telecasting, Sept. 26, 1955, p. 102. 
- "For the Record." Broadcasting - Telecasting, Oct. 31, 1955, p. 108. 
- "For the Record." Broadcasting - Telecasting, Dec. 17, 1956, p. 119. 
- "Changing Hands." Broadcasting, November 18, 1957, pg. 96
- "For the Record." Broadcasting - Telecasting, January 6, 1958, p. 108. 
- Per radio listings in The New York Times, the first time WNEW-FM was mentioned was in the September 1, 1958, issue; the station was on the air for a week at this point.
- Gorman, John; Feran, Tom (2007). The Buzzard: Inside the Glory Days of WMMS and Cleveland Rock Radio. Cleveland: Gray & Co. p. 61. ISBN 9781886228474. "The original WMMS logo displayed the call letters beneath a half-rainbow. A corporate design shared by all Metromedia album-rock stations, it was Madison Avenue's idea of psychedelia..."
- Hinckley, David (September 14, 1999). "The Day the Music Died on 'NEW". New York Daily News.
- Ahrens, Frank (September 30, 2005). "FCC Indecency Fines, 1970-2004". The Washington Post.
- Format Change Archive: 102.7 WNEW becomes “102.7 Blink”
- Hinckley, David (2007-01-03). "Out with the 'NEW, as station tries 'Fresh' start". New York Daily News.
- Hinckley, David (2007-01-16). "WNEW's Illustrious Run Is Over". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- Flamm, Matthew (2007-10-15). "Lite FM pushed from its perch by CBS FM". Crain's New York Business. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- Nielsen BDS Hot AC Chart
- New York City Ratings (December 2011) -- Radio-Info.com
- WNEW aircheck, April 2003. Contributor: John Yanagi
- WWFS official website
- WNEW.COM (WWFS-HD2) official website
- Query the FCC's FM station database for WWFS
- Radio-Locator information on WWFS
- Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WWFS
- Neer, Richard. FM: The Rise and Fall of Rock Radio. Villard, 2001. ISBN 0-679-46295-3.
- WNEW News Department Historical Profile (1978)
- How to Kill a Radio Station: A Cautionary Tale (CNN, 2003)
- Aerial view of WWFS studios from Google Local