The The Park Centre for Mental Health, 2010
|Population||2,957 (2011 census)|
|Location||18 km (11 mi) from Brisbane GPO|
|LGA(s)||City of Brisbane|
|State electorate(s)||Electoral district of Inala|
|Federal Division(s)||Division of Oxley|
Wacol is a suburb of Brisbane, Australia. According to the 2011 census, a total of 2,957 people lived within the boundaries of Wacol. The suburb is located on the east bank of the Brisbane River, 18 kilometres (11 mi) south-west of the Brisbane central business district, on the Brisbane-Ipswich railway line.
The median age of the Wacol population was 35 years of age, 2 years below the Australian median. There is a marked over-representation of people aged between 20 and 40 years in Wacol, where they account for 54.1% of the population, compared to the national figure of 27.7%. The young and old are under-represented: children aged under 15 years made up 3.6% of the population (nationally 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 5.2% of the population (nationally 14.0%).
76.5% of people living in Wacol were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 5.2%, Indonesia 2.9%, England 2.7%, Vietnam 1.2%, Fiji 0.6%.
19.5% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were 1% Vietnamese, 0.5% Spanish, 0.3% Serbian, 0.3% Italian, 0.3% Mandarin.
Wolston House was opened in 1852. Still intact today the building is the only surviving early Brisbane River settlement. The building was planned to be demolished however the National Trust of Queensland intervened to save the building. Major conservation work was undertaken.
The suburb played host to the American military during World War II, who constructed Camp Columbia in 1942; after the war, control of the facility was transferred to the Australian government for use as a migrant reception and training centre.
Wacol has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
Wacol is home for jail inmates at the Brisbane Correctional Centre (previously known as Sir David Longland Correctional Centre), Arthur Gorrie Correctional Centre, Brisbane Youth Detention Centre (10-17 year olds), the Brisbane Women's Correctional Centre and the Wolston Correctional Centre. The The Park Centre for Mental Health, formerly known as the Wolston Park Hospital, has acted as an institution for the mentally ill since 1865. In December 2011, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals moved from their premises in Fairfield to Wacol. There is also a significant industrial park located in the area.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wacol (Brisbane City) (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Cook, Penny (2006). Discover Queensland Heritage. Corinda, Queensland: Pictorial Press Australia. p. 32. ISBN 1876561424.
- "Wolston Park Hospital Complex (entry 15115)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "Wolston House (entry 15114)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "A Walk Through Time". State of Queensland. 2 September 2005. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- James Kelly (9 December 2011). "RSPCA closes Fairfield shelter". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Ipswich Motorway upgrade: Wacol to Darra". Department of Transport and Main Roads. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.