Waco 10

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Waco 10
Farell2 WACO model 10.jpg
Waco 10 giving joy rides.
Role light passenger transport
Manufacturer Advance Aircraft
Waco Aircraft Company
Designer Charles Meyers
First flight 1927
Introduction 1927
Produced 1927–1933
Number built 1,623
Unit cost
$2,145 minus engine & prop
Waco 10 (or GXE) in the Canada Aviation Museum.

The Waco 10/GXE/Waco O series was a range of three-seat open-cockpit biplanes built by the Advance Aircraft Company, later the Waco Aircraft Company.

Design and development[edit]

The Waco 10 was a larger span development of the Waco 9, both single-engined three-seat single-bay biplanes constructed around steel-tube frames. The wing covering was fabric, and both upper and lower planes carried ailerons, which were strut linked. The two passengers sat side by side in a cockpit under the upper wing and ahead of the pilot, who had a separate cockpit. It had a split-axle fixed undercarriage and a tailwheel. The main undercarriage was fitted with hydraulic shock absorbers, unusual at the time on a light aircraft. The fin could be trimmed on the ground to offset engine torque, and the tailplane could be trimmed in flight. Initially it was powered by a Curtiss OX-5 water-cooled 90° V-8 engine producing 90 hp (67 kW).

Its first flight was in 1927. It was numerically the most important type to be built by Waco, with at least 1,623 built over a period of 7 years from 1927 to 1933 and was fitted with a very large variety of engines of radial and V configuration.

Operational history[edit]

The Waco 10 turned out to have excellent handling, and there was a ready supply of war-surplus Curtiss engines. It was widely used for the popularisation of aeronautics through barnstorming and joyrides, and was also much used as a trainer and by small operators for charter flights.

Survivors and aircraft on display[edit]

Year Model Serial # Registration Location References
1927 GXE 781 N312DC Gatlinburg–Pigeon Forge Airport, Tennessee
1928 GXE 1388 N6675K Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri

[1]

1928 GXE 1521 C-GAFD Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario

[2]

1928 GXE 1554 NC6974 Eagles Mere Air Museum at Eagles Mere, Pennsylvania [3]
1928 GXE 1586 NC5852 privately owned and based at Covington, Ohio [4][5]
1928 GXE 1810 N6513 Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [6]
1929 GXE 1869 NC8529 privately owned and based at Corning, Iowa [7][8]
1928 ATO A-4 NC5814 EAA AirVenture Museum, Oshkosh, Wisconsin

[9][10]

1928 ATO A20 N6714 Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [11]
1929 ATO A-65 CF-BPM Reynolds-Alberta Museum, Wetaskiwin, Alberta, previously owned by Vintage Wings of Canada, Gatineau, Québec [12][13]
1929 ATO A-103 NC906H Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri

[1]

1929 CTO A-118 N13918 WACO Aircraft Museum, Troy, Ohio [14]
1928 CTO AT-3005 N516M Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [15]
1930 ATO D-3128 NC663N Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri [16]
1929 CSO 1657 N7662 Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [17]
1930 CSO 3140 N671N Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri

[1]

1932 CTO A-3596 NC280W Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Maryland Heights, Missouri

[1]

1929 DSO 3006 N605N Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum [18]

Variants[edit]

In 1928, after the Waco 10 had entered production, Waco changed its designation system so that the basic model 10, powered by a 90 hp (67 kW) Curtiss OX-5 engine became the GXE. The OX-5 was also used in the Waco 9, and this led to the confusing popular description of both aircraft as Waco 90, after the power.

Waco ATO Taperwing of 1930 at the Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum near St Louis in June 2006.
Waco CTO of 1929 at Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort South Carolina, in April 2004.

Later aircraft used a three-letter designation, the first denoting the engine, the second, S or T meaning Straight or Tapered wing and the final O indicating it belongs to the Waco O series for open cockpit. An -A suffix indicated an armed variant intended for export.

Early name post 1928 name Popular/
alternative name
engine power (hp) power (kW)
10 GXE 90 Curtiss OX-5 90 67
10-W ASO 220-T Wright J-5 220 164
ATO Wright J-5 220 164
BSO BS-165 Wright R-540A 165 123
BSO-A Wright R-540A 165 123
CSO C-225 Wright R-760 225 168
CTO Wright R-760 225 168
10-H DSO Hispano-Suiza 8A or E 150/180 112/134
HSO Packard DR-980 Diesel 225 168
HTO Packard DR-980 Diesel 225 168
JTO Wright R-975 300 225
JYO Wright R-975 300 225
KSO Kinner K-5 100 75
OSO Kinner C-5 210 157
PSO Jacobs LA-1 140/170 127/104
QSO Continental A-70 165 123
RSO Warner Scarab 110 82
240-A Continental W-670 240 179

Apart from the Curtiss and Hispano-Suiza, all of these engines were air-cooled radials.

Other engines were fitted experimentally, without unique designations, including Rausie, Siemans, and the 115 hp (86 kW) Milwaukee Tank engine. This was an air-cooled version of the Curtiss OX-5, and was intended as an aircraft engine.

Two mailplane derivatives from the O series (types JYM and JWM) were single seaters with a 14" stretch in the fuselage.

In the 1990s The WACO Aircraft Company of Quillayute Airport in Forks, Washington offered a kit version of the ATO model, featuring completely re-drawn plans, a book of plans for the small parts and an instruction manual.[19]

Specifications (Waco GXE)[edit]

Data from Aerofiles[20]

General characteristics

Performance

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum". Fairchild24.com. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  2. ^ "Waco 10 (GXE) – Canada Aviation and Space Museum". Aviation.technomuses.ca. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  3. ^ "1928 Waco GXE Eagles Mere Air Museum". eaglesmereairmuseum.org/index.shtml. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  4. ^ Scott Rose, warbirdsresourcegroup.org (2002-03-18). "Vintage Registry - A Warbirds Resource Group Site - Waco". Vintage.warbirdregistry.org. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  5. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (August 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results N5852". Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "WACO GXE - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  7. ^ Pilot, December 2011, p.49
  8. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (August 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results N8529". Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Waco 10/ATO". Airventuremuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  10. ^ "** Master Aircraft List **". Airventuremuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  11. ^ "WACO ATO "Taperwing" - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  12. ^ Transport Canada (August 2012). "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register". Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "WACO Taperwing A.T.O. > Vintage Wings of Canada". Vintagewings.ca. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  14. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (August 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results N13918". Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  15. ^ "WACO CTO “Taper Wing” - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  16. ^ Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Museum Hangar 1, John Cournoyer's Wonderful Wacos, retrieved 5 August 2013
  17. ^ "WACO CSO - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  18. ^ "WACO DSO - Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  19. ^ Purdy, Don: AeroCrafter - Homebuilt Aircraft Sourcebook, Fifth Edition, page 288. BAI Communications, 15 July 1998. ISBN 0-9636409-4-1
  20. ^ Aerofiles (April 2009). "Waco". Retrieved 2009-06-10. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aerofiles
  • Juptner, Joseph P. U.S. Civil Aircraft Vol. 1 Los Angeles, California: Aero Publishers, Inc., 1962. Library of Congress # 62-15967.
  • Brandly, Raymond H. Waco Aircraft Production 1923-1942 Troy, Ohio: Waco Aircraft Co., 1986 (2nd Edition). ISBN 0-9602734-5-X, ISBN 978-0-9602734-5-4
  • Kobernuss, Fred O. Waco - Symbol of Courage and Excellence unk : Mystic Bay Publisher, 1999. ISBN 1-887961-01-1.

External links[edit]