West Yorkshire Metro

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Metro
Type Passenger Transport Executive
Industry Public transport
Founded 1974
(Local Government Act 1972)
Headquarters Wellington House,
40-50 Wellington Street,
Leeds,
England
Area served West Yorkshire
Parent West Yorkshire Combined Authority
Website www.wymetro.com

Metro is the passenger transport executive for the county of West Yorkshire, England. It was formed on 1 April 1974 as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (WYPTE) at the same time as the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire.[1] The Metro brand has been used from the outset, and since the formal abolition of the WYPTE on 1 April 2014 it has been the public facing name of the organisation. The transport authority of West Yorkshire, responsible for setting transport policy, is the West Yorkshire Combined Authority.

Governance[edit]

Metro is a public transport brand of the West Yorkshire Combined Authority which is, through its transport committee, the transport authority for West Yorkshire. It replaced the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority on 1 April 2014. The West Yorkshire County Council was the transport authority from 1 April 1974 to 1 April 1986. It was replaced by the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority that was made up of elected councillors from the districts of West Yorkshire. The West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority was renamed the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority following the Local Transport Act 2008.

MetroBus History[edit]

Buses are operated by private companies, with early morning, late evening, Sunday and rural services often supported by Metro. There is a special rural bus section, which promotes a combination of minor local links and major long distance routes.

1 April 1974 West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive was created by merging the municipal bus fleets of Bradford City Transport, Leeds City Transport, Huddersfield Joint Ominibus Committee and Halifax Joint Ominibus Committee, which earlier in the 1970s swallowed up Todmorden Joint Omnibus Committee. The operation was divided into four districts and a new livery of cream and verona green replaced the Bradford light blue & cream, Huddersfield red & cream, Leeds two-tone green and Halifax & Calderdale orange, green & cream. Created following the Local Government Act of 1972.,[2] the Executive had to operate within the policy guidelines of the County Council Public Transport Committee, coordinating the operation of all public transport in the county. The Executive inherited approximately 1500 buses along with 6000 staff and the associated garages and street furniture. The Executive relinquished ownership of local buses following the Transport Act 1985, creating arms-length operating companies. It continued to coordinate public transport as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority when the metropolitan county was abolished in 1986.[3] New buses were purchased in large numbers at the outset. In 1976 Baddeley Brothers Ltd of Holmfirth was purchased providing the PTE with additional coaching and stage-carriage duties. In 1980 the Baddeley Brothers business was also disposed of, although the Metrocoach operation was retained.

Fleet livery In 1976 modifications were made to the livery. Originally there were three stripes at the sides of the destination box, which wrapped round to the sides and swept down. This took time to apply, and a trial was made with one thin line. In 1977 the lines were removed and the green area at the skirting of was raised up, so there was slightly more green. The other change was the fleet name to MetroBus in 1976, removing the district names.

On 25 April 1977 the PTE acquired the old-established Kinsley-based United Services from W.R & P Bingley. As well as providing the PTE with more coaching operations, this took it into an area of West Yorkshire where it had previously had no presence. United Services was maintained as a separate subsidiary and retained its distinctive blue livery, whilst a new livery of red & ivory was adopted for the PTE's coaches, which operated under the "Metrocoach" banner, with brown added for "Metrocoach Executive". Later Bingley's depot received double-deckers transferred from the Leeds District In early 1981 a reorganisation of operating districts was implemented with the East District becoming responsible for the Leeds depots and United Services, whilst the West District took control of Bradford, Halifax, Todmorden and Huddersfield. Three new Leyland National 2s were acquired for United Services, in blue livery.

New integrated bus system In July 1981 MetroBus and the National Bus Company (NBC) formed a new integrated transport system known as the "Metro-National Transport Company Ltd". All PTE and NBC buses began to appear with a new emblem, which consisted of the MetroBus WY's in one box and the NBC "double N" or "N-blem" appearing in another to the right of the PTE emblem, and slightly lower. The boxes were linked to show the integration. They also appeared with MetroBus fleetnames with "The easy way from here to there in West Yorkshire". The new "Metrobus" fleetname being applied not only to PTE owned vehicles on which WYPTE lettering was carried beneath the fleet name, but also buses of NBC subsidiaries West Yorkshire Road Car Company, West Riding Automobile Company Limited, Yorkshire Woollen Transport Company Limited and Yorkshire Traction Company Limited, carrying "West Yorkshire", "West Riding", "Yorkshire" and "Yorkshire Traction" names below the Metrobus name. Some years later some of those buses (excluding Yorkshire Traction) were repainted into the PTEs verona cream & buttermilk livery so as to present a corporate image. From this date the "WY" logo on the front of buses was replaced by the "Metro-National" emblem

in mid 1983, to celebrate 100 years of public transport in Huddersfield, MetroBus paint two vehicles in old liveries: Leyland Atlanteans carried Huddersfield Corporation red livery and Huddersfield Tramways livery. They became "Building on a Great Tradition" vehicles and were in those liveries until the late 1990s.

De-regulation De-regulation occurred on Sunday 26 October 1986. The WYPTE bus division was renamed Yorkshire Rider and with it a new livery of dark olive green and cream and a stylised "YR" emblem. Five double-decker buses were operated in each of the municipal council's colours (already included were the two Huddersfield buses), with words on the sides between the decks saying "Building on a Great Tradition". The bus services and fare/bus pass/timetables division was renamed Metro.

Fleetlist[edit]

Leyland Titan PD3 1974-1976 Daimler Fleetline 1974-1976 AEC Regent III 1974-1976 Leyland Atlantean 1974-1986

  • Daimler CVG.VI 1974-1976
  • Daimler SRG.VI 1974-1976

AEC Swift 1974-1976 Leyland Panther 1974-1976 Leyland Leopard 1974-1976 Leyland Royal Tiger 1974-1976 AEC Reliance 1974-1976 Seddon Pennine RU 1974-1976

  • Guy Arab Mk.IV 1974-1976

Scania Metropolitan 1975-1985 Leyland Olympian 1980-1986 MCW Metrobus 1980-1986 Duple Dominant 1983-1986

Bank Holidays[edit]

Generally speaking:

  • Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year's Day - no service. Some free services are provided by volunteers using buses from the Keighley Bus Museum Trust during Christmas Day daytime. In 2007 Metro have agreed to provide trial services on main routes in Huddersfield and Leeds on Boxing Day 2007.
  • Christmas and New Year's Eves - Saturday service (or Sunday service if these days fall on a Sunday), but with early finish.
  • Weekdays between Xmas and New Year - Saturday service. Any Bank Holidays in lieu of Christmas Day falling on a weekend will have a Sunday service
  • Bank Holiday Mondays - Sunday service (except Saturday service on Harrogate and District, and where otherwise stated).
  • Good Friday - normal service.

In August Metro start to Issue A ticket called Metro Active. This ticket is Available after 09:30am and is used by children (under 11) with parents, children aged 11–16 with a young persons photocard and teenagers aged 17–19 with a Scholars Photocard. The cost of the ticket is just £1 and can be used on all operators services within West Yorkshire (Also includes Barnsley and Doncaster).

'My bus' school bus services[edit]

My bus school bus in Bingley, West Yorkshire

My bus is a school bus service provided by West Yorkshire Metro with certain features which set it apart from normal school transport services in the United Kingdom:[4][5]

  • a dedicated fleet of school buses (rather than ordinary transit buses or coaches borrowed from other duties); additional use of these vehicles is limited to school and young-person focussed activities and all have low floors and seat belts
  • drivers with enhanced Criminal Records Bureau checks, who permanently assigned to each route, assisted on some routes by volunteer escorts
  • a bus seat is permanently assigned to each student
  • in-school education campaign to support the service

The service, using buses painted yellow with coordinated My bus branding gained significant mode shift: 64% of primary school users were previously driven by car. Under this scheme, these buses were not allowed to be used for non-school purposes.[5]

West Yorkshire Metro claims benefits from 'My bus' ranging from reductions in car use, traffic congestion, air pollution, traffic accidents, social exclusion, truancy and late student arrivals and improvements to education, safety for pedestrians and cyclists, integration of people with special needs and children's experiences of public transport.[4]

My bus contractors: City Travel, CT Plus, First Student UK (First Calderdale & Huddersfield, First Leeds), Halifax Joint Committee, K-Line Travel, Rollinson Safeway, Transdev Keighley & District[6]

Current operators[edit]

As of 2012 the following companies are owned by WYPTE, subject to Metro conditions and ticketing:[7]

  • TLC Travel in Bradford and Otley
  • Metroconnect Accessbus in WYPTE Area.

Rail service[edit]

Local and inter-urban rail services within West Yorkshire and the surrounding areas, part funded by Metro, were advertised under MetroTrain brand. Some trains, sponsored or wholly owned by Metro, carried MetroTrain livery. As of 2008, West Yorkshire's Rail Network is used instead of MetroTrain.

Routes[edit]

West Yorkshire network

There are 12 lines running through West Yorkshire, each with its own name - Airedale, Caldervale, Dearne Valley, Hallam, Harrogate, Huddersfield, Leeds-Bradford, Penistone, Pontefract, Wakefield, Wharfedale and York & Selby - which has been named after the areas they serve.

The majority of these lines run into Leeds and most run into neighbouring areas, serving towns and cities such as Barnsley, Blackpool, Doncaster, Harrogate, Liverpool, Manchester, Nottingham, Preston, Sheffield and York plus Manchester Airport. Some lines over-lap each other, which means that stations such as Castleford, Huddersfield and Wakefield Westgate are served by more than one line.

Most lines have frequent services, but the Dearne Valley line has a limited service of two trains a day in each direction.[8]

This is a list of routes in West Yorkshire:[9]
NB: Places in bold are where services terminate, places in italic are stations located outside of West Yorkshire

Airedale Line Caldervale Line Dearne Valley Line Hallam Line Harrogate Line Huddersfield Line

Operators: Northern Rail, East Coast

then:

or:

then continues along Settle-Carlisle Line to:

or continues along Leeds-Morecambe Line to:

Operator: Northern Rail, Grand Central

then:

or:

then:

or:

Operator: Northern Rail

Operator: Northern Rail

Operator: Northern Rail, East Coast

Operator: Northern Rail, First TransPennine Express

or:

then:

then:

or:

then:

or:

then:

or:

Leeds/Bradford Line Penistone Line Pontefract Line Wakefield Line Wharfedale Line York & Selby Line

Operators: Northern Rail, East Coast

Operators: Northern Rail, East Coast

Operator: Northern Rail, Grand Central

then:

or:

Operators: Northern Rail, East Coast, East Midlands Trains, CrossCountry

then:

or:

Operators: Northern Rail

or:

then:

Operators: Northern Rail, TransPennine Express, CrossCountry

then:

or:

continues to Middlesbrough, Newcastle and Scarborough

Notes:

1 Although stations are in North Yorkshire, MetroCards are valid at these stations
2 Limited Service only
3 Service continues along Caldervale Line to Manchester Victoria via Hebden Bridge

Re-opened stations[edit]

WYPTE has had a programme of reopening railway stations throughout its existence and has opened or reopened at least 20 stations:

1982 - Deighton, Fitzwilliam, Crossflatts and Slaithwaite

1983 - Bramley

1984 - Saltaire

1987 - East Garforth, Sandall and Agbrigg and Frizinghall

1988 - Burley Park, Outwood, Cottingley and Cononley (just outside of West Yorkshire but since 2009 part of the WYPTE area, which now extends to Skipton).

1989 - Berry Brow

1990 - Walsden and Steeton and Silsden

1992 - Streethouse, Featherstone, Pontefract Tanshelf, on 12 May, when the line between Pontefract Monkhill and Wakefield Kirkgate reopened to passengers.

2000 - Brighouse, when the Halifax to Huddersfield link re-opened to passengers. Plans for a station in Elland were cancelled.

2005 - Glasshoughton, serveing Glasshoughton and the nearby Xscape complex.

There are plans to reopen further stations including Apperley Bridge and Kirkstall Forge on the Airedale Line and Low Moor near Bradford on the Caldervale Line. New stations are planned at Horsforth Woodside and East Leeds Parkway, at Micklefield.

Operators[edit]

Most local services are run by Northern Rail, and longer-distance routes are served by First TransPennine Express, East Coast, CrossCountry, East Midlands Trains and Grand Central.

Leeds Supertram[edit]

In 2001 Metro, came up with Leeds Supertram, with the idea of bringing back a tram network for Leeds. After the original scheme exceeded its budget, the Government asked Metro to look at ways of reducing costs. In spring 2005 Metro went back to the Government with a re-costed plan but the Secretary of State for Transport (then Alistair Darling) rejected the proposal after the 2005 general election. Darling responded by pointing to plans by a private bus operator for a bus system where the vehicles were designed to look like trams.

The project is considered one of the major victims of the "Darling Axe".

This is not the first time such a scheme has been unsuccessfully pursued. In the mid-1980s the PTE was interested in bringing back trolleybuses in Bradford, but this came to naught.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Colin Speakeman (1985). Public Transport in West Yorkshire, Ten Years of Achievement. Metro–West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive. ISBN 0-9510201-0-2. 
  2. ^ Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
  3. ^ Her Majesty's Stationery Office, Aspects of Britain: Local Government, (1996)
  4. ^ a b "Metro - Mybus-schoolbuses - 'My bus' school transport: How it works". Metro. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Metro - Executive Summary – My bus report". Metro. Retrieved 9 September 2009. 
  6. ^ "WestYorkshireBusesWebsite . . . . a to z". West Yorkshire Buses. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  7. ^ "Metro - Buses - Bus Operators". Metro. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Metro - Timetables & routes - West Yorkshire's rail network timetable". Metro. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "Metro - Timetables & routes - Train routes and timetables". Metro. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 

External links[edit]