W (New York City Subway service)
Note:Map shows final service pattern from 2004-2010
|Northern end||Ditmars Boulevard|
|Southern end||Whitehall Street|
The W Broadway Local/Express was a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway's B Division that ran from 2001 to 2010. It was colored yellow on station signs and the subway map, as it ran on the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.
In addition to the Broadway Line, the W served the BMT Astoria Line in Queens and used the 60th Street Tunnel to travel under the East River between Manhattan and Queens during its nine-year history. It also ran in Brooklyn until 2004, serving the BMT Fourth Avenue Line and BMT West End Line.
The W was introduced on July 22, 2001 when the Manhattan Bridge north tracks were closed for reconstruction. The B had run full-time from Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue to Manhattan via the BMT West End Line and Manhattan Bridge north tracks onto the IND Sixth Avenue Line, but had to be split as a result of the reconstruction project. A similar split had been made from 1986 to 1988, when a part-time orange diamond B only ran north of 34th Street and a full-time (though only in Brooklyn at nights) "Yellow B" ran from Coney Island across the south side of the bridge and up the BMT Broadway Line into Queens. This old pattern was effectively restored in 2001, but instead of having two "B" services, the Brooklyn service became the W. This route began at Coney Island and ran up the West End Line (local), BMT Fourth Avenue Line (express), Manhattan Bridge south tracks, Broadway Line (express, switching to local for 49th Street), and BMT Astoria Line (express during rush hours in the peak direction) to Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard. Evening service ended at 57th Street in Manhattan (using the express tracks and bypassing 49th Street), late night service at 36th Street in Brooklyn, and weekend service at Atlantic Avenue – Pacific Street in Brooklyn.
After September 11, 2001, N service was suspended and W trains ran at all times between Ditmars Boulevard and Coney Island. It made all stops except in Brooklyn north of 36th Street. During late nights, it ran in two sections, between Ditmars Boulevard and 34th Street (skipping 49th Street northbound) and in Brooklyn between 36th Street and Coney Island. Normal service on both trains resumed on October 28.
The Astoria express service, being unpopular with residents, was discontinued on January 15, 2002. Around that time, evening service was extended from 57th Street to Astoria.
When Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue was closed for reconstruction, the W became a full-time Coney Island–Astoria service. Late night and weekend service was sent via the Montague Street Tunnel and the local tracks of the Fourth Avenue and Broadway Lines; the N ran only in Brooklyn at those times.
When all four tracks on the Manhattan Bridge were restored to service on February 22, 2004, the W was changed to its final service pattern, running weekdays only from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (7:00 to 21:30) as an entirely local service between Ditmars Boulevard and Whitehall Street – South Ferry, Lower Manhattan. The Brooklyn portion was replaced by the D, which was extended over the north side of the bridge and down the West End Line. The first three W trains of the day, however, entered service at 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn and the last three trains of the night continued in service to Kings Highway. These trips ran local in Brooklyn via the Montague Street Tunnel, BMT Fourth Avenue and Sea Beach Lines.
On July 27, 2008, the W was extended to run until 11:00 p.m.
On March 24, 2010 the Metropolitan Transportation Authority announced the elimination of the W due to financial shortfalls with the N and Q replacing it. The W service ceased operation on June 25, 2010, along with the V, with the last train bound for Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard leaving Whitehall Street – South Ferry at 10:50 p.m.
Entrance sign at 28th Street after the W train's elimination
The following lines were last used by the W service:
|BMT Astoria Line (full line)||local||weekdays only|
|BMT Broadway Line (full line)|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
Note: All transfers to other services are as they were before the W's discontinuance.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- MTA New York City Transit, W Broadway Local
- "Brochure & Service Changes Index". Thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- New York City Transit Authority, W Line from July 28, 2002, via the Internet Archive
- "No Trains Over The Williamsburg Bridge Take One(Jpg)". The Subway Nut. 2004-02-03. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "The JoeKorNer Brochures". Thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "Rail-Ly Big Day In Subway". Nydailynews.com. 2004-02-24. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- A search using the MTA's trip planner using "Whitehall Street" and "Kings Highway" as stations and setting the time to the appropriate hour (6:00 am into Manhattan; 9:00pm out of Manhattan) turned out results that showed the W as a possible travel option. Clicking the departure time also showed two additional times.
- MTA NYC Transit – W Broadway Local[dead link]
- "W Train Timetable, Effective December 16, 2012". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2013-06-04.