WaKeeney, Kansas

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WaKeeney, Kansas
City
Location within Trego County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Trego County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 39°1′28″N 99°52′55″W / 39.02444°N 99.88194°W / 39.02444; -99.88194Coordinates: 39°1′28″N 99°52′55″W / 39.02444°N 99.88194°W / 39.02444; -99.88194
Country United States
State Kansas
County Trego
Founded 1879
Incorporated 1880
Area[1]
 • Total 1.71 sq mi (4.43 km2)
 • Land 1.71 sq mi (4.43 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,447 ft (746 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,862
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,852
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67672
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-74450 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0472517 [5]
Website Wakeeney.org

WaKeeney is a city in and the county seat of Trego County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,862.[7]

History[edit]

James Keeney, a land speculator in Chicago, purchased land at the site of modern-day WaKeeney from the Kansas Pacific Railway in 1877. He and business partner Albert Warren formed Warren, Keeney, & Co., surveyed and plotted the site in 1878, and established a colony there in 1879.[8] They named the colony WaKeeney, a portmanteau of their surnames, and billed it as "The Queen City of the High Plains", advertising and holding celebrations to attract settlers.[9] The colony grew rapidly, but crop failures drove settlers to leave in 1880 as quickly as they had come. By 1882, all that was left were "five poorly patronized retail stores".[10] Years later, Volga Germans began settling the area.[8]

WaKeeney became the county seat in June 1879 and was incorporated as a city in 1880.[8][9]

Geography[edit]

Map of Trego County, Kansas showing WaKeeney and surrounding communities

WaKeeney is located at 39°01′28″N 99°52′55″W / 39.024467°N 99.881972°W / 39.024467; -99.881972 (39.024467, -99.881972)[11] at an elevation of 2,447 feet (746 m).[5] It lies in the High Plains region of the Great Plains approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Big Creek, a tributary of the Smoky Hill River. A small tributary of Big Creek flows south from near the center of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.71 square miles (4.43 km2), all of it land.[1]

Located in northwestern Kansas at the intersection of Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 283, WaKeeney is 215 miles (346 km) northwest of Wichita, 281 miles (452 km) east-southeast of Denver, and 284 miles (457 km) west of Kansas City.[12]

Climate[edit]

Lying in the transition zone between North America's humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), and semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), WaKeeney experiences hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The average temperature is 52.8 °F (11 °C), and the average yearly precipitation is 22.3 inches (566 mm).[13] Snowfall averages 25.2 inches (640 mm) per year.[14] On average, January is the coolest month, and July is both the warmest month and the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in WaKeeney was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1980; the coldest temperature recorded was -25 °F (-32 °C) in 1989.[15]

Climate data for WaKeeney, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
84
(29)
90
(32)
102
(39)
101
(38)
110
(43)
110
(43)
107
(42)
104
(40)
98
(37)
89
(32)
79
(26)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
46
(8)
55
(13)
66
(19)
75
(24)
87
(31)
93
(34)
91
(33)
82
(28)
70
(21)
53
(12)
42
(6)
66.7
(19.4)
Average low °F (°C) 16
(−9)
21
(−6)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
50
(10)
60
(16)
65
(18)
63
(17)
53
(12)
41
(5)
28
(−2)
19
(−7)
40.3
(4.7)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(−26)
−14
(−26)
−9
(−23)
11
(−12)
27
(−3)
39
(4)
47
(8)
47
(8)
24
(−4)
12
(−11)
−4
(−20)
−25
(−32)
−25
(−32)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.68
(17.3)
0.77
(19.6)
1.87
(47.5)
2.17
(55.1)
3.62
(91.9)
2.57
(65.3)
3.64
(92.5)
2.95
(74.9)
2.02
(51.3)
1.33
(33.8)
1.33
(33.8)
0.66
(16.8)
23.61
(599.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 5.5
(14)
4.9
(12.4)
4.9
(12.4)
1.8
(4.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.8
(2)
2.6
(6.6)
4.5
(11.4)
25.3
(64.2)
Source: The Weather Channel;[15] National Weather Service[14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 418
1890 439 5.0%
1900 394 −10.3%
1910 883 124.1%
1920 1,003 13.6%
1930 1,408 40.4%
1940 1,852 31.5%
1950 2,446 32.1%
1960 2,808 14.8%
1970 2,334 −16.9%
1980 2,388 2.3%
1990 2,161 −9.5%
2000 1,924 −11.0%
2010 1,862 −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,862 people, 864 households, and 500 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,088.9 inhabitants per square mile (420.4/km2). There were 988 housing units at an average density of 577.8 per square mile (223.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 864 households of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.1% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the city was 48.8 years. 20% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.9% were from 25 to 44; 30.3% were from 45 to 64; and 25.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,924 people, 882 households, and 539 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,124.8 people per square mile (434.4/km2). There were 1,023 housing units at an average density of 598.1 per square mile (231.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.14% White, 0.05% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 882 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 26.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,945, and the median income for a family was $40,547. Males had a median income of $26,292 versus $16,435 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,596. About 6.3% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

USD 208 provides public primary and secondary education with two schools in WaKeeney: Trego Grade School (Grades Pre-K-8) and Trego Community High School (9-12).[16]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 40 run concurrently southeast-northwest immediately south of WaKeeney, intersecting U.S. Route 283 which runs north-south through the city. U.S. 283 runs east-west for one mile in downtown WaKeeney, concurrent with U.S. Route 40 Business and the old alignment of U.S. 40.

Trego WaKeeney Airport is located on the west side of U.S. 283 immediately south of I-70.

A Union Pacific Railroad line runs east-west though WaKeeney.

Media[edit]

WaKeeney has a weekly newspaper, The Western Kansas World.[17]

K231BG, a translator of radio station KJIL-FM in Copeland, Kansas, broadcasts from WaKeeney on 94.1 FM playing a Contemporary Christian format.[18][19]

Culture[edit]

Since 1950, WaKeeney has hosted an ornate civic Christmas lighting display, which now includes over 6,000 lights and a 35-foot man-made Christmas tree in the center of town. The tree is ceremonially lit the Saturday night after Thanksgiving through New Years.[9]

Architecture[edit]

The train depot, built in 1879 with Saline River and Big Creek limestone, was the first major building in the town. It was inaugurated on July 4 of that year, with officials from Warren, Keeney and the Kansas governor in attendance. Union Pacific later acquired the depot and used it until the 1930s.[citation needed]

The Opera House was the next major building, completed in 1884 with ceiling murals, a Rochester electric brass chandelier, and seating for 400. It was destroyed by fire the following year.[citation needed]

The Trego County Courthouse, constructed of Trego County hard stone and Manhattan stone, was designed by Topeka architect George R. Ropes in the Queen Anne style, with a 100-ft cupola and European tin roof which lasted until 1952. The courthouse is still in use, although the basement jail, with unusual flat bars, was closed in 1976. The building appeared in several scenes in the 1974 film Paper Moon.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c "Homesteading in Trego County - WaKeeney". Kansas Heritage Project. Fort Hays State University. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  9. ^ a b c d "History". WaKeeney, Kansas. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  10. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 858. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  13. ^ "Historical Weather for WaKeeney, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  14. ^ a b "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Dodge City, KS. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  15. ^ a b "Average weather for WaKeeney, KS". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  16. ^ "WaKeeney, Kansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  17. ^ "About this Newspaper: Western Kansas world". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  18. ^ "K231BG-FM 94.1 MHz". Radio-Locator. Theodric Technologies LLC. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  19. ^ "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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