Wade–Giles table

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This Wade–Giles table is a complete listing of all Wade–Giles syllables used in Standard Chinese. Each syllable in a cell is composed of an initial (columns) and a final (rows). An empty cell indicates that the corresponding syllable does not exist in Standard Chinese.

The below table indicates possible combinations of initials and finals in Standard Chinese, but does not indicate tones, which are equally important to the proper pronunciation of Chinese. Although some initial-final combinations have some syllables using each of the five different tones, most do not. Some utilize only one tone.

Finals are grouped into subsets a, i, u and ü. i, u and ü groupings indicate a combination of those finals with finals from Group a. The following exceptions exist:

Group Special combination
i i+ou=iu i+an=ien i+ên=in i+êng=ing
u u+ei=ui u+ên=un u+êng=ung
ü ü+ên=ün ü+êng=iung

Most syllables are a combination of an initial and a final. However, some syllables have no initials. This is shown in Wade–Giles as follows:

  • if the final begins with an i and there are other vowels, it is replaced with a y.
  • if the final begins with an u, it is replaced with a w
  • if the final begins with an ü, add y in the beginning
  • exceptions to the rules above are indicated by yellow in the table's no initial column:
Wade–Giles table Initials Wade–Giles table
p p' m f t t' n l k k' h ch ch' hs ch ch' sh j ts ts' s
Group a Finals ih/û chih ch'ih shih jih tzu tz'u szu ih/û Group a Finals
a a pa p'a ma fa ta t'a na la ka k'a ha cha ch'a sha tsa ts'a sa a
o o po p'o mo fo to t'o no lo ko k'o ho cho ch'o jo tso ts'o so o
ê ê t'ê chê ch'ê shê tsê ts'ê ê
ai ai pai p'ai mai tai t'ai nai lai kai k'ai hai chai ch'ai shai tsai ts'ai sai ai
ei ei pei p'ei mei fei tei t'ei nei lei kei hei chei shei tsei ei
ao ao pao p'ao mao tao t'ao nao lao kao k'ao hao chao ch'ao shao jao tsao ts'ao sao ao
ou ou p'ou mou fou tou t'ou nou lou kou k'ou hou chou ch'ou shou jou tsou ts'ou sou ou
an an pan p'an man fan tan t'an nan lan kan k'an han chan ch'an shan jan tsan ts'an san an
ên ên pên p'ên mên fên tên nên kên k'ên hên chên ch'ên shên jên tsên ts'ên sên ên
ang ang pang p'ang mang fang tang t'ang nang lang kang k'ang hang chang ch'ang shang jang tsang ts'ang sang ang
êng êng pêng p'êng mêng fêng têng t'êng nêng lêng kêng k'êng hêng chêng ch'êng shêng jêng tsêng ts'êng sêng êng
êrh êrh êrh
Group i Finals i i pi p'i mi ti t'i ni li chi ch'i hsi i Group i Finals
ia ya tia lia chia ch'ia hsia ia
io yo io
ieh yeh pieh p'ieh mieh tieh t'ieh nieh lieh chieh ch'ieh hsieh ieh
iai yai iai
iao yao piao p'iao miao tiao t'iao niao liao chiao ch'iao hsiao iao
iu yu miu tiu niu liu chiu ch'iu hsiu iu
ien yen pien p'ien mien tien t'ien nien lien chien ch'ien hsien ien
in yin pin p'in min nin lin chin ch'in hsin in
iang yang niang liang chiang ch'iang hsiang iang
ing ying ping p'ing ming ting t'ing ning ling ching ch'ing hsing ing
Group u Finals u wu pu p'u mu fu tu t'u nu lu ku k'u hu chu ch'u shu ju tsu ts'u su u Group u Finals
ua wa kua k'ua hua chua ch'ua shua jua ua
uo wo kuo k'uo huo shuo uo
uai wai kuai k'uai huai chuai ch'uai shuai uai
ui wei tui t'ui kui k'ui hui chui ch'ui shui jui tsui ts'ui sui ui
uan wan tuan t'uan nuan luan kuan k'uan huan chuan ch'uan shuan juan tsuan ts'uan suan uan
un wen tun t'un nun lun kun k'un hun chun ch'un shun jun tsun ts'un sun un
uang wang kuang k'uang huang chuang ch'uang shuang uang
ung weng tung t'ung nung lung kung k'ung hung chung ch'ung jung tsung ts'ung sung ung
Group ü Finals ü chü ch'ü hsü ü Group ü Finals
üeh yüeh nüe lüe chüeh ch'üeh hsüeh üeh
üan yüan lüan chüan ch'üan hsüan üan
ün yün chün ch'ün hsün ün
iung yung chiung ch'iung hsiung iung
Wade–Giles table p p' m f t t' n l k k' h ch ch' hs ch ch' sh j ts ts' s Wade–Giles table
Initials
Colour Legend:
"regular" initial or final

Final is in Group a or is a direct combination of:

  • i+Group a final
  • u+Group a final
  • ü+Group a final
Final of i, u, ü groups is a modified combination of:
  • i+Group a final
  • u+Group a final
  • ü+Group a final
syllable is direct combination of initial and final (or follows rules for no-initial syllables outlined at the top of the page) syllable is modified combination of initial and final
Syllables with final o has multiple counterparts in different romanization systems
IPA pu̯ɔ pʰu̯ɔ mu̯ɔ fu̯ɔ tu̯ɔ tʰu̯ɔ nu̯ɔ lu̯ɔ kʰɤ ʈʂu̯ɔ ʈʂʰu̯ɔ ʐu̯ɔ ʦu̯ɔ ʦʰu̯ɔ su̯ɔ
Wade–Giles po p'o mo fo to t'o no lo ko k'o ho cho ch'o jo tso ts'o so
Bopomofo ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ ㄨㄛ
Pinyin bo po mo fo duo tuo nuo luo ge ke he zhuo chuo ruo zuo cuo suo

See also[edit]