W and Z-class destroyer
|Name:||W and Z class|
|Operators:|| Royal Navy
South African Navy
|Preceded by:||U and V class|
|Succeeded by:||C class|
|In commission:||1943 - 1971|
|Lost:||4 (as targets)|
|General characteristics (W class)|
|Displacement:||1,710 tons (1,730 tonnes)
2,530 tons full (2,570 tonnes)
|Length:||362.75 ft (110.57 m) o/a|
|Beam:||35.75 ft (10.90 m)|
|Draught:||10 ft (3.0 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers,
Parsons single-reduction geared steam turbines,
40,000 shp (30 MW), 2 shafts
|Speed:||36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph) / 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph) full|
|Range:||4,675 nautical miles (8,658 km; 5,380 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Complement:||179 (225 as leader)|
|General characteristics (Z class)|
|Displacement:||1,830 tons (1,860 tonnes)
2,530 tons full (2,570 tonnes)
|Armament:||4 x QF 4.5 in (113 mm) Mk.IV guns, single mounts CP Mk.V|
|Notes:||Other characteristics as per W class|
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
The W and Z class was a class of sixteen destroyers of the Royal Navy launched in 1943–1944. They were constructed as two flotillas, with names beginning with "W-" and "Z-", respectively, although, like the preceding U and V class, two of the flotilla leaders were named after historical naval figures (as had been Royal Navy practice during the inter-war years). They were known as the 9th and 10th Emergency Flotilla, respectively and served as fleet and convoy escorts in World War II. None were lost during World War II but INS Eilat (originally HMS Zealous) was sunk during the Israel-Egypt conflict in October 1967 by Egyptian missile boats.
Repeats of the preceding U and V-class destroyers, with modified director structures. The Z class were armed with 4.5 inch guns.
|Kempenfelt||John Brown, Clydebank||8 May 1943||Flotilla leader. Sold to Yugoslavia 1956. After refit served as Kotor. Scrapped 1971|
|Wager||1 November 1943||Sold to Yugoslavia 1956, served as Pula after refit. Scrapped 1971.|
|Wakeful||Fairfields||30 June 1943||converted to Type 15 anti submarine frigate, later a training ship, scrapped 1971|
|Wessex||2 September 1943||Transferred to South Africa, 1950 as Jan van Riebeeck Scrapped 1978.|
|Whelp||Hawthorn Leslie||3 June 1943||Transferred to South Africa, 1953 as Simon van der Stel. Scrapped Durban 1976.|
|Whirlwind||30 August 1943||converted to Type 15 A/S frigate, lost while used as target 1974|
|Wizard||Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow||29 September 1943||Broken up in March 1967 at Inverkeithing.|
|Wrangler||30 December 1943||Transferred to South Africa, 1957 as Vrystaat. Sunk as target 1976.|
|Myngs||Vickers-Armstrong, Tyneside||31 May 1943||Flotilla leader completed June 1944. Transferred to Egypt, 1955 as El Qaher. Sunk in 1970 by Israel aircraft|
|Zephyr||15 July 1943||Broken up July 1958 at Dunston.|
|Zambesi||Cammell Laird, Birkenhead||12 November 1943||Broken up December 1959 at Briton Ferry.|
|Zealous||28 February 1944||Transferred to Israel 1955 as Eilat, sunk 1967 in action.|
|Zebra||William Denny and Brothers, Dunbarton||8 March 1944||Broken up February 1959 at Newport.|
|Zenith||5 June 1944||Refitted 1950. Transferred to Egypt, 1955 as El Fateh Modernised in UK 1963-1964.|
|Zest||John I. Thornycroft, Woolston||14 October 1943||Refitted 1945. Sold in 1969 and broken up 1970|
|Zodiac||11 March 1944||Transferred to Israel, 1955 as Yaffo. Taken out of service in 1972|
- The V and W-class destroyers.
- Type 15 frigate: postwar full conversion of Wartime Emergency Programme destroyers into first-rate fast anti-submarine frigates
- March, p.419.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2002). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Kempenfelt (ii) (R 03) - W-class Flotilla Leader". naval-history.net. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2002). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Wessex (ii) (R 78) - W-class Destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2006). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Myngs (R 06) - Z-class Flotilla Leader". naval-history.net. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2004). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Zenith (R 95) - Z-class Destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2004). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Zest (R 02) - Z-class Destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2004). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Zodiac (R 52) - Z-class Destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Cocker, Maurice (1981). Destroyers of the Royal Navy, 1893-1981. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1075-7.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Robert Gardiner (ed.). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-913-8.
- March, Edgar (1966). British destroyers: A history of development 1892-1953. London: Billing and Sons Ltd.
- Marriot, Leo (1994). Royal Navy Destroyers since 1945. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1817-0.
- Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1978). War Built Destroyers O to Z Classes. London: Bivouac Books. ISBN 0-85680-010-4.
- Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.
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